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Cybersecurity Risk Assessment for Medium-Risk Drones: A Systematic Literature Review
UNIFESP, Brazil.
UNIFESP, Brazil.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Software Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3646-235x
2023 (English)In: IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, ISSN 0885-8985, E-ISSN 1557-959X, Vol. 38, no 6, p. 28-43Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The increased demand for Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) in Beyond Visual Line-Of-Sight (BVLOS) operations gives rise to a set of concerns regarding cybersecurity that, if not addressed, can lead to the unsafe operation of RPASs. To assist the airworthiness evaluation that is performed by Civil Aviation Authorities (CAAs), we identified several processes that are used to evaluate the cybersecurity of RPAS. We conducted a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) by selecting 30 papers (out of 211 screened) that were published during the past five years. The results of our SLR indicate the importance of cybersecurity to the safe operation of RPAS. It is evident that there is a lack of a systematic process to enable a cybersecurity review of RPAS. We observe that common cyber threats to RPAS are related to jamming, spoofing, and DOS/DDOS (Denial of Service/Distributed Denial of Service). Processes relevant to the assessment of RPAS cybersecurity exist, however they differ in safety concerns from our perspective. In addition, with only one exception, the methods have not been used, and/or the use has not been reported as pertaining to industrial application. The most frequently cited vulnerabilities are those related to GPS and datalinks. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023. Vol. 38, no 6, p. 28-43
Keywords [en]
Cybersecurity, Denial-of-service attack, NASA, Remote control, Risk assessment, Safety engineering, Software engineering, Aircraft systems, Airworthiness, Beyond visual line-of-sight, Conops, Cyber security, Line of Sight, Lines-of-sight, Regulation, Remotely piloted aircraft, Remotely piloted aircraft system, Risks assessments, UAS, Visual line, Vulnerability, Drones, Aircraft, BVLOS, Computer security, RPAS, Safety, Visualization, vulnerabilities
National Category
Software Engineering Computer Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-24375DOI: 10.1109/MAES.2023.3251969ISI: 001004539500003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85149452274OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-24375DiVA, id: diva2:1744132
Part of project
SERT- Software Engineering ReThought, Knowledge Foundation
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180010Available from: 2023-03-17 Created: 2023-03-17 Last updated: 2023-08-08Bibliographically approved

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