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Analysis of information synergy between e-Waybill solutions and intelligent transport system services
Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
2013 (English)In: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 4, no 2-3, 123-139 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present a study on information synergy between an electronic waybill (e-Waybill) and intelligent transportation system (ITS) services. A waybill is an important transport document, and it contains essential information about a consignment. We consider five e-Waybill solutions, which differ in where the e-Waybill information is stored, read, and written. We analyse 20 ITS services, and for each of them, the required input entities that can be provided by an e-Waybill are identified, and the synergy with each of the e-Waybill solutions is determined based on the location of the e-Waybill information. The analysis shows that e-Waybill solutions with storage at the freight-level enable the highest information synergy with ITS services. Our result may support the implementation of practical e-Waybill systems that provide high synergy with ITS services, which may lead to higher utilisation of ITS services and more sustainable transport, e.g., in terms of reduced congestion and emissions

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Inderscience , 2013. Vol. 4, no 2-3, 123-139 p.
Keyword [en]
E-Waybill, Electronic waybill, Information synergy, Intelligent transport systems services, ITS services
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-6752DOI: 10.1504/WRITR.2013.058978Local ID: oai:bth.se:forskinfo80EF7698D161F098C1257CA60034FD94OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-6752DiVA: diva2:834290
Available from: 2014-03-25 Created: 2014-03-25 Last updated: 2016-04-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In freight transportation, a waybill is an important document that contains essential information about a consignment. The focus of this thesis is on a multi-purpose electronic waybill (e-Waybill) service, which can provide the functions of a paper waybill, and which is capable of storing, at least, the information present in a paper waybill. In addition, the service can be used to support other existing Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) services by utilizing on synergies with the existing services. Additionally, information entities from the e-Waybill service are investigated for the purpose of knowledge-building concerning freight flows.

A systematic review on state-of-the-art of the e-Waybill service reveals several limitations, such as limited focus on supporting ITS services. Five different conceptual e-Waybill solutions (that can be seen as abstract system designs for implementing the e-Waybill service) are proposed. The solutions are investigated for functional and technical requirements (non-functional requirements), which can potentially impose constraints on a potential system for implementing the e-Waybill service. Further, the service is investigated for information and functional synergies with other ITS services. For information synergy analysis, the required input information entities for different ITS services are identified; and if at least one information entity can be provided by an e-Waybill at the right location we regard it to be a synergy. Additionally, a service design method has been proposed for supporting the process of designing new ITS services, which primarily utilizes on functional synergies between the e-Waybill and different existing ITS services. The suggested method is applied for designing a new ITS service, i.e., the Liability Intelligent Transport System (LITS) service. The purpose of the LITS service isto support the process of identifying when and where a consignment has been damaged and who was responsible when the damage occurred. Furthermore, information entities from e-Waybills are utilized for building improved knowledge concerning freight flows. A freight and route estimation method has been proposed for building improved knowledge, e.g., in national road administrations, on the movement of trucks and freight.

The results from this thesis can be used to support the choice of practical e-Waybill service implementation, which has the possibility to provide high synergy with ITS services. This may lead to a higher utilization of ITS services and more sustainable transport, e.g., in terms of reduced congestion and emissions. Furthermore, the implemented e-Waybill service can be an enabler for collecting consignment and traffic data and converting the data into useful traffic information. In particular, the service can lead to increasing amounts of digitally stored data about consignments, which can lead to improved knowledge on the movement of freight and trucks. The knowledge may be helpful when making decisions concerning road taxes, fees, and infrastructure investments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2016. 210 p.
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 4
Keyword
Electronic waybill, e-waybill, Intelligent transport system, ITS services, Freight transport
National Category
Computer Systems Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-11775 (URN)978-91-7295-326-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-17, Ateljén, Biblioteksgatan 4, Karlshamn, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2016-03-30 Last updated: 2016-08-09Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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