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Publications (10 of 77) Show all publications
Elwardy, M., Zepernick, H.-J., Hu, Y. & Chu, T. M. (2023). ACR360: A Dataset on Subjective 360° Video Quality Assessment Using ACR Methods. In: Wysocki B.J., Wysocki T.A. (Ed.), 2023 16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System, ICSPCS 2023 - Proceedings: . Paper presented at 16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System, ICSPCS 2023, Bydgoszcz, 6 Sept - 8 Sept 2023. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ACR360: A Dataset on Subjective 360° Video Quality Assessment Using ACR Methods
2023 (English)In: 2023 16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System, ICSPCS 2023 - Proceedings / [ed] Wysocki B.J., Wysocki T.A., Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The recent advances in immersive technologies have been essential in the development of a wide range of novel standalone and networked immersive media applications. The concepts of virtual reality, augmented reality, and mixed reality relate to different compositions of real and computer-generated virtual objects. In this context, 360° video streaming has become increasingly popular offering improved immersive experiences when viewed on a head-mounted display (HMD). An important component in the development of novel immersive media systems are subjective tests in which participants assess the quality of experience of representative test stimuli. In this paper, the annotated ACR360 dataset is presented which is publicly available on GitHub. The ACR360 dataset contains a wide range of psychophysical and psychophysiological data that was collected in Subjective tests on 360° video quality. The test stimuli were shown on an HMD and rated according to the absolute category rating (ACR) and modified ACR (MACR) methods. To support an easy exploration and utilization of the ACR360 dataset by the research community, its structure on GitHub is described and a comprehensive illustration of analysis options are provided for each data category. The ACR360 dataset may be used for conducting meta-analysis in combination with other datasets to improve precision and to pursue research questions that cannot be answered by an individual study. © 2023 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023
Keywords
360° video, absolute category rating, annotated dataset, Immersive media, quality assessment, Subjective test, Helmet mounted displays, Image quality, Mixed reality, Quality of service, Statistical tests, Subjective testing, Video streaming, Absolute category ratings, Annotated datasets, Head-mounted-displays, Immersive technologies, Media application, Video quality, Augmented reality
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-25548 (URN)10.1109/ICSPCS58109.2023.10261151 (DOI)2-s2.0-85174510305 (Scopus ID)9798350333510 (ISBN)
Conference
16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System, ICSPCS 2023, Bydgoszcz, 6 Sept - 8 Sept 2023
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20220068Knowledge Foundation, 20170056
Note

  

Available from: 2023-11-07 Created: 2023-11-07 Last updated: 2023-11-08Bibliographically approved
Chu, T. M., Zepernick, H.-J. & Duong, T. Q. (2023). Full-Duplex Cooperative NOMA Short-Packet Communications with K-Means Clustering. In: IEEE Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing Proceedings: . Paper presented at 22nd IEEE Statistical Signal Processing Workshop, SSP 2023, Hanoi,July 2-5, 2023. (pp. 576-580). IEEE Computer Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Full-Duplex Cooperative NOMA Short-Packet Communications with K-Means Clustering
2023 (English)In: IEEE Workshop on Statistical Signal Processing Proceedings, IEEE Computer Society, 2023, p. 576-580Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Fifth-generation (5G) and future sixth-generation (6G) mobile networks aim at offering ultra-reliable, low-latency, and massive machine-type communications. In this context, this paper studies full-duplex (FD) cooperative non-orthogonal multiple access (C-NOMA) short-packet communications (SPC) with K-means clustering of user equipment regarding block error rate (BLER) and sum rate. Analytical expressions are derived for the BLER and sum rate allowing to assess the performance of the considered system. The numerical results reveal the benefits of the FD C-NOMA SPC system, illustrate trade-offs between BLER and sum rate, and show the impact of the transmit signal-to-noise ratio and number of channel uses on the performance. © 2023 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2023
Series
IEEE Statistical Signal Processing Workshop (SSP), ISSN 2373-0803, E-ISSN 2693-3551
Keywords
cooperative NOMA, Full-duplex relaying, K-means clustering, short-packet communications, 5G mobile communication systems, Cooperative communication, Economic and social effects, Finite difference method, Signal to noise ratio, Block error rates, Full-duplex, K-means++ clustering, Multiple access, Non-orthogonal, Performance, Short packet communication, Sum-rate
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-25406 (URN)10.1109/SSP53291.2023.10208051 (DOI)001051091700117 ()2-s2.0-85168910823 (Scopus ID)9781665452458 (ISBN)
Conference
22nd IEEE Statistical Signal Processing Workshop, SSP 2023, Hanoi,July 2-5, 2023.
Available from: 2023-09-20 Created: 2023-09-20 Last updated: 2023-10-26Bibliographically approved
Sundstedt, V., Boeva, V., Zepernick, H.-J., Goswami, P., Cheddad, A., Tutschku, K., . . . Arlos, P. (2023). HINTS: Human-Centered Intelligent Realities. In: Håkan Grahn, Anton Borg and Martin Boldt (Ed.), 35th Annual Workshop of the Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society SAIS 2023: . Paper presented at 35th Annual Workshop of the Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society SAIS 2023, Karlskrona, June 12-13, 2023 (pp. 9-17). Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>HINTS: Human-Centered Intelligent Realities
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2023 (English)In: 35th Annual Workshop of the Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society SAIS 2023 / [ed] Håkan Grahn, Anton Borg and Martin Boldt, Linköping University Electronic Press, 2023, p. 9-17Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

During the last decade, we have witnessed a rapiddevelopment of extended reality (XR) technologies such asaugmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR). Further, therehave been tremendous advancements in artificial intelligence(AI) and machine learning (ML). These two trends will havea significant impact on future digital societies. The vision ofan immersive, ubiquitous, and intelligent virtual space opensup new opportunities for creating an enhanced digital world inwhich the users are at the center of the development process,so-calledintelligent realities(IRs).The “Human-Centered Intelligent Realities” (HINTS) profileproject will develop concepts, principles, methods, algorithms,and tools for human-centered IRs, thus leading the wayfor future immersive, user-aware, and intelligent interactivedigital environments. The HINTS project is centered aroundan ecosystem combining XR and communication paradigms toform novel intelligent digital systems.HINTS will provide users with new ways to understand,collaborate with, and control digital systems. These novelways will be based on visual and data-driven platforms whichenable tangible, immersive cognitive interactions within realand virtual realities. Thus, exploiting digital systems in a moreefficient, effective, engaging, and resource-aware condition.Moreover, the systems will be equipped with cognitive featuresbased on AI and ML, which allow users to engage with digitalrealities and data in novel forms. This paper describes theHINTS profile project and its initial results. ©2023, Copyright held by the authors   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping University Electronic Press, 2023
Series
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings, ISSN 1650-3686, E-ISSN 1650-3740 ; 199
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-25413 (URN)10.3384/ecp199001 (DOI)9789180752749 (ISBN)
Conference
35th Annual Workshop of the Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society SAIS 2023, Karlskrona, June 12-13, 2023
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20220068
Available from: 2023-09-22 Created: 2023-09-22 Last updated: 2023-12-28Bibliographically approved
Chu, T. M. & Zepernick, H.-J. (2023). Modulation and Detection for High Doppler Channels: An Overview on OTFS Modulation. Blekinge Tekniska Högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modulation and Detection for High Doppler Channels: An Overview on OTFS Modulation
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2023
National Category
Signal Processing
Research subject
Applied Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-25285 (URN)
Projects
Directed Air Data Link
Funder
Vinnova, 2019-02769
Available from: 2023-08-17 Created: 2023-08-17 Last updated: 2023-08-22Bibliographically approved
Chu, T. M., Fiedler, M., Kelkkanen, V., Lindero, D. & Zepernick, H.-J. (2023). On the Perception of Frame Stalls in Remote VR for Task and Task-Free Subjective Tests. In: 2023 15th International Conference on Quality of Multimedia Experience, QoMEX 2023: . Paper presented at 15th International Conference on Quality of Multimedia Experience, QoMEX 2023, Ghent, 20-22 June 2023. (pp. 201-204). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Perception of Frame Stalls in Remote VR for Task and Task-Free Subjective Tests
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2023 (English)In: 2023 15th International Conference on Quality of Multimedia Experience, QoMEX 2023, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023, p. 201-204Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The performance of remotely rendered Virtual Reality (VR) is sensitive to temporal disturbances in communication channels. An earlier Quality of Experience (QoE) study of temporal impacts in the form of frame stalls has revealed difficulties with subjective disturbance ratings while performing a task in an interactive 6-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) VR environment. This study follows up on above observation by comparing QoE ratings in the presence and absence of a task. The exploratory findings show that the task-free subjective tests yield lower ratings compared to the subjective tests with task. This indicates that the participants became more sensitive to temporal impairments in the absence of a task. Also, the positive impact of reprojection on the QoE ratings decreased in the task-free environment. The simulator sickness results for individual symptoms were on similar low levels in both settings. The total score (TS) of sickness severity was higher after than before the subjective tests with task while the difference between the TS before and after the task-free subjective tests was insignificant, © 2023 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023
Series
International Workshop on Quality of Multimedia Experience (QoMEX), ISSN 2372-7179, E-ISSN 2472-7814
Keywords
Diseases, Subjective testing, Virtual reality, 6 degree of freedom, Communications channels, Follow up, Performance, Re-projection, Simulator sickness, Quality of service
National Category
Computer Sciences Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-25320 (URN)10.1109/QoMEX58391.2023.10178492 (DOI)001037196100040 ()2-s2.0-85167358478 (Scopus ID)9798350311730 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Conference on Quality of Multimedia Experience, QoMEX 2023, Ghent, 20-22 June 2023.
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20170056Knowledge Foundation, 20220068
Available from: 2023-08-24 Created: 2023-08-24 Last updated: 2023-09-15Bibliographically approved
Chu, T. M., Zepernick, H.-J., Hook, A., Westerhagen, A. & Granbom, B. (2023). OTFS Modulation for Non-Terrestrial Networks: Concepts, Applications, Benefits, and Challenges. In: Wysocki B.J., Wysocki T.A. (Ed.), 2023 16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System, ICSPCS 2023 - Proceedings: . Paper presented at 2023 16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System, ICSPCS 2023, Bydgoszcz, 6 Sept - 8 Sept 2023. IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>OTFS Modulation for Non-Terrestrial Networks: Concepts, Applications, Benefits, and Challenges
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2023 (English)In: 2023 16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System, ICSPCS 2023 - Proceedings / [ed] Wysocki B.J., Wysocki T.A., IEEE, 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Fifth generation (5G), beyond 5G (B5G), and future sixth generation (6G) mobile networks are foreseen to increasingly account for heterogeneous networks toward ubiquitous communications with non-terrestrial networks (NTNs). Furthermore, in 5G mobile networks, massive machine type communications has been introduced for Internet of Things (IoT) applications aiming at low energy consumption, low to medium data rates, burst transmissions, and massive connectivity. It is expected that IoT communications will take an even larger portion in B5G and 6G mobile networks. Robust communications in such high-mobility NTN deployments including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), airborne platforms, and satellite systems, need novel modulation waveforms that can deal with the induced severe Doppler effects. Orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation has gained tremendous interest in recent years as an effective technology for coping with high Doppler channels. OTFS essentially transforms a time-varying fading channel into a quasi-static channel in the delay-Doppler domain. In this paper, for the first time, an overview on OTFS modulation for NTNs is provided including basic concepts and applications in UAVs, airborne networks, and satellite systems. A case study related to an application in high Doppler airborne communication networks is also provided to illustrate the potential of OTFS modulation in providing robust transmission links in high-mobility scenarios. This survey will be helpful for researchers and practitioners to keep abreast about the potential of OTFS modulation in NTNs. © 2023 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2023
Keywords
5G mobile communication systems, Antennas, Communication satellites, Energy utilization, Fading channels, Internet of things, Low power electronics, Vehicle to vehicle communications, Wireless networks, Aerial vehicle, Benefit and challenges, Doppler, High mobility, Low energy consumption, Machinetype communication (MTC), Satellite system, Terrestrial networks, Time-frequency space, Ubiquitous communication, Heterogeneous networks
National Category
Communication Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-25554 (URN)10.1109/ICSPCS58109.2023.10261131 (DOI)2-s2.0-85174530707 (Scopus ID)9798350333510 (ISBN)
Conference
2023 16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System, ICSPCS 2023, Bydgoszcz, 6 Sept - 8 Sept 2023
Projects
Riktad luftdatalänk
Funder
Vinnova, 2019-02769
Available from: 2023-11-06 Created: 2023-11-06 Last updated: 2023-11-06Bibliographically approved
Chu, T. M., Zepernick, H.-J. & Duong, T. Q. (2023). Short-Packet Cooperative NOMA Communications with K-Means User Clustering. In: 2023 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops: Sustainable Communications for Renaissance, ICC Workshops 2023: . Paper presented at 2023 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops: Sustainable Communications for Renaissance, ICC Workshops 2023, Rome, 28/5 -1/6 2023 (pp. 1794-1799). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Short-Packet Cooperative NOMA Communications with K-Means User Clustering
2023 (English)In: 2023 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops: Sustainable Communications for Renaissance, ICC Workshops 2023, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023, p. 1794-1799Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sixth-generation (6G) networks are considered as key enablers in the development of the intelligent information society offering ultra-reliable low-latency communications in the context of massive machine-type communications and the emergence of the Internet-of-everything. In this paper, we consider a short-packet cooperative nonorthogonal multiple access (C-NOMA) communication system that uses the K-means algorithm for user clustering. The short-packet component of the system facilitates low-latency communications. In addition, C-NOMA using decode-and-forward relays allows extended coverage in terms of user equipment (UE) clusters and spectral efficiency in terms of sum rate. Given the trend toward irregular deployment of heterogeneous infrastructure elements in 6G networks and massive amounts of UEs, the K-means algorithm is used to generate clusters of UEs around the locations of the relays that assist the communication between the base station and the UEs. Analytical expressions of the block error rate (BLER) and sum rate are derived allowing a performance assessment of the short-packet C-NOMA communication system. Numerical results are provided revealing the impact of the number of channel uses and the number of UEs on the BLER and sum rate of the considered system. © 2023 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023
Keywords
block error rate, cooperative NOMA, K-means algorithm, Short-packet communications, sum rate
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-25693 (URN)10.1109/ICCWorkshops57953.2023.10283610 (DOI)2-s2.0-85177832083 (Scopus ID)9798350333077 (ISBN)
Conference
2023 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops: Sustainable Communications for Renaissance, ICC Workshops 2023, Rome, 28/5 -1/6 2023
Available from: 2023-12-08 Created: 2023-12-08 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
Chu, T. M. & Zepernick, H.-J. (2023). Sum Rate of OTFS-NOMA Systems with K-Means Clustering of User Equipment. In: IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC: . Paper presented at 34th IEEE Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2023, Toronto, 5 September through 8 September 2023. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sum Rate of OTFS-NOMA Systems with K-Means Clustering of User Equipment
2023 (English)In: IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we consider a downlink scenario in which a base station (BS) communicates with user equipment (UE) that move with high speed. Orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation is used to overcome the effects of high Doppler shifts inherent with high-mobility scenarios. To increase spectral efficiency, power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is combined with OTFS to form an OTFS-NOMA system. The K-means clustering algorithm is deployed which partitions the coverage area of the BS into clusters such that the UEs within a cluster have a shorter distance to the respective cluster center than to the centers of the other clusters. The cluster centers act as simultaneous multiple users on which basis power-domain NOMA selects the power allocation coefficients to reduce the mutual interference among UEs. OTFS can control the resolution of the delay-Doppler domain to more accurately compensate for propagation delays and Doppler shifts. The performance of this OTFS-NOMA system with K-means clustering of the UEs is assessed in terms of sum rate. The numerical results illustrate that the successive interference cancellation of power-domain NOMA significantly improves sum rate. Additional improvements are obtained by choosing a sufficiently large size of the delay-Doppler grid of OTFS which effectively copes with the high Doppler shifts of the considered high-mobility scenario. © 2023 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023
Keywords
K-means clustering, Mobile telecommunication systems, Spectrum efficiency, High mobility, K-means++ clustering, Mobility scenarios, Multiple access, Multiple access systems, Non-orthogonal, Powerdomains, Sum-rate, Time-frequency space, User equipments, Doppler effect
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-25785 (URN)10.1109/PIMRC56721.2023.10293982 (DOI)001103214700233 ()2-s2.0-85178276535 (Scopus ID)9781665464833 (ISBN)
Conference
34th IEEE Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2023, Toronto, 5 September through 8 September 2023
Available from: 2023-12-15 Created: 2023-12-15 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Tran, D. N., Zepernick, H.-J. & Chu, T. M. (2022). LSB Data Hiding in Digital Media: A Survey. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Industrial Networks and Intelligent Systems, 1-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LSB Data Hiding in Digital Media: A Survey
2022 (English)In: EAI Endorsed Transactions on Industrial Networks and Intelligent Systems, ISSN 2410-0218, p. 1-50Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Data hiding or information hiding is a prominent class of information security that aims at reliably conveying secret data embedded in a cover object over a covert channel. Digital media such as audio, image, video, and three-dimensional (3D) media can act as cover objects to carry such secret data. Digital media security has acquired tremendous significance in recent years and will be even more important with the development and delivery of new digital media over digital communication networks. In particular, least significant bit (LSB) data hiding is easy to implement and to combine with other hiding techniques, offers high embedding capacity for data, can resist steganalysis and several types of attacks, and is well suited for real-time applications. This article provides a comprehensive survey on LSB data hiding in digital media. The fundamental concepts and terminologies used in data hiding are reviewed along with a general data hiding model. The five attributes of data hiding, i.e., capacity, imperceptibility, robustness, detectability, and security, and the related performance metrics used in this survey to compare the characteristics of the different LSB data hiding methods are discussed. Given the classification of data hiding methods with respect to audio, image, video, and 3D media, a comprehensive survey of LSB data hiding for each of these four digital media is provided. In particular, landmark studies, state-of-the-art approaches, and applications of LSB data hiding are described for each of the four digital media. Their performance is compared with respect to the data hiding attributes which illustrates benefits and drawbacks of the reviewed LSB data hiding methods. The article concludes with summarizing main findings and suggesting directions for future research. This survey will be helpful for researchers and practitioners to keep abreast about the potential of LSB data hiding in digital media and to develop novel applications based on suitable performance trade-offs between data hiding attributes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Alliance for Innovation (EAI), 2022
Keywords
LSB data hiding, steganography, watermarking, audio, image, video, 3D media, performance assessment
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences Computer Sciences Telecommunications
Research subject
Telecommunication Systems; Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22811 (URN)10.4108/eai.5-4-2022.173783 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-04-05 Created: 2022-04-05 Last updated: 2022-04-26Bibliographically approved
Chu, T. M., Zepernick, H.-J. & Duong, T. Q. (2022). NOMA-Based Full-Duplex UAV Network with K-Means Clustering for Disaster Scenarios. In: IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference proceedings: . Paper presented at 96th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2022-Fall 2022, London, 26 September through 29 September 2022. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>NOMA-Based Full-Duplex UAV Network with K-Means Clustering for Disaster Scenarios
2022 (English)In: IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2022Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we propose and assess the performance of a downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)based full-duplex (FD) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) network for disaster scenarios. The K-means algorithm is used to partition the user equipments (UEs) residing in the disaster region into a number of clusters. The UAVs are located at the cluster centers and act as decode-and-forward relays to secure coverage from an operational base station (BS) into the disaster region. The power-domain NOMA used at the BS and the UAVs operating in FD mode improve the system performance in terms of outage probability and sum rate compared to orthogonal multiple access and half-duplex mode. In particular, analytical expressions for the outage probability and sum rate are derived. Numerical results are provided to reveal the impact of system parameters on the performance of the NOMA-based FD UAV network over Nakagami-m fading which in turn illustrate design options for applications in disaster scenarios. © 2022 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2022
Series
IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, ISSN 1090-3038, E-ISSN 2577-2465
Keywords
disaster scenarios, full-duplex relay, K-means algorithm, NOMA, outage probability, sum rate, UAV, Antennas, Disasters, Finite difference method, Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), Aerial vehicle, Disaster scenario, Duplex relay, Full-duplex, K-mean algorithms, Multiple access, Non-orthogonal, Non-orthogonal multiple access, Sum-rate, Unmanned aerial vehicle, K-means clustering
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-24275 (URN)10.1109/VTC2022-Fall57202.2022.10012723 (DOI)000927580600031 ()2-s2.0-85147023723 (Scopus ID)9781665454681 (ISBN)
Conference
96th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2022-Fall 2022, London, 26 September through 29 September 2022
Available from: 2023-02-10 Created: 2023-02-10 Last updated: 2023-09-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1730-9026

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