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Bohman, Doris
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Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Marcinowicz, L., Andersson, E. K., Bohman, D., Hjelm, M., Skarbalienė, A., Shpakou, A., . . . Jamiolkowski, J. (2019). Nursing students’ perception of the professional nurse's role in four European countries. International Nursing Review, 66(2), 250-258
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nursing students’ perception of the professional nurse's role in four European countries
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2019 (English)In: International Nursing Review, ISSN 0020-8132, E-ISSN 1466-7657, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 250-258Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Understanding how nursing students in European countries perceive their future professional role is an important step in creating awareness of the diversity and similarities between countries. Investigating nursing students’ perceptions of their future profession could help in the design of education and the retention of nurses. Aim: To compare nursing students’ perceptions of the professional nurse's role between Belarus, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. Method: A cross-sectional design was implemented. The study used two scales of the Professional Nursing Image Survey, which has questions about 10 skills and abilities and 14 functions and duties of a nurse. Results: A total of 392 final-year nursing students in four countries participated in the study. Statistically significant differences were found between countries in terms of all 10 skills and abilities and in the distribution of responses concerning functions and duties of a nurse. Conclusions: Nursing students in Belarus, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden perceive differently the role of a nurse in terms of some functions and responsibilities. This may influence the adaptation of nurses who enjoy freedom of movement among the countries. Implications for nursing policy: The knowledge gained in this study could be beneficial in improving nursing education, as it could illuminate the discrepancy between educational goals and students’ perceptions of their future professional role. © 2018 International Council of Nurses

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2019
Keywords
Baccalaureate, Education, Nursing, Nursing Education, Nursing Roles, Quantitative Methods, Research, article, Belarus, controlled study, cross-sectional study, human, human experiment, Lithuania, nurse attitude, nursing role, nursing student, perception, Poland, quantitative analysis, responsibility, skill, Sweden
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17284 (URN)10.1111/inr.12494 (DOI)000469269800014 ()2-s2.0-85055865709 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-15 Created: 2018-11-15 Last updated: 2019-06-14Bibliographically approved
Hoffman, J., Roos, V., Stols, A. & Bohman, D. (2018). Older people's user patterns of mobile phones in South Africa. In: W, Boot, G. Gutman, W. Kearns, J. Fozard, S. Leong (Ed.), Conference Issue. Abstracts of the 11th World Conference: . Paper presented at ISG’s 11th World Conference of Gerontechnology, St. Petersburg, Florida. International Society for Gerontechnology, 17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older people's user patterns of mobile phones in South Africa
2018 (English)In: Conference Issue. Abstracts of the 11th World Conference / [ed] W, Boot, G. Gutman, W. Kearns, J. Fozard, S. Leong, International Society for Gerontechnology , 2018, Vol. 17Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose Globally and in South Africa a growth in population ageing will consequently result in increasing care needs for older persons1. Given the deep penetration of mobile technology in developing countries (in Sub-Saharan Africa) it is expected to potentially play a more prominent role in social and health care provision2. The aim of this study is to explore older persons' user patterns and how intrdintergenerational relations manifest through the use of mobile phones in a South African context. Method A convergent parallel mixed methods design was employed3. Participants were representative of a broad range of different socio-economic levels based on the Living Standards Measure (LSM) scale. Quantitative data was collected by using a selfconstructed questionnaire (n=125), which was analysed using descriptive statistics and a chi- square test. Qualitative data were gathered by using semi-structured (n=23) and group interviews (n=10) as well as the Mmogo-methoda4, a visual data-collection method (n=19) and analysed thematically. Results & Discussion Findings indicated that the majority of older persons mainly use two functions of their mobile phones: to make and receive calls and sms' (texting) contact mostly in relation to their children and grandchildren. The limited knowledge and skill and in some instances negative attitude of older persons hamper full utilisation of their phones. Older persons across all LSM groups resort to other people to assist them, based on their assessment of the other person's knowledge, skill and attitude - constituting mobile use by older persons as an essentially intrdintergenerational project. Suitable interventions should include appropriate educational opportunities for all older persons, despite their level of knowledge and skills, but the importance of people who are perceived as competent is highly appraised by the older persons and interventions should also focus on this possibility. © 2018 International Society for Gerontechnology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Society for Gerontechnology, 2018
Series
Gerontechnology, ISSN 1569-1101, E-ISSN 1569-111X
Keywords
Care, Intergenerational relationships, Mobile phone technology, Older persons, aged, cell phone use, chi square test, child, conference paper, female, grandchild, human, human experiment, information processing, interview, major clinical study, male, questionnaire, skill, South Africa, statistics, text messaging
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16134 (URN)10.4017/gt.2018.17.s.057.00 (DOI)2-s2.0-85045385671 (Scopus ID)
Conference
ISG’s 11th World Conference of Gerontechnology, St. Petersburg, Florida
Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2018-04-27Bibliographically approved
Lindberg, T., Sanmartin Berglund, J., Elmståhl, S. & Bohman, D. (2017). Older individuals’ need for knowledge and follow-up about their chronic atrial fibrillation, lifelong medical treatment and medical controls. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 31(4), 1022-1030
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older individuals’ need for knowledge and follow-up about their chronic atrial fibrillation, lifelong medical treatment and medical controls
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 1022-1030Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Older individuals with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) often experience physical symptoms and feel psychologically unwell. In addition, these persons are prescribed lifelong medical treatment that requires regular monitoring. Through 11 individual interviews, this interpretive description study aimed to explore and describe lifelong medical treatment and the need for medical controls as experienced from the perspective of older individuals living with chronic AF. The interviews were performed during 2014–2015; furthermore, they were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed for thematic patterns using thematic analysis inspired by Braun and Clarke. Ethical standards were followed throughout the study. The findings revealed one main theme: ‘ambivalence in the need of knowledge’ showing that lifelong medical treatment and the need for medical controls, in general, meant experiencing feelings of ‘it doesn't matter, but it does matter’ and ‘being in the hands of the healthcare system’. The older persons lacked knowledge about their condition, which generated poor insight into their medical treatment and this in turn affected their daily life. They had thoughts and questions about their medication, but did not have an opportunity to ask the questions because of lack of follow-up from the healthcare system. The findings underscore the negative impact chronic AF has on older people's life and emphasises the need for follow-up and providing information from health care to these individuals. © 2017 Nordic College of Caring Science

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2017
Keywords
ageing, heart health, interpretive methods, lived experience, medication, older people, qualitative method
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15658 (URN)10.1111/scs.12427 (DOI)000416413000042 ()2-s2.0-85035333640 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Lindberg, T., Bohman, D. M., Elmstahl, S., Jogreus, C. & Berglund, J. S. (2016). Prevalence of unknown and untreated arrhythmias in an older outpatient population screened by wireless long-term recording ECG. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 11, 1083-1090
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence of unknown and untreated arrhythmias in an older outpatient population screened by wireless long-term recording ECG
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2016 (English)In: Clinical Interventions in Aging, ISSN 1176-9092, E-ISSN 1178-1998, Vol. 11, p. 1083-1090Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: With longer life expectancies, the prevalence of arrhythmias is increasing; thus, there is a need for new methods to screen the older outpatient population. This population-based study describes the prevalence of arrhythmias in 200 outpatients aged. 66 years. We also investigated the feasibility of wireless long-term recording (LTR) using the ECG-BodyKom (R). Methods: Two hundred elderly persons aged 66-93 years were recruited from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in 2010-2013, and data were collected via wireless LTR ECG-BodyKom. Results: Screening with the LTR ECG revealed that persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) occurred in 10% of the outpatient population aged. 66 years. Paroxysmal AF occurred in 5.5% of the population, with no difference between younger (60-80 years) and older (>80 years) elderly participants. Furthermore, all patients with paroxysmal AF had a CHA(2)DS(2)VASc score of >= 2 and were therefore potential candidates for follow-up and medical examination. LTR ECG-BodyKom can be considered a feasible method to screen for arrhythmias in older outpatient populations. This simple method requires little of the user, and there was high satisfaction with the equipment and a good overall experience wearing it. Conclusion: The increasing occurrence of arrhythmias in the older population, as well as the high number of untreated cases of arrhythmias such as persistent AF and paroxysmal AF, poses a challenge for health care. Therefore, it is essential to develop effective strategies for their prevention and treatment.

Keywords
arrhythmia, older people, prevalence, wireless long-term ECG
National Category
Geriatrics Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-13061 (URN)10.2147/CIA.S110532 (DOI)000381118600001 ()27570450 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Hjelm, M., Holmgren, A.-C., Willman, A., Bohman, D. & Holst, G. (2015). Family members of older persons with multi-morbidity and their experiences of case managers in Sweden: an interpretive phenomenological approach. International Journal of Integrated Care, 15(Jan-Mar)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family members of older persons with multi-morbidity and their experiences of case managers in Sweden: an interpretive phenomenological approach
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Integrated Care, ISSN 1568-4156, E-ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 15, no Jan-MarArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Family members of older persons (75+) with multi-morbidity are likely to benefit from utilising case management services performed by case managers. However, research has not yet explored their experiences of case managers. Objectives: The aim of the study was to deepen the understanding of the importance of case managers to family members of older persons (75+) with multi-morbidity. Design: The study design was based on an interpretive phenomenological approach. Method: Data were collected through individual interviews with 16 family members in Sweden. The interviews were analysed by means of an interpretive phenomenological approach. Results: The findings revealed one overarching theme: “Helps to fulfil my unmet needs”, based on three sub-themes: (1) “Helps me feel secure – Experiencing a trusting relationship”, (2) “Confirms and strengthens me – Challenging my sense of being alone” and (3) “Being my personal guide – Increasing my competence”. Conclusion and discussion: The findings indicate that case managers were able to fulfil unmet needs of family members. The latter recognised the importance of case managers providing them with professional services tailored to their individual needs. The findings can contribute to the improvement of case management models not only for older persons but also for their family members.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Igitur publishing, 2015
Keywords
case management, integrated care, family members, interpretive phenomenology, multi-morbidity, older persons
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6326 (URN)000352658200010 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo937D754C744053A5C1257E22004A23E7 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo937D754C744053A5C1257E22004A23E7 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo937D754C744053A5C1257E22004A23E7 (OAI)
External cooperation:
Note

Open Access Journal

Available from: 2015-05-26 Created: 2015-04-09 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Bohman, D., Mattsson, L. & Borglin, G. (2015). Primary healthcare nurses' experiences of physical activity referrals: an interview study. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 16(3), 270-280
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Primary healthcare nurses' experiences of physical activity referrals: an interview study
2015 (English)In: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 270-280Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that viewing the PAR as a complex intervention, with all that this entails, might be one approach to increasing the number of PARs being issued. Simpler systems, more time and the potential for testing the effectiveness of follow-ups could be possible ways of achieving this. AIM: The aim of this study is to illuminate primary health care (PHC) nurses' experiences of physical activity referrals (PARs). BACKGROUND: Despite extensive knowledge about the substantial health effects physical activities can produce, fewer and fewer people in our modern society regularly engage in physical activity. Within health care and, particularly, within the PHC arena, nurses meet people on a daily basis who need help to engage in a healthier lifestyle. The possibility of issuing written prescriptions for physical activities, often referred to as PARs, has been introduced as a tool to support such lifestyles. However, even though PHC nurses can prescribe physical activities, studies investigating their experience in this type of nursing intervention are rare. METHODS: For this study, 12 semi-structured interviews were conducted with PHC nurses, and the transcribed texts were analysed using a qualitative content analysis. FINDINGS: Two categories--PARs, an important nursing intervention, and PARs, the necessity of organisational support--reflected the nurses' experiences in using PARs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2015
Keywords
content analysis, interviews, nurse, nursing interventions, qualitative research, adult, female, health personnel attitude, human, interview, middle aged, motor activity, nursing practice, patient referral, primary health care, procedures, psychology, statistics and numerical data, Sweden, Attitude of Health Personnel, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Practice Patterns, Nurses', Primary Care Nursing, Referral and Consultation
National Category
Nursing Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-13498 (URN)10.1017/S1463423614000267 (DOI)2-s2.0-84994164463 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-24 Created: 2016-11-23 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Borglin, G., Hentzel, J. & Bohman, D. (2015). Public health care nurses' views of mothers' mental health in paediatric healthcare services: a qualitative study. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 16(5), 470-480
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public health care nurses' views of mothers' mental health in paediatric healthcare services: a qualitative study
2015 (English)In: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 470-480Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate public health nurses' perceptions and experiences of mental health and of the prevention of mental ill health among women postpartum, within paediatric healthcare services. Background: Although maternal health following childbirth should be a priority within primary care, it is known that women postpartum do not always receive the support they need to adapt to and cope with motherhood. Research implies that postnatal problems lack recognition and are not always acknowledged in routine practice. Few studies have been presented on this topic or from the perspective of nurses. Methods: For this study, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health nurses, and the transcribed texts were analysed through a process inspired by Burnard's description of the four-step qualitative content analysis. Findings: Three categories - external influences on postpartum mental health, screening for and preventing postpartum mental ill health and paediatric healthcare services as a platform for support - were interpreted to reflect the nurses' perceptions and experiences of mental health among women postpartum and of the prevention of mental ill health among women postpartum. Conclusion: We found that public health nurses can have an important role in supporting mothers' mental health postpartum. Although caution is warranted in interpreting our results, the findings concur with those of other studies, highlighting that an equal care emphasis on both the mother and child can be an important aspect of successful support. Implementing person-centred care might be one strategy to create such an emphasis, while also promoting the mental health of new mothers. Public health nurses have a unique opportunity to support mothers' transition into healthy motherhood, especially because they are likely to meet both mothers and children on a regular basis during the first year after birth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2015
Keywords
content analysis; interviews; mental ill health; nursing; qualitative research
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-12542 (URN)10.1017/S1463423615000055 (DOI)000369931200005 ()25684101 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-22 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Hjelm, M., Holst, G., Willman, A., Bohman, D. & Kristensson, J. (2015). The work of case managers as experienced by older persons (75+) with multi-morbidity – a focused ethnography. BMC Geriatrics, 15, Article ID 168.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The work of case managers as experienced by older persons (75+) with multi-morbidity – a focused ethnography
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2015 (English)In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 15, article id 168Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Complex health systems make it difficult for older persons (75+) with multi-morbidity to achieve continuity of care. Case management could be one way to address this difficulty. Currently, there is a need to extend the knowledge regarding case management as experienced by those utilising the services, namely older persons (75+) with multi-morbidity. The study aimed to explore older persons’ (75+) with multi-morbidity experiences of case managers.

Methods

The study design was qualitative and used a focused ethnographic approach. Data was collected through individual interviews with 13 older persons and by participant observations with accompanying field notes, all conducted in 2012–2013.

Results

The data revealed four themes illustrating the older persons’ experiences of case managers:

1) Someone providing me with a trusting relationship; 2) Someone assisting me; 3) Someone who is on my side; and 4) Someone I do not need at present.

Conclusions

This study illustrates the importance of establishing trusting relationships between older persons and their case managers in order to truly provide assistance. The older persons valued the case managers acting as informed but unbiased facilitators. The findings could be of help in the development of case management interventions better designed for older persons with multi-morbidity.

Keywords
Aged, Case management, Comorbidity, Continuity of patient care, Delivery of health care, Ethnography, Intervention, Multi-morbidity, Qualitative research
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-11231 (URN)10.1186/s12877-015-0172-3 (DOI)000366545100001 ()
Available from: 2015-12-18 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, M., Bohman, D. M. & Gunilla, B. (2014). Challenges of conducting experimental studies within a clinical nursing context. Applied Nursing Research, 27(2), 133-136
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges of conducting experimental studies within a clinical nursing context
2014 (English)In: Applied Nursing Research, ISSN 0897-1897, E-ISSN 1532-8201, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 133-136Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, several distinguished scholars have advocated for nursing research that may carry strong evidence for practice. Their advocacy have highlighted that nursing science has reached a point where as nurse researchers we need to develop the questions we ask and design studies that have the power to produce solid, translational, evidence-based knowledge. To do so, we need to carry out experimental tests on complex, everyday nursing interventions and activities. We also need to create public space to present accounts of our endeavours pursuing this type of design in clinical practice. This paper will discuss some of the most important insights gained from conducting a quasi-experimental study in which the aim was to investigate the effect of a theory-based intervention, targeting knowledge and attitudes among registered nurses regarding cancer pain management. The importance of careful practical and methodological planning is emphasised and the need for participation-friendly interventions is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Evidence-based nursing, Intervention studies, Nursing research, Quasi-experimental design
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6607 (URN)10.1016/j.apnr.2013.11.013 (DOI)000336191300008 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfoEADAB7FEBA11DC15C1257C2F00594F20 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEADAB7FEBA11DC15C1257C2F00594F20 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEADAB7FEBA11DC15C1257C2F00594F20 (OAI)
Available from: 2014-10-10 Created: 2013-11-26 Last updated: 2017-05-29Bibliographically approved
Bohman, D. & Borglin, G. (2014). Student exchange for nursing students: Does it raise cultural awareness'? A descriptive, qualitative study. Nurse Education in Practice, 14(3), 259-264
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Student exchange for nursing students: Does it raise cultural awareness'? A descriptive, qualitative study
2014 (English)In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 0260-6917, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 259-264Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With free movement for citizens within the European Union and with distant parts of our globe becoming more accessible, cultural awareness and cultural competence are becoming important skills for nurses. Internationalisation and raising awareness of other cultural contexts are essential elements in Swedish higher education, thus explaining the variety of student exchange programmes that are available. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish nursing students' perceptions of student exchange and their experiences. Data were collected through group interviews and then analysed following the principles of content analysis. Our analysis resulted in three categories: Preparing to go abroad, Reasons for going abroad and From expectation to experience. Cultural aspects and cultural awareness were emphasised as strong motivational factors, both personal and professional, behind participation in student exchange programmes. Information was also highlighted as a crucial means of reaching potential students as well as the power of knowledge through personal experience. This study highlights the importance of student exchange in expanding the individual student's personal and professional horizons. It also stresses the importance of including a transcultural nursing element in nursing curricula.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Cultural awareness, Internationalisation, Student exchange, Qualitative study
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6335 (URN)10.1016/j.nepr.2013.11.006 (DOI)000349568100007 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo4C3F71BB9EB40E05C1257C5B0038C333 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo4C3F71BB9EB40E05C1257C5B0038C333 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo4C3F71BB9EB40E05C1257C5B0038C333 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-05-26 Created: 2014-01-09 Last updated: 2017-03-14Bibliographically approved
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