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Ambele, R. M., Kaijage, S. F., Dida, M. A., Trojer, L. & Kyando, N. M. (2022). A review of the Development Trend of Personalized learning Technologies and its Applications. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering, 8(11), 75-91
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A review of the Development Trend of Personalized learning Technologies and its Applications
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering, E-ISSN 2454-8006, Vol. 8, nr 11, s. 75-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Personalized learning tailors material and strategy to student requirements, interests, and goals in e-learning. These developments help educational institutions and other organizations to keep up with the fast pace of information technology, communications, and computing power. Studies show that self-adaptive learning and relevant learning information improve study efficiency. Compared to traditional teaching methods, the practice of online education is well in its infancy. On the other hand, the pedagogy and evaluation of students in online courses have a large gap that has to be filled, necessitating significant improvements in e-learning. We call this approach to education "personalized learning," which is a central focus of today's leading online education platforms. Several studies have been conducted on e-learning and personalized learning, but few investigated the development trend of personalized learning technologies and applications. Therefore this study examines the literature to close the gap and promote the development trend for personalized learning technologies and applications in higher education from 2010 to 2021 by analyzing related journal articles. The pivotal studies used inclusion criteria after a search generated 372 complete research articles and reduced them to 146 publications based on their proposed learning domains and research themes. Through carefully reviewing current trends and successes in numerous aspects of personalized learning, this discussion analyzes prospective future research directions in the field of personalized learning. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sretechjournal Publication, 2022
Nyckelord
Personalized Learning, Constructivism, E-learning, Adaptive Learning, Customized Learning, Personalization.
Nationell ämneskategori
Lärande
Forskningsämne
Datavetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-23977 (URN)10.31695/IJASRE.2022.8.11.9 (DOI)
Anmärkning

open access

Tillgänglig från: 2022-11-24 Skapad: 2022-11-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Trojer, L. (2022). What feminist technoscience can bring to innovation towards sustainability. In: Sandra Misiak-Kwit, Kelaniyage Shihan Dilruk Fernando (Ed.), Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Women: (pp. 37-47). Szczecin, Poland: University of Szczecin
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>What feminist technoscience can bring to innovation towards sustainability
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Women / [ed] Sandra Misiak-Kwit, Kelaniyage Shihan Dilruk Fernando, Szczecin, Poland: University of Szczecin , 2022, s. 37-47Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

To contribute to deeper learning about innovation towards sustainability, we must acknowledge that all innovations have directionality as well as be clear about what and for whom our sustainability discussions concern. Whatever consequences of innovation result, it implicates reality production. The frames of my understanding are developed within feminist technoscience linked to practitioners and writers of mode 2 knowledge production. I use epistemological considerations for theories and methodologies to understand and broaden knowledge and practices within the field of Innovation and Development. How can feminist technoscience and other research areas, which involve a critical view of research-development-innovation, mobilize the transformative potential needed for sustainable conditions, especially in scarce resources contexts?

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Szczecin, Poland: University of Szczecin, 2022
Serie
Winnet Centre of Excellence Series ; 5
Nyckelord
Innovation, Sustainability, Feminist Technoscience
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-23767 (URN)9788378678519 (ISBN)
Anmärkning

open access

Tillgänglig från: 2022-10-22 Skapad: 2022-10-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-10-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Shapa, M., Trojer, L. & Machuve, D. (2021). Mobile-based Decision Support System for Poultry Farmers: A Case of Tanzania. International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications, 12(2), 584-590
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mobile-based Decision Support System for Poultry Farmers: A Case of Tanzania
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications, ISSN 2158-107X, E-ISSN 2156-5570, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 584-590Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Poultry farms in Tanzania are characterized by inadequate management practices which are mainly caused by the lack of adequate systems to guide the small-scale poultry farmers in decision making. It is well-established that information is a key factor in making effective decisions in numerous sectors including poultry farming. Furthermore, various researchers have identified the use of mobile decision support tools to be an effective way of aiding farmers in making informed decisions. In this paper, we present a mobile-based decision support system that will aid rural and small-scale poultry farmers in Tanzania to obtain reliable information that is crucial for making proper decisions in their farming activities. In this context, a mobile-based decision support system was achieved through a mobile application integrated with a chatbot assistant to provide a solution to various poultry farming-related problems and simplify their decision-making process. We used a data-driven approach towards developing an informational chatbot assistant for Android smartphones that is capable of interacting with small-scale poultry farmers through natural conversations by utilizing the RASA framework.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
The Science and Information Organization, 2021
Nyckelord
Decision support system; chatbot; mobile application; poultry farming; data-driven approach
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi Jordbruksvetenskap Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-21132 (URN)10.14569/IJACSA.2021.0120273 (DOI)000630189900074 ()
Anmärkning

open access

Tillgänglig från: 2021-03-02 Skapad: 2021-03-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-04-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Trojer, L. (2015). Change @ campus Karlshamn - Our Story: Culture, Norms and Gender at Blekinge Institute of Technology. Karlshamn: Research Division Technoscience Studies, Department of Technology and Aesthetics, BTH
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Change @ campus Karlshamn - Our Story: Culture, Norms and Gender at Blekinge Institute of Technology
2015 (Engelska)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlshamn: Research Division Technoscience Studies, Department of Technology and Aesthetics, BTH, 2015. s. 66
Nyckelord
University Transformation, Culture, Norms, Gender, ICT, Media technology, Feminist Technoscience
Nationell ämneskategori
Genusstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-11137 (URN)978-91-7295-966-8 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammet
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-09 Skapad: 2015-12-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Elovaara, P., Gustavsson, K., Hallgren, E., Paxling, L. & Trojer, L. (2015). Gender Budgeting, Human Resources, Organisational Culture -Development of Methods.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Gender Budgeting, Human Resources, Organisational Culture -Development of Methods
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2015 (Engelska)Övrigt (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

GENISLAB, is a four year project (2011 - 2014) within the 7th Framework Programme for research and technology. The aim of the project is to promote organizational change in six European scientific organizations. Each partner develops its own Tailored Action Plan based on three dimensions, Gender Budgeting, Human Resources (HR) Management and Gender and Organisational Culture and Stereotypes. This report presents results of quantitative and qualitative data on Gender Budgeting and HR management as well as comments on organizational culture.

Nyckelord
Gender Budgeting, Human Resources Management, Gender and Organizational Culture and Stereotypes
Nationell ämneskategori
Genusstudier Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-6408 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoCC3B40B934492FF1C1257DF6002B5068 (Lokalt ID)978-91-7295-967-5 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoCC3B40B934492FF1C1257DF6002B5068 (Arkivnummer)oai:bth.se:forskinfoCC3B40B934492FF1C1257DF6002B5068 (OAI)
Externt samarbete:
Tillgänglig från: 2015-02-24 Skapad: 2015-02-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-09-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Trojer, L., Rydhagen, B. & Kjellqvist, T. (2014). Inclusive innovation processes – experiences from Uganda and Tanzania. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 6(5)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Inclusive innovation processes – experiences from Uganda and Tanzania
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), ISSN 2042-1338, E-ISSN 2042-1346, Vol. 6, nr 5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been well known since the 1960s that developing countries need to improve their capacity to use science and technology and that more efforts must be put into R&D that would benefit poor countries and people. Serious efforts to accomplish this exist but they are still too few and small in relation to the size of the problem. Whilst the supply of knowledge and competent people slowly has been growing, there is still a continued lack of demand for domestic knowledge. Foreign consultants dominate knowledge supply to government, industry and aid donors. Small firms and farms are not used to articulate their demand for knowledge. Such weak demand and timid articulation are typical signs of emerging innovations systems. Despite this, there are signs of a fragmented domestic creative potential that could be mobilised to increase innovation for inclusive development. In this article, practical experiences in Uganda and Tanzania illuminate possibilities to articulate and address the knowledge demand from firms and farms through cluster formation. In this type of cluster formations, universities have key roles as knowledge providers and as intermediaries that assist in building the ties and linkages necessary to move the innovation system to a higher state.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2014
Nyckelord
Clusters, developing countries, emerging innovation systems, inclusive development, learning
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-6435 (URN)10.1080/20421338.2014.970437 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-08 Skapad: 2015-01-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-11-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Trojer, L., Ecuru, J. & Lating, P. (2014). Innovation characteristics of formal manufacturing firms in Uganda. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 6(5), 415-423
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Innovation characteristics of formal manufacturing firms in Uganda
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), ISSN 2042-1338, E-ISSN 2042-1346, Vol. 6, nr 5, s. 415-423Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Manufacturing firms ought to innovate in order to stay competitive in a highly liberalised and open economy. This is even more crucial in low income countries, which seek accelerated economic growth and transformation. In this paper, we describe innovation characteristics of formal manufacturing firms in Uganda, in the subsectors of food and beverages, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. We show from empirical findings that formal manufacturing firms in the aforementioned subsectors in Uganda are active in incremental and adaptive innovations. The innovations are accomplished in-house with some assistance from other firms abroad. Local universities and research organisations appear not to be participating much in formal manufacturing firms' innovation processes. The challenge, from the perspective of firms, is fear of competition and lack of trust. Universities and research organisations, on the other hand, need to be proactive in engaging firms. Conferences, business associations, inter-firm visits, and joint programmes are some of the firm-preferred means of fostering interactions between firms, universities and other organisations. Innovation capabilities of Ugandan manufacturing firms could be enhanced if local universities and research organisations become more actively involved in firm innovation processes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2014
Nyckelord
firm, innovation, low income countries, manufacturing, triple helix, role of university, Uganda
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-6436 (URN)10.1080/20421338.2014.970434 (DOI)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC0072CF654972D3AC1257DC7004AB27F (Lokalt ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC0072CF654972D3AC1257DC7004AB27F (Arkivnummer)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC0072CF654972D3AC1257DC7004AB27F (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-08 Skapad: 2015-01-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-11-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Rydhagen, B. & Trojer, L. (Eds.). (2014). The role of universities in inclusive innovation. Cluster development in East Africa.. Arusha: Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The role of universities in inclusive innovation. Cluster development in East Africa.
2014 (Engelska)Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Universitetens roll i inkluderande innovation. Klusterutveckling i Östafrika.
Abstract [en]

Universities play a vital role in development and innovation in small and local businesses in East Africa. This has been made possible through Triple Helix processes linking academia, business and government in Innovative Cluster Initiatives. The cluster initiatives are coordinated through country chapters of Pan African Competitiveness Forum (PACF). Scandinavian Institute for Collaboration and Development (SICD) has been linked to PACF since start. In this anthology, active partners in cluster initiatives in Tanzania and Uganda present their experiences of university involvement. The contributors represent business persons in clusters, cluster facilitators, researchers in Uganda, Tanzania and Sweden and key persons of the PACF network.

Abstract [sv]

Universiteten spelar en viktig roll i utveckling och innovation i små och lokala företag i Östafrika. Detta har blivit möjligt genom triple helixprocesser som länkar samman akademi, företag och myndigheter i innovativa klusterinitiativ. Klusterinitiativen koordineras i nationella avdelningar av Pan African Competitiveness Forum (PACF). Scandinavian Institute for Collaboration and Development (SICD) samarbetar med PACF sedan starten. I den här antologin presenterar aktörer och partners i klusterinitiativen i Tanzania och Uganda sina erfarenheter av universitetens engagemang. Bidragen representerar företag i kluster, klusterfacilitatorer och forskare i Uganda, Tanzania och Sverige, samt nyckelpersoner inom PACFs nätverk.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Arusha: Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, 2014
Nyckelord
cluster initiatives, innovation, Triple Helix
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-6521 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo96939E944D24ECDEC1257D96002FD88A (Lokalt ID)978-91-637-5000-7 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo96939E944D24ECDEC1257D96002FD88A (Arkivnummer)oai:bth.se:forskinfo96939E944D24ECDEC1257D96002FD88A (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-01 Skapad: 2014-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-06-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Trojer, L. (2014). When society speaks back. Relevance issues for research in cluster contexts in low income countries. In: Rydhagen, Birgitta; Trojer, Lena (Ed.), The Role of Universities in Inclusive Innovation, Cluster Development in East Africa: (pp. 47-57). Arusha, Tanzania: Nelson Mandela African Institution for Science and Technology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>When society speaks back. Relevance issues for research in cluster contexts in low income countries
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: The Role of Universities in Inclusive Innovation, Cluster Development in East Africa / [ed] Rydhagen, Birgitta; Trojer, Lena, Arusha, Tanzania: Nelson Mandela African Institution for Science and Technology , 2014, s. 47-57Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Universities are relatively neutral bodies/platforms in political contexts that can differ profoundly. Please note relatively. The universities have to manoeuvre strategically, though, in order to be durable. In low income countries with more or less stable political systems the university is a vital asset for social, cultural and economic sustainability and development. The universities in these countries face challenging demands to have their outcomes used in society for economic growth, challenging of more reasons than e.g. in Europe. This means that the “voice of society” in science argues for use of the very limited public resources in ways benefitting the people as soon as possible, if not immediately. Society speaks back in demand for relevant knowledges for survival and better living conditions. This is a strong incentive to find other ways than a dominant linear way of disseminating R&D results, which often takes too long time and is not always efficient or context relevant. In this chapter I will give some aspects on why and how initiatives from universities for trying other models like inclusive innovation and cluster development are relevant, important and have a proved success record.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Arusha, Tanzania: Nelson Mandela African Institution for Science and Technology, 2014
Nyckelord
Co-evolution, societal relevance, innovation system, cluster, technoscience, feminist technoscience
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-6518 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEF21F6BDFD9C53C6C1257D9E00558475 (Lokalt ID)978-91-637-5000-7 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEF21F6BDFD9C53C6C1257D9E00558475 (Arkivnummer)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEF21F6BDFD9C53C6C1257D9E00558475 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-02 Skapad: 2014-11-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-06-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Ecuru, J., Trojer, L., Okidi Lating, P. & Ziraba, Y. (2013). Cluster development in low resource settings: The case of bioethanol and fruit processing clusters in Uganda. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 18
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cluster development in low resource settings: The case of bioethanol and fruit processing clusters in Uganda
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, ISSN 1368-275X, E-ISSN 1741-5098, Vol. 18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, bioethanol and fruit processing clusters in Uganda were taken as sectoral innovation systems, and enabling conditions and barriers to their growth were analysed from a technoscientific and innovation systems perspective. Active participation of entrepreneurial university scientists in the clustering process appears to be an enabling factor. Absence of goals and incentives specifically to attract investments in the cluster areas and to drive formation of markets for cluster products is a major barrier. Adopting more inclusive innovation policies, and having in place good community engagement strategies, could help overcome the barriers and expand opportunities for clusters in low resource settings to grow and become competitive.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Inderscience publishers, 2013
Nyckelord
bioethanol, cluster, fruit processing, innovation system, Uganda
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-6860 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo2A141120F497BB24C1257C280039586F (Lokalt ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo2A141120F497BB24C1257C280039586F (Arkivnummer)oai:bth.se:forskinfo2A141120F497BB24C1257C280039586F (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2013-11-22 Skapad: 2013-11-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8263-0959

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