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Periodontitis and airflow limitation in older Swedish individuals
Dublin Dental University Hospital, IRL.
Dublin Dental University Hospital, IRL.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health. Department of Clinical Sciences, SWE.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4312-2246
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
2020 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate whether there was an association between periodontitis and airflow limitation in older Swedish individuals. Materials and Methods: Study individuals were randomly selected from the Swedish civil registration database representing the ageing population in Karlskrona, Sweden. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed, alongside which participants completed questionnaires gathering information on their medical history, social circumstances, demographic background and tobacco use. A physical examination assessed anthropometric measures. Standard spirometry was performed to identify subjects with airflow limitation. Periodontitis was defined based on radiographic periodontal bone loss. Analysis included multiple logistic regression with adjustment for various confounders. Results: A total of 826 Caucasian dentate subjects were included in the analysis. The median age of participants was 73.2 (IQR 66–81) years, and 443 (54.6%) subjects were female. Eighty-six (10.4%) individuals presented with airflow limitation. The proportion of participants presenting with periodontitis in the airflow limitation group was 65.1% compared to 41.5% with normal respiratory function (p <.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that periodontitis was independently associated with airflow limitation with an odds ratio of 2.31 (95% CI 1.27–4.22) p <.01. Conclusion: In this group of older dentate individuals, periodontitis was significantly associated with airflow limitation independent of other known risk factors. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Munksgaard , 2020.
Keywords [en]
ageing, airflow limitation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, periodontitis
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-19441DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.13287ISI: 000527319100001PubMedID: 32246489Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85083785617OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-19441DiVA, id: diva2:1429231
Available from: 2020-05-08 Created: 2020-05-08 Last updated: 2020-05-14Bibliographically approved

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Sanmartin Berglund, JohanRenvert, Stefan

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