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Jagtap, Santosh
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Jagtap, S. (2019). Design and Poverty: A Review of Contexts, Roles of Poor People, and Methods. Research in Engineering Design, 30(1), 41-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design and Poverty: A Review of Contexts, Roles of Poor People, and Methods
2019 (English)In: Research in Engineering Design, ISSN 0934-9839, E-ISSN 1435-6066, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 41-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Design is essential to fulfil unmet or under-served needs of resource-poor societies, supporting their social and human development. A great deal of design research has been undertaken in such low resource settings, and is discussed under different names, such as ‘community development engineering’, ‘humanitarian engineering’, ‘appropriate technology’, ‘design for development’, ‘design at the Base of the Pyramid’, etc. This has created an important need to know what has been examined and learnt so far and to plan for further investigation. To address this, we review a broad range of literature, with close examination of 30 design studies in this field. This reveals a multifaceted picture, showing a great diversity in investigation and reporting of attributes of context (income, rural and urban, design sectors, countries, and gender), the roles of poor people (consumers, producers, and co-designers), characteristics of research methods employed (e.g. descriptive and prescriptive, data collection methods, qualitative and quantitative aspects, and unit of analysis), and design topics. Based on the review results, we offer recommendations for further research, identifying concerns that researchers ought to have about this field and suggesting ways in which research in this field can be undertaken and reported.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Poverty · Design process · Design research · Developing countries · Frugal innovations
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16842 (URN)10.1007/s00163-018-0294-7 (DOI)000459004000004 ()
Available from: 2018-08-08 Created: 2018-08-08 Last updated: 2019-03-08Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. (2019). Key guidelines for designing integrated solutions to support development of marginalised societies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 219, 148-165
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Key guidelines for designing integrated solutions to support development of marginalised societies
2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 219, p. 148-165Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Marginalised societies face a wide range of deprivations and constraints at individual, institutional, economic, and technological levels. To satisfy unmet or underserved needs of poor people living in these societies, it is essential to address all the relevant constraints in the target context through the design of integrated solutions. Many studies have explored the design of integrated solutions for these societies using approaches and concepts such as holistic design for low-resource settings, Base of the Pyramid, product service systems, subsistence marketplaces, etc. We perform a systematic review of a broad range of literature on integrated design solutions for marginalised societies, gleaning ten guidelines to support design practice in this field. The derived guidelines cover different phases of the design process and life cycle stages of the solution. Each guideline is supported by findings of several studies. We have also included a detailed, illustrative example for each guideline. Additionally, the review allowed us to offer recommendations for how to use each of the ten guidelines. Finally, we discuss the guidelines relating them to constraints in marginalised societies and unfamiliarity of practitioners about these societies. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
Keywords
Design guidelines, Design process, Integrated solutions, Life cycle phases, Marginalised societies, Product service systems, Life cycle, Base of the pyramids, Integrated designs, Low-resource settings, Product-service systems, Technological level, Product design
National Category
Design Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17698 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.340 (DOI)000463122100016 ()2-s2.0-85061584446 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-07 Created: 2019-03-07 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. & Larsson, T. (2018). Design and Frugal Innovations: Three roles of resource-poor people. In: D. Marjanović, M. Štorga, S. Škec, N. Bojčetić, N. Pavković (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Design Conference: . Paper presented at 15th International Design Conference, Dubrovnik (pp. 2657-2668). The Design Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design and Frugal Innovations: Three roles of resource-poor people
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Design Conference / [ed] D. Marjanović, M. Štorga, S. Škec, N. Bojčetić, N. Pavković, The Design Society, 2018, p. 2657-2668Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Design is imperative to satisfy needs of people in resource-limited societies. Many design studies have been carried out in the context of such societies in developing countries, and are discussed under names such as humanitarian engineering, frugal innovations, appropriate technology, design at the Base of the Pyramid, design for development, etc. In this paper, we review a wide range of literature, with close analysis of 30 design studies in this field to understand how marginalised people were engaged and positioned in those studies and to plan for future research in this field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
social innovation, design research, co-design, frugal innovation, poverty
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16162 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0152 (DOI)9789537738594 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference, Dubrovnik
Projects
Model Driven Development and Decision Support - MD3S
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20120278
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. (2018). Intentions and Inspiration in Shaping Visual Appearance of Products: The Practice of Professional Industrial Designers in India. The Design Journal, 21(1), 85-107
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intentions and Inspiration in Shaping Visual Appearance of Products: The Practice of Professional Industrial Designers in India
2018 (English)In: The Design Journal, ISSN 1460-6965, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 85-107Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eliciting specific intentions and seeking inspiration are important activities in the process of shaping a product’s visual appearance. A survey of the professional industrial designers was conducted to identify intentions (e.g. attributes, emotions) that they attempt to elicit, and also to identify inspiration sources and their media that they prefer not only in generating ideas to realise intentions but also in analysing and communicating intentions. The findings indicate that the designers frequently intend to elicit some specific attributes and emotions. Regarding inspiration sources and media, commonalities as well as differences were observed in the activities - analysing intentions, communicating intentions, and generating ideas to realise intentions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
industrial design; design practice; aesthetics; intentions; inspiration
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15578 (URN)10.1080/14606925.2018.1396075 (DOI)000428990900006 ()
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S. (2018). Shaping products: Differences between expert and novice industrial designers. In: Marjanovic D.,Bojcetic N.,Storga M.,Skec S.,Pavkovic N. (Ed.), Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN: . Paper presented at 15th International Design Conference, Design 2018, Dubrovnik (pp. 2229-2240). The Design Society, 5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaping products: Differences between expert and novice industrial designers
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN / [ed] Marjanovic D.,Bojcetic N.,Storga M.,Skec S.,Pavkovic N., The Design Society, 2018, Vol. 5, p. 2229-2240Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The process of shaping a product's visual appearance is crucial in determining consumer response. However, extant research on the nature of expertise in this process is scarce. Specifically, there is absence of studies investigating differences between how expert and novice industrial designers use information in this process. This research, using think aloud method, compared informational behaviour of an expert and a novice industrial designer in shaping products. We report rich qualitative accounts of their informational behaviour, revealing a sharp contrast between them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
Industrial design, aesthetics, sketching, product styling, visual appearance
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16356 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0159 (DOI)9789537738594 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference, Design 2018, Dubrovnik
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved
Asbjörn Sörensen, C., Jagtap, S. & Warell, A. (2017). A shift from technical properties towards sensorial characteristics in product design education. In: Gulden T.,Pavel N.,Kovacevic A.,Buck L.,Bohemia E.,Berg A. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education:: Building Community: Design Education for a Sustainable Future. Paper presented at 19th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, Oslo (pp. 388-393). Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A shift from technical properties towards sensorial characteristics in product design education
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education:: Building Community: Design Education for a Sustainable Future / [ed] Gulden T.,Pavel N.,Kovacevic A.,Buck L.,Bohemia E.,Berg A., Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society , 2017, p. 388-393Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to evaluate a new pedagogic approach implemented in a compulsory materials course for product design students at bachelors level at ABC University. When developing a new curriculum for the material course, a decision was made to teach materials and production methods in a contextualized setting with emphasis on how students can deal with materials in a design process. Methods can be seen as mental tools that aid the design students in navigating complexity and offers them a structure to deal with unfamiliar territories. After an evaluation, some methods, guidelines and tools were selected to integrate in the compulsory materials course for the product design students, e.g. the Expressive-Sensorial Atlas [1], Meaning Driven Materials Selection [2] and the Material Driven Design method [3]. The implementation is made in two steps in order to test, evaluate and further develop a framework for teaching materials courses to product design students. The study evaluate the first step of implementation in general, and the implementation of the Material Driven Design method in particular. It is hoped that this research can contribute to further development of pedagogical approaches for teaching materials and production methods in a contextualized setting for product design students at bachelors level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society, 2017
Keywords
Material driven design, Material education, Material selection, Product design, Teaching practice
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15975 (URN)000441174300065 ()9781904670841 (ISBN)
Conference
19th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, Oslo
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2018-08-24Bibliographically approved
Jagtap, S., Larsson, A. & Warell, A. (2017). Design For Resource-Limited Societies: Informational Behaviour Of Designers. In: aier, A; Skec, S; Kim, H; Kokkolaras, M; Oehmen, J; Fadel, G; Salustri, F; VanDerLoos, M (Ed.), DS87-1 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 17), VOL 1: RESOURCE SENSITIVE DESIGN, DESIGN RESEARCH APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES: . Paper presented at 21st International Conference On Engineering Design, Iced17, Vancouver (pp. 21-31).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design For Resource-Limited Societies: Informational Behaviour Of Designers
2017 (English)In: DS87-1 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 17), VOL 1: RESOURCE SENSITIVE DESIGN, DESIGN RESEARCH APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES / [ed] aier, A; Skec, S; Kim, H; Kokkolaras, M; Oehmen, J; Fadel, G; Salustri, F; VanDerLoos, M, 2017, p. 21-31Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There is a sharp contrast between High Resource Settings (HRSs), commonly seen in developedcountries and Low Resource Settings (LRSs), typically found in the marginalised sections of societiesaround the world. Product design for LRSs is crucial to satisfy unmet or under-served needs of thepeople living in LRSs. Supporting designers to develop successful products for LRSs demandsdeveloping an in-depth understanding of their design process, including their informational behaviour.In this research, using think aloud protocol analysis, we compared the designers’ informationalbehaviour in designing products for LRSs and HRSs, where HRSs is considered a baseline. The findingsindicate that designing products for LRSs is more information intensive, and that it influences theinformational activities of designers, thus indicating potential impact of a resource-setting on the waydesigners deal with information.

Series
Proceedings of the 21stInternational Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17)
Keywords
Design process, Human behaviour in design, Design cognition, Poverty and Base of the Pyramid, Resource-limited societies
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15080 (URN)000455059100003 ()978-1-904670-89-6 (ISBN)
Conference
21st International Conference On Engineering Design, Iced17, Vancouver
Available from: 2017-08-30 Created: 2017-08-30 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Asbjorn Sorensen, C., Warell, A. & Jagtap, S. (2017). Material selection: A qualitative case study of five design consultancies. In: Maier, A; Skec, S; Kim, H; Kokkolaras, M; Oehmen, J; Fadel, G; Salustri, F; VanDerLoos, M (Ed.), DS87-1 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 17), VOL 1: RESOURCE SENSITIVE DESIGN, DESIGN RESEARCH APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES: . Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Vancouver (pp. 439-448). The Design Society (DS87-1), Article ID DS87-1.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Material selection: A qualitative case study of five design consultancies
2017 (English)In: DS87-1 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 17), VOL 1: RESOURCE SENSITIVE DESIGN, DESIGN RESEARCH APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES / [ed] Maier, A; Skec, S; Kim, H; Kokkolaras, M; Oehmen, J; Fadel, G; Salustri, F; VanDerLoos, M, The Design Society, 2017, no DS87-1, p. 439-448, article id DS87-1Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This qualitative case study aims at understanding when and how industrial designers, working in design consultancies, engage in activities that will influence material selection in the design process. While the extant literature presents material selection processes as a sequence of activities aimed at finding candidate materials, there is paucity of research on material criteria activities. Formulating material criteria is an activity that is performed during all design phases and they become clearer and more complete throughout the project. For the case studies, explorative semi-structured interviews were conducted with five industrial designers with 10 years of work experience or more. The results suggest (a) that risk management has a major influence on the material selection process, (b) that negotiations of project boundaries in the 'fuzzy' pre-design phase has crucial influence on the risk management aspect of the material criteria activities, and (c) a lack of awareness that design briefs usually outline material criteria expressed as sensorial characteristics, which are later translated by engineering into final material criteria used for the material selection process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2017
Keywords
Case study, Design engineering, Design practice, Design process, Risk management
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15309 (URN)000455059100045 ()2-s2.0-85029738160 (Scopus ID)
Conference
21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Vancouver
Available from: 2017-10-06 Created: 2017-10-06 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
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