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Publications (10 of 58) Show all publications
Eckert, C., Isaksson, O., Hallstedt, S., Malmqvist, J., Öhrwall Rönnbäck, A. & Panarotto, M. (2019). Industry Trends to 2040. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design 2019: . Paper presented at ICED, 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design. 5-8 August. Delft, The Netherlands. (pp. 2121-2128). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industry Trends to 2040
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design 2019, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Vol. 1, p. 2121-2128Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design ; 1
Keywords
Trends, Societal consequences, Design process, Systems Engineering
National Category
Natural Sciences Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18861 (URN)10.1017/dsi.2019.218 (DOI)
Conference
ICED, 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design. 5-8 August. Delft, The Netherlands.
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Open access

Available from: 2019-11-03 Created: 2019-11-03 Last updated: 2019-11-18Bibliographically approved
Bertoni, A., Hallstedt, S., Dasari, S. K. & Andersson, P. (2019). Integration of Value and Sustainability Assessment in Design Space Exploration by Machine Learning: An Aerospace Application. Design Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration of Value and Sustainability Assessment in Design Space Exploration by Machine Learning: An Aerospace Application
2019 (English)In: Design ScienceArticle in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Mechanical Engineering Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17851 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-25 Created: 2019-04-25 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Isaksson, O., Eckert, C., Borgue, O., Hallstedt, S., Hein, A. M., Gericke, K., . . . Öhrwall Rönnbäck, A. B. (2019). PERSPECTIVES ON INNOVATION: THE ROLE OF ENGINEERING DESIGN. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design 2019: . Paper presented at INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED19 5-8 AUGUST 2019, DELFT, THE NETHERLANDS (pp. 1235-1244). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PERSPECTIVES ON INNOVATION: THE ROLE OF ENGINEERING DESIGN
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design 2019, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Vol. 1, p. 1235-1244Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the paper is to foster a discussion in the engineering design community about itsunderstanding of the innovation phenomena and the unique contribution that comes from engineeringdesign. The paper reports on the dialouge originating from a series of workshops with participants fromdifferent backgrounds in engineering design, systems engineering, industrial design psychology andbusiness.Definitions of innovation are revisited as used in business, management and engineering designcontexts. The role of innovation is then discussed related to product development from (i) themanagement perspective, (ii) a systems architecture perspective and (iii) in relation to sustainabledevelopment as one driver of innovation.It is argued that engineering design has a central role in how to realise the novelty aspect of innovationand often plays a critical role in maturing these into the valuable products, and there is a need to articulatethe role of engineering design in innovation to better resonate with the business and managementresearch.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design ; 1
Keywords
Innovation, Design engineering, Design process, Design management
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18862 (URN)10.1017/dsi.2019.129 (DOI)
Conference
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED19 5-8 AUGUST 2019, DELFT, THE NETHERLANDS
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Open access

Available from: 2019-11-03 Created: 2019-11-03 Last updated: 2019-11-18Bibliographically approved
Watz, M. & Hallstedt, S. (2019). Profile model for management of sustainability integration in engineering design requirements. Journal of Cleaner Production, Article ID 119155.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Profile model for management of sustainability integration in engineering design requirements
2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, article id 119155Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This research provides insights into how sustainability considerations in engineering product design can be addressed through early stages of requirement management processes. Five key elements for successful implementation of sustainable product development from a requirement management perspective are presented, demonstrating how organisational sustainability maturity can be linked to the design and structure of a company’s operational management system. Through a thematic analysis of fifteen interviews with representatives from seven Swedish product developing-and manufacturing companies, critical activities and roles, examples of methods and tools utilisation and implementation, together with challenges and opportunities were identified. This empirical data was used to develop, test and refine a model in which key characteristics of sustainable product design and engineering design were coupled, resulting in a profile model for management of sustainability in requirements. Product developing companies can use the profile model as guidance towards necessary actions that enhance organisational sustainability maturity. Motivated by a low uptake rate of sustainability design tools in industry, this study brings attention to organisational capabilities for successful implementation of sustainable product development. As a lack of traceability is a potential cause, strategic socioecological contextualisation of needs is suggested to improve the chain of decision making in engineering design projects. The guiding research question was ‘What are sustainability requirements and how are they identified and managed in design projects?’. The main contribution is a proposed conceptualised model that aims to support design teams to identify and manage sustainability in requirements for engineering design projects. Future studies will test and validate the model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
sustainable product development; sustainable design; requirement management; traceability, sustainability maturity
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18805 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119155 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-30 Created: 2019-10-30 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Hallstedt, S. & Nylander W., J. (2019). SUSTAINABILITY RESEARCH IMPLEMENTATION IN PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT: LEARNINGS FROM A LONGITUDINAL STUDY. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design 2019: . Paper presented at ICED, 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design. 5-8 August. Delft, The Netherlands. (pp. 3381-3390). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SUSTAINABILITY RESEARCH IMPLEMENTATION IN PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT: LEARNINGS FROM A LONGITUDINAL STUDY
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design 2019, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Vol. 1, p. 3381-3390Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Industry is a main stakeholder when it comes to realising the transition towards a sustainable future. Academia, with its, knowledge and methods, needs to support the industry on this journey. This paper, focuses on the practical learnings on how to implement sustainability research from an industrial perspective. It aims to share some lessons learnt from a longitudinal case study and a development journey in implementing sustainability research in the product innovation process at GKN Aerospace Engine System. The paper gives an overview, based on a literature study, of what is required to successfully implement sustainability in product development. It also provides a summary of the different research projects at the company with learnings from practical and academic perspectives, and the main learnings and changes in relation to different development phases in the sustainability journey. Although, this journey began over ten years ago, and shows the importance of long-term collaboration, it provides key-factors that can be applied also in short term collaborations and for faster implementation of research in general and sustainable product development research in particular.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18860 (URN)10.1017/dsi.2019.345 (DOI)
Conference
ICED, 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design. 5-8 August. Delft, The Netherlands.
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

open access

Available from: 2019-11-03 Created: 2019-11-03 Last updated: 2019-11-18Bibliographically approved
Villamil, C., Nylander, J., Hallstedt, S., Schulte, J. & Watz, M. (2018). Additive manufacturing from a strategic sustainability perspective. In: Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N. (Ed.), Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN: . Paper presented at 15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik (pp. 1381-1392). Dubrovnik, Croatia: The Design Society, 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Additive manufacturing from a strategic sustainability perspective
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN / [ed] Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N., Dubrovnik, Croatia: The Design Society, 2018, Vol. 3, p. 1381-1392Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There are high expectations of additive manufacturing (AM) as a technology to improve manufacturing efficiency and reduce material waste. This study aims to clarify the sustainability advantages and challenges of AM technologies used in industry by testing and applying a strategic sustainability life cycle assessment in the early development stage. The result showed possibilities from using the tool and some areas of certain interest regarding improvement potentials of the AM technologies, i.e. value chain management, concept design, optimized material usage, and social sustainability

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dubrovnik, Croatia: The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
additive manufacturing, life cycle assessment (LCA), product development, sustainability, aerospace industry
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16967 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0353 (DOI)9789537738594 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik
Projects
STOSIP - STRATEGIC, TACTICAL AND OPERATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABILITY INTO THE INNOVATION PROCESS
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved
Watz, M. & Hallstedt, S. (2018). Addressing Sustainability in Product Requirements: a Systems Perspective. In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018: . Paper presented at 13th Biennial Norddesign Conference, NordDesign 2018; Linkoping; Sweden; 14 August 2018 through 17 August 2018. The Design Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Addressing Sustainability in Product Requirements: a Systems Perspective
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018, The Design Society, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Lack of sustainability considerations in product development can lead to unintended consequences that are costly in the long run, and difficult to solve. Furthermore, the sustainability performance of a solution is predominately determined by decisions in the early phases of the design process, in which requirements are formed and which plays an essential role to guide and constrain innovation. The purpose of this paper is therefore to explore possibilities to address previously identified research gaps regarding i) the importance and challenges to integrate sustainability aspects into design requirements, and ii) the need of a strategic approach based on a full socio-ecological sustainability perspective to select which sustainability criteria to integrate. The aim is to investigate how the influence of sustainability aspects on traditional design variables may be modelled using systems thinking, e.g., System Dynamics modelling, as previous research has pointed out this as an area for future research. Against this background this paper explores the potential of a systems thinking perspective within requirements development, and how it can be applied, to favour a strategic sustainability perspective in product development. A conceptual literature review covering systems engineering, requirements engineering and systems dynamics, was conducted to analyse which phase in the requirements development that could benefit from systems thinking to promote a strategic integration of sustainability criteria into the requirement list. The results point towards the domain between stakeholder requirements and functional requirements, to allow building of a shared understanding the full design decision context that can be cascaded through the requirement levels. Furthermore, a systems analysis model can clarify which requirements that are involved in trade-offs and how. In addition, more detailed requirements imply less space for innovation. One outcome of the paper is a simplified causal loop diagram, showing how a systems’ modelling approach can help identify both traditional trade-offs between strategically identified leading sustainability criteria and traditional design requirements. Potential incentives for sustainable design decisions were identified. Future research will focus on improving and testing the suggested approach and investigate how sustainability criteria indicators can be linked to design value drivers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
Product Design; Sustainability; Sustainable Product Development; Systems Engineering; Systems Thinking; Causal Loop Diagrams
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16973 (URN)9789176851852 (ISBN)
Conference
13th Biennial Norddesign Conference, NordDesign 2018; Linkoping; Sweden; 14 August 2018 through 17 August 2018
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved
Schulte, J. & Hallstedt, S. (2018). Company Risk Management in Light of the Sustainability Transition. Sustainability, 10, Article ID 4137.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Company Risk Management in Light of the Sustainability Transition
2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, article id 4137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many of the most important business and economic risks are directly linked to environmental and social issues. This includes both threats and opportunities, not only in relation to reputation, which is often mentioned in this context, but, even more importantly, in relation to innovation capability and legislative change on inevitably more and more sustainability-driven markets. It is, however, unclear through which mechanisms such sustainability risks currently affect companies and how they can be systematically identified and managed. Based on the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, this study investigates the dynamics and implications of society’s sustainability transition from a company risk management perspective. In addition, exploratory and descriptive studies were conducted at two large product innovation companies to identify current risk management practices and preconditions for sustainability integration. The results reveal that a society moving closer towards a collapse of environmental and social systems leads to increasing sustainability-related threats for unsustainable businesses and increasing opportunities for sustainable businesses. Also, risk management is found to be a promising way for maneuvering in a smart zone between being too passive and being too pro-active in relation to sustainable innovation.The study participants at the case companies were knowledgeable about risk management in general but were largely unfamiliar with risks associated with sustainability and no processes or support tools exist to work systematically with such risks. Key steps to accomplishing an integration of a strategic sustainability perspective into risk management are proposed as: (i) identifying the effects of sustainability issues on internal and external stakeholder value; (ii) actively including sustainability in objective setting and cascading objectives across the levels of the organizational hierarchy; and (iii) developing concrete support for identifying, assessing, and managing economic sustainability risks. Thereby, companies can enhance their competitiveness while providing leadership in the sustainability transition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
risk management, sustainability, product innovation, strategic sustainable development, sustainable product development, sustainability transitions, sustainable development
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17246 (URN)10.3390/su10114137 (DOI)000451531700311 ()
Projects
Model Driven Development and Decision SupportSustainability Implementation Package
Funder
Vinnova, 2018-00361Knowledge Foundation, 20120278
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-11-10 Created: 2018-11-10 Last updated: 2019-11-14Bibliographically approved
Isaksson, O., Hallstedt, S. & Öhrwall Rönnbäck, A. (2018). Digitalisation, sustainability and servitisation: Consequences on product development capabilities in manufacturing firms. In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018: . Paper presented at 13th Biennial Norddesign Conference, NordDesign 2018; Linkoping; Sweden; 14 August 2018 through 17 August 2018. The Design Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitalisation, sustainability and servitisation: Consequences on product development capabilities in manufacturing firms
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018, The Design Society, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the impact of the three mega-trends (1) digitalisation (2) sustainability and (3) servitisation on design and development capabilities in manufacturing companies. First, technological advancements have created both product opportunities, and new aids, captured in e.g. the Industry 4.0 paradigm, and intensively driving digitalisation of businesses, that, besides the technological challenges, cause new challenges and problem areas, such as information ownership and shared long-term responsibilities. Second, the need for sustainable solutions increases the focus on the design of circular, resource efficient and radically new technological solutions to be designed with a total life cycle perspective in mind, through use phase, repair and overhaul, until recycling and end-of-life. Third, and finally, the classical roles for suppliers, integrators and users are being changed as servitisation and Product-Service Systems (PSS) offerings affect both products and businesses, and ultimately entire value networks with new constellations of business partners contributing to the realization of solutions for customers. This paper builds on a conceptual literature review to identify relevant information about the three trends regarding their impact on design and societal development. In addition, a semi-structured interview study was conducted to investigate possibilities and challenges that four different types of manufacturing companies perceive today with respect to the mega-trends, and more specifically how these trends impact the design and development capabilities in the studied companies. Results from this empirical study show that digitalisation is viewed as an opportunity to find new solutions to meet customer needs and be competitive at the future market. Sustainable Product Development (SPD) was instead primarily to fulfil requirements and legislation. However, it was clear that some manufacturers start to see market forces as a driver. PSS can be seen as a means to create new solutions, often with digital tools as facilitator. Altogether, the literature study and the empirical data show that increasingly, designers are expected to design entire solutions, as opposed to merely artefacts. This implies that designers need to consider not only the product performance and cost, but products' and solutions' behaviour and impact over complete life cycles, developed and organized by business networks together with several suppliers and other partners with different capabilities. The basis for the designer is a technology mix comprising services, software, electronics and hardware, bundled into offerings in new business models, interlinked with new digital opportunities. Moreover, it is clear that the three trends do not represent stand-alone perspectives but affect one another in an intertwined way. To achieve long-term effects, the sustainability issues need to be integrated with many other subject areas, and implemented simultaneously as digital solutions, e.g. digital twins to physical artefacts are conceived, and value creating networks are being built up. Obviously, these three trends affect the need for change in product design capabilities and escalate the challenges of the integrated product development viewpoint, in a way that is difficult to master for individual engineers. Support for design and development work is needed that takes into account the mega-trends digitalisation, sustainability, and servitisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
Design capabilities, Design Methods, Product-Service Systems, Sustainable Product Development, Value Constellations
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17035 (URN)9789176851852 (ISBN)
Conference
13th Biennial Norddesign Conference, NordDesign 2018; Linkoping; Sweden; 14 August 2018 through 17 August 2018
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2018-09-25 Created: 2018-09-25 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved
Watz, M. & Hallstedt, S. (2018). Integrating Sustainability in Product Requirements. In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN: . Paper presented at 15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik (pp. 1405-1416). The Design Society, 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating Sustainability in Product Requirements
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN, The Design Society, 2018, Vol. 3, p. 1405-1416Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Trade-offs between sustainability criteria and engineering design variables can lead to sub-optimisations and costly short-term priorities. This study explores how sustainability requirements can be identified and integrated in product requirements to guide strategic and tactical decisions in product development including sustainability perspectives. Literature review and action research resulted in a proposed systematic approach that: define sustainability criteria and indicators; use correlation analysis with QFD; and adds identified specific sustainability requirements to requirement list.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
sustainability, requirements management, early design phase, product development DOWNLOAD
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16718 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0377 (DOI)9789537738594 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-07-03 Created: 2018-07-03 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7382-1825

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