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Risk indicators for Peri-implantitis: A cross-sectional study with 916 implants
Fed Univ Santa Catarina UFSC, BRA.
Fed Univ Santa Catarina UFSC, BRA.
Paulista Univ UNIP, BRA.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
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2016 (English)In: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 28, no 2, 144-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify systemic and local risk indicators associated with peri-implantitis. Material and methods: One hundred eighty-three patients treated with 916 osseointegrated titanium implants, in function for at least 1 year, were included in the present study. The implants were installed at the Foundation for Scientific and Technological Development of Dentistry (FUNDECTO) - University of Sao Paulo (USP) - from 1998 to 2012. Factors related to patient’s systemic conditions (heart disorders, hypertension, smoking habits, alcoholism, liver disorders, hepatitis, gastrointestinal disease, diabetes mellitus I and II, hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, menopause, osteoporosis, active periodontal disease, history of periodontal disease and bruxism), implant’s characteristics (location, diameter, length, connection, shape, and antagonist), and clinical parameters (wear facets, periodontal status on the adjacent tooth, plaque accumulation on the adjacent tooth, modified plaque index, sulcus bleeding index, probing depth, bleeding on probing, width of keratinized tissue and marginal recession). Results: An increased risk of 2.2 times for history of periodontal disease (PD), 3.6 times for cemented restorations compared to screw-retained prostheses, 2.4 times when wear facets were displayed on the prosthetic crown and 16.1 times for total rehabilitations when compared to single rehabilitations were found. Logistic regression analysis did not show any association between the implant’s characteristics and peri-implantitis. Conclusions: A history of periodontal disease, cemented prostheses, presences of wear facets on the prosthetic crown and full mouth rehabilitations were identified as risk indicators for peri-implantitis. Implants’ characteristics were not related to the presence of peri-implantitis. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016. Vol. 28, no 2, 144-150 p.
Keyword [en]
Clinical assessment; Clinical research; Clinical trials; Diagnosis; Epidemiology
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-13209DOI: 10.1111/clr.12772ISI: 000394964000004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84954144223OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-13209DiVA: diva2:1010207
Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-09-27Bibliographically approved

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