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A synergy based method for designing ITS services
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: international Journal of Advanced Logistics, ISSN 2287-7592, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 45-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we propose a method for supporting the process of designing Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) services, which utilizes on primarily functional synergies with already existing services. Using synergies between services will enable sharing of resources, such as, information entities, functions and technical resources, which in turn may lead to reduced costs for implementing services. The method is built around an existing service description framework, which is used to describe both existing services and the service to be designed. In order to illustrate the usage of the suggested method, we have applied it for designing a new ITS service, i.e., the Liability Intelligent Transport System (LITS) service. The purpose of the LITS service is to support the process of identifying when, where and why freight has been damaged, and which actor was responsible when the freight was damaged. The LITS service may lead to better quality control of consignments and may also facilitate the identification of which actor was responsible for the freight damage, which is of particular interest in multi-modal transport. By applying our service design method we were able to identify that three out of four functions of the LITS service already exist in other existing ITS services. Therefore, the LITS service can be designed based on synergies with these services.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis , 2013. Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 45-54
Emneord [en]
freight damage, e-Waybill, ITS services, services synergy, service design method
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-6522DOI: 10.1080/2287108X.2013.11006086Lokal ID: oai:bth.se:forskinfoB854C49CC15108A9C1257C3500396810OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-6522DiVA, id: diva2:834040
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-11-28 Laget: 2013-12-02 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
2016 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

In freight transportation, a waybill is an important document that contains essential information about a consignment. The focus of this thesis is on a multi-purpose electronic waybill (e-Waybill) service, which can provide the functions of a paper waybill, and which is capable of storing, at least, the information present in a paper waybill. In addition, the service can be used to support other existing Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) services by utilizing on synergies with the existing services. Additionally, information entities from the e-Waybill service are investigated for the purpose of knowledge-building concerning freight flows.

A systematic review on state-of-the-art of the e-Waybill service reveals several limitations, such as limited focus on supporting ITS services. Five different conceptual e-Waybill solutions (that can be seen as abstract system designs for implementing the e-Waybill service) are proposed. The solutions are investigated for functional and technical requirements (non-functional requirements), which can potentially impose constraints on a potential system for implementing the e-Waybill service. Further, the service is investigated for information and functional synergies with other ITS services. For information synergy analysis, the required input information entities for different ITS services are identified; and if at least one information entity can be provided by an e-Waybill at the right location we regard it to be a synergy. Additionally, a service design method has been proposed for supporting the process of designing new ITS services, which primarily utilizes on functional synergies between the e-Waybill and different existing ITS services. The suggested method is applied for designing a new ITS service, i.e., the Liability Intelligent Transport System (LITS) service. The purpose of the LITS service isto support the process of identifying when and where a consignment has been damaged and who was responsible when the damage occurred. Furthermore, information entities from e-Waybills are utilized for building improved knowledge concerning freight flows. A freight and route estimation method has been proposed for building improved knowledge, e.g., in national road administrations, on the movement of trucks and freight.

The results from this thesis can be used to support the choice of practical e-Waybill service implementation, which has the possibility to provide high synergy with ITS services. This may lead to a higher utilization of ITS services and more sustainable transport, e.g., in terms of reduced congestion and emissions. Furthermore, the implemented e-Waybill service can be an enabler for collecting consignment and traffic data and converting the data into useful traffic information. In particular, the service can lead to increasing amounts of digitally stored data about consignments, which can lead to improved knowledge on the movement of freight and trucks. The knowledge may be helpful when making decisions concerning road taxes, fees, and infrastructure investments.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2016. s. 210
Serie
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 4
Emneord
Electronic waybill, e-waybill, Intelligent transport system, ITS services, Freight transport
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-11775 (URN)978-91-7295-326-0 (ISBN)
Disputas
2016-05-17, Ateljén, Biblioteksgatan 4, Karlshamn, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-04-07 Laget: 2016-03-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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