12345672 of 48
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Inviting Community into the Development of Globally Sustainable Food Systems
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Food systems and human diets contribute to unsustainable socioecological conditions, which in turn negatively affect human health. These driver-impact relationships span multiple scales, prompting international governance bodies, nations, and communities alike to grapple with solutions for a better food future. Collaborative action across scales and sectors is necessary; however, how communities can align contributions with efforts at broader scales is unclear.

The aim of this research is to develop theoretical and procedural supports for community engagement in globally sustainable food systems (SFS), and to provide concrete results relevant to one case community.

The community of nutrition and dietetics professionals was chosen as the case community given its history of engagement with SFS, its integration throughout food system sectors, and because dietary shifts have significant potential to contribute to SFS. Furthermore, the researcher’s position as a member of this community supported the case study work.

The research uses transdisciplinary methods guided by the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) and Community Development theory. The FSSD provides a concrete definition of sustainability and includes methodological supports for co-creation of sustainability transitions. Community Development theory supports participatory approaches and welcomes different knowledge cultures in such co-creation. The Delphi Inquiry method was used to facilitate data collection and community engagement. For measurement-specific elements of the research, causal loop diagrams (CLD) informed by the Cultural Adaptation Template (CAT) theory were used, and Critical Dietetics was used as a framework for dietetics-specific analysis.

High level insights include that: (i) participatory and multidimensional approaches are important to facilitate community engagement in SFS development; (ii) objective parametres for defining sustainability are critical to guide concerted action and can provide an innovation space that invites creative and diverse solutions within; (iii) systems thinking and related tools help simplify the complexity of food systems without disregarding broader context, and support assessment in the absence of all data. Specifically in relation to the case community explored, insights include that, (i) integrating an SFS lens into existing roles and activities is important, because dietitians already work across sectors and scales, making them well positioned to contribute in diverse ways; (ii) a shared language based on transdisciplinary understandings of SFS is required; (iii) engaging in activities that facilitate SFS knowledge development within the profession, prior to integrating it into roles and activities, is an important first step; (iv) collaborative and reflexive approaches to continued knowledge development and practice are important, such that in the end sustainability becomes integrated into a cultural way of thinking about food.  

Based on these insights, this dissertation outlines a procedure for collaborative community work for globally SFS. The procedure is adaptable to various community settings. The dissertation also provides specific guidance for how dietitians could utilise their strategic positions throughout food systems to contribute to SFS development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona, Sweden: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2019. , p. 246
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 15
Keywords [en]
Sustainable food systems; strategic sustainable development; sustainable community development; nutrition; dietetics
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-18803ISBN: 978-91-7295-389-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-18803DiVA, id: diva2:1373703
Public defence
2019-12-20, J1650 (Campus Gräsvik), Karlskrona, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Conceptualizing and Assessing Sustainable Food Systems and Diets: A Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing and Assessing Sustainable Food Systems and Diets: A Review
2020 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Objective: To synthesize research conceptualizing and measuring sustainable food systems (SFS) and diets and discusses the results from the perspective of supporting community level participation in global SFS. Design: Researchers conducted a narrative review of the literature, structured results into emergent categories and themes, and analyzed against known challenges to community level measurement. Results: Concepts defining SFS fall into the following broad approaches: visionary, multidimensional, resilience and parametres. Within these, common categories and emergent themes are reported. Assessment of SFS and diets can be grouped into three general approaches: multidimensional progress reporting, composite scores, and vulnerability assessments. Assessment is challenged by data gaps, especially at the community level, making community engagement in broader global goals elusive. Conclusions: Results contribute to SFS theory by suggesting a need to further develop existing parametres concepts, which set out system limits and principled approaches to governing those systems and show promise for assessment in the absence of adequate data. Future research directions might explore parametres approaches for supporting community level contributions to SFS in a way that demonstrates local-to-global alignment. These will be relevant to practitioners in nutrition, public health and community development, who are well-positioned to facilitate such work.

Keywords
Sustainable Food Systems; Sustainable Diets; Concepts; Assessment
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18970 (URN)
Note

This manuscript has been submitted for publication. Some changes to the text may occur in the peer review process. 

Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-12-02Bibliographically approved
2. Food system sustainability across scales: A proposed local-to-global approach to community planning and assessment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Food system sustainability across scales: A proposed local-to-global approach to community planning and assessment
2017 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 6, article id 1061Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interest in food systems sustainability is growing, but progress toward them is slow. This research focuses on three interrelated challenges that hinder progress. First, prevailing visions lack a concrete definition of sustainability. Second, global level conceptions fail to guide responses at the local level. Third, these deficiencies may lead to conflicting initiatives for addressing sustainable food systems at the community level that slow collective progress. The purpose of this article is to (1) describe the development of a framework for assessing food system sustainability which accommodates local-level measurement in the context of broader national and global scale measures; and (2) to propose a process that supports community determinacy over localized progress toward sustainable food systems. Using a modified Delphi Inquiry process, we engaged a diverse, global panel of experts in describing "success" with respect to sustainable food systems, today's reality, and identifying key indicators for tracking progress towards success. They were asked to consider scale during the process in order to explore locally relevant themes. Data were analyzed using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) to facilitate a comprehensive and systematic exploration of key themes and indicators. Key results include a framework of indicator themes that are anchored in a concrete definition of sustainability, stable at national and global scales while remaining flexible at the local scale to accommodate contextual needs. We also propose a process for facilitating community-level planning for food system sustainability that utilizes this indicator framework. The proposed process is based on insights from the research results, as well as from previous research and experience applying the FSSD at a community level; it bears promise for future work to support communities to determine their own pathways, while contributing to a more coordinated whole. © 2017 by the author.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2017
Keywords
Backcasting, Community development, Indicators, Sustainable development, Sustainable food systems
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-14901 (URN)10.3390/su9061061 (DOI)000404133200184 ()2-s2.0-85021151663 (Scopus ID)
Note

Open access

Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-06 Last updated: 2019-11-27Bibliographically approved
3. How Can Dietitians Leverage Change for Sustainable Food Systems in Canada
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How Can Dietitians Leverage Change for Sustainable Food Systems in Canada
2019 (English)In: Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research, ISSN 1486-3847, Vol. 80, no 4, p. 164-171Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: In this paper, we begin to set out language defining sustainablefood systems (SFS) in Canada, through the voices of dietitians, andidentify leverage points where dietitians can affect change.Methods: Dietitians of Canada members were invited to a Delphi Inquiryprocess; questions explored a vision of SFS in Canada, barriers to thatvision, and actions. Results were independently analysed by 2 membersof the research team who used the Framework for Strategic SustainableDevelopment to structure the data.Results: Fifty-eight members participated. The resultant vision describesa future food system in 15 thematic areas of the social and ecologicalsystems. Barriers are described according to how they undermine sustainability.High-leverage actions areas included: (i) facilitating knowledgedevelopment within the profession and public, (ii) influencing organizationalpolicy to support SFS, and (iii) and influencing public policy.Approaches to such action included: (i) facilitating cross-sectoral collaborationand (ii) applying reflexive approaches.Conclusions: This research suggests a multidimensional understandingof food systems sustainability among dietitians. The vision provides somelanguage to describe what dietitians mean by SFS and can be used as acompass point to orient action. Action areas and approaches have thepotential to drive systemic change while avoiding unintendedconsequences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NLM (Medline), 2019
Keywords
Sustainable Food System; Sustainable Diet; Nutrition; Dietetic
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics Other Natural Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17947 (URN)10.3148/cjdpr-2019-005 (DOI)30907124 (PubMedID)
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2019-05-31 Created: 2019-05-31 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved
4. Assessing Community Contributions to Sustainable Food Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing Community Contributions to Sustainable Food Systems
2020 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Background: Evidence suggests that food and dietary adjustments at the community level can make positive contributions to globally sustainable food systems (SFS), which have reciprocal impacts on quality-of-life factors such as food security and nutritional health. Assessing such contributions has two central challenges: 1) a lack of methods that support alignment between communities and across scales, balanced against the need to involve the community in developing relevant indicators; and 2) the absence of adequate, fine grained data relevant to the community. Purpose: Addressing these two challenges, this paper builds on a local-to-global approach to engaging communities in SFS development and illustrates using a community case study with Canadian dietitians (a professional community). Methods: Researchers used the Delphi Inquiry method, guided by the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, to address the first challenge, together with causal loop diagrams informed by the Cultural Adaptation Template to address the second. Results: Indicators were developed for dietitian-identified contributions to SFS. Modeling indicator interactions showed how some actions are reinforcing a professional paradigm, as well as priority areas for action and measurement. Conclusions: The methods used were a good fit for addressing the two central challenges guiding this work. Procedural guidelines are proposed that are adaptable to different community settings. Further, results highlighted that cultural paradigms are a driving force of change, dietitians have a strategic role in SFS development, and facilitating SFS literacy among RDs generates positive feedback loops that can amplify adaptations for, and positive contributions to, broader SFS development.

Keywords
Sustainable Food Systems; Sustainable Diets; Dietitians; Indicators; Assessment; Community
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18971 (URN)
Funder
Vinnova, 2014-04990
Note

This article has been submitted to Social Indicators Research. The print version may differ from the attached version as changes may occur during the peer review and publication process. 

Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-12-05Bibliographically approved
5. Critical Dietetics and Sustainable Food Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Critical Dietetics and Sustainable Food Systems
2019 (English)In: Critical Dietetics and Critical Nutrition Studies / [ed] John Coveney, Sue Booth, Springer, 2019, p. 97-115Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, we invite readers to consider a food system that is based on values where individual health, the health of the society (social system) and ecosystem health are of equal importance. With this as a lens, there is a clear need to move beyond the biosciences to consider transdisciplinary approaches as important for nutrition and dietetics in today and tomorrow’s reality. This chapter begins by briefly highlighting historical engagement of the nutrition and dietetics community with food system sustainability, before moving to define foundational concepts of sustainability in food systems and diets, from a systems perspective. It then provides some examples of how some of today’s pressing nutritional challenges are sustainability challenges and examples of the interface between today’s dietetics and food system sustainability. This chapter ends with a discussion on the role of nutrition and dietetic practitioners in food system sustainability and the needs and challenges for dietetic education to support that role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Series
Food Policy, ISSN 2365-4295
Keywords
Sustainable food systems; sustainable diets; dietitians; critical dietetics
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-18800 (URN)978-3-030-03113-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-10-29 Created: 2019-10-29 Last updated: 2019-11-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(14170 kB)0 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 14170 kBChecksum SHA-512
a3d612add734a0eef5ea61c50867af3aa4eb435cdcc0b3a6347578af92b15843d57d32f5bfeaf2188404cece4180599f64f82daafe0dcd3d6b777878674d0785
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Carlsson, Liesel
By organisation
Department of Strategic Sustainable Development
Social Sciences InterdisciplinaryOther Social Sciences not elsewhere specifiedNutrition and Dietetics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 77 hits
12345672 of 48
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf