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Grasping multiple sustainability goals (MUSTS): a tool for supporting dialogue-based processes of multi-level governance in transport planning
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0974-3196
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5116-5524
Chalmers University of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4450-1312
University of Calgary.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5966-5141
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A tool that provides an organised overview of sustainability goals for relevant stakeholders at different levels is proposed. The MUSTS tool was developed and prototyped, then tested within a multistakeholder collaborative project for sustainable transport planning in Sweden. By applying the tool, this study managed to sort and organise 179 goals in 30 documents at five levels into 109 goal categories and help stakeholders identify the goals relevant to their work. An exemplification of the results from the tool shows that different aspects of ‘health’ are aimed for by the goals in the various policy and planning documents. It also shows the different stakeholders with mandate and legitimacy to act on these goals. The usefulness of the tool for various contexts and for other purposes, such as sustainability assessment of the goals in policy and planning documents, monitoring and reporting of the goals, and supporting dialogue-based processes is discussed.

Keywords [en]
sustainability, planning, transdisciplinarity, stakeholder, policy, tool, goal
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Strategic Sustainable Development
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-24431OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-24431DiVA, id: diva2:1749827
Projects
Roadmapper
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 51128-1Available from: 2023-04-11 Created: 2023-04-11 Last updated: 2023-05-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Scaffolding for multistakeholder dialogue-based processes in strategic planning for transitioning to sustainable mobility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scaffolding for multistakeholder dialogue-based processes in strategic planning for transitioning to sustainable mobility
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There are numerous sustainability challenges related to mobility. One of the main challenges is the necessary reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The transport sector is one of the main emitters. There are also challenges regarding accessibility, health, equity, and justice that need to be considered. The recent COVID-19 pandemic led to a temporary decrease in emissions (mainly from reduced aviation), at the same time as there were worsening aspects such as social exclusion. These and other complex challenges requireurgent, comprehensive change and creative solutions. The urgency for a change adds to the challenge of mobility planning since conventional planning processes are usually slow. Moreover, local planners who plan for transitioning to sustainable mobility need to facilitate participatory processes since mobility planning affects many stakeholders. When engaging with planning practitioners, it was found that there is a lack of tools that can support practitioners when conducting reflective and generative multistakeholder dialogues.

The aim of this research was to develop process-oriented methodological support for multistakeholder dialogues in strategic planning for transitioning to sustainable mobility. A transdisciplinary research approach was used to explore this topic, including the problem space of participatory research modes. Furthermore, a design research approach was used for tool development.

A comprehensive literature review to identify prominent research themes in regional and urban planning for transitioning to sustainable mobility was made. The developments in the field over the past 15 years show a paradigm shift from ‘predict-and-provide’ to participatory visionary approaches, such as backcasting and SymbioCity. However, this has led to new challenges concerning processes that support reflective and generative stakeholder dialogue in a rapidly changing and highly diversified world. These challenges relate to, among other things, an insufficient diversity in multistakeholder processes, a limited availability of stakeholders to participate in such processes and a lack of tools that can aid with an overview of various sustainability goals from policy and planning documents.

Among participatory research approaches, transdisciplinary research and action research were explored. As these research modes have become prominent, it is important to know more about them. It was found that transdisciplinary research could be particularly useful for advisory reflective contexts, whereas action research could be particularly useful for contexts where action is a priority.

The dissertation presents further forms of methodological support that can help structure participatory multistakeholder dialogue-based processes:− a framework for analysing the complexity of co-production settings in relation to epistemic communities, linguistic diversities, and culture;− a rapid scenario planning method to support regional visioning for sustainability transformation; and− the MUSTS tool that connects sustainability goals at multiple levels with stakeholders who have the power and legitimacy to act upon them. To conclude, the methodological process-supporting tools that were investigated and those developed in this research offer a form of “scaffolding”that aids facilitators to organise more efficient and effective participatory processes. These scaffolding tools are rooted in transdisciplinary coproduction of knowledge research and offer promising elements for a toolbox for strategic planning for transitioning to sustainable mobility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2023. p. 407
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 2023:06
Keywords
sustainability, transdisciplinary, co-production of knowledge, mobility, strategic planning, facilitation, dialogue-based process
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Strategic Sustainable Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-24433 (URN)978-91-7295-456-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-06-09, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-04-28 Created: 2023-04-27 Last updated: 2023-04-28Bibliographically approved

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Nikulina, VarvaraNy, HenrikBerger, ThomasOginga Martins, JudithWälitalo, Lisa

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Nikulina, VarvaraNy, HenrikBaumann, HenrikkeLaycock Pedersen, RebeccaBerger, ThomasOginga Martins, JudithWälitalo, Lisa
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Department of Strategic Sustainable DevelopmentDepartment of Spatial Planning
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

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