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Longitudinal evaluation of periodontitis and development of cognitive decline among older adults
Halland Hospital, SWE.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4312-2246
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 45, no 10, p. 1142-1149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To determine whether having periodontitis is associated with cognitive decline among older adults. Material and Methods: A prospective population study of older adults, Swedish National Study on Ageing and Care, (SNAC) provided repeated registrations of cognitive functions. Cognitive decline was defined as ≥3-points deterioration from a predetermined level at baseline, using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Between 2001 and 2003, 715 individuals had a medical as well as a clinical and radiographic dental examination. The individuals were re-examined after 6 years. Periodontitis was defined as ≥4 mm bone loss at ≥30% of tooth sites. Social variables were captured from questionnaires. Results: The multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated a statistically significant association between prevalence of periodontitis and cognitive decline after adjustments of confounding factors of importance. Conclusions: A history of periodontitis may be of importance for cognitive functions among older adults. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Munksgaard , 2018. Vol. 45, no 10, p. 1142-1149
Keywords [en]
epidemiology, inflammation, neurocognitive disorders, older adults, periodontal diseases
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-17054DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12992ISI: 000447643700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053205322OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-17054DiVA, id: diva2:1251468
Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved

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Sanmartin Berglund, JohanRenvert, Stefan

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CiteExportLink to record
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