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Technical Requirements of the e-Waybill Service
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik.
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Computer and Communication Engineering, ISSN 2010-3743, ISSN 2010-3743, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 130-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

An electronic waybill (e-Waybill) is a service whose purpose is to replace the paper waybill, which is a paper documents that traditionally follows a consignment during transport. An important purpose of the e-Waybill is to achieve a paperless flow of information during freight transport. In this paper, we investigate five e-Waybill solutions, that is, system design specifications for the e-Waybill, regarding their non-functional (technical) requirements. In addition, we discuss how well existing technologies are able to fulfil the identified requirements. We have identified that information storage, synchronization and conflict management, access control, and communication are important categories of technical requirements of the e-Waybill service. We argue that the identified technical requirements can be used to support the process of designing and implementing the e-Waybill service.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
San Bernardino, CA: International Academy Publishing (IAP) , 2016. Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 130-140
Nyckelord [en]
E-Waybill, e-Waybill service, system design, technical requirements.
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-10874DOI: 10.17706/IJCCE.2016.5.2.130-140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-10874DiVA, id: diva2:864095
Tillgänglig från: 2015-10-25 Skapad: 2015-10-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In freight transportation, a waybill is an important document that contains essential information about a consignment. The focus of this thesis is on a multi-purpose electronic waybill (e-Waybill) service, which can provide the functions of a paper waybill, and which is capable of storing, at least, the information present in a paper waybill. In addition, the service can be used to support other existing Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) services by utilizing on synergies with the existing services. Additionally, information entities from the e-Waybill service are investigated for the purpose of knowledge-building concerning freight flows.

A systematic review on state-of-the-art of the e-Waybill service reveals several limitations, such as limited focus on supporting ITS services. Five different conceptual e-Waybill solutions (that can be seen as abstract system designs for implementing the e-Waybill service) are proposed. The solutions are investigated for functional and technical requirements (non-functional requirements), which can potentially impose constraints on a potential system for implementing the e-Waybill service. Further, the service is investigated for information and functional synergies with other ITS services. For information synergy analysis, the required input information entities for different ITS services are identified; and if at least one information entity can be provided by an e-Waybill at the right location we regard it to be a synergy. Additionally, a service design method has been proposed for supporting the process of designing new ITS services, which primarily utilizes on functional synergies between the e-Waybill and different existing ITS services. The suggested method is applied for designing a new ITS service, i.e., the Liability Intelligent Transport System (LITS) service. The purpose of the LITS service isto support the process of identifying when and where a consignment has been damaged and who was responsible when the damage occurred. Furthermore, information entities from e-Waybills are utilized for building improved knowledge concerning freight flows. A freight and route estimation method has been proposed for building improved knowledge, e.g., in national road administrations, on the movement of trucks and freight.

The results from this thesis can be used to support the choice of practical e-Waybill service implementation, which has the possibility to provide high synergy with ITS services. This may lead to a higher utilization of ITS services and more sustainable transport, e.g., in terms of reduced congestion and emissions. Furthermore, the implemented e-Waybill service can be an enabler for collecting consignment and traffic data and converting the data into useful traffic information. In particular, the service can lead to increasing amounts of digitally stored data about consignments, which can lead to improved knowledge on the movement of freight and trucks. The knowledge may be helpful when making decisions concerning road taxes, fees, and infrastructure investments.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2016. s. 210
Serie
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 4
Nyckelord
Electronic waybill, e-waybill, Intelligent transport system, ITS services, Freight transport
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:bth-11775 (URN)978-91-7295-326-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2016-05-17, Ateljén, Biblioteksgatan 4, Karlshamn, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2016-04-07 Skapad: 2016-03-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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Bakhtyar, ShoaibHolmgren, JohanPersson, Jan A.

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