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Encouraging Business Flexibility by Improved Context Descriptions
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Software Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0396-1993
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Software Engineering.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Software Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3567-9300
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Business Modeling and Software Design / [ed] Boris Shishkov, SciTePress, 2017, Vol. 1, p. 225-228Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Business-driven software architectures are emerging and gaining importance for many industries. As softwareintensive solutions continue to be more complex and operate in rapidly changing environments, there is a pressure for increased business flexibility realized by more efficient software architecture mechanisms to keep up with the necessary speed of change. We investigate how improved context descriptions could be implemented in software components, and support important software development practices like business modeling and requirement engineering. This paper proposes context descriptions as an architectural support for improving the connection between business flexibility and software components. We provide initial results regarding software architectural mechanisms which can support context descriptions as well as the context description’s support for business-driven software architecture, and the business flexibility demanded by the business ecosystems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SciTePress, 2017. Vol. 1, p. 225-228
Keywords [en]
Context Description, Business Flexibility, Business Support System, Requirements Engineering, Business Model
National Category
Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-15147DOI: 10.5220/0006529302250228ISBN: 978-989-758-238-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-15147DiVA, id: diva2:1142341
Conference
Eight International Symposium on Business Modeling and Software Design, BMSD, Barcelona
Available from: 2017-09-19 Created: 2017-09-19 Last updated: 2021-10-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Towards Intent-Driven Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Intent-Driven Systems
2017 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Context: Software supporting an enterprise’s business, also known as a business support system, needs to support the correlation of activities between actors as well as influence the activities based on knowledge about the value networks in which the enterprise acts. This can be supported with the help of intent-driven systems. The aim of intent-driven systems is to capture stakeholders’ intents and transform these into a form that enables computer processing of them. Only then are different machine actors able to negotiate with each other on behalf of their respective stakeholders and their intents, and suggest a mutually beneficial agreement.

Objective: When building a business support system it is critical to separate the business model of the business support system itself from the business models used by the enterprise which is using the business support system. The core idea of intent-driven systems is the possibility to change behavior of the system itself, based on stakeholder intents. This requires a separation of concerns between the parts of the system used to execute the stakeholder business, and the parts which are used to design the business based on stakeholder intents. The business studio is a software that supports the realization of business models used by the enterprise by configuring the capabilities provided by the business support system. The aim is to find out how we can support the design of a business studio which is based on intent-driven systems.

Method: We are using the design science framework as our research frame- work. During our design science study we have used the following research methods: systematic literature review, case study, quasi experiment, and action research.

Results: We have produced two design artifacts as a start to be able to support the design of a business studio. These artifacts are the models and quasi-experiment in Chapter 3, and the action research in Chapter 4. The models found during the case study have proved to be a valuable artifact for the stakeholder. The results from the quasi-experiment and the action research are seen as new problem solving knowledge by the stakeholder.

Conclusion: The synthesis shows a need for further research regarding semantic interchange of information, actor interaction in intent-driven systems, and the governance of intent-driven systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2017. p. 129
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Licentiate Dissertation Series, ISSN 1650-2140 ; 1
Keywords
business intent, business support system, intent-driven system, compositional system
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-15141 (URN)978-91-7295-342-0 (ISBN)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Professional Licentiate of Engineering Research School
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-09-22 Created: 2017-09-15 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
2. Towards Intent-Driven Systems Based on Context Frames
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Intent-Driven Systems Based on Context Frames
2021 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this research project we investigate how machine actors can support the business intents (desired outcomes) of an enterprise via predictive execution flows, prescriptive execution flows, and bidirectional knowledge creation between human actors and machine actors. A context frame supports bidirectional knowledge creation via interventions and counterfactual analysis. An intent-driven system combines execution flows to obtain business intents, and a context frame is a component in these flows. 

Our aim is to develop theoretical frameworks supporting intent-driven systems and context frames, and to validate the components needed to realize such frame- works. 

We are using the design science framework as our research framework. During our design science study we have used the following research methods: systematic literature review, case study, quasi experiment, action research, and evaluation research. 

We have created theoretical frameworks supporting intent-driven systems, and context frames, and implemented needed functionality in the involved components. The framework supports knowledge creation and knowledge validation. The possibility of using the knowledge for predictive analysis, prescriptive analysis, and counterfactual analysis, makes it possible to obtain bidirectional knowledge creation between a human actor and a machine actor. This enables a context frame to be part of an intent-driven system which supports predictive, and prescriptive, executions flows. 

The produced artifacts provide answers to our research questions. These answers are a base for theoretical frameworks supporting intent-driven systems and context frames, and provide knowledge of how to construct the components needed to realize these frameworks. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2021. p. 50
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 2021:08
Keywords
business intent, knowledge creation, decision making, rule adherence, OODA-loop, causal models
National Category
Software Engineering
Research subject
Software Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-22178 (URN)978-91-7295-430-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2021-12-10, J1630 + Zoom, Campus Gräsvik, Karlskrona, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2021-10-08 Created: 2021-10-07 Last updated: 2021-11-23Bibliographically approved

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Wnuk, Krzysztof

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