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Gray, Amber
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Gray, A. & Rudenko, O. (2018). An Intense Wave in Defective Media Containing Both Quadratic and Modular Nonlinearities: Shock Waves, Harmonics, and Nondestructive Testing. Acoustical Physics, 64(4), 402-407
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Intense Wave in Defective Media Containing Both Quadratic and Modular Nonlinearities: Shock Waves, Harmonics, and Nondestructive Testing
2018 (English)In: Acoustical Physics, ISSN 1063-7710, E-ISSN 1562-6865, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 402-407Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The observed nonclassical power-law dependence of the amplitude of the second harmonic wave on the amplitude of a harmonic pump wave is explained as a phenomenon associated with two types of nonlinearity in a structurally inhomogeneous medium. An approach to solving the inverse problem of determining the nonlinearity parameters and the exponent in the above-mentioned dependence is demonstrated. To describe the effects of strongly pronounced nonlinearity, equations containing a double nonlinearity and generalizing the Hopf and Burgers equations are proposed. The possibility of their exact linearization is demonstrated. The profiles, spectral composition, and average wave intensity in such doubly nonlinear media are calculated. The shape of the shock front is found, and its width is estimated. The wave energy losses that depend on both nonlinearity parameters—quadratic and modular—are calculated. © 2018, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pleiades Publishing, 2018
Keywords
diagnostics, Hopf–Burgers type equations, nonlinear losses, nonlinearity parameters, quadratic modular nonlinearity, shock front, Energy dissipation, Harmonic analysis, Inverse problems, Nondestructive examination, Nonlinear equations, Plasma diagnostics, Shock testing, Shock waves, Wave energy conversion, Inhomogeneous medium, Non-linearity parameter, Nonlinear loss, Power-law dependences, Second harmonic waves, Shock fronts, Spectral composition, Control nonlinearities
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16907 (URN)10.1134/S1063771018040048 (DOI)000439751800002 ()2-s2.0-85050124455 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-20 Created: 2018-08-20 Last updated: 2018-08-21Bibliographically approved
Payler, S., Biddle, J., Coates, A., Cousins, C., Cross, R., Cullen, D., . . . Cockell, C. (2017). Planetary science and exploration in the deep subsurface: results from the MINAR Program, Boulby Mine, UK. International Journal of Astrobiology, 16(2), 114-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planetary science and exploration in the deep subsurface: results from the MINAR Program, Boulby Mine, UK
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2017 (English)In: International Journal of Astrobiology, ISSN 1473-5504, E-ISSN 1475-3006, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 114-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The subsurface exploration of other planetary bodies can be used to unravel their geological history and assess their habitability. On Mars in particular, present-day habitable conditions may be restricted to the subsurface. Using a deep subsurface mine, we carried out a program of extraterrestrial analog research – MINe Analog Research (MINAR). MINAR aims to carry out the scientific study of the deep subsurface and test instrumentation designed for planetary surface exploration by investigating deep subsurface geology, whilst establishing the potential this technology has to be transferred into the mining industry. An integrated multi-instrument suite was used to investigate samples of representative evaporite minerals from a subsurface Permian evaporite sequence, in particular to assess mineral and elemental variations which provide small-scale regions of enhanced habitability. The instruments used were the Panoramic Camera emulator, Close-Up Imager, Raman spectrometer, Small Planetary Linear Impulse Tool, Ultrasonic drill and handheld X-ray diffraction (XRD). We present science results from the analog research and show that these instruments can be used to investigate in situ the geological context and mineralogical variations of a deep subsurface environment, and thus habitability, from millimetre to metre scales. We also show that these instruments are complementary. For example, the identification of primary evaporite minerals such as NaCl and KCl, which are difficult to detect by portable Raman spectrometers, can be accomplished with XRD. By contrast, Raman is highly effective at locating and detecting mineral inclusions in primary evaporite minerals. MINAR demonstrates the effective use of a deep subsurface environment for planetary instrument development, understanding the habitability of extreme deep subsurface environments on Earth and other planetary bodies, and advancing the use of space technology in economic mining. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2017
Keywords
Analog research; deep subsurface; habitability; instrument testing; spin-off
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-12988 (URN)10.1017/S1473550416000045 (DOI)000395489300002 ()2-s2.0-84973904196 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
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