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Sjögren Forss, Katarina
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Thern, E., Sjögren Forss, K., Jogreus, C. & Stjernberg, L. (2015). Factors associated with active commuting among parents-to-be in Karlskrona, Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 43(1), 59-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors associated with active commuting among parents-to-be in Karlskrona, Sweden
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 59-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose of the present study is to examine the prevalence of active commuting and factors associated with participation in active commuting in the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. Active commuting is defined here as walking or cycling to and from school/work for at least 15 min one-way. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out, which included baseline data from parents-to-be. Pregnant females and their partners were invited to participate in the study when they contacted either of the municipality’s two antenatal clinics. Data collection ran from March 2008 to February 2009. When completing the questionnaire, the participants were asked to reflect on their situation one month before the female became pregnant. The final sample consisted of 432 participants (response rate 51.9% for females and 85.0% for males). Results: The main mode of commuting was motor vehicle (63.0%), with active commuters forming a minority (8.3%). The main facilitating factor for active commuting was living in an urban as opposed to a rural area. Regular participation in outdoor recreational physical activity was significantly positively associated with active commuting. Being Swedish and being surrounded by a green space environment were significantly negatively associated with active commuting. Conclusions: This study found that the number of people who are active commuters is modest and other modes of transportation are preferred. Several facilitating and impeding factors associated with active commuting were also found, indicating the importance of applying a broad health-promoting approach to encouraging active commuting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE, 2015
Keywords
Active commuting, ethnicity, outdoor recreational physical activity, residential area.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6327 (URN)10.1177/1403494814559119 (DOI)000347444800009 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfoCB57088E67144A91C1257DA4002EB977 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoCB57088E67144A91C1257DA4002EB977 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoCB57088E67144A91C1257DA4002EB977 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-05-26 Created: 2014-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Thern, E., Sjögren Forss, K., Jogreus, C. & Stjernberg, L. (2014). Exercise and factors associated with active commuting. In: : . Paper presented at European Public Health Conference (EPH), Mind the gap. Glasgow: EUPHA
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exercise and factors associated with active commuting
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: In order to increase the current levels of physical activity new strategies have been suggested where it is incorporated into daily routines, such as commuting to and from school/work. Active commuting i.e. cycling or walking to and from school/work is an excellent strategy to increase the overall activity levels. Even though the health benefits of active commuting are well documented, non-active modes of transportation (i.e. cars, bus, train) remain the main mode of transportation. The purpose of the present study is to examine the prevalence and what factors are influencing participation in active commuting in the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. Method: A cross-sectional study, including base-line data from parents-to- be was carried out, including 432 participants. Questionnaires were filled in and data collection was conducted during a year in 2008 and 2009. The results were calculated using multivariate logistic regression with odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The main mode of commuting was motorised vehicle (63.0%), whilst active commuters were a minority (8.3%). The regression model demonstrated a negative association between being Swedish and AC; as such immigrants were more likely to be active commuters (CI 0.08-0.80). The variable mostly associated with AC was the type of residential area. Participants living in an urban area had 5.4 times higher odds of AC compared to participants living in a rural area (CI 1.51-18.54). Being surrounded by a green-space environment decreased the probability of engaging in AC compared to being surrounded by buildings the majority of time (CI 0.07-0.60). Another important variable was outdoor recreational PA, were engaging resulted in 3.9 times higher odds of AC compared to those not engaging in outdoor recreational PA (CI 1.31-11.71). Although the variable pet-ownership remained in the last step of the model non-significant, it explains some of the variance in the model (0.10-1.24). Conclusions: The number of people being active are modest and are instead using other modes of transportation. This study found several factors both facilitating and impeding active commuting, signifying the importance of applying a broad health promotional approach to active commuting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Glasgow: EUPHA, 2014
Keywords
Active commuting, urban areas, immigrants, outdoor activity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6498 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo28D043C66A8B6EDFC1257DA40030B286 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo28D043C66A8B6EDFC1257DA40030B286 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo28D043C66A8B6EDFC1257DA40030B286 (OAI)
External cooperation:
Conference
European Public Health Conference (EPH), Mind the gap
Available from: 2014-12-05 Created: 2014-12-04 Last updated: 2016-09-09Bibliographically approved
Sjögren Forss, K., Ekvall Hansson, E., Troein, M. & Stjernberg, L. (2014). Patterns of physical activity among women and men before and during pregnancy. Public Health, 128(9), 814-816
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of physical activity among women and men before and during pregnancy
2014 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, Vol. 128, no 9, p. 814-816Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Follow changing physical activity (PA) patterns among women and men during pregnancy compared to before pregnancy. Study design: Longitudinal study. Methods: The study involved 280 individuals, 145 women and 135 men (who were partners to the women), from the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. Data were collected during 2008–2009. We measured the self-reported amount of PA performed outdoors and indoors during the 12 months before pregnancy and throughout the entire pregnancy. Results: Among both women and men, we found changes in PA patterns during pregnancy compared to before pregnancy. Women and men were more physically active before pregnancy than during pregnancy. Similar patterns were found among women and men with regard to the type of activity, with both groups taking more exercise and pursuing aquatic sports, indoor PA and non-strenuous activities before pregnancy and more strolling/walking during pregnancy. Conclusions: Our findings contribute new knowledge about changes in men’s PA patterns from pre-pregnancy to pregnancy that is an unexplored field. Changes in the women’s activity patterns during pregnancy also affect the men. Women seem to adjust their activity patterns during the pregnancy. The changes in activity patterns among the men are more tentative but follow the pattern for the women, which could be explained by the couples sharing their everyday lives. Midwives should consider providing information to men about the importance of being physically active during pregnancy and informing them about their role in encouraging women to be physically active.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Men, Women, Patterns, Physical activity, Pregnancy
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6452 (URN)10.1016/j.puhe.2014.06.010 (DOI)000343162700009 ()oai:bth.se:forskinfo9B31304BA5C9A1BAC1257D8F00734561 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo9B31304BA5C9A1BAC1257D8F00734561 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo9B31304BA5C9A1BAC1257D8F00734561 (OAI)
External cooperation:
Available from: 2015-01-02 Created: 2014-11-13 Last updated: 2016-09-01Bibliographically approved
Sjögren Forss, K. & Stjernberg, L. (2012). Differences in physical activity patterns among women and men with and without children. In: (Ed.), European Journal of Public Health : . Paper presented at European Public Health Association (Malta). , 22(Supl 22)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences in physical activity patterns among women and men with and without children
2012 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, 2012, Vol. 22, no Supl 22Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Due to health effects from participating in physical activity (PA) it is from a public health perspective important to study how participation PA may change over a lifetime and how different life events impact on the participation. Although studies in the field are sparse, parenthood has been found to be a life event associated with decreased PA, especially among women. We studied physical activities performed among women and men with and without children. Methods This study includes data for from parents-to-be, 224 women and 208 men, from Karlskrona municipality, situated in the south eastern part of Sweden. Data collection was carried out during 2008–2009. When contacting the antenatal clinics in the municipality all expectant parents were asked by the midwife about participation in the study. Respondents completed a questionnaire about age, socioeconomic status, level of education, previous children, smoking and alcohol habits, Body Mass Index, self estimated health, and participation in different kinds of outdoor and indoor recreational PA. We measured the self-reported amount of outdoor recreational PA undertaken during the last year. Results Both women and men without children performed more outdoor and indoor PA compared to those who had children. Women walked significantly more (p = 0.017) than men irrespective of whether or not they had children. Women with children participated in significantly more gardening (p = 0.009) and winter sports (p = 0.013) than women without children, and women without children participated in significantly more PA indoors (p = 0.001) than women with children. Men with children participated in significantly more gardening (p = 0.001) than men without children, and men without children participated in significantly more PA indoors (p = 0.006). Conclusions Becoming a parent is a life event that affects participation in PA, both concerning duration and the kind of activities performed. To gain deeper understanding and more insight about reasons for these changed patterns of PA as well as the effects on the outcome of the parents health in a short- and long term would be important to follow prospectively.

Keywords
Physical activity, Parenthood
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6504 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfoE9DC4A3C13E3965DC1257DA40038801C (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfoE9DC4A3C13E3965DC1257DA40038801C (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfoE9DC4A3C13E3965DC1257DA40038801C (OAI)
Conference
European Public Health Association (Malta)
Available from: 2014-12-05 Created: 2014-12-04 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
Sjögren Forss, K., Ekvall Hansson, E. & Stjernberg, L. (2010). Outdoor recreational physical activity and parenthood in a gender perspective: a study from the south eastern part of Sweden. In: (Ed.), European Journal of Public Health: . Paper presented at 3rd European Public Health Conference, Amsterdam 2013. , 20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outdoor recreational physical activity and parenthood in a gender perspective: a study from the south eastern part of Sweden
2010 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, 2010, Vol. 20Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The participation in physical activity (PA) can change during the life time. Parenthood has been found to be a life event that is associated with decreased PA, especially among women, but studies in the field are sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate performance in outdoor recreational PA, and factors influencing participation among parents and non-parents from a gender perspective. Methods This study included 432 individuals, 224 women and 208 men from Karlskrona municipality in the south eastern part of Sweden. Data collection was carried out during the years 2008-09. We measured the self-reported amount of outdoor recreational PA performed during the last year and analysed the dependency of the probability of performing this PA on 25 variables covering individual and socio-economic factors. Results A total of 76% of the women and 65% of the men had performed outdoor recreational PA during the last 12 months before one month prior to pregnancy. Men were affected by a greater number of factors than women. Performing PA indoors and dog or horse ownership emerged as the most important factors associated with the probability of performing outdoor recreational PA. Conclusions Those active in PA were active independent of indoor or outdoor activities, i.e. to be physical active seems to have a special connection to the personality and lifestyle. Becoming a parent is a life-changing event that affects participation in PA. By offering family-oriented PA choices that involve both parfents and children, midwives and health promoters can courage parents to be active and to support each other. The promotion of outdoor recreational PA, which also has restorative effects on well-being, needs to focus on activities which are attractive and affordable for the majority of both women and men.

Keywords
Gender, Outdoor recreation, Parenthood, Physical activity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-6503 (URN)oai:bth.se:forskinfo8D39E25A1D64C393C1257DA400395237 (Local ID)oai:bth.se:forskinfo8D39E25A1D64C393C1257DA400395237 (Archive number)oai:bth.se:forskinfo8D39E25A1D64C393C1257DA400395237 (OAI)
Conference
3rd European Public Health Conference, Amsterdam 2013
Available from: 2014-12-05 Created: 2014-12-04 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved
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