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Carlsson, Liesel
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Carlsson, L. (2020). Assessing Community Contributions to Sustainable Food Systems.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing Community Contributions to Sustainable Food Systems
2020 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Background: Evidence suggests that food and dietary adjustments at the community level can make positive contributions to globally sustainable food systems (SFS), which have reciprocal impacts on quality-of-life factors such as food security and nutritional health. Assessing such contributions has two central challenges: 1) a lack of methods that support alignment between communities and across scales, balanced against the need to involve the community in developing relevant indicators; and 2) the absence of adequate, fine grained data relevant to the community. Purpose: Addressing these two challenges, this paper builds on a local-to-global approach to engaging communities in SFS development and illustrates using a community case study with Canadian dietitians (a professional community). Methods: Researchers used the Delphi Inquiry method, guided by the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, to address the first challenge, together with causal loop diagrams informed by the Cultural Adaptation Template to address the second. Results: Indicators were developed for dietitian-identified contributions to SFS. Modeling indicator interactions showed how some actions are reinforcing a professional paradigm, as well as priority areas for action and measurement. Conclusions: The methods used were a good fit for addressing the two central challenges guiding this work. Procedural guidelines are proposed that are adaptable to different community settings. Further, results highlighted that cultural paradigms are a driving force of change, dietitians have a strategic role in SFS development, and facilitating SFS literacy among RDs generates positive feedback loops that can amplify adaptations for, and positive contributions to, broader SFS development.

Keywords
Sustainable Food Systems; Sustainable Diets; Dietitians; Indicators; Assessment; Community
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18971 (URN)
Funder
Vinnova, 2014-04990
Note

This article has been submitted to Social Indicators Research. The print version may differ from the attached version as changes may occur during the peer review and publication process. 

Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-12-05Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, L. (2020). Conceptualizing and Assessing Sustainable Food Systems and Diets: A Review.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing and Assessing Sustainable Food Systems and Diets: A Review
2020 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Objective: To synthesize research conceptualizing and measuring sustainable food systems (SFS) and diets and discusses the results from the perspective of supporting community level participation in global SFS. Design: Researchers conducted a narrative review of the literature, structured results into emergent categories and themes, and analyzed against known challenges to community level measurement. Results: Concepts defining SFS fall into the following broad approaches: visionary, multidimensional, resilience and parametres. Within these, common categories and emergent themes are reported. Assessment of SFS and diets can be grouped into three general approaches: multidimensional progress reporting, composite scores, and vulnerability assessments. Assessment is challenged by data gaps, especially at the community level, making community engagement in broader global goals elusive. Conclusions: Results contribute to SFS theory by suggesting a need to further develop existing parametres concepts, which set out system limits and principled approaches to governing those systems and show promise for assessment in the absence of adequate data. Future research directions might explore parametres approaches for supporting community level contributions to SFS in a way that demonstrates local-to-global alignment. These will be relevant to practitioners in nutrition, public health and community development, who are well-positioned to facilitate such work.

Keywords
Sustainable Food Systems; Sustainable Diets; Concepts; Assessment
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18970 (URN)
Note

This manuscript has been submitted for publication. Some changes to the text may occur in the peer review process. 

Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-12-02Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, L., Callaghan, E. & Broman, G. (2019). How Can Dietitians Leverage Change for Sustainable Food Systems in Canada. Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research, 80(4), 164-171
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How Can Dietitians Leverage Change for Sustainable Food Systems in Canada
2019 (English)In: Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research, ISSN 1486-3847, Vol. 80, no 4, p. 164-171Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: In this paper, we begin to set out language defining sustainablefood systems (SFS) in Canada, through the voices of dietitians, andidentify leverage points where dietitians can affect change.Methods: Dietitians of Canada members were invited to a Delphi Inquiryprocess; questions explored a vision of SFS in Canada, barriers to thatvision, and actions. Results were independently analysed by 2 membersof the research team who used the Framework for Strategic SustainableDevelopment to structure the data.Results: Fifty-eight members participated. The resultant vision describesa future food system in 15 thematic areas of the social and ecologicalsystems. Barriers are described according to how they undermine sustainability.High-leverage actions areas included: (i) facilitating knowledgedevelopment within the profession and public, (ii) influencing organizationalpolicy to support SFS, and (iii) and influencing public policy.Approaches to such action included: (i) facilitating cross-sectoral collaborationand (ii) applying reflexive approaches.Conclusions: This research suggests a multidimensional understandingof food systems sustainability among dietitians. The vision provides somelanguage to describe what dietitians mean by SFS and can be used as acompass point to orient action. Action areas and approaches have thepotential to drive systemic change while avoiding unintendedconsequences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
DIETITIANS CANADA, 2019
Keywords
Sustainable Food System; Sustainable Diet; Nutrition; Dietetic
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics Other Natural Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17947 (URN)10.3148/cjdpr-2019-005 (DOI)000497687800002 ()30907124 (PubMedID)
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2019-05-31 Created: 2019-05-31 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Dyball, R. & Carlsson, L. (2017). Ellen swallow Richards: Mother of human ecology?. Human Ecology Review, 23(2), 17-29
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ellen swallow Richards: Mother of human ecology?
2017 (English)In: Human Ecology Review, ISSN 1074-4827, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 17-29Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society for Human Ecology, 2017
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15717 (URN)10.22459/HER.23.02.2017.03 (DOI)000418192900003 ()2-s2.0-85038816320 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, L., Callaghan, E., Morley, A. & Broman, G. (2017). Food system sustainability across scales: A proposed local-to-global approach to community planning and assessment. Sustainability, 9(6), Article ID 1061.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Food system sustainability across scales: A proposed local-to-global approach to community planning and assessment
2017 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 6, article id 1061Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interest in food systems sustainability is growing, but progress toward them is slow. This research focuses on three interrelated challenges that hinder progress. First, prevailing visions lack a concrete definition of sustainability. Second, global level conceptions fail to guide responses at the local level. Third, these deficiencies may lead to conflicting initiatives for addressing sustainable food systems at the community level that slow collective progress. The purpose of this article is to (1) describe the development of a framework for assessing food system sustainability which accommodates local-level measurement in the context of broader national and global scale measures; and (2) to propose a process that supports community determinacy over localized progress toward sustainable food systems. Using a modified Delphi Inquiry process, we engaged a diverse, global panel of experts in describing "success" with respect to sustainable food systems, today's reality, and identifying key indicators for tracking progress towards success. They were asked to consider scale during the process in order to explore locally relevant themes. Data were analyzed using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) to facilitate a comprehensive and systematic exploration of key themes and indicators. Key results include a framework of indicator themes that are anchored in a concrete definition of sustainability, stable at national and global scales while remaining flexible at the local scale to accommodate contextual needs. We also propose a process for facilitating community-level planning for food system sustainability that utilizes this indicator framework. The proposed process is based on insights from the research results, as well as from previous research and experience applying the FSSD at a community level; it bears promise for future work to support communities to determine their own pathways, while contributing to a more coordinated whole. © 2017 by the author.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2017
Keywords
Backcasting, Community development, Indicators, Sustainable development, Sustainable food systems
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-14901 (URN)10.3390/su9061061 (DOI)000404133200184 ()2-s2.0-85021151663 (Scopus ID)
Note

Open access

Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-06 Last updated: 2019-11-27Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, L., Williams, P. L., Hayes-Conroy, J. S., Lordly, D. & Callaghan, E. (2016). School Gardens: Cultivating Food Security in Nova Scotia Public Schools?. Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research, 77(3), 119-124
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School Gardens: Cultivating Food Security in Nova Scotia Public Schools?
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2016 (English)In: Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research, ISSN 1486-3847, Vol. 77, no 3, p. 119-124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: A small but growing body of peer-reviewed research suggests that school gardens can play a role in building community food security (CFS); however, to date little research exploring the role of school gardens in supporting CFS is available. This paper begins to address this gap in the literature. Methods: A qualitative, exploratory, single-case study design was used. The focus of this case study was the school food garden at an elementary school in the River Valley, Nova Scotia, school community. Results: Results provide useful information about potential CFS effects of school gardens in addition to the environmental effects on school gardens important to their effectiveness as CFS tools. Findings suggest children gained food-related knowledge, skills, and values that support long-term CFS. A local social and political landscape at the community, provincial, and school board level were key to strengthening this garden's contributions to CFS. Conclusions: We support Dietitians of Canada's nomination of school gardens as an indicator of CFS with theoretical and practical evidence, underscore the importance of a supportive environment, and need for further research in this area. Health professionals and community organizations provide critical support, helping to weave gardens into a greater movement towards building CFS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Toronto: DIETITIANS CANADA, 2016
Keywords
INNER-CITY YOUTH; COMMUNITY GARDENS; NUTRITION; CALIFORNIA; OPPORTUNITIES; CONSUMPTION; CHALLENGES; KNOWLEDGE; CHILDREN; PROGRAM
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-13049 (URN)10.3148/cjdpr-2015-051 (DOI)000382322300005 ()26916844 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
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