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Microwave synthesis and enhancement of thermoelectric figure of merit in half-Heusler TiNiSbxSn1-x
Anhui University of Technology, CHN.
Anhui University of Technology, CHN.
Anhui University of Technology, CHN.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
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2017 (English)In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 43, no 12, 9343-9347 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The preparation of half-Heusler thermoelectric bulk is complex and time-consuming. In the present work, Sb doped TiNiSbxSn1-x bulks (x=0.01, 0.02, 0.03 and 0.04) were prepared via cold press forming, microwave synthesis and sintering in vacuumed sealed quartz in a few minutes. The microstructures of samples were characterized by using X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The thermoelectric properties i.e. Seebeck coefficient (S), electrical resistivity (ρ) and thermal conductivity (κ) were measured on Seebeck coefficient/resistance analysis system (S/RAs) and laser flash thermal analyzer (LFT). The results show that high purity single phase was obtained after microwave sintering. The point defects came from Sb doping and the in-suit nanostructures attributed to microwave sintering process were found to lead to special microstructure. The variation trends of S, ρ, κ with temperature were analyzed. The influences of Sb doping to electrical and thermal properties were discussed. The electrical resistivity was decreased by ~84% at the cost of decreasing the Seebeck coefficient by ~25-30%. The maximum power factor of 2560 μWm-1K-2 was achieved at 673K. The lattice and total thermal conductivities are merely 1.1-1.3 and 3.8-4.0 Wm-1K-1 respectively. The thermoelectric figure of merit for TiNiSb0.03Sn0.97 was enhanced from 0.30 (773K) to 0.44 (673K and 723K) when compared to that of non-doped TiNiSn. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2017. Vol. 43, no 12, 9343-9347 p.
Keyword [en]
Half-Heusler alloys, Microwave sintering, Microwave synthesis, Sb doping, Thermoelectric figure of merit, Electric conductivity, Microstructure, Microwave heating, Microwaves, Point defects, Scanning electron microscopy, Seebeck coefficient, Sintering, Thermoanalysis, Thermoelectric equipment, Tin, Thermal conductivity
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-14363DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.04.100ISI: 000402584900115Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85018655040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-14363DiVA: diva2:1098787
Available from: 2017-05-26 Created: 2017-05-26 Last updated: 2017-06-22

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