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Hedberg, Claes
Publications (10 of 66) Show all publications
Rudenko, O. & Hedberg, C. (2017). A new equation and exact solutions describing focal fields in media with modular nonlinearity. Nonlinear dynamics, 89(3), 1905-1913
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A new equation and exact solutions describing focal fields in media with modular nonlinearity
2017 (English)In: Nonlinear dynamics, ISSN 0924-090X, E-ISSN 1573-269X, Vol. 89, no 3, p. 1905-1913Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Brand-new equations which can be regarded as modifications of Khokhlov–Zabolotskaya–Kuznetsov or Ostrovsky–Vakhnenko equations are suggested. These equations are quite general in that they describe the nonlinear wave dynamics in media with modular nonlinearity. Such media exist among composites, meta-materials, inhomogeneous and multiphase systems. These new models are interesting because of two reasons: (1) the equations admit exact analytic solutions and (2) the solutions describe real physical phenomena. The equations model nonlinear focusing of wave beams. It is shown that inside the focal zone a stationary waveform exists. Steady-state profiles are constructed by the matching of functions describing the positive and negative branches of exact solutions of an equation of Klein–Gordon type. Such profiles have been observed many times during experiments and numerical studies. The non-stationary waves can contain singularities of two types: discontinuity of the wave and of its derivative. These singularities are eliminated by introducing dissipative terms into the equations—thereby increasing their order. © 2017 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2017
Keywords
Bimodular media, Exact solution, Focusing, HIFU, High-intensity focused ultrasound, Modified KZ–OV, Modular nonlinearity, Nonlinear partial differential equation, Control nonlinearities, Partial differential equations, High intensity focused ultrasound, Nonlinear partial differential equations, Nonlinear equations
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-14471 (URN)10.1007/s11071-017-3560-8 (DOI)000405962800025 ()2-s2.0-85019632379 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-06-13 Created: 2017-06-13 Last updated: 2017-08-22Bibliographically approved
Hedberg, C. & Rudenko, O. (2017). Collisions, mutual losses and annihilation of pulses in a modular nonlinear medium. Nonlinear dynamics, 90(3), 2083-2091
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collisions, mutual losses and annihilation of pulses in a modular nonlinear medium
2017 (English)In: Nonlinear dynamics, ISSN 0924-090X, E-ISSN 1573-269X, Vol. 90, no 3, p. 2083-2091Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the most important sections of nonlinear wave theory is related to the collisions of single pulses. These often exhibit corpuscular properties. For example, it is well known that solitons described by the Korteweg–de Vries equation and a few other conservative model equations exhibit properties of elastic particles, while shock waves described by dissipative models like Burgers’ equation stick together as absolutely inelastic particles when colliding. The interactions of single pulses in media with modular nonlinearity considered here reveal new physical features that are still poorly understood. There is an analogy between the single pulses collision and the interaction of clots of chemical reactants, such as fuel and oxidant, where the smaller component disappears and the larger one decreases after a reaction. At equal “masses” both clots can be annihilated. In this work various interactions of two and three pulses are considered. The conditions for which a complete annihilation of the pulses occurs are indicated. © 2017 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2017
Keywords
Annihilation, Bimodular media, Modular nonlinearity, Mutual loss, Nonlinear partial differential equation, Pulse interaction, Control nonlinearities, Partial differential equations, Shock waves, Nonlinear partial differential equations, Nonlinear equations
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15214 (URN)10.1007/s11071-017-3785-6 (DOI)000413286700038 ()2-s2.0-85028966269 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-02Bibliographically approved
Rudenko, O. & Hedberg, C. (2016). The quadratically cubic Burgers equation: an exactly solvable nonlinear model for shocks, pulses and periodic waves. Nonlinear dynamics, 85(2), 767-776
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The quadratically cubic Burgers equation: an exactly solvable nonlinear model for shocks, pulses and periodic waves
2016 (English)In: Nonlinear dynamics, ISSN 0924-090X, E-ISSN 1573-269X, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 767-776Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A modified equation of Burgers type with a quadratically cubic (QC) nonlinear term was recently pointed out as a new exactly solvable model of mathematical physics. However, its derivation, analytical solution, computer modeling, as well as its physical applications and analysis of corresponding nonlinear wave phenomena have not been published up to now. The physical meaning and generality of this QC nonlinearity are illustrated here by several examples and experimental results. The QC equation can be linearized and it describes the experimentally observed phenomena. Some of its exact solutions are given. It is shown that in a QC medium not only shocks of compression can be stable, but shocks of rarefaction as well. The formation of stationary waves with finite width of shock front resulting from the competition between nonlinearity and dissipation is traced. Single-pulse propagation is studied by computer modeling. The nonlinear evolutions of N- and S-waves in a dissipative QC medium are described, and the transformation of a harmonic wave to a sawtooth-shaped wave with periodically recurring trapezoidal teeth is analyzed. © 2016 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2016
Keywords
Acoustics; Control nonlinearities; Linearization; Mathematical transformations; Nonlinear systems; Partial differential equations; Shear waves; Shock waves, Cubic equations; Exact analytical solutions; Exact linearization; Non-linear acoustics; Nonlinear partial differential equations; Shock fronts; Strongly nonlinear system, Nonlinear equations
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-11867 (URN)10.1007/s11071-016-2721-5 (DOI)000378410800006 ()2-s2.0-84962622283 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-05-03 Created: 2016-05-02 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved
Rudenko, O. & Hedberg, C. (2015). Diffraction of high-intensity field in focal region as dynamics of nonlinear system with low-frequency dispersion. Acoustical Physics, 61(1), 28-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diffraction of high-intensity field in focal region as dynamics of nonlinear system with low-frequency dispersion
2015 (English)In: Acoustical Physics, ISSN 1063-7710, E-ISSN 1562-6865, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 28-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The stationary profile in the focal region of a focused nonlinear acoustic wave is described. Three models following from the Khokhlov-Zabolotskaya (KZ) equation with three independent variables are used: (i) the simplified one-dimensional Ostrovsky-Vakhnenko equation, (ii) the system of equations for paraxial series expansion of the acoustic field in powers of transverse coordinates, and (iii) the KZ equation reduced to two independent variables. The structure of the last equation is analogous to the Westervelt equation. Linearization through the Legendre transformation and reduction to the well-studied Euler-Tricomi equation is shown. At high intensities the stationary profiles are periodic sequences of arc sections having singularities of derivative in their matching points. The occurrence of arc profiles was pointed out by Makov. These appear in different nonlinear systems with low-frequency dispersion. Profiles containing discontinuities (shock fronts) change their form while passing through the focal region and are non-stationary waves. The numerical estimations of maximum pressure and intensity in the focus agree with computer calculations and experimental measurements. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Keywords
Acoustic fields; Acoustic waves; Acoustics; Dispersion (waves); Focusing; Nonlinear systems; One dimensional; Shock waves, HIFU; High-intensity fields; Independent variables; Legendre transformations; Limiting fields; Low-frequency dispersions; nonlinearity; Transverse coordinate, Control nonlinearities
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-726 (URN)10.1134/S1063771015010091 (DOI)000348299600004 ()2-s2.0-84921869594 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Khodabandeloo, B. & Hedberg, C. (2015). NONLINEAR DYNAMICS OF MARBLE AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES. In: Crocker, MJ Pawelczyk, M Pedrielli, F Carletti, E Luzzi, S (Ed.), PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON SOUND AND VIBRATION: MAJOR CHALLENGES IN ACOUSTICS, NOISE AND VIBRATION RESEARCH, 2015. Paper presented at 22nd International Congress on Sound and Vibration (ICSV), Florence. INT INST ACOUSTICS & VIBRATION
Open this publication in new window or tab >>NONLINEAR DYNAMICS OF MARBLE AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES
2015 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON SOUND AND VIBRATION: MAJOR CHALLENGES IN ACOUSTICS, NOISE AND VIBRATION RESEARCH, 2015 / [ed] Crocker, MJ Pawelczyk, M Pedrielli, F Carletti, E Luzzi, S, INT INST ACOUSTICS & VIBRATION , 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The temperature influence on the acoustically amplitude dependent sound speed of a marble rod was investigated. The sound speed was monitored through the resonance frequency by a series of ultrasonic frequency sweeps with successively increasing amplitudes. For the temperatures from 15 C to 60 C, the resonance frequency was measured in 5-degree increments as a function of the resonant acoustic amplitude inside the marble rod. In most of the curves the marble exhibits a softening (i.e. the sound speed decreases) with higher amplitude, but for each test run there exist one notable exception - for one temperature - where the marble gets stiffer (i.e the sound speed increases). The test also shows that the average sound velocity level first, as expected, decreases with temperature, but for the higher temperatures it increases - to well past the starting value.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
INT INST ACOUSTICS & VIBRATION, 2015
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15762 (URN)000398997003045 ()
Conference
22nd International Congress on Sound and Vibration (ICSV), Florence
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
Rudenko, O. & Hedberg, C. (2015). Quadratically cubic Burgers equation as exactly solvable model of mathematical physics. Doklady. Mathematics, 91(2), 232-235
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quadratically cubic Burgers equation as exactly solvable model of mathematical physics
2015 (English)In: Doklady. Mathematics, ISSN 1064-5624, E-ISSN 1531-8362, Vol. 91, no 2, p. 232-235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Mathematics Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-725 (URN)10.1134/S1064562415020337 (DOI)000354207500028 ()2-s2.0-84929074814 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Rudenko, O. & Hedberg, C. (2014). The phenomenon of self-trapping of a strongly nonlinear wave.. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 135(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The phenomenon of self-trapping of a strongly nonlinear wave.
2014 (English)In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 135, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Self means here an effect of a wave on itself. Several self-action phenomena are known in nonlinear wave physics. Among them are self-focusing of beams self-compression of light pulses self-channeling self-reflection (or self-splitting) waves with shock fronts self-induced transparency and self-modulation. These phenomena are known for weakly nonlinear waves of different physical origin. Our presentation at ASA meeting in Montreal [POMA 19 045080 (2013)] was devoted to strongly nonlinear waves having no transition to the linear limit at infinitesimally small amplitudes. Such waves can demonstrate particle-like properties. Self-trapping consists of the arrest of wave propagation and in the formation of a localized state. In particular the model generalizing the Heisenberg' ordinary differential equation to spatially distributed systems predicts periodic oscillations but no traveling waves. Different models for strongly nonlinear waves will be considered and some unusual phenomena will be discussed. Preliminary results were published in Ac. Phys. 59 584 (2013) and Physics-Uspekhi (Adv. Phys. Sci.) 183 683 (2013). [This work was supported by the Megagrant No.11.G34.31.066 (Russia) and the KK Foundation (Sweden).

National Category
Mathematical Analysis Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6492 (URN)10.1121/1.4877621 (DOI)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEFACE1D5EAEE7484C1257DA50047C19F (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEFACE1D5EAEE7484C1257DA50047C19F (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEFACE1D5EAEE7484C1257DA50047C19F (OAI)
Available from: 2014-12-05 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Hedberg, C., Andersson, S. & Haller, K. (2013). Deflection dynamics of rock beam caused by ultrasound. Mechanics of time-dependant materials, 17(4), 597-604
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deflection dynamics of rock beam caused by ultrasound
2013 (English)In: Mechanics of time-dependant materials, ISSN 1385-2000, E-ISSN 1573-2738, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 597-604Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new method for monitoring the time dependent dynamics of materials is proposed and implemented. By completely separating the conditioning (here ultrasound), the probing (here gravity), and the material state indicator (here deflection), the details of this dynamic process becomes apparent. The method allows both continuous monitoring of the material state without cross-interaction by the measuring process on the results, as well as complete freedom of conditioning and probing. It was successfully tested for sensitivity and repeatability when applied on a horizontally suspended beam of gabbro rock, which was observed to sag when subjected to ultrasound. These introductory tests have given new insights. The beam rises back, against the force of gravity, after the ultrasound is turned off. The deflection motions are fast both at the onset and at the termination of ultrasound, with the subsequent continuations being much slower. This new method is able to provide the higher accuracy needed for the advancement of the theoretical framework for material property time dependent dynamics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2013
Keywords
Non-equilibrium dynamics, Nonlinear acoustics, Nonlinear elasticity, Slow dynamics
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6785 (URN)10.1007/s11043-012-9207-8 (DOI)000327862300006 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo3203D871C6B6803DC1257B9B0034E4C2 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo3203D871C6B6803DC1257B9B0034E4C2 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo3203D871C6B6803DC1257B9B0034E4C2 (OAI)
External cooperation:
Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2013-07-01 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Hedberg, C., Andersson, S., Haller, K. & Hallbratt, S.-E. (2013). Non-contact nonlinear ultrasound scan of a CFRP plate with manufactured damages. In: : . Paper presented at Interntational Workshop of Structural Health Monitoring, Sept 12-14, 2013. Stanford: Stanford University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-contact nonlinear ultrasound scan of a CFRP plate with manufactured damages
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic plate was manufactured to have internal damages of different types. A nonlinear ultrasound technique was used to scan the plate. Non-contact transmitters of own design were used as transducer, and a contact sensor was used to measure the wave in the composite. Scanning was made perpendicularly with the sensor being on the same side as the transducer. The technique can be adapted in accuracy and speed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stanford: Stanford University, 2013
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6759 (URN)000329292700242 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo3CB085417609C595C1257C3D003BAC44 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo3CB085417609C595C1257C3D003BAC44 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo3CB085417609C595C1257C3D003BAC44 (OAI)
Conference
Interntational Workshop of Structural Health Monitoring, Sept 12-14, 2013
Note

WORKSHOP PAGE: http://structure.stanford.edu/workshop/program.html

Available from: 2014-03-17 Created: 2013-12-10 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved
Rudenko, O. & Hedberg, C. (2013). Strong and weak nonlinear dynamics: Models, classification, examples. Acoustical Physics, 59(6), 664-650
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strong and weak nonlinear dynamics: Models, classification, examples
2013 (English)In: Acoustical Physics, ISSN 1063-7710, E-ISSN 1562-6865, Vol. 59, no 6, p. 664-650Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The difference between strong and weak nonlinear systems is discussed. A classification of strong nonlinearities is given. It is based on the divergence or inanity of series expansions of the equation of state commonly used in the study of weak nonlinear phenomena. Such power or functional series cannot be used in three cases: (i) if the equation of state contains a singularity; (ii) if the series diverges for strong disturbances; (iii) if the linear term is absent, and higher nonlinearity dominates. Strong nonlinearities are known in acoustics, optics, mechanics and in quantum field theory. Mathematical models, solutions and observed phenomena are presented. For example, an equation of Heisenberg type and its generalization for strongly nonlinear wave system are given. In particular, exact solutions of new “quadratically cubic” Burgers and Riemann–Hopf equations are discovered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2013
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6628 (URN)10.1134/S1063771013060171 (DOI)000326689700005 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo97EAB716D75A78E8C1257C3E004EF826 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo97EAB716D75A78E8C1257C3E004EF826 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo97EAB716D75A78E8C1257C3E004EF826 (OAI)
Available from: 2014-09-04 Created: 2013-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
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