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Title [en]
STOSIP - STRATEGIC, TACTICAL AND OPERATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABILITY INTO THE INNOVATION PROCESS
Abstract [en]
STOSIP has the objective to support manufacturing companies to integrate and implement sustainability on strategic, tactical and operational levels.
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Villamil Velasquez, C. (2023). Guidance in developing a sustainability product portfolio in manufacturing companies. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Guidance in developing a sustainability product portfolio in manufacturing companies
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

During the last decade, manufacturing companies have experienced an increased demand for solutions that promote socio-ecological sustainability. To succeed in the sustainability transformation, companies need to systematically and strategically implement sustainability performance in their product portfolios. Many companies decide which services, products, and technologies to include in their product portfolios using evaluation criteria related to, for example, cost, quality, risk, revenue, time, and market position. However, often, sustainability aspects are not integrated into such criteria. Incorporating sustainability aspects in the portfolio evaluation criteria could ensure the development of sustainability-promoting solutions. This should be done in the early stages of the product development process, where there is more room for innovation than later in the process. 

The aim of this research is to provide a better understanding of how sustainability performance can be implemented in the product portfolio process of manufacturing companies and thereby support the companies’ sustainability transformation. The research has focused on: 1) how to define the concept of sustainability product portfolios based on the state of the art and the state of practice, 2) determining the current situation in industry related to implementation of sustainability performance in product portfolios, 3) identifying the most used criteria and tools for product portfolio evaluation, and 4) determining how product portfolios are planned, implemented and managed. 

Literature reviews, interviews and workshops were used to collect data from seven large manufacturing companies located in Sweden, one small company located in Colombia, and several research groups and master level student groups. The collected data from industrial cases was organized, processed, analyzed, and verified to provide academic and industry background, to guide the implementation of sustainability performance in the product portfolio

The results from the studies provided a basis for creating guidance in developing a sustainability product portfolio in a company. The guidance includes: i) a definition of the sustainability product portfolio concept; ii) a list of common product portfolio evaluation criteria to be used for a  selection of  portfolio components; iii) key factors to succeed with the integration of sustainability aspects in portfolio development and to implement sustainability performance in the product portfolio; iv) an initial conceptualization model to support the sustainability implementation process in product portfolios; and, v) a digitalized and game-based prototype of the strategic layered double-flow scenario modeling for sustainability risk and portfolio management (STARDUST) method, to guide companies in the implementation of sustainability in their product portfolio. 

With the outcome of this research, practitioners can be supported in their decision-making, especially in the planning stages, with a strategic sustainability perspective to identify sustainability hotspots. Moreover, evaluate portfolio components with a sustainability-informed market-success perspective, compare solutions, and identify benefits and risk that might modify the product portfolio over time.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2023
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 1
Keywords
Product portfolio, sustainability product portfolio, sustainable product development, portfolio evaluation criteria, early design phase, strategic sustainability, strategic plan.
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering Environmental Management Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Strategic Sustainable Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-24254 (URN)978-91-7295-448-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-03-24, J1630, Campus Gräsvik, Karlskrona, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-01-31 Created: 2023-01-30 Last updated: 2023-03-01Bibliographically approved
Missimer, M. & Lagun Mesquita, P. (2022). Social Sustainability in Business Organizations: A Research Agenda. Sustainability, 14(5), Article ID 2608.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Sustainability in Business Organizations: A Research Agenda
2022 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 5, article id 2608Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since the economic crisis in 2008, the world has seen a partly negative shift in social progress, highlighting that current economic models and practices do not guarantee long-lasting societal and human wellbeing. Economic models and business practices are deeply intertwined; thus, businesses play a major role in the advancement of social sustainability, and academic research can offer support in navigating the complexity of this issue. However, social sustainability tends to be under-researched. This article summarizes the discussion in general business management, product development, and supply-chain management, and from this suggest a research agenda to help in guiding systematic change in business organizations towards social sustainability. The article identifies ten main challenges and offers five recommendations to move the field forward, namely, a more explicit engagement with and discussion of social systems-science based ideas, and a more explicit determination as a field to converge on key pieces leading towards a clearer definition of the concept. Lastly, it recommends that research needs to focus on how to overcome fragmented organizational structures, how to achieve true integration into existing processes and tools, and how to support organizations to become more dynamic in working with these issues. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
Business, Research agenda, Social sustainability, Strategic sustainable development, Systems approaches, economic conditions, maximum sustainable yield, supply chain management, sustainability
National Category
Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22735 (URN)10.3390/su14052608 (DOI)000768885500001 ()2-s2.0-85125329150 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20140154
Note

open access

Available from: 2022-03-10 Created: 2022-03-10 Last updated: 2022-04-01Bibliographically approved
Watz, M. (2022). Towards sustainable product development through a lens of requirements. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards sustainable product development through a lens of requirements
2022 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Product development companies’ attention and desire to contribute to sustainable development is growing fast but requires new capabilities. The socioecological systems constitute a complex landscape of operating conditions from which product development identify needs for new products. Correct needs interpretation is essential to ensure that the requirements that the needs are transformed into do represent the shared understanding of the design problem that is to be solved. However, companies find it challenging to integrate sustainability into requirements. Socioecological criteria therefore tend to be down prioritized in trade-offs with traditionally identified requirements for engineering design.

This thesis asks the following question: “In which ways can decision-making practices for requirements development and management support sustainable product development?” and aims to provide deeper knowledge to academia and support product development companies that wish to advance their contribution to sustainable development. A mainly qualitative research design using exploratory, descriptive, and prescriptive studies clarifies the research gap, and proposes and evaluates novel approaches to improve the state of knowledge and practice. These research studies are represented by the seven publications within this thesis. The first was a systematic literature review on current methods and tools for sustainability integration into requirements. Thereafter followed a multiple-case study with semi-structured interviews at seven Swedish product development companies. A model of five key elements of sustainability integration in requirements was proposed, which in a third, focus group case study with four companies, was developed into, and tested as, a self-assessment tool. The results were discussed in relation to theory on requirements engineering and sustainability design criteria, which emphasized that companies lack capabilities to contextualize requirements development using wider sustainability- and systems perspectives. Decision-makers responsible for requirements weighting need to anchor sustainability as a value driver which requires transparency and traceability in decision-support. A fourth study therefore explored sustainability integration in value modelling for concept selection, and a fifth study proposed an approach to guide sustainability criteria development following requirement characteristics. The sixth study proposed an approach to inform requirement analysis through improved systems contextualization, transparency, and shared understanding of sustainability in relation to other design objectives. Finally, the seventh study provided an outlook and initial discussion to guide the identification of value drivers on a macro-level in society which could leverage an increased uptake of sustainability-oriented requirements in product development

Altogether this thesis provides insights and approaches to guide companies to advance towards sustainable product development through the lens of requirements. Examples include key characteristics of, and principles for, identifying sustainability criteria and developing requirements using strategic sustainability thinking, as well as a support tool for guiding activities in different steps of the requirements development. The findings can also be used in education of future engineers and decision-makers, and for continued research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2022
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 2022:02
Keywords
Strategic sustainable development, sustainable product development, sustainable design, product design, sustainability criteria, requirements development, requirements, system analysis, group model building
National Category
Engineering and Technology Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Applied Mechanics
Research subject
Strategic Sustainable Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22730 (URN)978-91-7295-436-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2022-06-02, J1630, Campus Gräsvik, Karlskrona, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 2199
Available from: 2022-03-10 Created: 2022-03-09 Last updated: 2022-05-05Bibliographically approved
Bertoni, M. (2019). Multi-Criteria Decision Making for Sustainability and Value Assessment in Early PSS Design. Sustainability, 11(7), 1952-1979, Article ID 1952.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multi-Criteria Decision Making for Sustainability and Value Assessment in Early PSS Design
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 7, p. 1952-1979, article id 1952Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sustainability is increasingly recognized as a key innovation capability in the organization. However, it is not always evident for manufacturers how sustainability targets shall be “mixed and matched” with more traditional objectives—such as quality, time, cost, and performances—when designing and developing solutions. The emergence of “servitization” and product-service systems (PSS) further emphasizes the need for making thoughtful trade-offs between technical aspects, business strategies, and environmental benefits of a design. The objective of this paper is to investigate how multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) models shall be applied to down-select PSS concepts from a value perspective, by considering sustainability as one of the attributes of a design contributing to the overall value of a solution. Emerging from the findings of a multiple case study in the aerospace and construction sector, the paper presents a five-step iterative process to support decision making for sustainable PSS design, which was further applied to design an electrical load carrier. The findings show that the proposed approach creates a “hub” where argumentations related to “value” and “sustainability” of PSS solution concepts can be systematically captured in a way that supports the discussion on the appropriate quantification strategy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
product-service systems; circular economy; concept design; multi-criteria decision making; sustainability
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17757 (URN)10.3390/su11071952 (DOI)000466551600129 ()
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180159Knowledge Foundation, 20140154
Note

open access

Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2022-03-11Bibliographically approved
Villamil Velasquez, C., Nylander, J., Hallstedt, S., Schulte, J. & Watz, M. (2018). Additive manufacturing from a strategic sustainability perspective. In: Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N. (Ed.), Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN: . Paper presented at 15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik, Croatia, 21 May 2018 through 24 May 2018 (pp. 1381-1392). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Additive manufacturing from a strategic sustainability perspective
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN / [ed] Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N., Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture , 2018, Vol. 3, p. 1381-1392Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There are high expectations of additive manufacturing (AM) as a technology to improve manufacturing efficiency and reduce material waste. This study aims to clarify the sustainability advantages and challenges of AM technologies used in industry by testing and applying a strategic sustainability life cycle assessment in the early development stage. The result showed possibilities from using the tool and some areas of certain interest regarding improvement potentials of the AM technologies, i.e. value chain management, concept design, optimized material usage, and social sustainability

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 2018
Keywords
additive manufacturing, life cycle assessment (LCA), product development, sustainability, aerospace industry
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16967 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0353 (DOI)9789537738594 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik, Croatia, 21 May 2018 through 24 May 2018
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2023-06-07Bibliographically approved
Watz, M. & Hallstedt, S. (2018). Integrating Sustainability in Product Requirements. In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN: . Paper presented at 15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik (pp. 1405-1416). The Design Society, 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating Sustainability in Product Requirements
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN, The Design Society, 2018, Vol. 3, p. 1405-1416Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Trade-offs between sustainability criteria and engineering design variables can lead to sub-optimisations and costly short-term priorities. This study explores how sustainability requirements can be identified and integrated in product requirements to guide strategic and tactical decisions in product development including sustainability perspectives. Literature review and action research resulted in a proposed systematic approach that: define sustainability criteria and indicators; use correlation analysis with QFD; and adds identified specific sustainability requirements to requirement list.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
sustainability, requirements management, early design phase, product development DOWNLOAD
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16718 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0377 (DOI)9789537738594 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-07-03 Created: 2018-07-03 Last updated: 2022-03-09Bibliographically approved
Schulte, J. & Hallstedt, S. (2018). Sustainability Risk Management for Product Innovation. In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN: . Paper presented at 15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik (pp. 655-666). The Design Society, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability Risk Management for Product Innovation
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN, The Design Society, 2018, Vol. 1, p. 655-666Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Social and environmental issues are directly connected to many of the most important risks that productdevelopment companies are facing. Based on literature review and interviews, this study investigatesrisk management practices on the strategic, tactical, and operational levels of companies. The findingsare used to identify preconditions for integrating sustainability into risk management processes andsupport tools. The results show that sustainability risks need to be connected to company objectivesthrough internal and external stakeholder value creation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
risk management, sustainability, case study, requirements management, value
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16951 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0239 (DOI)9789537738594 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-09-03 Created: 2018-09-03 Last updated: 2021-08-25Bibliographically approved
Schulte, J. & Hallstedt, S. (2018). Workshop Method for Early Sustainable Product Development. In: DS 92: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2018 15th International Design Conference: . Paper presented at DESIGN 2018 15th International Design Conference, Dubrovnik (pp. 2751-2762). The Design Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Workshop Method for Early Sustainable Product Development
2018 (English)In: DS 92: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2018 15th International Design Conference, The Design Society, 2018, p. 2751-2762Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is in the early phases of product development that most of a product’s life-cycle sustainability impact is determined. This study presents a workshop method that has the purpose to support multi-disciplinary teams in sustainable product development, focusing on early phases. The workshop method aims to map the sustainability challenges and opportunities of a concept at an overarching level, utilizing backcasting from sustainability principles in three steps: create vision, assess current state, derive strategies. Testing and validation was done at two companies and with one academic group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2018
Series
Design DS, ISSN 1847-9073
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16848 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0209 (DOI)978-953-7738-59-4 (ISBN)
Conference
DESIGN 2018 15th International Design Conference, Dubrovnik
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2018-08-12 Created: 2018-08-12 Last updated: 2021-08-25Bibliographically approved
Jaghbeer, Y., Motyka, Y. & Hallstedt, S. (2017). A process for designing lean-and sustainable production. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED: . Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Vancouver (pp. 51-60). The Design Society (DS87-1), Article ID DS87-1.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A process for designing lean-and sustainable production
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, The Design Society, 2017, no DS87-1, p. 51-60, article id DS87-1Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Today's trends such as globalization, increased customer demands, and increased sustainability challenges have caused a paradigm shift, where the importance of designing lean-and sustainable modern manufacturing systems is realized by many companies. This study proposes a process of action steps using Value Stream Mapping method integrated with sustainability life cycle analysis and sustainability compliance index to assist in designing lean-and sustainable production systems. The developed process was validated through a case study to test the adopted tools and how they can capture and improve the lean-and sustainability levels. The current sustainability and lean levels were explored first, followed by analyzing and developing the future improved state. A roadmap of about 40 actions was suggested to the case company distributed on a one year time plan. The key contribution of this study is an applicable and generic process of action steps including several adopted tools from the leanand sustainable product development fields to help manufacturing companies in creating roadmaps for more lean-and sustainable production systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2017
Keywords
Case study, Lean design, Lean production systems, Sustainability, Value Stream Mapping
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15304 (URN)000455059100006 ()2-s2.0-85029749590 (Scopus ID)
Conference
21st International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Vancouver
Available from: 2017-10-06 Created: 2017-10-06 Last updated: 2021-08-25Bibliographically approved
Bertoni, M., Rondini, A. & Pezzotta, G. (2017). A systematic review of value metrics for PSS design. In: Procedia CIRP: . Paper presented at 9th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product/Service-Systems (IPSS), Copenhagen (pp. 289-294). , 64
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A systematic review of value metrics for PSS design
2017 (English)In: Procedia CIRP, 2017, Vol. 64, p. 289-294Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The notion of ‘value’ has become pivotal in the PSS domain, with a plethora of ‘indicators’, ‘drivers’ and ‘measurements’ proposed to guide the assessment of PSS concepts across the design process. This paper presents the results of a systematic literature review that maps existing contributions dealing with metrics for PSS value in early design. The findings reveal the lack of a common taxonomy to define what PSS value is, as well as differences in terms of granularity of the applied metrics, which span from very generic to highly case-study specific. This mapping aims at validating a proposed classification framework for such metrics, which balances customer and provider value perspectives in early stage PSS concept assessment activities. Its goal is to raise the cross-functional design team awareness on the multiple value types impacted by early stage design decisions when working with MADM matrixes; hence to highlight opportunities for improvement, recombination and refinement. 

Series
Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271
Keywords
PSS value; classification framework; customer value; provider value; assessment criteria; assessment factors
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-14141 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2017.03.057 (DOI)000414528200049 ()
Conference
9th CIRP Conference on Industrial Product/Service-Systems (IPSS), Copenhagen
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Open access

Available from: 2017-05-02 Created: 2017-05-02 Last updated: 2021-08-25Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorHallstedt, Sophie
Coordinating organisation
Blekinge Institute of Technology
Funder
Period
2015-02-01 - 2018-01-31
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:2434Project, id: 20140154