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Target Classification in Perimeter Protection with a Micro-Doppler Radar
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
Swedish Def Res Agcy FOI, SE-58111 Linkoping, Sweden..
Swedish Def Res Agcy FOI, SE-58111 Linkoping, Sweden..
2016 (English)In: 2016 17TH INTERNATIONAL RADAR SYMPOSIUM (IRS), 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In security surveillance at the perimeter of critical infrastructure, such as airports and power plants, approaching objects have to be detected and classified. Especially important is to distinguish between humans, animals and vehicles. In this paper, micro-Doppler data (from movement of internal parts of the target) have been collected with a small radar of a low complexity and cost-effective type. From time-velocity diagrams of the data, some physical features have been extracted and used in a support vector machine classifier to distinguish between the classes "human", "animal" and "man-made object". Both the type of radar and the classes are suitable for perimeter protection. The classification result are rather good, 77% correct classification. Particularly interesting is the surprisingly good ability to distinguish between humans and animals. This also indicates that we can choose to have limitations in the radar and still solve the classification task.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Radar Symposium Proceedings, ISSN 2155-5745
National Category
Communication Systems Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-13059ISI: 000381801100095ISBN: 978-1-5090-2518-3OAI: diva2:1001797
17th International Radar Symposium (IRS), MAY 10-12, 2016, Krakow, POLAND
Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-01-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Signal Processing for Radar with Array Antennas and for Radar with Micro-Doppler Measurements
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Signal Processing for Radar with Array Antennas and for Radar with Micro-Doppler Measurements
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Radar (RAdio Detection And Ranging) uses radio waves to detect the presence of a target and measure its position and other properties. This sensor has found many civilian and military applications due to advantages such as possible large surveillance areas and operation day and night and in all weather. The contributions of this thesis are within applied signal processing for radar in two somewhat separate research areas: 1) radar with array antennas and 2) radar with micro-Doppler measurements.

Radar with array antennas: An array antenna consists of several small antennas in the same space as a single large antenna. Compared to a traditional single-antenna radar, an array antenna radar gives higher flexibility, higher capacity, several radar functions simultaneously and increased reliability, and makes new types of signal processing possible which give new functions and higher performance.

The contributions on array antenna radar in this thesis are in three different problem areas. The first is High Resolution DOA (Direction Of Arrival) Estimation (HRDE) as applied to radar and using real measurement data. HRDE is useful in several applications, including radar applications, to give new functions and improve the performance. The second problem area is suppression of interference (clutter, direct path jamming and scattered jamming) which often is necessary in order to detect and localize the target. The thesis presents various results on interference signal properties, antenna geometry and subarray design, and on interference suppression methods. The third problem area is measurement techniques for which the thesis suggests two measurement designs, one for radar-like measurements and one for scattered signal measurements.

Radar with micro-Doppler measurements: There is an increasing interest and need for safety, security and military surveillance at short distances. Tasks include detecting targets, such as humans, animals, cars, boats, small aircraft and consumer drones; classifying the target type and target activity; distinguishing between target individuals; and also predicting target intention. An approach is to employ micro-Doppler radar to perform these tasks. Micro-Doppler is created by the movement of internal parts of the target, like arms and legs of humans and animals, wheels of cars and rotors of drones.

Using micro-Doppler, this thesis presents results on feature extraction for classification; on classification of targets types (humans, animals and man-made objects) and human gaits; and on information in micro-Doppler signatures for re-identification of the same human individual. It also demonstrates the ability to use different kinds of radars for micro-Doppler measurements. The main conclusion about micro-Doppler radar is that it should be possible to use for safety, security and military surveillance applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2017. 180 p.
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 2
radar, signal processing, array antenna, subarray, clutter, jamming, interference, direction of arrival estimation, security, micro-Doppler, feature extraction, classification
National Category
Signal Processing
urn:nbn:se:bth-13639 (URN)978-91-7295-335-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-31, Karlskrona, 00:00 (English)
Available from: 2017-01-16 Created: 2016-12-18 Last updated: 2017-01-16Bibliographically approved

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