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Electronic Waybill Solutions: A Systemtic Review
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
(English)In: Journal of Special Topics in Information Technology and Management, ISSN 1385-951X, E-ISSN 1573-7667Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

A critical component in freight transportation is the waybill, which is a transport document that has essential information about a consignment. Actors within the supply chain handle not only the freight but also vast amounts of information,which are often unclear due to various errors. An electronic waybill (e-Waybill) solution is an electronic replacement of the paper waybill in a better way, e.g., by ensuring error free storage and flow of information. In this paper, a systematic review using the snowball method is conducted to investigate the state-of-the-art of e-Waybill solutions. After performing three iterations of the snowball process,we identified eleven studies for further evaluation and analysis due to their strong relevancy. The studies are mapped in relation to each other and a classification of the e-Waybill solutions is constructed. Most of the studies identified from our review support the benefits of electronic documents including e-Waybills. Typically, most research papers reviewed support EDI (Electronic Documents Interchange) for implementing e-Waybills. However, limitations exist due to high costs that make it less affordable for small organizations. Recent studies point to alternative technologies that we have listed in this paper. Additionally in this paper, we present from our research that most studies focus on the administrative benefits, but few studies investigate the potential of e-Waybill information for achieving services, such as estimated time of arrival and real-time tracking and tracing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer.
National Category
Computer Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-11774OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-11774DiVA: diva2:915601
Available from: 2016-03-30 Created: 2016-03-30 Last updated: 2016-04-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing Electronic Waybill Solutions for Road Freight Transport
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In freight transportation, a waybill is an important document that contains essential information about a consignment. The focus of this thesis is on a multi-purpose electronic waybill (e-Waybill) service, which can provide the functions of a paper waybill, and which is capable of storing, at least, the information present in a paper waybill. In addition, the service can be used to support other existing Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) services by utilizing on synergies with the existing services. Additionally, information entities from the e-Waybill service are investigated for the purpose of knowledge-building concerning freight flows.

A systematic review on state-of-the-art of the e-Waybill service reveals several limitations, such as limited focus on supporting ITS services. Five different conceptual e-Waybill solutions (that can be seen as abstract system designs for implementing the e-Waybill service) are proposed. The solutions are investigated for functional and technical requirements (non-functional requirements), which can potentially impose constraints on a potential system for implementing the e-Waybill service. Further, the service is investigated for information and functional synergies with other ITS services. For information synergy analysis, the required input information entities for different ITS services are identified; and if at least one information entity can be provided by an e-Waybill at the right location we regard it to be a synergy. Additionally, a service design method has been proposed for supporting the process of designing new ITS services, which primarily utilizes on functional synergies between the e-Waybill and different existing ITS services. The suggested method is applied for designing a new ITS service, i.e., the Liability Intelligent Transport System (LITS) service. The purpose of the LITS service isto support the process of identifying when and where a consignment has been damaged and who was responsible when the damage occurred. Furthermore, information entities from e-Waybills are utilized for building improved knowledge concerning freight flows. A freight and route estimation method has been proposed for building improved knowledge, e.g., in national road administrations, on the movement of trucks and freight.

The results from this thesis can be used to support the choice of practical e-Waybill service implementation, which has the possibility to provide high synergy with ITS services. This may lead to a higher utilization of ITS services and more sustainable transport, e.g., in terms of reduced congestion and emissions. Furthermore, the implemented e-Waybill service can be an enabler for collecting consignment and traffic data and converting the data into useful traffic information. In particular, the service can lead to increasing amounts of digitally stored data about consignments, which can lead to improved knowledge on the movement of freight and trucks. The knowledge may be helpful when making decisions concerning road taxes, fees, and infrastructure investments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2016. 210 p.
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1653-2090 ; 4
Keyword
Electronic waybill, e-waybill, Intelligent transport system, ITS services, Freight transport
National Category
Computer Systems Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-11775 (URN)978-91-7295-326-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-17, Ateljén, Biblioteksgatan 4, Karlshamn, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2016-03-30 Last updated: 2016-08-09Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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