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A Virtual Community Design for Home-Based Chronic Disease Healthcare
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Creative Technologies.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Creative Technologies.
Linnaeus University, SWE.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Creative Technologies.
2016 (English)In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science / [ed] Seyff N.,Ebert A.,Humayoun S.R.,Perini A.,Barbosa S.D.J.,Seyff N., Springer Publishing Company, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The internet based social network has been applied to serve many social functions, such as democratic decision making, knowledge sharing, educa‐ tion, and healthcare. In this paper, we provide a prototype of virtual community designed for home-based chronic diseases healthcare. We studied the concept “community” from the activity theory model in order to design the prototype with a solid theoretical base. Then we conducted a questionnaire from healthcare recipients and interviewed healthcare providers to gather the requirements for the design of the community. With some user stories we described the requirements as use cases for our design and a conceptual prototype is built based on the requirements. This virtual community servers as a shared platform for all the stakeholders who are engaged in the healthcare activity. With this shared community platform, the interoperability problems of current healthcare systems can be moderated

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Publishing Company, 2016.
Keyword [en]
Virtual community, Self-management, Home-based chronic disease healthcare, Requirements, Activity theory
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-13752DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45916-5_11ISBN: 978-3-319-45915-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-13752DiVA: diva2:1064891
Conference
GetIt@BTH (standard)(opens in a new window)|GetIt@BTH (1.0)(opens in a new window)|E-Journal Portal|View at Publisher| Export | Download | Add to List| More... Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) Volume 9312 LNCS, 2016, Pages 175-189 1st International Workshop on Usability- and Accessibility-Focused Requirements Engineering, UsARE 2012, Held in Conjunction with 34th International Conference on Software Engineering, ICSE 2012, 2nd International Workshop, Usability- and Accessibility-Focused Requirements Engineering, UsARE 2014 and Held in Conjunction with International Requirements Engineering Conference, RE 2014; Karlskrona
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2017-03-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Cloud Computing for Achieving Interoperability in Home-based Healthcare
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cloud Computing for Achieving Interoperability in Home-based Healthcare
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The care of chronic disease has become the main challenge for healthcare institutions around the world. As the incidence and prevalence of chronic diseases continue to increase, it is a big challenge for traditional hospital-based healthcare to meet requirements of patients. To meet the growing needs of patients, moving the front desk of healthcare from hospital to home is essential. Home-based healthcare for chronic disease involves many different organizations and healthcare providers. Therefore, there are interoperability problems for cooperation among the various organizations and healthcare providers to provide efficient and seamless home-based healthcare. 

This thesis aims to point out an appropriate technical solution to interoperability problems in home-based healthcare. There are different levels of interoperability, such as pragmatic, semantic and syntactic. We explored alternative solutions specifically for syntactic interoperability. We started to identify the interoperability problems among different healthcare centers by interviews and online surveys. Based on this empirical study, we mainly used two current techniques, namely peer-to-peer (P2P) networks and cloud computing, to design prototypes for sharing healthcare data. Comparing these two techniques, we found the cloud-based solution figured out most of the problems encountered in healthcare interoperability. 

To identify state of the art, and pinpoint the challenges and possible future directions for applying a cloud-based solution, a systematic literature review was carried out on cloud-based healthcare solutions. Based on the literature reviewed, we suggest a hybrid cloud model, with access controls and techniques for securing data, could be an acceptable solution for home-based healthcare in the future. This cloud model would work as a community for both healthcare providers and recipients, as well as other stakeholders, such as family members and other patients with similar symptoms. Then we conducted a questionnaire study with healthcare recipients and interviewed healthcare providers to gather the requirements for the design of the community. Based on the concept of ‘community’ from the activity theory model, we designed a prototype to demonstrate our proposed solution.   

Finally, we proposed the conceptual hybrid cloud model. In our hybrid cloud model, hospitals and primary healthcare centers could continue using their own databases as private clouds. For home-based healthcare data, we argued, the best approach is to store and process the data in public clouds. Healthcare recipients, as the owners of their health data in public clouds, should then decide who can access their data and the conditions for sharing. To evaluate this model, we conducted a two-step case study of diabetes healthcare in Blekinge, Sweden. We found that our improved hybrid cloud model will be feasible in the future for home-based healthcare, and it will benefit both healthcare providers and recipients.

To apply this model in practice, we suggest that a professional IT healthcare education team should be created to support both healthcare providers and recipients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2017
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 5
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-14017 (URN)978-91-7295-338-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-04-28, J1650, Campus Gräsvik, Karlskrona, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-17 Created: 2017-03-17 Last updated: 2017-04-05Bibliographically approved

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