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Johansson Askling, Christian, PhDORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4875-391X
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Publications (10 of 59) Show all publications
Ruvald, R. & Johansson Askling, C. (2022). Finding a new hill to climb in transformative PSS design. In: Mortensen, N.H.; Hansen, C.T. and Deininger, M. (Ed.), Proceedings of NordDesign 2022: How product and manufacturing design enable sustainable companies and societies. Paper presented at NordDesign 2022, Copenhagen, Lyngby, Denmark, 16th - 18th August 2022. The Design Society, 118
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Finding a new hill to climb in transformative PSS design
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of NordDesign 2022: How product and manufacturing design enable sustainable companies and societies / [ed] Mortensen, N.H.; Hansen, C.T. and Deininger, M., The Design Society, 2022, Vol. 118Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Product Service System solutions have proven to be a valuable innovation approach for industry organizations to differentiate themselves in a competitive market. Modern interpretations of PSS design have urged a move towards developing transformative innovations which are more than the sum of their parts. Achieving this transition in PSS design requires new tools to support designers in broader exploration of the design space to find a potentially transformative solution concept.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2022
Keywords
PSS Design, Product-Service System, Lo-Fi Prototyping
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-23796 (URN)10.35199/NORDDESIGN2022.49 (DOI)9781912254170 (ISBN)
Conference
NordDesign 2022, Copenhagen, Lyngby, Denmark, 16th - 18th August 2022
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159
Note

open access

Available from: 2022-10-31 Created: 2022-10-31 Last updated: 2023-08-14Bibliographically approved
Watz, M., Johansson Askling, C., Bertoni, A. & Hallstedt, S. (2022). Investigating effects of group model building on sustainable design decision-making. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 33, 846-862
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating effects of group model building on sustainable design decision-making
2022 (English)In: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, Vol. 33, p. 846-862Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research seeks to investigate the effects of a Group Model Building approach on the sustainability knowledge base prior to the weighting of design requirements. Current practice shows that the knowledge about sustainability impacts and implications on other design objectives often is limited and dispersed among decision-makers. Including sustainability criteria in needs and requirements, therefore, tend to rely on limited knowledge and decision-support, leading to decision-makers often prioritizing design objectives that they are more experienced with. The aim of this research was to capture and discuss effects on team alignment of contextual sustainability understanding from co-modeling impacts and implications of sustainability on other design objectives. The research question guiding the study is ‘what are the effects of a group model building approach on early sustainability design decisions?’. A mixed-methods research, structured according to four assumptions, was designed to analyze effects quantitatively and qualitatively. The assumptions were that the proposed approach helps design teams foster an improved contextual sustainability understanding, align the view of the relative importance of sustainability, identify suitable sustainability improvement, and increase the knowledge maturity of their design decisions. The results triangulation showed that the participants showed signs of improved sustainability understanding of their design projects and that improvement actions were identified from applying the approach. A statistically relevant converging effect could be found on the team alignment of the weighting of sustainability criteria but not on the knowledge maturity. These findings are discussed to conclude on main contributions, limitations, and areas for future work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
strategic sustainable development, group model building, causal loop diagram, decision-making, requirements, sustainability criteria, knowledge maturity, decision support
National Category
Design
Research subject
Strategic Sustainable Development; Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22728 (URN)10.1016/j.spc.2022.08.005 (DOI)000848098000014 ()2-s2.0-85136033211 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159
Note

open access

Available from: 2022-03-09 Created: 2022-03-09 Last updated: 2022-09-16Bibliographically approved
Toller, C. N., Johansson Askling, C. & Bertoni, M. (2022). Issues in Capturing and Utilizing Non-Functional Requirements along the Road to Servitization. In: Proceedings of the Design Society 2022: . Paper presented at INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE – DESIGN 2022 (pp. 623-632). Cambridges Institutes Press, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Issues in Capturing and Utilizing Non-Functional Requirements along the Road to Servitization
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society 2022, Cambridges Institutes Press, 2022, Vol. 2, p. 623-632Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The design process aims to maximize the value in the end solution. For traditional manufacturing firms pursuing a servitization strategy, non-functional requirements become more important compared to before. Therefore, this paper investigates issues in capturing and utilizing non-functional requirements for value creation in a servitizing firm. A single case study was conducted, which resulted in six issues across the design process. It was evident from the research that the firm requires new support to enable a better inclusion of non-functional requirements in the design process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridges Institutes Press, 2022
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-23286 (URN)10.1017/pds.2022.64 (DOI)
Conference
INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE – DESIGN 2022
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159
Note

open access

Available from: 2022-06-22 Created: 2022-06-22 Last updated: 2022-06-28Bibliographically approved
Johansson Askling, C. & Ruvald, R. (2021). A global capstone project course in the age of coronavirus pandemic: Learning from the ME310 ReGlove case. In: : . Paper presented at Utvecklingskonferens för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar,Karlstads universitet, 24 november – 25 november 2021.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A global capstone project course in the age of coronavirus pandemic: Learning from the ME310 ReGlove case
2021 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Engineering educations deploy capstone courses as a way of supporting students’ transition into the engineering profession. This paper presents a global collaborative product development project affected by several constraints due to the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. The paper analyses the students' journey, as they navigated the final part of the project, drawing on learnings for the coaching cohort to support projects with similar levels of autonomy. The analysis uses a hunter-gatherer model to analyze the journey of iterations in search of a meaningful problem to solve. By utilizing this type of tool the supporting cohort can maintain a dialogue about the journey towards a vision and having a foundation of when to nudge, when to push back, and when to refrain from involving in their work.

Keywords
Capstone course, Cohort, Design Thinking, Engineering education
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22461 (URN)
Conference
Utvecklingskonferens för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar,Karlstads universitet, 24 november – 25 november 2021
Projects
Utvecklingsprogram av Civilingenjörsprogram i Maskinteknik på Avancerad Nivå
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, Avans 18 dnr 20190016
Available from: 2021-12-10 Created: 2021-12-10 Last updated: 2022-11-08Bibliographically approved
Ruvald, R., Larsson, A., Johansson Askling, C., Bertoni, A. & Larsson, T. (2021). EVALUATING PROTOTYPING SUPPORT IN EARLY TRANSFORMATIVE PSS DESIGN. In: Proceedings of Design Society 2021: . Paper presented at 23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED21, Gothenburg, Sweden, 16th - 20th August, 2021 (pp. 1411-1420). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EVALUATING PROTOTYPING SUPPORT IN EARLY TRANSFORMATIVE PSS DESIGN
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2021 (English)In: Proceedings of Design Society 2021, Cambridge University Press, 2021, Vol. 1, p. 1411-1420Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Prototypes are an established tool for rapidly increasing learning, communication and decision making rationale for design projects. The proven success has spawned a litany of approaches and methods for building and planning the efficient planning and construction of prototypes. Translating these methods into simple usable tools to assist novice designers has generated broadly applicable canvases to support prototyping across the design process. Product Service System design has similarly introduced prototyping methods and tools into the process. Presently there is a lack of support for generating early phase tangible prototypes for functional PSS design aimed at more radically innovative solutions instead of currently dominant traditional products with traditional add-on services. This work explores the viability of utilizing existing prototyping support tools in the context of early PSS design through workshops with student designers and practitioners. The data from these workshops illuminates the alignments and misalignment gaps presented as guidelines to enable better support for early PSS designers. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2021
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, ISSN 2732527X
Keywords
Product-Service Systems (PSS), Prototyping Support, Early design phases, Conceptual design
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22065 (URN)10.1017/pds.2021.141 (DOI)2-s2.0-85117759690 (Scopus ID)
Conference
23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED21, Gothenburg, Sweden, 16th - 20th August, 2021
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159
Note

open access

Available from: 2021-08-31 Created: 2021-08-31 Last updated: 2023-08-14Bibliographically approved
Elfsberg, J., Johansson Askling, C., Frank, M., Larsson, A., Larsson, T. & Leifer, L. (2021). How Covid-19 Enabled a Global Student Design Team to Achieve Breakthrough Innovation. In: Proceedings of the Design Society 2021: . Paper presented at 23rd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2021,Gothenburg, Sweden, 16 August through 20 August (pp. 1705-1714). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How Covid-19 Enabled a Global Student Design Team to Achieve Breakthrough Innovation
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2021 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society 2021, Cambridge University Press, 2021, Vol. 1, p. 1705-1714Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This is a qualitative single case study of a geographically distributed student team that experienced a quite different graduate course, compared to previous year's. This was due to the restrictions placed upon them following coronavirus lockdowns. With already ongoing research, and continuous development of the course, the authors had documented individual reflections and identified patterns and behaviours that seemingly determined the quality of the end result, as well as the students expectations and experiences. Semi-structured interviews, surveys and the author's individual reflection notes were already in place as part of the larger research scope and when the student team during the covid-19 year showed unexpected performance and results, the authors decided to pause the larger research scope and focus on this unique single case and capture those learnings. Not knowing how the Covid-19 situation evolves and leaning on insights from previous years, as well as this unique year, the aim with this paper is to describe the unique Covid-19 year amd share knowledge that can help improve and evolve the development of this longlived collaborative graduate student course, and other similar distributed team contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2021
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
National Category
Learning Information Systems
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22070 (URN)10.1017/pds.2021.432 (DOI)2-s2.0-85117859269 (Scopus ID)
Conference
23rd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2021,Gothenburg, Sweden, 16 August through 20 August
Note

open access

Available from: 2021-09-01 Created: 2021-09-01 Last updated: 2023-01-05Bibliographically approved
Bertoni, A., Larsson, T., Wall, J. & Johansson Askling, C. (2021). MODEL-DRIVEN PRODUCT SERVICE SYSTEMS DESIGN: THE MODEL-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT AND DECISION SUPPORT (MD3S) APPROACH. In: Proceedings of the Design Society 2021: . Paper presented at 23rd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2021, Gothenburg, Sweden, 16 August through 20 August 2021 (pp. 2137-2146). Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>MODEL-DRIVEN PRODUCT SERVICE SYSTEMS DESIGN: THE MODEL-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT AND DECISION SUPPORT (MD3S) APPROACH
2021 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society 2021, Cambridge University Press , 2021, p. 2137-2146Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper presents a Model-Driven approach for Product-Service System (PSS) Design promoting an increased digitalization of the PSS design process based on the combination of data-driven design (DDD) activities and value-driven design (VDD) methods. The approach is the results of an 8-year long research profile named (omitted for blind review) featuring the collaboration between (omitted for blind review) and nine industrial companies, in the field of PSS Design. It combines VDD models and the supporting data-driven activities in the frame of PSS design and aligns with the product value stream and the knowledge value stream in the product innovation process as described by Kennedy et al. (2008). The paper provides a high-level overview of the approach describing the different stages and activities, and provides references to external scientific contributions for more exhaustive descriptions of the research rationale and validity. The approach is meant to ultimately drive the development and implementation of a simulation environment for cross-functional and multi-disciplinary decision making in PSS, named Model-Driven Decision Arena, describe in the concluding part of the paper.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2021
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, ISSN 2732527X
Keywords
Product-Service Systems (PPS), Data Driven Design, Model-Driven Development, Decision making, Early design phases
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22121 (URN)10.1017/pds.2021.475 (DOI)2-s2.0-85117854541 (Scopus ID)
Conference
23rd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2021, Gothenburg, Sweden, 16 August through 20 August 2021
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159
Note

open access

Available from: 2021-09-10 Created: 2021-09-10 Last updated: 2021-11-08Bibliographically approved
Tatipala, S., Larsson, T., Johansson, C. & Wall, J. (2021). The influence of industry 4.0 on product design and development: Conceptual foundations and literature review. In: ICoRD’21 Design for Tomorrow: . Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Research Into Design (ICoRD' 21) 7-10 January 2021, IIT, Bombay, India (pp. 757-768). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of industry 4.0 on product design and development: Conceptual foundations and literature review
2021 (English)In: ICoRD’21 Design for Tomorrow, Springer, 2021, p. 757-768Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since its introduction in 2011, industry 4.0 has been coined the“4th industrial revolution” following mechanization, industrialization and IT/automation as the first three, and represents the current trend of automation technologies (cyber‐physical systems, internet of things, cloudcomputing, etc.,) in the manufacturing industry, with their potential for disruption of the manufacturing paradigm as we know it. However, the effect and role of industry 4.0 on the design and development of the new products to be manufactured in industry 4.0 facilities is not clear. This research presents a literature review to; 1) understand the concept of industry 4.0 from an implementation (state of practice) viewpoint, 2) learn about approaches and considerations currently deployed for developing products to be produced in manufacturing plants progressively transforming into industry 4.0 environments. Results reveal that the potential of industry 4.0 is underexploited within product design and development, especially in the conceptual stages lacking methods, tools, and approaches.While later stages of the product development (production planning,ramp‐up) have received some attention in regards with optimizing production operations, several publications acknowledge its potential to benefit earlier process stages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Series
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, ISSN 21903018
Keywords
Industry 4.0, Product Development, Conceptual Design, Engineering Design, Design for Industry 4.0, Internet of Things.
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-20930 (URN)10.1007/978-981-16-0119-4_61 (DOI)978-981-16-0118-7 (ISBN)978-981-16-0119-4 (ISBN)
Conference
8th International Conference on Research Into Design (ICoRD' 21) 7-10 January 2021, IIT, Bombay, India
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159
Available from: 2021-01-19 Created: 2021-01-19 Last updated: 2021-06-11Bibliographically approved
Ruvald, R., Larsson, A., Johansson Askling, C. & Bertoni, A. (2020). PSS DESIGN INNOVATION: PROTOTYPING IN PRACTICE. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference. Paper presented at 16th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2020, Virtual, Online, 26 October 2020 - 29 October 2020 (pp. 1355-1364). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PSS DESIGN INNOVATION: PROTOTYPING IN PRACTICE
2020 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference, Cambridge University Press, 2020, Vol. 1, p. 1355-1364Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

 Heavy equipment manufacturers recognise an opportunity to realise customer value gains through offering new Product-Service Systems. Such transition implies a radical shift in how new systems are designed. Based on a set of interviews the paper investigates how radical PSS innovation can be enabled by the use of physical prototypes as boundary object to navigate early PSS design ambiguity. On such basis, suggestions for augmenting existing support tools are made in relation to the existing literature. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2020
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
Keywords
product-service systems (PSS), prototyping, design thinking, design support system
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-20729 (URN)10.1017/dsd.2020.180 (DOI)2-s2.0-85110270154 (Scopus ID)
Conference
16th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2020, Virtual, Online, 26 October 2020 - 29 October 2020
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159
Note

open access

Available from: 2020-11-13 Created: 2020-11-13 Last updated: 2023-08-14Bibliographically approved
Johansson, C., Jagtap, S., Bertoni, M., Bertoni, A. & Wall, J. (2020). Shaping wicked problem solvers: innovating education programs through design thinking. In: Mortensen, N.H.; Hansen, C.T. and Deininger, M. (Ed.), Proceedings of NordDesign 2020: . Paper presented at NordDesign 2020, Lyngby, Denmark, 12th - 14th August 2020. , Article ID 131.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaping wicked problem solvers: innovating education programs through design thinking
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2020 (English)In: Proceedings of NordDesign 2020 / [ed] Mortensen, N.H.; Hansen, C.T. and Deininger, M., 2020, article id 131Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Societies across the globe are facing many unprecedented challenges; climate change, pandemics, and resource depletion, just to name a few. These societal challenges, the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, and companies’ demands about knowledge and skills required from future employees have put pressure on academia to develop suitable education programmes in many disciplines, including product development and mechanical engineering. In this position paper, we present our work undertaken in phase-1 of the development of a new MSc programme in the field of product development and mechanical engineering at Blekinge Institute of Technology, aimed at addressing changing societal needs and demands of the future industry. We employ a generic design thinking approach, starting from key stakeholder needs with iterative execution of needfinding, benchmarking, and ideation. In these steps, we use several data collection and generation methods such as interviews, surveys, and workshops. The main outcome of phase-1 is the overall programme structure, consisting of three main focus streams — the engineering design core, three academic specializations (Product-Service Systems Design, Data-Driven Design, and Simulation- Driven Design), and the practical application profiling. Based on our experience of developing the overall programme structure, we offer recommendations for developing new programmes in this area.

Keywords
design education, product development, design thinking, wicked problems, t-shaped engineers
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-20279 (URN)10.35199/NORDDESIGN2020.26 (DOI)9781912254088 (ISBN)
Conference
NordDesign 2020, Lyngby, Denmark, 12th - 14th August 2020
Projects
Utvecklingsprogram av Civilingenjörsprogram i Maskinteknik på Avancerad Nivå
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, Avans 18 dnr 20190016
Note

Open access

Available from: 2020-08-12 Created: 2020-08-12 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Projects
Model Driven Development and Decision Support – MD3S [20120278, 20180159]; Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering; Publications
Toller Melén, C. N. & Watz, M. (2023). Collaborative Value Exploration for Early Product-Service Systems Design: A Group Model Building Approach. In: Luis M. Camarinha-Matos, Xavier Boucher, Angel Ortiz (Ed.), Collaborative Networks in Digitalization and Society 5.0: 24th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2023, Valencia, Spain, September 27–29, 2023, Proceedings. Paper presented at 24th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2023, Valencia, 27 September through 29 September 2023 (pp. 240-252). Springer Science+Business Media B.V.Villamil Velasquez, C. (2023). Guidance in developing a sustainability product portfolio in manufacturing companies. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska HögskolaVillamil Velasquez, C., Schulte, J. & Hallstedt, S. (2023). Implementing sustainability in product portfolio development through digitalization and a game-based approach. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 40, 277-296Elfsberg, J. (2023). Innovation Engineering in Practice: Bridging Exploration and Exploitation in Large Manufacturing Incumbents. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska HögskolaShahid, S., Andreasson, E., Petersson, V., Gukhool, W., Kang, Y. & Kao-Walter, S. (2023). Simplified Characterization of Anisotropic Yield Criteria for an Injection-Molded Polymer Material. Polymers, 15(23), Article ID 4520. Bertoni, M. (2023). Towards Digital Immersive Experiences for Collaborative Value Co-creation in Design. In: Collaborative Networks in Digitalization and Society 5.0: 24th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2023, Valencia, Spain, September 27–29, 2023, Proceedings. Paper presented at PRO-VE 2023 24th IFIP / Socolnet Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, Valencia, 27-29 sept 2023 (pp. 193-206). Springer Science+Business Media B.V.Bertoni, A. & Machchhar, R. J. (2022). A Framework to Address Complexity and Changeability in the Design of Circular Product-Service Systems. In: Kim D.Y., von Cieminski G., Romero D. (Ed.), Advances in Production Management Systems: Smart Manufacturing and Logistics Systems: Turning Ideas into Action, PT II. Paper presented at WG 5.7 International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems, APMS 2022, Gyeongju, South Korea, 25 September through 29 September 2022 (pp. 19-25). Springer Science+Business Media B.V.Scurati, G. W., Bertoni, A. & Bertoni, M. (2022). Boosting Value Co-creation in the Road Construction Industry Through Virtual Prototyping. In: Camarinha-Matos L.M., Ortiz A., Boucher X., Osório A.L. (Ed.), Collaborative Networks in Digitalization and Society 5.0: . Paper presented at 23rd IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2022, Lisbon, 19 September through 21 September 2022 (pp. 613-622). Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 622Machchhar, R. J., Toller, C. N., Bertoni, A. & Bertoni, M. (2022). Data-driven value creation in Smart Product-Service System design: State-of-the-art and research directions. Computers in industry (Print), 137, Article ID 103606. Bertoni, M. & Bertoni, A. (2022). Designing solutions with the product-service systems digital twin: What is now and what is next?. Computers in industry (Print), 138, Article ID 103629.
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4875-391X

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