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Bengtsson, Lars
Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Sällberg, H. & Bengtsson, L. (2014). Antecedents and consequences of consumers lead userness: The case of mobile applications. In: : . Paper presented at 12th International Open and User Innovation Workshop July 28th – July 30th 2014, Harvard Business School.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Antecedents and consequences of consumers lead userness: The case of mobile applications
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Lead userness (LU) captures to what extent a user, in a given product domain, is ahead of an important market trend and expects high benefits from innovating. A comprehensive understanding of antecedents and consequences of LU are important to both theory and practice. To lead-user theory, a more comprehensive understanding of antecedents such as intrinsic motivation may contribute to improved knowledge of the underlying motivational mechanisms that explain why some users display LU. Similarly an improved understanding of consequences may help explain why these users provide advice to other consumers or often come up with attractive innovations. To practice, such knowledge may provide insights on how to identify these users at lower cost as well as how to get use of them for developing or promoting new products.

Previous studies have investigated different antecedents and consequences in different product domains. Therefore, there is a need to further investigate the previously studied antecedents and consequences in more domains. This way a more comprehensive understanding of the relative importance of different antecedents and consequences within and across product domains can be gained.  Some antecedent may thus be more domain-specific than other ones.

In the current study we therefore set out to investigate three previously studied antecedents of LU: consumer knowledge, intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. In addition we study a fourth antecedent, technology cognizance, which may be of particular importance in the information technology intense domain we study. Further, two previously studied consequences of LU, opinion leadership and opinion seeking, are researched in the present study of the mobile application domain.

Based on a survey study of 156 undergraduate students we report in a series of regression analyses: (1) consumer knowledge to be the only antecedent of LU; (2) opinion leadership and opinion seeking to be consequences of LU, the former being a relatively more important one, and; (3) Our findings to overall correspond highly to findings in researches of other domains ranging from extreme sports such as kite-surfing and sailplaning to the mass market of home kitchen appliances. Implications for research and practice are provided. 

Keywords
lead userness, opinion seeking, opinion leadership, knowledge, technology cognizance
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-10693 (URN)
Conference
12th International Open and User Innovation Workshop July 28th – July 30th 2014, Harvard Business School
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-09-16 Created: 2015-09-16 Last updated: 2015-09-22Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, L. (2013). Educational Collaboration at Nordic Technical Universities: howe is it Performed and does it Affect Innovation and Entrepreneurship?. Paper presented at 7TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (INTED2013). Paper presented at 7TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (INTED2013). Valencia: IATED-INT
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Educational Collaboration at Nordic Technical Universities: howe is it Performed and does it Affect Innovation and Entrepreneurship?
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to shed light on the role of higher education and its importance for innovation and entrepreneurship this paper presents the results of a survey of the four major technical universities in the Nordic countries; Aalto University in Helsinki, Finland; Chalmers Technical University in Gothenburg, Sweden; the Danish Technical University in Copenhagen, Denmark; and the Norwegian Technical University in Trondheim, Norway. Through the survey we have investigated what forms or tools the four technical universities use to collaborate with industry in education and to what extent these forms affect innovation in companies and entrepreneurship. The survey results show that there are five main forms of educational collaboration for innovation and entrepreneurship: 1) Thesis and project assignments, 2) Internships, 3) Executive and continuing education, 4) Entrepreneurship education, 5) Meeting spaces for innovation, platforms or arenas, between companies and students. All four technical universities use all five forms but with varying intensity. In terms of volume of activities and an innovation perspective thesis and project assignments by engineering students in their finishing year seems to be the most important form. From an entrepreneurship perspective the entrepreneurship education and related facilities such as incubators seem be most important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Valencia: IATED-INT , 2013
Keywords
nnovation, entrepreneurship, educational collaboration
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6351 (URN)000346699806078 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo4D8D825B3646C01AC1257E50004C4F71 (Local ID)978-84-616-2661-8 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo4D8D825B3646C01AC1257E50004C4F71 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo4D8D825B3646C01AC1257E50004C4F71 (OAI)
Conference
7TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (INTED2013)
Available from: 2015-05-25 Created: 2015-05-25 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Sällberg, H. & Bengtsson, L. (2013). Lead user roles and their functions: A framework. In: : . Paper presented at The 2013 Annual International Open and User Innovation Workshop, 15-17 July 2013 in Brighton, UK.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lead user roles and their functions: A framework
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we develop a framework of lead user roles and their functions. Two of the roles, innovating and diffusing are explicit in the lead user literature. The third role, the preventing role, captures how lead users act not to let inferior innovations be developed or spread. This role is much more implicit in lead user research and has until now thus received relatively less attention. Following that a high percentage of new products fail, it seems important to consider how lead users could contribute to lower such failure rates by preventing inferior innovations.

For each role we specify functions. For instance, in their preventing role lead users may fulfil functions such as opinion seeking and use making. They may opinion seek their own innovation ideas in order to avoid developing inferior innovations and they may engage in use making (refers to persistently using an innovation with the purpose of convincing others of its superiority) in order to prevent diffusion of currently commercially available products. In specifying functions of each role we particularly pay attention to how functions within a single role, as well as between roles, are conceptually distinct from each other.

We argue that is important to elaborate on different roles played by lead users, for instance, due to that  even in situations when lead users develop inferior innovations themselves, they may play important roles by preventing other inferior innovations from reaching the market or by recommending an innovation they perceive to be superior. Based on our developed framework we provide directions for future research. 

Keywords
Lead userness, adoption, diffusion, innovation, opinion leadership, opinion seeking, prevention, use making
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-10694 (URN)
Conference
The 2013 Annual International Open and User Innovation Workshop, 15-17 July 2013 in Brighton, UK
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-09-16 Created: 2015-09-16 Last updated: 2015-09-22Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, L. & Ryzhkova, N. (2013). Managing a strategic source of innovation: Online users. International Journal of Information Management, 33(4), 655-662
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing a strategic source of innovation: Online users
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Information Management, ISSN 0268-4012, E-ISSN 1873-4707, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 655-662Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the paper is to develop a framework of management competences related to the effective management of three types of online innovation tools. The framework highlights the development of three types of management competences and related practices: (a) disclosure competence in order to find, direct and motivate users to contribute, (b) appropriation competence in order to appropriate users' contributions, and (c) integration competence in order to direct, transfer and integrate user contributions to the relevant parts of the organization. The study provides a managerially relevant view of the complementarities between external sourcing of knowledge and necessary internal competences to reap the benefits of involving users through an online innovation tool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
Implementation, Innovation, Management competence, Online innovation tool
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6810 (URN)10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2013.04.003 (DOI)000321406400005 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo75655406A4C86B88C1257B75004CDE52 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo75655406A4C86B88C1257B75004CDE52 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo75655406A4C86B88C1257B75004CDE52 (OAI)
Available from: 2013-12-17 Created: 2013-05-24 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, L. (2012). Rethinking the Case Study in International Business and Management Research [Review]. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 28(3), 264-265
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rethinking the Case Study in International Business and Management Research
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 264-265Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-7100 (URN)10.1016/j.scaman.2012.02.004 (DOI)oai:bth.se:forskinfo32627A29475E869DC1257ACD002D7033 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo32627A29475E869DC1257ACD002D7033 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo32627A29475E869DC1257ACD002D7033 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-12-10 Created: 2012-12-07 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, L. & Skärvad, P.-H. (2011). Företagsstrategiska Perspektiv. Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Företagsstrategiska Perspektiv
2011 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Strategic Perspectives
Abstract [sv]

Denna bok handlar om företagsstrategiska perspektiv. Perspektiv betyder synvinkel eller synsätt. Företagsstrategiska perspektiv är sålunda olika synsätt på ämnesområdet företagsstrategi. Ett företagsstrategiskt perspektiv betonar vissa aspekter inom det företagsstrategiska ämnesområdet och erbjuder tankemodeller, angreppsmetoder och verktyg för att hantera strategiska problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011. p. 304
Keywords
Strategi, perspektiv, konkurrensfördelar, planering
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-7325 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoB272C016AAB78252C1257980007145AF (Local ID)978-91-44-06008-8 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoB272C016AAB78252C1257980007145AF (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoB272C016AAB78252C1257980007145AF (OAI)
Note
4th ed.Available from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Aaboen, L., Löfsten, H. & Bengtsson, L. (2011). Nourishment for the piggy bank: facilitation of external financing in incubators. International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 10(3/4), 354-374
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nourishment for the piggy bank: facilitation of external financing in incubators
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, ISSN 1470-6075, E-ISSN 1741-5284, Vol. 10, no 3/4, p. 354-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Alternative title[sv]
Pengar i spargrisen:inkubatorers facilitering av extern finansiering
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we argue that incubators facilitate access to external financing for their incubatees. Incubators use a wide range of activities to facilitate the accessing of external financing from public and private sources. We have grouped these into two sets of activities. The general activities aim to develop the conditions for external financing through information, education of incubatees, network-building and lobbying activities. The specific activities aim to assist the individual incubatee in their pursuit of external finance through help in application procedures, establishing need for capital, making contacts with the best public or private investor, etc. Based on the survey data, we have also shown that it is more common for incubatees to attract external capital compared to non-incubator firms. The incubatees seem especially successful in attracting public capital. The incubatees also attract more private external capital, however, the observed frequency of private capital in the incubatees are low.

Abstract [sv]

Företag i inkubatorer attraherar lättare externt kapital än liknande företag ej lokaliserade i inkubatorer

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Inderscience, 2011
Keywords
business incubators, new technology-based firms, NTBFs, financing, liabilities of newness, facilitation.
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-7326 (URN)10.1504/IJTTC.2011.040895 (DOI)oai:bth.se:forskinfoB4B564701D60A650C12579800070A6F4 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoB4B564701D60A650C12579800070A6F4 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoB4B564701D60A650C12579800070A6F4 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, L. (2011). Vad är entreprenöriella universitet och best practice?. Entreprenörskapsforum
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad är entreprenöriella universitet och best practice?
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
What are entrepreneurial universities and best practice?
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna rapport är ge en forskningsöversikt av fenomenet entreprenöriella universitet och de möjliga roller entreprenöriella universitet kan spela som regionala innovationsmotorer, det vill säga att bidra till en regions innovationsförmåga och innovationsprestationer. Forskningsöversikten baseras på svensk och internationell forskning. Rapporten ska också ge exempel på ”best practice”; föredömliga och framgångsrika case på hur universitet och högskolor arbetat med att bli mer entreprenöriella och effektivare bidra till regional utveckling. Vidare ska rapporten ge policyförslag på hur svenska universitet och högskolor kan stimuleras till att bli mer entreprenöriella och effektivare bidra till regional utveckling. Policyförslagen riktas både till den statliga politiska nivån samt till universitetsledningarna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Entreprenörskapsforum, 2011. p. 59
Series
Näringspolitiskt Forum ; 1
Keywords
entreprenöriella universitet, policy, regional utveckling
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-7324 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC74306FC0A55DC20C125798000720832 (Local ID)91-89301-36-6 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC74306FC0A55DC20C125798000720832 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC74306FC0A55DC20C125798000720832 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, L. & Ryzhkova, N. (2010). Inviting the world to innovate: managerial challenges and practices implementing web innovation tools. Paper presented at EGOS. Paper presented at EGOS. Lisbon: European Group for Organizational Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inviting the world to innovate: managerial challenges and practices implementing web innovation tools
2010 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed) Published
Alternative title[sv]
Att bjuda in världen till innovation : managementutmaningar och praktiker vid införande av webbinnovationsverktyg
Abstract [en]

The practices of open innovation have been advocated as an efficient way to accelerate innovation processes and expanding the markets for innovations in turbulent times. One specific way of practicing open innovation is the use of web-based innovation tools whereby, among others, any user and customer in the world may be reached for the spawning ideas, sharing of experiences, testing of products and even designing products themselves. While research has been extensive on the opportunities these tools may provide, the managerial challenges and competences needed to implement and operate these tools have been scarce. The aim of the paper is to develop a framework of managerial challenges and competences related to the implementation of web innovation tools. The framework is based on previous research and a case study of a telecom company’s web innovation site and management of this web site. The research reported in the paper intends to contribute to the research on web innovation tools and the management of web innovation tools.

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie fokuserar managementutmaningar och praktiker vid införande innovay´tionsverktyg på webben. Syftet med papret är att utveckla ett ramverk av managementutmaningar och managementkompetenser relaterade till implemnetering av webbinnovationsverktyg. Ramverket bygger på tidigare forksning och en fallstudie av ett telekomföretags webverktyg.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lisbon: European Group for Organizational Studies, 2010
Keywords
web innovation tool, telecom, management competencies
National Category
Business Administration Human Aspects of ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-7653 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo22C93438FA6BF02AC125780C005FCA8D (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo22C93438FA6BF02AC125780C005FCA8D (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo22C93438FA6BF02AC125780C005FCA8D (OAI)
Conference
EGOS
Note
http://www.egosnet.org/jart/prj3/egosnet/main.jart?rel=en&content-id=12293161198 07&reserve-mode=reserveAvailable from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2011-01-02 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, A., Rickne, A. & Bengtsson, L. (2010). Transfer of of Academic Research: Uncovering the Grey Zone. Journal of Technology Transfer, 35(6), 617-636
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transfer of of Academic Research: Uncovering the Grey Zone
2010 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 617-636Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we respond to calls for further investigation on why and how scientists choose to commercialize their research. Mowery (University entrepreneurship and technology transfer: process design, and intellectual property, Elsevier, Oxford 2005), in his criticism of the US-system, emphasizes the need for multiple channels between university and industry. His argument makes the case of Sweden interesting, where the researchers own the intellectual property of their research. Sweden thus constitutes a unique case where data can be found on which choices researchers make in a setting where a variety of channels for transfer are available. Our empirical data, collected through case studies, allowed for the expansion of the typology for mechanisms for transfer of academic research as well as the development of a typology for determinants for researchers’ choice to engage in transfer of research. Apart from those contributions to the theoretic discussion, the data also provided policy implications.

Abstract [sv]

Studien skapar en typologi av olika kommersialiseringsmekanismer för forskare samt kopplar ihop dessa med forskares motivation för kommersialisering

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag, 2010
Keywords
Technology transfer, Commercialization, Academia, Industry, Stem cell research
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-7694 (URN)10.1007/s10961-009-9124-4 (DOI)000283941000004 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo663D2DE1E06FE339C12577FA00740A41 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo663D2DE1E06FE339C12577FA00740A41 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo663D2DE1E06FE339C12577FA00740A41 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2010-12-15 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
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