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A Simulation Study of the Electronic Waybill Service
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
Netport Science Park, Karlshamn.
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings - EMS 2015: UKSim-AMSS 9th IEEE European Modelling Symposium on Computer Modelling and Simulation / [ed] David Al-Dabas, Gregorio Romero, Alessandra Orsoni, Athanasios Pantelous, IEEE Computer Society, 2015, s. 307-312Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

We present results from a simulation study, whichwas designed for investigating the potential positive impacts, i.e., the invoicing and processing time, and financial savings,when using an electronic waybill instead of paper waybillsfor road-based freight transportation. The simulation modelis implemented in an experiment for three different scenarios,where the processing time for waybills at the freight loadingand unloading locations in a particular scenario differs fromother scenarios. The results indicate that a saving of 65%–99%in the invoicing time can be achieved when using an electronicwaybill instead of paper waybills. Our study can be helpful todecision makers, e.g., managers and staff dealing with paperwaybills, to estimate the potential benefits when making deci-sions concerning the implementation of an electronic waybillsolution for replacing paper waybills.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IEEE Computer Society, 2015. s. 307-312
Nyckelord [en]
Freight transportation; Invoicing time; Simulation; Waybill
Nationell ämneskategori
Data- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-10878DOI: 10.1109/EMS.2015.53ISI: 000411862000035ISBN: 9781509002061 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-10878DiVA, id: diva2:864099
Konferens
9th UKSim-AMSS IEEE European Modelling Symposium on Computer Modelling and Simulation, EMS
Tillgänglig från: 2015-10-25 Skapad: 2015-10-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In freight transportation, a waybill is an important document that contains essential information about a consignment. The focus of this thesis is on a multi-purpose electronic waybill (e-Waybill) service, which can provide the functions of a paper waybill, and which is capable of storing, at least, the information present in a paper waybill. In addition, the service can be used to support other existing Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) services by utilizing on synergies with the existing services. Additionally, information entities from the e-Waybill service are investigated for the purpose of knowledge-building concerning freight flows.

A systematic review on state-of-the-art of the e-Waybill service reveals several limitations, such as limited focus on supporting ITS services. Five different conceptual e-Waybill solutions (that can be seen as abstract system designs for implementing the e-Waybill service) are proposed. The solutions are investigated for functional and technical requirements (non-functional requirements), which can potentially impose constraints on a potential system for implementing the e-Waybill service. Further, the service is investigated for information and functional synergies with other ITS services. For information synergy analysis, the required input information entities for different ITS services are identified; and if at least one information entity can be provided by an e-Waybill at the right location we regard it to be a synergy. Additionally, a service design method has been proposed for supporting the process of designing new ITS services, which primarily utilizes on functional synergies between the e-Waybill and different existing ITS services. The suggested method is applied for designing a new ITS service, i.e., the Liability Intelligent Transport System (LITS) service. The purpose of the LITS service isto support the process of identifying when and where a consignment has been damaged and who was responsible when the damage occurred. Furthermore, information entities from e-Waybills are utilized for building improved knowledge concerning freight flows. A freight and route estimation method has been proposed for building improved knowledge, e.g., in national road administrations, on the movement of trucks and freight.

The results from this thesis can be used to support the choice of practical e-Waybill service implementation, which has the possibility to provide high synergy with ITS services. This may lead to a higher utilization of ITS services and more sustainable transport, e.g., in terms of reduced congestion and emissions. Furthermore, the implemented e-Waybill service can be an enabler for collecting consignment and traffic data and converting the data into useful traffic information. In particular, the service can lead to increasing amounts of digitally stored data about consignments, which can lead to improved knowledge on the movement of freight and trucks. The knowledge may be helpful when making decisions concerning road taxes, fees, and infrastructure investments.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2016. s. 210
Serie
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 4
Nyckelord
Electronic waybill, e-waybill, Intelligent transport system, ITS services, Freight transport
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-11775 (URN)978-91-7295-326-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2016-05-17, Ateljén, Biblioteksgatan 4, Karlshamn, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2016-04-07 Skapad: 2016-03-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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