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Ten years incidence of cancer in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, IRN.
Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, IRN.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5124-6025
Shiraz Univ Med Sci, IRN.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
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2018 (English)In: CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AND GLOBAL HEALTH, ISSN 2452-0918, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 94-102Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Designing and implementation of screening programs depend on greatly epidemiologic basic data in every country. Also Variation in the incidence of various cancers in our country has been a favorite topic. Objectives: This systematic review was conducted to provide an overall perspective about incidence, geographical and age distribution of cancers in Iran. Methods: A comprehensive search were done according to MOOSE guideline criteria in national and international databases for selecting eligible articles from 2005 to 2015. After screening titles and abstracts, duplicated and irrelevant studies were excluded. Selected papers are written in Persian or English. The standard error of the cancer incidence was calculated based on the binomial distribution. Because of the significant heterogeneity observed among the results, we used a random-effects model combine the results of the primary studies. Moreover, a sensitivity analysis was undertaken to explore the effects of the risk of bias and other sources of heterogeneity. Results: Overall 16 articles met eligibility criteria for inclusion. The total incidence of cancer was 19.4 and 17.2 per hundred thousand of people in males and females respectively. The five most common cancers in male were: Lymphoma, leukemia, esophagus, stomach, colorectal and in the female are: breast, colorectal, stomach, thyroid and esophagus. The highest incidence rate was seen in Golestan Province and in the age group over 65 years. Conclusion: According to increasing incidence rate of cancers in Iran, Development, holding and accomplish of universal public cancer control program should be the first precedence for health policy. (c) 2017 Published by Elsevier, a division of RELX India, Pvt. Ltd on behalf of INDIACLEN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER - DIVISION REED ELSEVIER INDIA PVT LTD , 2018. Vol. 6, no 2, p. 94-102
Keywords [en]
Cancer, Incidence of cancer, epidemiology of cancer, cancer occurrence, cancer in Iran
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-16793DOI: 10.1016/j.cegh.2017.10.005ISI: 000436598700008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-16793DiVA, id: diva2:1232571
Available from: 2018-07-12 Created: 2018-07-12 Last updated: 2018-07-12Bibliographically approved

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