Concept analysis: patient autonomy in a caring context
2014 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 70, no 10, 2208-2221 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim. This paper is a report of an analysis of the concept of patient autonomy. Background. Many problems regarding patient autonomy in healthcare contexts derive from the patient's dependent condition as well as the traditional authoritarian position of healthcare professionals. Existing knowledge and experience reveal a lack of consensus among nurses regarding the meaning of this ethical concept. Design. Concept Analysis. Data sources. Medline, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and PsycINFO were searched (2005-June 2013) using the search blocks 'autonomy', 'patient' and 'nursing/caring'. A total of 41 articles were retrieved. Review Methods. The Evolutionary Method of Concept Analysis by Rodgers was used to identify and construct the meaning of the concept of patient autonomy in a caring context. Results. Five attributes were identified, thus creating the following descriptive definition: 'Patient autonomy is a gradual, time-changing process of (re-)constructing autonomy through the interplay of to be seen as a person, the capacity to act and the obligation to take responsibility for one’s actions’'. Patient vulnerability was shown to be the antecedent of patient autonomy and arises due to an impairment of a person's physical and/or mental state. The consequences of patient autonomy were discussed in relation to preserving control and freedom. Conclusion. Patient autonomy in a caring context does not need to be the same before, during and after a care episode. A tentative model has been constructed, thus extending the understanding of this ethical concept in a caring context.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2014. Vol. 70, no 10, 2208-2221 p.
caring, concept analysis, nurses, nursing, patient autonomy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:bth-6456DOI: 10.1111/jan.12412ISI: 000342986100005Local ID: oai:bth.se:forskinfoFB147FACF831B239C1257D0000318F07OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-6456DiVA: diva2:833964
Journal of Advanced Nursing2015-01-022014-06-232015-06-30Bibliographically approved