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A theory-based educational intervention targeting nurses' attitudes and knowledge concerning cancer-related pain management - a study protocol of a quasi-experimental design.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
2011 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most frequent problems among patients diagnosed with cancer. Despite the availability of effective pharmacological treatments, this group of patients often receives less than optimal treatment. Research into nurses' pain management highlights certain factors, such as lack of knowledge and attitudes and inadequate procedures for systematic pain assessment, as common barriers to effective pain management. However, educational interventions targeting nurses' pain management have shown promise. As cancer-related pain is also known to have a negative effect on vital aspects of the patient's life, as well as being commonly associated with problems such as sleep, fatigue, depression and anxiety, further development of knowledge within this area is warranted.

METHODS/DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study design will be used to investigate whether the implementation of guidelines for systematic daily pain assessments following a theory-based educational intervention will result in an improvement in knowledge and attitude among nurses. A further aim is to investigate whether the intervention that targets nurses' behaviour will improve hospital patients' perception of pain. Data regarding nurses' knowledge and attitudes to pain (primary outcome), patient perception regarding pain (secondary outcome), together with socio-demographic variables, will be collected at baseline and at four weeks and 12 weeks following the intervention.

DISCUSSION: Nursing care is nowadays acknowledged as an increasingly complicated activity and "nursing complexity is such that it can be seen as the quintessential complex intervention." To be able to change and improve clinical practice thus requires multiple points of attack appropriate to meet complex challenges. Consequently, we expect the theory-based intervention used in our quasi-experimental study to improve care as well as quality of life for this group of patients and we also envisage that evidence-based guidelines targeting this patient group's pain will be implemented more widely.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01313234.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 11
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-11233DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-11-233PubMedID: 21942991OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-11233DiVA: diva2:886103
Available from: 2015-12-21 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2016-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedhttp://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6963-11-233

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