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Strong nonlinearity, anisotropy, and solitons in a lattice with holonomic constraints
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8739-4492
2019 (English)In: Wave motion, ISSN 0165-2125, E-ISSN 1878-433X, Vol. 89, p. 104-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The nonlinear dynamics of a crystal lattice where the atoms are positioned along parallel rods is studied. They may move only in one direction and this constraint leads to the appearance of nonlinearity even the forces between the atoms obey the linear Hooke's law. This nonlinearity turns out to be strong. The equations of motion of the individual lattice atoms are written, and. in the continuum limit when the lattice period is small in comparison with the wavelength, a new strongly nonlinear partial differential equation is derived. The waves traveling in the direction orthogonal to the rods are purely transverse slow waves, governed by an equation of the Heisenberg type. In the direction along the rods, a fast purely longitudinal wave can propagate. In general, when the wave travels at an arbitrary angle, it is neither purely longitudinal nor transverse and the periodic structure exhibits anisotropic properties. Their velocity depends strongly on the direction of propagation and the structure exhibits properties similar to a skeletal muscle with stretched fibers. Special attention is paid to the soliton solutions of this equation and their behavior is studied. For non-stationary quasi-longitudinal waves, a new evolution equation, rich in symmetries, is derived. One of the solutions with a fixed transverse structure is described by elliptic integrals and evolves in accordance with a cubic nonlinear equation of the Klein–Gordon type. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , 2019. Vol. 89, p. 104-115
Keywords [en]
Anisotropy, Atoms, Equations of motion, Nonlinear equations, Partial differential equations, Solitons, Anisotropic property, Elliptic integrals, Evolution equations, Holonomic constraints, Longitudinal waves, Soliton solutions, Strong nonlinearity, Strongly nonlinear, Control nonlinearities
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-17777DOI: 10.1016/j.wavemoti.2019.01.001ISI: 000474675800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-17777DiVA, id: diva2:1302715
Available from: 2019-04-05 Created: 2019-04-05 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Rudenko, OlegHedberg, Claes

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