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Longitudinal evaluation of periodontitis and tooth loss among older adults
Hallands sjukhus, SWE.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4312-2246
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aim: To evaluate pattern of change in periodontal variables and tooth loss in a twelve-year follow-up study of older adults living in Sweden. Methods: In a prospective population study of older adults, a clinical examination and radiographic dental examination were performed at baseline (2001–2003) and after 12 years (2013–2015). In 375 individuals, the number and proportion of sites with a distance ≥4 mm and ≥5 mm from cemento-enamel junction to the bone level, the number and proportion of teeth with pockets ≥5 mm and number of teeth lost were calculated. Dental caries was registered. Periodontitis was defined as having ≥2 sites with ≥5 mm distance from cemento-enamel junction to the marginal bone level and ≥1 tooth with pockets ≥5 mm. Results: A diagnosis of periodontitis was evident in 39% of the individuals, and 23% of the individuals lost ≥3 teeth over the study period. The proportion of sites with ≥4 mm and ≥5 mm bone loss increased with age, while the proportion of teeth with pockets remained stable. Periodontitis was the strongest predictor for losing ≥3 teeth, OR 2.9 (p <.001) in the final model. Conclusions: Periodontitis is a risk factor for future tooth loss among older adults. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Munksgaard , 2019.
Keywords [en]
epidemiology, older adults, periodontitis, public health, tooth loss
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-18646DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.13167ISI: 000483385500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85071337987OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-18646DiVA, id: diva2:1350548
Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-11 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Sanmartin Berglund, JohanRenvert, Stefan

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