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A theory of openness for software engineering tools in software organizations
Lund University, SWE.
Lund University, SWE.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Software Engineering.
2018 (English)In: Information and Software Technology, ISSN 0950-5849, E-ISSN 1873-6025, Vol. 97, p. 26-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context: The increased use of Open Source Software (OSS) affects how software-intensive product development organizations (SIPDO) innovate and compete, moving them towards Open Innovation (OI). Specifically, software engineering tools have the potential for OI, but require better understanding regarding what to develop internally and what to acquire from outside the organization, and how to cooperate with potential competitors. Aim: This paper aims at synthesizing a theory of openness for software engineering tools in SIPDOs, that can be utilized by managers in defining more efficient strategies towards OSS communities. Method: We synthesize empirical evidence from a systematic mapping study, a case study, and a survey, using a narrative method. The synthesis method entails four steps: (1) Developing a preliminary synthesis, (2) Exploring the relationship between studies, (3) Assessing the validity of the synthesis, and (4) Theory formation. Result: We present a theory of openness for OSS tools in software engineering in relation to four constructs: (1) Strategy, (2) Triggers, (3) Outcomes, and (4) Level of openness. Conclusion: The theory reasons that openness provides opportunities to reduce the development cost and development time. Furthermore, OI positively impacts on the process and product innovation, but it requires investment by organizations in OSS communities. By betting on openness, organizations may be able to significantly increase their competitiveness. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , 2018. Vol. 97, p. 26-45
Keywords [en]
Open Innovation, Open Source Software, Openness, OSS tools, Theory creation
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-15814DOI: 10.1016/j.infsof.2017.12.008ISI: 000428008600003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-15814DiVA, id: diva2:1177435
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved

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Wnuk, Krzysztof

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  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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