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Trojer, L. (2015). Change @ campus Karlshamn - Our Story: Culture, Norms and Gender at Blekinge Institute of Technology. Karlshamn: Research Division Technoscience Studies, Department of Technology and Aesthetics, BTH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Change @ campus Karlshamn - Our Story: Culture, Norms and Gender at Blekinge Institute of Technology
2015 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlshamn: Research Division Technoscience Studies, Department of Technology and Aesthetics, BTH, 2015. p. 66
Keywords
University Transformation, Culture, Norms, Gender, ICT, Media technology, Feminist Technoscience
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-11137 (URN)978-91-7295-966-8 (ISBN)
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Elovaara, P., Gustavsson, K., Hallgren, E., Paxling, L. & Trojer, L. (2015). Gender Budgeting, Human Resources, Organisational Culture -Development of Methods.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender Budgeting, Human Resources, Organisational Culture -Development of Methods
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2015 (English)Other (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

GENISLAB, is a four year project (2011 - 2014) within the 7th Framework Programme for research and technology. The aim of the project is to promote organizational change in six European scientific organizations. Each partner develops its own Tailored Action Plan based on three dimensions, Gender Budgeting, Human Resources (HR) Management and Gender and Organisational Culture and Stereotypes. This report presents results of quantitative and qualitative data on Gender Budgeting and HR management as well as comments on organizational culture.

Keywords
Gender Budgeting, Human Resources Management, Gender and Organizational Culture and Stereotypes
National Category
Gender Studies Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6408 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoCC3B40B934492FF1C1257DF6002B5068 (Local ID)978-91-7295-967-5 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoCC3B40B934492FF1C1257DF6002B5068 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoCC3B40B934492FF1C1257DF6002B5068 (OAI)
External cooperation:
Available from: 2015-02-24 Created: 2015-02-24 Last updated: 2016-09-05Bibliographically approved
Trojer, L., Rydhagen, B. & Kjellqvist, T. (2014). Inclusive innovation processes – experiences from Uganda and Tanzania. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 6(5)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inclusive innovation processes – experiences from Uganda and Tanzania
2014 (English)In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, ISSN 2042-1338, Vol. 6, no 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been well known since the 1960s that developing countries need to improve their capacity to use science and technology and that more efforts must be put into R&D that would benefit poor countries and people. Serious efforts to accomplish this exist but they are still too few and small in relation to the size of the problem. Whilst the supply of knowledge and competent people slowly has been growing, there is still a continued lack of demand for domestic knowledge. Foreign consultants dominate knowledge supply to government, industry and aid donors. Small firms and farms are not used to articulate their demand for knowledge. Such weak demand and timid articulation are typical signs of emerging innovations systems. Despite this, there are signs of a fragmented domestic creative potential that could be mobilised to increase innovation for inclusive development. In this article, practical experiences in Uganda and Tanzania illuminate possibilities to articulate and address the knowledge demand from firms and farms through cluster formation. In this type of cluster formations, universities have key roles as knowledge providers and as intermediaries that assist in building the ties and linkages necessary to move the innovation system to a higher state.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2014
Keywords
Clusters, developing countries, emerging innovation systems, inclusive development, learning
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6435 (URN)10.1080/20421338.2014.970437 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-08 Last updated: 2016-12-19Bibliographically approved
Trojer, L., Ecuru, J. & Lating, P. (2014). Innovation characteristics of formal manufacturing firms in Uganda. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 6(5), 415-423
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation characteristics of formal manufacturing firms in Uganda
2014 (English)In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, ISSN 2042-1338, Vol. 6, no 5, p. 415-423Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Manufacturing firms ought to innovate in order to stay competitive in a highly liberalised and open economy. This is even more crucial in low income countries, which seek accelerated economic growth and transformation. In this paper, we describe innovation characteristics of formal manufacturing firms in Uganda, in the subsectors of food and beverages, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. We show from empirical findings that formal manufacturing firms in the aforementioned subsectors in Uganda are active in incremental and adaptive innovations. The innovations are accomplished in-house with some assistance from other firms abroad. Local universities and research organisations appear not to be participating much in formal manufacturing firms' innovation processes. The challenge, from the perspective of firms, is fear of competition and lack of trust. Universities and research organisations, on the other hand, need to be proactive in engaging firms. Conferences, business associations, inter-firm visits, and joint programmes are some of the firm-preferred means of fostering interactions between firms, universities and other organisations. Innovation capabilities of Ugandan manufacturing firms could be enhanced if local universities and research organisations become more actively involved in firm innovation processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2014
Keywords
firm, innovation, low income countries, manufacturing, triple helix, role of university, Uganda
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6436 (URN)10.1080/20421338.2014.970434 (DOI)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC0072CF654972D3AC1257DC7004AB27F (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC0072CF654972D3AC1257DC7004AB27F (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC0072CF654972D3AC1257DC7004AB27F (OAI)
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-08 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Rydhagen, B. & Trojer, L. (Eds.). (2014). The role of universities in inclusive innovation. Cluster development in East Africa.. Arusha: Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of universities in inclusive innovation. Cluster development in East Africa.
2014 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Universitetens roll i inkluderande innovation. Klusterutveckling i Östafrika.
Abstract [en]

Universities play a vital role in development and innovation in small and local businesses in East Africa. This has been made possible through Triple Helix processes linking academia, business and government in Innovative Cluster Initiatives. The cluster initiatives are coordinated through country chapters of Pan African Competitiveness Forum (PACF). Scandinavian Institute for Collaboration and Development (SICD) has been linked to PACF since start. In this anthology, active partners in cluster initiatives in Tanzania and Uganda present their experiences of university involvement. The contributors represent business persons in clusters, cluster facilitators, researchers in Uganda, Tanzania and Sweden and key persons of the PACF network.

Abstract [sv]

Universiteten spelar en viktig roll i utveckling och innovation i små och lokala företag i Östafrika. Detta har blivit möjligt genom triple helixprocesser som länkar samman akademi, företag och myndigheter i innovativa klusterinitiativ. Klusterinitiativen koordineras i nationella avdelningar av Pan African Competitiveness Forum (PACF). Scandinavian Institute for Collaboration and Development (SICD) samarbetar med PACF sedan starten. I den här antologin presenterar aktörer och partners i klusterinitiativen i Tanzania och Uganda sina erfarenheter av universitetens engagemang. Bidragen representerar företag i kluster, klusterfacilitatorer och forskare i Uganda, Tanzania och Sverige, samt nyckelpersoner inom PACFs nätverk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Arusha: Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, 2014
Keywords
cluster initiatives, innovation, Triple Helix
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6521 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo96939E944D24ECDEC1257D96002FD88A (Local ID)978-91-637-5000-7 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo96939E944D24ECDEC1257D96002FD88A (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo96939E944D24ECDEC1257D96002FD88A (OAI)
Available from: 2014-12-01 Created: 2014-11-20 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Trojer, L. (2014). When society speaks back. Relevance issues for research in cluster contexts in low income countries. In: Rydhagen, Birgitta; Trojer, Lena (Ed.), The Role of Universities in Inclusive Innovation, Cluster Development in East Africa: (pp. 47-57). Arusha, Tanzania: Nelson Mandela African Institution for Science and Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When society speaks back. Relevance issues for research in cluster contexts in low income countries
2014 (English)In: The Role of Universities in Inclusive Innovation, Cluster Development in East Africa / [ed] Rydhagen, Birgitta; Trojer, Lena, Arusha, Tanzania: Nelson Mandela African Institution for Science and Technology , 2014, p. 47-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Universities are relatively neutral bodies/platforms in political contexts that can differ profoundly. Please note relatively. The universities have to manoeuvre strategically, though, in order to be durable. In low income countries with more or less stable political systems the university is a vital asset for social, cultural and economic sustainability and development. The universities in these countries face challenging demands to have their outcomes used in society for economic growth, challenging of more reasons than e.g. in Europe. This means that the “voice of society” in science argues for use of the very limited public resources in ways benefitting the people as soon as possible, if not immediately. Society speaks back in demand for relevant knowledges for survival and better living conditions. This is a strong incentive to find other ways than a dominant linear way of disseminating R&D results, which often takes too long time and is not always efficient or context relevant. In this chapter I will give some aspects on why and how initiatives from universities for trying other models like inclusive innovation and cluster development are relevant, important and have a proved success record.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Arusha, Tanzania: Nelson Mandela African Institution for Science and Technology, 2014
Keywords
Co-evolution, societal relevance, innovation system, cluster, technoscience, feminist technoscience
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6518 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEF21F6BDFD9C53C6C1257D9E00558475 (Local ID)978-91-637-5000-7 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEF21F6BDFD9C53C6C1257D9E00558475 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoEF21F6BDFD9C53C6C1257D9E00558475 (OAI)
Available from: 2014-12-02 Created: 2014-11-28 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Ecuru, J., Trojer, L., Okidi Lating, P. & Ziraba, Y. (2013). Cluster development in low resource settings: The case of bioethanol and fruit processing clusters in Uganda. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cluster development in low resource settings: The case of bioethanol and fruit processing clusters in Uganda
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, ISSN 1368-275X, E-ISSN 1741-5098, Vol. 18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, bioethanol and fruit processing clusters in Uganda were taken as sectoral innovation systems, and enabling conditions and barriers to their growth were analysed from a technoscientific and innovation systems perspective. Active participation of entrepreneurial university scientists in the clustering process appears to be an enabling factor. Absence of goals and incentives specifically to attract investments in the cluster areas and to drive formation of markets for cluster products is a major barrier. Adopting more inclusive innovation policies, and having in place good community engagement strategies, could help overcome the barriers and expand opportunities for clusters in low resource settings to grow and become competitive.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Inderscience publishers, 2013
Keywords
bioethanol, cluster, fruit processing, innovation system, Uganda
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6860 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo2A141120F497BB24C1257C280039586F (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo2A141120F497BB24C1257C280039586F (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo2A141120F497BB24C1257C280039586F (OAI)
Available from: 2013-11-22 Created: 2013-11-19 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Trojer, L. (2013). Gender Research as Knowledge Resource in Technology and Engineering. In: Ernst, Waltraud; Horwath, Ilona (Ed.), Gender in Science and Technology, Interdisciplinary Approaches: (pp. 167-185). Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender Research as Knowledge Resource in Technology and Engineering
2013 (English)In: Gender in Science and Technology, Interdisciplinary Approaches / [ed] Ernst, Waltraud; Horwath, Ilona, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag , 2013, p. 167-185Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aspirations in gender research within technology and engineering have developed into a research-transforming activity focusing on societal relevance and engineering faculties. The conditions that are needed and created require epistemological pluralism. The gender research referred to here is also called feminist technoscience. When discussing gender in sectors like technology and engineering, we often tend to count heads, i.e. how many women are present in which functions. By contrast, gender issues are much less seen as generating knowledge and technology in themselves. This chapter will illustrate what kind of added value certain academic activities starting in gender-related issues can have. Epistemological comments on feminist technoscience are presented as fostering and attempting to advance our understanding of knowledge production in technology and engineering. The aim of this chapter is to contribute to the recognition of feminist technoscience and its knowledge-producing values. Discussions of key understandings of feminist technoscience are illustrated by two cases and summed up by some closing remarks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2013
Keywords
technoscience, feminist technoscience, epistemology, knowledge production, society in science
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6912 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC179C0FB6DB59F7FC1257BC8004BA249 (Local ID)978-3-8376-2434-2 (ISBN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC179C0FB6DB59F7FC1257BC8004BA249 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoC179C0FB6DB59F7FC1257BC8004BA249 (OAI)
Available from: 2013-08-30 Created: 2013-08-15 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Ecuru, J., Trojer, L., Lating, P. & Ziraba, Y. (2012). Structure and Dynamics of Uganda’s Technological Innovation System. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 4(4), 255-274
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structure and Dynamics of Uganda’s Technological Innovation System
2012 (English)In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, ISSN 2042-1338, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 255-274Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper provides insight into Uganda’s evolving innovation system. The framework used to gain this insight presents science, technology and innovation as a function of financing, governance, human capital and the strength of interactions within and across the functional spheres. From the framework, it appears universities and public research organizations are playing a major role in building Uganda’s innovation system. Public research organizations should, however, collaborate more closely with universities, and be more pragmatic in technology dissemination. It seems that in Uganda the public sector will continue to play a leading role in fostering innovation in the foreseeable future as the private sector grows. A crucial element of the public sector support is to have in place stable merit-based system of science funding where competitive grants are awarded annually for research and innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Adonis & Abbey Publishers Ltd, 2012
Keywords
Low Income Countries, Innovation, Innovation System, Research, Science, Technology, Uganda
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6955 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoAC126526CF713DE1C1257B970030E81C (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoAC126526CF713DE1C1257B970030E81C (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoAC126526CF713DE1C1257B970030E81C (OAI)
Available from: 2013-06-28 Created: 2013-06-27 Last updated: 2017-03-17Bibliographically approved
Simba, F., Trojer, L. & Yonah, Z. (2012). Sustainable Broadband Connectivity Model for Rural Areas of Tanzania. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 4(2), 150-172
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Broadband Connectivity Model for Rural Areas of Tanzania
2012 (English)In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), ISSN 2042-1338, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 150-172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the reasons for lack or limited ICT infrastructures in rural areas in developing countries in general and Tanzania in particular, is the lack of strategies to implement already established policies, regulations and legislations that support roll-out of such ICT infrastructures in rural areas. In addition, high cost of connectivity, lack of energy, low ICT literacy and shortage of local contents also contribute to the lack of ICT infrastructure in the rural areas. Despite the presence of eighteen (18) licensed service providers of network facilities in the communications market in Tanzania, rural areas are still unconnected. Notably, there is a government initiative to build a countrywide terrestrial fiber optic broadband backbone with penetration presence down to the level of district headquarters. This is a commendable initiative; however, areas that are far from district headquarters will still be disadvantaged. The public private peoples partnership (PPPP), is recommended as a sustainable model for rural connectivity. This paper investigates the readiness to deploy the PPPP model for rural broadband connectivity in Tanzania. Furthermore, it recommends implementation strategies to build a sustainable model for rural connectivity in Tanzania by borrowing best practices from existing PPPPs projects for broadband rural connectivity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Adonis & Abbey Publishers Ltd, 2012
Keywords
Broadband, Sustainable Connectivity, Rural, PPPP, ICT, Tanzania, Shared Access
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-7082 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoF6DC1F63B106E080C1257AD1004A4E31 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoF6DC1F63B106E080C1257AD1004A4E31 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoF6DC1F63B106E080C1257AD1004A4E31 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-12-12 Created: 2012-12-11 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8263-0959

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