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Customization of UWB 3D-RTLS based on the new uncertainty model of the AoA ranging technique
BetterSolutions, POL.
Politechnika Gdanska, POL.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
2017 (English)In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 17, no 2, article id 227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The increased potential and effectiveness of Real-time Locating Systems (RTLSs) substantially influence their application spectrum. They are widely used, inter alia, in the industrial sector, healthcare, home care, and in logistic and security applications. The research aims to develop an analytical method to customize UWB-based RTLS, in order to improve their localization performance in terms of accuracy and precision. The analytical uncertainty model of Angle of Arrival (AoA) localization in a 3D indoor space, which is the foundation of the customization concept, is established in a working environment. Additionally, a suitable angular-based 3D localization algorithm is introduced. The paper investigates the following issues: the influence of the proposed correction vector on the localization accuracy; the impact of the system’s configuration and LS’s relative deployment on the localization precision distribution map. The advantages of the method are verified by comparing them with a reference commercial RTLS localization engine. The results of simulations and physical experiments prove the value of the proposed customization method. The research confirms that the analytical uncertainty model is the valid representation of RTLS’ localization uncertainty in terms of accuracy and precision and can be useful for its performance improvement. The research shows, that the Angle of Arrival localization in a 3D indoor space applying the simple angular-based localization algorithm and correction vector improves of localization accuracy and precision in a way that the system challenges the reference hardware advanced localization engine. Moreover, the research guides the deployment of location sensors to enhance the localization precision.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, AG , 2017. Vol. 17, no 2, article id 227
Keywords [en]
Accuracy and precision, Angle of arrival, Correction vector, Indoor localization systems, Real-time locating systems, Direction of arrival, Engines, Location, Real time systems, Vector spaces, Analytical uncertainty, Localization accuracy, Localization algorithm, Localization performance, Indoor positioning systems
National Category
Signal Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-13927DOI: 10.3390/s17020227ISI: 000395482700011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85011076149OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-13927DiVA, id: diva2:1076346
Note

Open access

Available from: 2017-02-22 Created: 2017-02-22 Last updated: 2019-03-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Real-time Locating Systems for indoor applications: the methodological customization approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Real-time Locating Systems for indoor applications: the methodological customization approach
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Emerging wireless technologies increase the potential and effectiveness of wireless Real-time Locating Systems (RTLSs), which precisely localize the position, and identify things and people in real time. Among many applications, RTLSs are widely used in the industrial sector for indoor logistics and safety applications. However, signal interferences, which affect the system’s performance, are a serious issue of all indoor RTLS applications. Among others, the interferences are caused by the changeable working environment, the geometry and structure of the space, furnishing, and other obstacles. A customization of the RTLS’s architecture and localization algorithm may provide a way to overcome the interference problem and then enhance the systems’ performance.

The objective of this thesis is to develop and implement customization methods, which enhance system performance in the changeable working environment without compromising the functional and non-functional requirements defined by future users and stakeholders. The customized solution is to be based on the comprehensive methodological analysis of the system’s technical and environmental constraints, along with the requirements specified by the application field. The customization process covers the selection, adjustment and adaptation of the wireless technologies and methods in order to enhance the location system’s performance, in terms of accuracy and precision without compromising its simplicity and price.

In this research, wireless technologies of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Ultra-wideband (UWB) are applied. The related indoor localization methods, such as, ranging techniques based on Received Signal Strength (RSS) and Angle of Arrival (AoA), are a thesis focus. Moreover, estimation methods like Fingerprinting and Angulation are used.

One of the proposed customization methods of RFID-based 3D RTLS, refers to the heuristic analysis-based optimization of a number and configuration of readers. For the same type of system, an alternative way of performance improvement is a customization of localization algorithm, explicitly the Neural Network-based estimation algorithm and its structural features and training methods.

Also in this thesis, performance improvement methods of the AoA-based RTLS operating in an UWB technology are proposed. The proposed customization of this system type is based on the uncertainty pattern defined by a statistical uncertainty model, which maps the localization uncertainty in terms of precision in the 2D workspace. The model depicts how the localization uncertainty depends on an arrangement of Location Sensors and workspace geometry. Another proposed customization method is realized by defining and implementing correction vectors for different working environments, which enhance the system’s performance in terms of its accuracy.

This thesis consists of two parts. Part I, Prolegomena, presents the overview of applied theories and research methods. This part aims to illustrate the links between the articles constituting the second part of the dissertation. Part II, Papers consists of five reformatted papers already published in peer reviewed journals and conferences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2019. p. 204
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090
Keywords
Accuracy and Precision, Angle of Arrival, Fingerprinting Method, Indoor Localization, Indoor Positioning System, Multi-Sensor System, Neural Network, Radio Frequency Identification - RFID, Real Time Locating System, Received Signal Strength, RFID Network Planning, Scene Analysis, Sensors Arrangement, System Customization, Uncertainty, Uncertainty Map, User Driven Design
National Category
Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-17740 (URN)978-91-7295-373-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-05-03, J1650, Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Campus Gräsvik, Karlskrona, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-03-28 Created: 2019-03-25 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved

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