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Context-adapted urban planning for rapid transitioning of personal mobility towards sustainability: a systematic literature review
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development. Blekinge Institute of Technology. (SustainTrans)
Mistra Urban Futures, SWE.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
Chalmers, SWE.
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 4, article id 1007Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sustainability related challenges in mobility planning have been recognised at the international level and the urgency for change has been widely discussed among scholars. However, there seems to be no general agreement on the best ways of pursuing such change. To seek answers to the question of how to pursue change, this study analysed the development of the broad research fields of mobility, urban planning and transitions, and the overlap of these bodies of literature. Both academic and non-academic literatures were covered. By means of a systematic literature review, as well as bibliometric studies, several prominent research themes that address change from planning and transition perspectives were identified. Moreover, these themes describe different viewpoints and challenges in mobility planning. These include planning and policy for sustainable mobility and accessibility, backcasting and scenario planning, indicators in planning, modes of transport, decision-making, studies of global North and global South, as well as overarching themes of equity, equality and justice, roles of institutions, and co-production of knowledge. Strategies for staying up to date with these fields were also identified. In the literature covered, the temporal dimension in mobility planning was described in four different ways, but little was found about how accelerated transitions towards sustainable mobility can be achieved. Further knowledge gaps were identified in relation to behavioural change, policy development, institutionalisation of planning capacity and social sustainability in mobility planning. This created an outline for possible future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2019. Vol. 11, no 4, article id 1007
Keywords [en]
systematic literature review; personal mobility; sustainability; planning; rapid transition; urban
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-17442DOI: 10.3390/su11041007ISI: 000460819100067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-17442DiVA, id: diva2:1272657
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-04-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Need for speed: towards urban planning for rapid transitioning to sustainable personal mobility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Need for speed: towards urban planning for rapid transitioning to sustainable personal mobility
2019 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Paris Agreement, the recent Special Report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the Sustainable Development Goals are examples of United Nation’s facilitated calls for urgent climate action and more generally for a rapid transition of society towards sustainability. Since urban personal mobility is a significant contributor to society’s current sustainability challenges, and considering current trends of population growth and urbanisation, there is a strong need to develop enhanced support for urban planning for rapid transitioning to sustainable personal mobility.

This thesis is part of a wider effort to develop methodological support for such planning and action. The aim of the thesis is to provide a partial foundation for that wider effort by: (i) identifying and organising prominent research themes related to the above topic; and since previous research points to benefits of a transdisciplinary, multisectoral and multicultural approach, (ii) exploring and addressing the complexity of co-production processes in such contexts; and (iii) analysing the appropriateness of some prominent planning approaches for the desired planning support.

The aim is pursued through a systematic literature review, including bibliometric analyses, and two empirical case studies, including workshops, interviews, field studies and feasibility studies. One of the case studies included participants from several countries in the Southern Baltic region and the other case study tested the usefulness of different planning approaches in the local context of Kisumu, Kenya and Gothenburg, Sweden, respectively.

The thesis provides a map of some prominent research themes and discusses their relevance to the field of urban planning for rapid transitioning to sustainable personal mobility. The analysis of the identified themes and their development over the past ten years shows that there has been a shift in mobility planning from ’predict and provide’ towards participatory visionary approaches. This, in turn, has led to new challenges, related to, for example, epistemic communities, language and culture. Furthermore, it is seen that sustainability considerations have become increasingly pronounced in the urban mobility planning literature. However, different dimensions of sustainability are often considered individually (e.g. the ecological and social dimensions) and coordinated approaches to sustainable mobility planning are virtually lacking.

At the methodological level, the thesis provides a preliminary conceptual framework for analysing complexity in co-production processes with regard to epistemic communities, language and culture, as well as a discussion of the usefulness of four specific planning approaches for the desired planning support, namely the backcasting, transdisciplinary co-production of knowledge, foresighting and SymbioCity approaches.

The overall conclusion is that there is a need for research that would show how mobility actors can contribute to resolve pressing issues related to climate change fast enough without compromising other aspects of sustainability, including how temporary trade-offs can be addressed in a strategic way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2019
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Licentiate Dissertation Series, ISSN 1650-2140 ; 3
Keywords
personal mobility, urban planning, rapid transition, sustainability
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17444 (URN)978-91-7295-367-3 (ISBN)
Presentation
2019-01-25, J1640, Campus Gräsvik, Karlskrona, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved

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