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On The Symbol Error Probability of Distributed-Alamouti Scheme
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2009 (English)In: Journal of Communications, ISSN 1796-2021, Vol. 4, no 7, 437-444 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Taking into account the relay’s location, we analyze the maximum likelihood (ML) decoding performance ofdualhop relay network, in which two amplify-and-forward (AF) relays employ the Alamouti code in a distributed fashion. In particular, using the well-known moment generating function (MGF) approach we derive the closed-form expressions of the average symbol error probability (SEP) for M-ary phase-shift keying (M-PSK) when the relays are located nearby either the source or destination. The analytical result is obtained as a single integral with finite limits and the integrand composed solely of trigonometric functions. Assessing the asymptotic characteristic of SEP formulas in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime, we show that the distributed-Alamouti protocol achieves a full diversity order. We also perform the Monte-Carlo simulations to validate our analysis. In addition, based on the upper bound of SEP we propose an optimal power allocation between the first-hop (the source-to-relay link) and second-hop (the relay-to-destination link) transmission. We further show that as the two relays are located nearby the destination most of the total power should be allocated to the broadcasting phase (the first-hop transmission). When the two relays are placed close to the source, we propose an optimal transmission scheme which is a non-realtime processing, hence, can be applied for practical applications. It is shown that the optimal power allocation scheme outperforms the equal power scheme with a SEP performance improvement by 2-3 dB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy Publisher , 2009. Vol. 4, no 7, 437-444 p.
Keyword [en]
Distributed-Alamouti space–time code, amplifyand-forward (AF) relay, symbol error probability (SEP)
National Category
Signal Processing
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-8001Local ID: diva2:835685
Open Access Journal Website of the paper: from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2009-08-14 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved

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