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Local culture as a context for entrepreneurial activities
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
Kristianstad University, SWE.
2017 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper examines how an industrial legacy leads to the formation of a distinct local culture and how the culture’s survival provides a context for the subsequent entrepreneurial activities in new local industries. The discussion about culture as a key driver of entrepreneurship and economic growth is well established in the academic debate. However, we know little about how culture is formed. Through a qualitative case study of two polar Swedish cities, the study highlights four key factors which are instrumental in the formation of local culture: initial conditions, characteristics of key players, network activities and composition of newcomers. We show how the local entrepreneurs responded to the underlying assumptions of the two different cultures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Culture; economic development; entrepreneurship; industrial legacy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-13886DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2017.1306028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-13886DiVA: diva2:1072449
Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-07 Last updated: 2017-04-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. History and geography matter: The cultural dimension of entrepreneurship
Open this publication in new window or tab >>History and geography matter: The cultural dimension of entrepreneurship
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation deals with the rise of new industries through entrepreneurial activities. The aim is to investigate how differences in contexts might encourage or discourage entrepreneurial activities. This contextualization of entrepreneurship enhanced our understanding of when, how and why entrepreneurial activities happen.

Entrepreneurship is recognized to be a spatially uneven process and, in addition to previous research that has examined the actions of individual entrepreneurs, we also need to understand the context in which entrepreneurship occurs. We have a good understanding of how structural conditions like industry structure, organization structure and agglomeration effects influence the context, but we know little about how the social dimension of the context is the transmitting medium between structural conditions for entrepreneurship and the decision to act upon identified entrepreneurial opportunities. Following this line of argument, this dissertation is built on the assumption that entrepreneurship is a social phenomenon which gives strong arguments for including local culture in entrepreneurship research.

The temporal persistence and the pronounced differences of culture and structural conditions between places reflect path-dependent processes. I therefore use regional path dependence as an interpretative lens to study the contextualization of entrepreneurship in two Swedish cities.

Although each context is unique, some generalizations can be drawn from the four individual papers in this dissertation. The first is that industrial legacy leads to the formation of a distinct local culture and that the persistency of this culture influences the subsequent entrepreneurial activities in new local industries. The second is that this persistency of culture suggests that entrepreneurs who are outsiders, geographically or socially, are the driving forces for the emergence of new local industries. Finally, new industry emergence is a result of a combination of exogenous forces and initial local conditions, but it is the entrepreneurial individuals who translate these forces and conditions into entrepreneurial activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2017
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 4
Keyword
Entrepreneurship, culture, path dependence, region, local, geography
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-14018 (URN)978-91-7295-337-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-04-21, J1650, Campus Gräsvik, Karlskrona, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-17 Created: 2017-03-17 Last updated: 2017-04-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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