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Risk indicators for peri-implantitis: A narrative review
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health.
2015 (English)In: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 26, 15-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To examine the existing evidence in identifying risk indicators in the etiology of peri-implantitis. Material and methods: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE via PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine, for articles published until October 2014 using Medical Subject Heading search terms + free text terms and in different combinations. Results: The microbiota associated with peri-implantitis is complex, demonstrating differences and similarities to the one seen at periodontitis sites. Plaque accumulation at dental implants triggers the inflammatory response leading to peri-implant mucositis/peri-implantitis. Individuals with a history of periodontal disease and smokers have an increased risk of developing peri-implantitis. There is some evidence to support the role of genetic polymorphism, diabetes, and excess cement as risk indicators for the development of peri-implantitis. There is also evidence to support that individuals on regular maintenance are less likely to develop peri-implantitis and that successful treatment of periodontitis prior to implant placement lowers the risk of peri-implantitis. Conclusions: Plaque accumulation at implants will result in the development of an inflammation at implants. A history of periodontal disease, smoking, excess cement, and lack of supportive therapy should be considered as risk indicators for the development of peri-implantitis. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 26, 15-44 p.
Keyword [en]
Biofilm; Etiology; Excess cement; Genotype; Microbiology; Oral hygiene; Partial edentulism; Peri-implantitis; Periodontitis; Risk indicators; Smoking; Supportive periodontal therapy
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-10884DOI: 10.1111/clr.12636ISI: 000369955400003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84941902107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-10884DiVA: diva2:864277
Available from: 2015-10-26 Created: 2015-10-26 Last updated: 2016-09-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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