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Magnetic resonance imaging based radiomic models of prostate cancer: A narrative review
Guilin University of Electronic Technology, CHN.
Dalhousie University, CAN.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4390-411x
Dalhousie University, CAN.
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2021 (English)In: Cancers, ISSN 2072-6694, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 1-22, article id 552Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The management of prostate cancer (PCa) is dependent on biomarkers of biological aggression. This includes an invasive biopsy to facilitate a histopathological assessment of the tumor’s grade. This review explores the technical processes of applying magnetic resonance imaging based radiomic models to the evaluation of PCa. By exploring how a deep radiomics approach further optimizes the prediction of a PCa’s grade group, it will be clear how this integration of artificial intelligence mitigates existing major technological challenges faced by a traditional radiomic model: image acquisition, small data sets, image processing, labeling/segmentation, informative features, predicting molecular features and incorporating predictive models. Other potential impacts of artificial intelligence on the personalized treatment of PCa will also be discussed. The role of deep radiomics analysis‐a deep texture analysis, which extracts features from convolutional neural networks layers, will be highlighted. Existing clinical work and upcoming clinical trials will be reviewed, directing investigators to pertinent future directions in the field. For future progress to result in clinical translation, the field will likely require multi‐institutional collaboration in producing prospectively populated and expertly labeled imaging libraries. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2021. Vol. 13, no 3, p. 1-22, article id 552
Keywords [en]
Artificial intelligence, Gleason score, Magnetic resonance imaging, Prostate cancer, Radiogenomics, Radiomics
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Urology and Nephrology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-21059DOI: 10.3390/cancers13030552ISI: 000614966800001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85100119317OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-21059DiVA, id: diva2:1527914
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open access

Available from: 2021-02-12 Created: 2021-02-12 Last updated: 2021-03-05Bibliographically approved

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Cheddad, Abbas

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