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Nikulina, V., Baumann, H., Simon, D. & Sprei, F. (2018). Sustainable Transport Futures: Analysis of the Selected Methodologies Supporting the Planning Process Towards Achieving Goal 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities. In: W. Leal Filho (Ed.), Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research: (pp. 473-488). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Transport Futures: Analysis of the Selected Methodologies Supporting the Planning Process Towards Achieving Goal 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities
2018 (English)In: Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research / [ed] W. Leal Filho, Springer, 2018, p. 473-488Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A quarter of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) originate from the transportation sector. Continuously increasing demand for transportation services worldwide is one of the main urban challenges addressed by Sustainable Development Goal 11, target 2. One way to address this issue is to develop an integrated transportation system that can ensure confidence and comfort for the passengers. This will contribute not only to the customers’ experience but also to operators and authorities through sustainable, cost-effective, and profitable services. Conversely, the lack of such a system or a poorly managed system prevents the economy and society from realizing its potential. In the transition towards sustainability, the planning process of complex systems such as transportation often requires supportive tools and methods, such as futures methodologies that assist decision-making by providing information about possible futures. In today’s rapidly changing environment, forecasting tools do not always provide the expected outcomes since it is difficult to predict all the unexpected events. Therefore, there is a demand for alternative methods that not only grasp the constant changes but also create additional value (for example, meeting the needs of multisectoral collaboration and creation of common vision). The present article investigates the usefulness of three such methodologies, namely backcasting, foresighting, and SymbioCity, for the planning process of the bus park and railway station in Kisumu, Kenya, and Centralen in Gothenburg, Sweden. The paper’s contribution is a description of the Kenyan transportation system (which has not been studied in detail before), planning process, and pertinent issues related to the stations both in Kisumu and Gothenburg, located in the sharply contrasting contexts of global South and global North, respectively. On the basis of field research, interviews, and feasibility study of futures methodologies, the paper concludes that backcasting is the most suitable of the methodologies for both places, since it can be applied at a small scale, and provides creative solutions and has a high level of integration of stakeholders. Furthermore, the paper examines the application of the futures methodologies in multisectoral urban transitions apart from transportation and draws conclusion on what can be learnt from it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Sustainability; Development; Transition; Transportation; Planning process; Multisectoral collaboration; Current state; Backcasting; Forecasting; Bus park; Railway station; Kisumu, Kenya; Centralen; Gothenburg, Sweden
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17436 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-63007-6_29 (DOI)978-3-319-63007-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Nikulina, V., Lindal, J., Baumann, H., Simon, D. & Ny, H.Lost in translation: a framework for analysing complexity of co-production settings in relation to epistemic communities, language and culture..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lost in translation: a framework for analysing complexity of co-production settings in relation to epistemic communities, language and culture.
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Planning in modern urban environments requires skills to address complexity in order to move towards sustainability. Co-production of knowledge in transdisciplinary groups was found to be a useful tool in such contexts. Using the concepts of multilingualism, epistemic communities and culture, the article proposed a conceptual framework for analysing complexity of co-production settings, as an indispensable means of managing complex challenges. The framework was evaluated based on inclusiveness, cross-sectoral understanding, applicability in different contexts and time perspectives. Moreover, it was compared to other studies. Based on the framework, several suggestions to maintain were put forth for a process leader (facilitator) when preparing for a co-production process: linguistic equality between participants, disciplinary integrity, a working culture of mutual respect, simultaneous mitigation and informed facilitation. Finally, the article suggested possible future research questions, related to development of the framework: identification of levels of complexity and mapping specific tools to address complexity at each level; integration of other factors of diversity, such as gender, age, as well as political and institutional contexts.

Keywords
transdisciplinary, multilingual, multicultural, epistemic communities, multi-stakeholder dialogue, urban planning
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17443 (URN)
Note

To be submitted to Futures journal.

Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0974-3196

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