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Opiyo, E., Jagtap, S. & Keshwani, S. (2023). Conceptual Design in Informal Metalworking Microenterprises of Tanzania. Sustainability, 15(2), Article ID 986.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptual Design in Informal Metalworking Microenterprises of Tanzania
2023 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, no 2, article id 986Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Product design is a key aspect of human intelligence and creativity, attracting not only experts but also people without any formal design training. Although numerous people in developing countries design and manufacture products in metalworking microenterprises in the informal sector, there is still little knowledge about their design process. This paper aims to fill this gap in design knowledge. We aim to investigate the design processes in metalworking microenterprises in the informal sector of Tanzania. In particular, we aim to explore how these microenterprises identify consumer needs and requirements, how they determine the specifications for the product, how they generate and evaluate alternative product concepts, and how they define product details. To address these aims, semistructured interviews were carried out in metalworking microenterprises operating in the informal sector of Tanzania. The findings reveal many facets of their design processes, providing a sound basis upon which design methods and tools can be developed to support their design activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
conceptual design, design practice, informal sector, microenterprises, sustainable development, developing countries
National Category
Design Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-24361 (URN)10.3390/su15020986 (DOI)000927345800001 ()
Available from: 2023-03-09 Created: 2023-03-09 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. (2022). Codesign in resource-limited societies: theoretical perspectives, inputs, outputs and influencing factors. Research in Engineering Design, 33(2), 191-211
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Codesign in resource-limited societies: theoretical perspectives, inputs, outputs and influencing factors
2022 (English)In: Research in Engineering Design, ISSN 0934-9839, E-ISSN 1435-6066, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 191-211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Codesign with resource-constrained people living in developing countries is crucial for sustained adoption and use of designed solutions. Several studies have investigated codesign with resource-constrained people. It is, therefore, important to understand what has been investigated and learnt so far as well as to plan for further scholarly exploration of this field. To address this, I applied a systematic literature review (SLR) approach to understand main sources, definitions, and theoretical perspectives regarding codesign with resource-constrained people. The SLR also aimed to understand inputs and outputs of codesign as well as factors influencing the codesign process. The findings portray a multifaceted picture regarding these aspects of codesign. I discuss implications of review findings for the practice of codesigning solutions with resource-constrained people, identify concerns that researchers should have about this field, and offer suggestions for future research in this field of codesign.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Keywords
Design process, Cocreation, Participatory design, Developing countries, Low resource settings, Frugal innovation, DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES, CO-CREATION, POOR PEOPLE, HEALTH-CARE, INNOVATION, BASE, MANAGEMENT, POVERTY, BOTTOM
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22624 (URN)10.1007/s00163-022-00384-1 (DOI)000751682600001 ()2-s2.0-85124233175 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

open access

Available from: 2022-02-17 Created: 2022-02-17 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. (2022). Co-design with marginalised people: designers' perceptions of barriers and enablers. CoDesign - International Journal of CoCreation in Design and the Arts, 18(3), 279-302
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-design with marginalised people: designers' perceptions of barriers and enablers
2022 (English)In: CoDesign - International Journal of CoCreation in Design and the Arts, ISSN 1571-0882, E-ISSN 1745-3755, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 279-302Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The base of the world income pyramid, typically known as the Base of the pyramid (BOP), represents low-income people living in developing countries. Co-design with BOP people is crucial for sustained adoption and use of products and services. Based on interviews with practising designers, we identify barriers and enablers that the designers encounter in undertaking various tasks in the process of co-designing with these marginalised people. The findings suggest that a broad range of factors, related to the BOP context, co-design processes and methods, organisational issues, and aspects of collaboration, support or hinder activities in the co-design process. Consideration of these factors, as perceived by the designers, can lead to more impactful co-design with BOP people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2022
Keywords
Co-design; design process; designer-perceptions; developing countries; base of the Pyramid; frugal innovations; sustainability
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-21256 (URN)10.1080/15710882.2021.1883065 (DOI)000617230000001 ()2-s2.0-85100832987 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-03-18 Created: 2021-03-18 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Opiyo, E., Jagtap, S. & Keshwani, S. (2022). Conceptual Design in Metalworking Microenterprises: An Empirical Study in Tanzania. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: Volume 2: DESIGN2022. Paper presented at International Design Conference – Design 2022 (pp. 2493-2502). Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptual Design in Metalworking Microenterprises: An Empirical Study in Tanzania
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society: Volume 2: DESIGN2022, Cambridge University Press, 2022, p. 2493-2502Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Product design is a key aspect of human intelligence and creativity, attracting not only experts but also workers and self-employed without any formal design training. Although numerous people in developing countries design and manufacture simple products in metalworking microenterprises, there is very little systematic knowledge about their design process. This paper aims to fill this gap in design knowledge. We aim at investigating some aspects of design process in the metalworking microenterprises in Tanzania. The findings reveal how they identify needs, and generate and evaluate concepts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2022
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
Keywords
design practice, conceptual design, design creativity, informal sector, developing countries
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-23331 (URN)10.1017/pds.2022.252 (DOI)
Conference
International Design Conference – Design 2022
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2020-03353
Note

open access

Available from: 2022-06-27 Created: 2022-06-27 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Rosenholm, L., Goswami, P. & Jagtap, S. (2022). Design of (Semi-)Autonomous Vehicles: Perceptions of the People in Sweden. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: Volume 2: DESIGN2022. Paper presented at Proceedings of the Design Society (pp. 1719-1726). Cambridge University Press, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of (Semi-)Autonomous Vehicles: Perceptions of the People in Sweden
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society: Volume 2: DESIGN2022, Cambridge University Press, 2022, Vol. 2, p. 1719-1726Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The field of autonomous vehicles is gaining wide recognition in the industry, academia as well as socialmedia. However, there is a lack of knowledge on expectations of people regarding this topic. To this end,this paper analyses extant research on perceptions of people in various countries about semi-autonomous andautonomous vehicles. Secondly, based on the findings of this analysis, we developed a questionnaire togauge the perceptions of the people in Sweden regarding such vehicles. The findings have important implications for the design of AVs in Sweden, and possibly other countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2022
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
Keywords
autonomous vehicles, artificial intelligence (AI), ethics, user-centred design
National Category
Computer Sciences
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-23144 (URN)10.1017/pds.2022.174 (DOI)
Conference
Proceedings of the Design Society
Note

open access

Available from: 2022-06-15 Created: 2022-06-15 Last updated: 2023-12-28Bibliographically approved
Corsini, L., Jagtap, S. & Moultrie, J. (2022). Design with and by Marginalized People in Humanitarian Makerspaces. International Journal of Design, 16(2), 91-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design with and by Marginalized People in Humanitarian Makerspaces
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Design, ISSN 1991-3761, E-ISSN 1994-036X, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 91-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a growing demand for humanitarian aid around the world as the number of displaced people has reached an unprecedented level. At the same time, the number of community-based design and fabrication makerspaces has been growing exponentially. Recently the humanitarian sector has become interested in how these spaces can help marginalized populations, including migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers. However, there have been few efforts to document what types of design projects marginalized populations develop in these spaces. More broadly, knowledge on design with and by marginalized people remains underdeveloped. This study responds to this gap in knowledge, by analyzing cases from three makerspaces that support migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers in Greece. Ethnographic studies are conducted of twenty-three design projects emerging from these spaces. These projects are analyzed using the framework of Max-Neef’s fundamental needs to show how they simultaneously address functional and non-functional needs. For researchers, this study contributes to knowledge on design with and by marginalized people. For practitioners, this study helps to document the impact of humanitarian makerspaces by showing how design projects emerging from these spaces can address the needs of marginalized people. © 2022 Corsini, Jagtap, & Moultrie.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATL TAIWAN UNIV SCI & TECHNOL, 2022
Keywords
Co-design, Humanitarian Design, Makerspaces, Marginalized People, User-driven Design
National Category
Design International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-23713 (URN)10.57698/v16i2.07 (DOI)000863252500007 ()2-s2.0-85137680118 (Scopus ID)
Note

open access

This research was funded by UK EPSRC Doctoral Training Programme, grant number EP/L504920/1, EPSRC DTP Doctoral Fellowship Award grant number NAAG/070, and School of Technology Travel Award, University of Cambridge, UK.

Available from: 2022-10-03 Created: 2022-10-03 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Khadilkar, P. & Jagtap, S. (2021). Can Design Be Non-paternalistic? Conceptualizing Paternalism in the Design Profession. SHE JI-THE JOURNAL OF DESIGN ECONOMICS AND INNOVATION, 7(4), 589-610
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can Design Be Non-paternalistic? Conceptualizing Paternalism in the Design Profession
2021 (English)In: SHE JI-THE JOURNAL OF DESIGN ECONOMICS AND INNOVATION, ISSN 2405-8726, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 589-610Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Paternalism is an instance of someone making a decision on behalf of someone else. A professional designer can exhibit paternalism through conceptualizing, defining, and selecting current or preferable situations or while finalizing outcomes for stakeholders. Paternalism is thus, a critical ethical dimension related to the design profession. The design academy and community must theorize paternalism if we are to avoid or reduce it. Paternalism may be present at three critical junctures of design decision making. Our three-layer framework examines paternalism as it relates to design process decisions, decisions about participation in design, and normative framework decisions. The circular model represents the hierarchy of paternalistic decision making: any effort to overcome paternalism at the (inner) design level or (middle) participatory level will be ineffective if it is present in the (outer) normative layer. We discuss the extent of possible exhibitions of paternalism and the challenges to avoiding it in decisions at each layer, and contrast these briefly with overtly paternalistic design approaches, such as design for behavior change. We find that design may be inherently paternalistic, at times may need to be that way (in certain contexts especially, where expertise is required for decisions to be made accurately), and that it is up to the individual designer whether they exhibit paternalism in their design decisions or not.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Paternalism in design, Design ethics, Participatory design, Design for behavior change, Philosophy of design, THINKING, PATRIARCHY, BEHAVIOR, WORKING, WOMEN
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22524 (URN)10.1016/j.sheji.2021.09.001 (DOI)000728589200007 ()
Note

open access

Available from: 2022-01-03 Created: 2022-01-03 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. (2021). Design, Frugal Innovations and Low-Resource Settings: An Analysis of Five Contextual Aspects. In: Chakrabarti A., Poovaiah R., Bokil P., Kant V. (Ed.), Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies: . Paper presented at International Conference on Research into Design, ICoRD 2021, IIT Bombay, Mumbai, 7-9 january (pp. 705-714). Springer, 222
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design, Frugal Innovations and Low-Resource Settings: An Analysis of Five Contextual Aspects
2021 (English)In: Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies / [ed] Chakrabarti A., Poovaiah R., Bokil P., Kant V., Springer, 2021, Vol. 222, p. 705-714Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Designing frugal innovations is crucial to alleviate problems faced by peo-ple living in low resource settings. Many design studies have been undertaken in such low resource settings. These studies are discussed using a variety of names such as ‘frugal innovations’, ‘appropriate technology’, ‘design for the Base of the Pyramid (BOP)’, ‘product service systems for BOP’, ‘community development engineering’, ‘design for development’, etc. There is an important need to know in what context these studies were undertaken. In order to gain an in-depth understanding of the con-textual aspects of these studies, we review a wide range of literature, focussing on design studies in this field. The review findings show a multifaceted picture, revealing a large variety in examination and presentation of contextual aspects such as income, design sectors, countries, rural-urban, and gender. Based on the review findings, we offer recommendation for practice, education and research of designing frugal innova-tions in low resource settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Series
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, ISSN 2190-3018, E-ISSN 2190-3026
Keywords
Design process, Product Service Systems, Base of the Pyramid, Frugal Innovations, Low Resource Settings, Context
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-20914 (URN)10.1007/978-981-16-0119-4_57 (DOI)2-s2.0-85105926564 (Scopus ID)9789811601187 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Research into Design, ICoRD 2021, IIT Bombay, Mumbai, 7-9 january
Available from: 2021-01-14 Created: 2021-01-14 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. (2021). Frugal-IDeM: An Integrated Methodology for Designing Frugal Innovations in Low-Resource Settings. In: Chakrabarti A., Poovaiah R., Bokil P., Kant V. (Ed.), Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies: . Paper presented at International Conference on Research into Design, ICoRD 2021, IIT Bombay, 7-9 january (pp. 41-51). Springer, 222
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frugal-IDeM: An Integrated Methodology for Designing Frugal Innovations in Low-Resource Settings
2021 (English)In: Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies / [ed] Chakrabarti A., Poovaiah R., Bokil P., Kant V., Springer, 2021, Vol. 222, p. 41-51Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

People living in low-resource settings at the base of the world income pyra-mid (i.e. Base of the Pyramid — BOP) face several constraints. To satisfy their unmet needs, integrated frugal innovations are necessary. Several studies, discussed using many names such as ‘design for Base of the Pyramid’, ‘design for development’, ‘prod-uct service systems’, ‘frugal innovations’, ‘humanitarian engineering’, ‘appropriate technology’, etc., have explored the design of such integrated frugal innovations for the BOP. Based on ten key design aspects, gleaned from such studies, this paper aims at developing an Integrated Design Methodology for designing frugal innovations for the BOP (Frugal-IDeM). We have related the key design aspects with the various phases in the design and development process. The Frugal-IDeM also includes recommendations for how to implement the key design aspects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Series
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, ISSN 2190-3018, E-ISSN 2190-3026
Keywords
Design process, Integrated Design, Product Service Systems, Base of the Pyramid, Frugal Innovations, Low-Resource Settings
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-20913 (URN)10.1007/978-981-16-0119-4_4 (DOI)2-s2.0-85105930277 (Scopus ID)9789811601187 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Research into Design, ICoRD 2021, IIT Bombay, 7-9 january
Available from: 2021-01-14 Created: 2021-01-14 Last updated: 2023-03-09Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. (2020). BARRIERS AND ENABLERS IN CO-DESIGNING WITH MARGINALISED PEOPLE. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference: . Paper presented at 16th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2020, Virtual, Online, 26 October 2020 - 29 October 2020 (pp. 1931-1940). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BARRIERS AND ENABLERS IN CO-DESIGNING WITH MARGINALISED PEOPLE
2020 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference, Cambridge University Press, 2020, Vol. 1, p. 1931-1940Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Co-design, design process, human behaviour, poverty, base of the pyramid (BOP)Co-design with marginalised people is crucial for sustained adoption and use of frugal innovations or Product Service Systems (PSS). Interviews were conducted with eighteen designers to identify barriers and enablers that they encounter in co-designing with marginalised people. The findings suggest that the factors supporting or hindering this co-design relate to the context of marginalised societies, co-design processes and methods, organisational issues, and aspects of collaboration. Consideration of these factors can lead to more impactful co-design with marginalised people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2020
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
Keywords
co-design, design process, human behaviour, poverty, base of the pyramid (BOP), Product Service Systems (PSS)
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-19869 (URN)10.1017/dsd.2020.56 (DOI)2-s2.0-85110289464 (Scopus ID)
Conference
16th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2020, Virtual, Online, 26 October 2020 - 29 October 2020
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159
Note

open access

Available from: 2020-06-23 Created: 2020-06-23 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Projects
Model Driven Development and Decision Support – MD3S [20120278, 20180159]; Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering; Publications
Toller Melén, C. N. & Watz, M. (2023). Collaborative Value Exploration for Early Product-Service Systems Design: A Group Model Building Approach. In: Luis M. Camarinha-Matos, Xavier Boucher, Angel Ortiz (Ed.), Collaborative Networks in Digitalization and Society 5.0: 24th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2023, Valencia, Spain, September 27–29, 2023, Proceedings. Paper presented at 24th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2023, Valencia, 27 September through 29 September 2023 (pp. 240-252). Springer Science+Business Media B.V.Villamil Velasquez, C. (2023). Guidance in developing a sustainability product portfolio in manufacturing companies. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska HögskolaVillamil Velasquez, C., Schulte, J. & Hallstedt, S. (2023). Implementing sustainability in product portfolio development through digitalization and a game-based approach. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 40, 277-296Elfsberg, J. (2023). Innovation Engineering in Practice: Bridging Exploration and Exploitation in Large Manufacturing Incumbents. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska HögskolaShahid, S., Andreasson, E., Petersson, V., Gukhool, W., Kang, Y. & Kao-Walter, S. (2023). Simplified Characterization of Anisotropic Yield Criteria for an Injection-Molded Polymer Material. Polymers, 15(23), Article ID 4520. Bertoni, M. (2023). Towards Digital Immersive Experiences for Collaborative Value Co-creation in Design. In: Collaborative Networks in Digitalization and Society 5.0: 24th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2023, Valencia, Spain, September 27–29, 2023, Proceedings. Paper presented at PRO-VE 2023 24th IFIP / Socolnet Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, Valencia, 27-29 sept 2023 (pp. 193-206). Springer Science+Business Media B.V.Bertoni, A. & Machchhar, R. J. (2022). A Framework to Address Complexity and Changeability in the Design of Circular Product-Service Systems. In: Kim D.Y., von Cieminski G., Romero D. (Ed.), Advances in Production Management Systems: Smart Manufacturing and Logistics Systems: Turning Ideas into Action, PT II. Paper presented at WG 5.7 International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems, APMS 2022, Gyeongju, South Korea, 25 September through 29 September 2022 (pp. 19-25). Springer Science+Business Media B.V.Scurati, G. W., Bertoni, A. & Bertoni, M. (2022). Boosting Value Co-creation in the Road Construction Industry Through Virtual Prototyping. In: Camarinha-Matos L.M., Ortiz A., Boucher X., Osório A.L. (Ed.), Collaborative Networks in Digitalization and Society 5.0: . Paper presented at 23rd IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2022, Lisbon, 19 September through 21 September 2022 (pp. 613-622). Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 622Machchhar, R. J., Toller, C. N., Bertoni, A. & Bertoni, M. (2022). Data-driven value creation in Smart Product-Service System design: State-of-the-art and research directions. Computers in industry (Print), 137, Article ID 103606. Bertoni, M. & Bertoni, A. (2022). Designing solutions with the product-service systems digital twin: What is now and what is next?. Computers in industry (Print), 138, Article ID 103629.
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1424-751X

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