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The effect of periodontal therapy on intra-oral halitosis: a case series
Kristianstad Univ, Sch Hlth & Soc, S-29188 Kristianstad, Sweden..
Kristianstad Univ, Sch Hlth & Soc, S-29188 Kristianstad, Sweden..
Kristianstad Univ, Sch Hlth & Soc, S-29188 Kristianstad, Sweden.;Univ Washington, Sch Dent, Dept Periodont, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 43, no 5, 445-452 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Text
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-surgical periodontal therapy on intra-oral halitosis 3months after therapy. Material and methods: Sixty-eight adults with intra-oral halitosis were included in a case series. Intra-oral halitosis was evaluated at baseline, and at 3months after treatment using the organoleptic scores (OLS), Halimeter (R), and a gas chromatograph. Results: Significant reductions for OLS (p<0.01), total sum of volatile sulphur compounds (T-VSC) (p<0.01) and methyl mercaptan (MM) (p<0.05) values were found after treatment. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) levels were not significantly reduced. The numbers of probing pockets 4mm, 5mm and 6mm were significantly reduced as a result of therapy (p<0.001). Bleeding on probing (BOP) and plaque indices were also significantly reduced (p<0.001). For the 34 individuals with successful periodontal treatment (BOP<20% and a 50% reduction of total pocket depth) reductions in OLS (p<0.01) and T-VSC scores (p<0.01) were found. Eleven individuals were considered effectively treated for intra-oral halitosis presenting with a T-VSC value <160ppb, a H2S value <112ppb and a MM value <26ppb. Conclusion: Non-surgical periodontal therapy resulted in reduction of OLS, MM and T-VSC values 3months after therapy. Few individuals were considered as effectively treated for intra-oral halitosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. Vol. 43, no 5, 445-452 p.
Keyword [en]
bad breath, hydrogen sulphide, oral halitosis, oral malodour, periodontitis, volatile sulphur compounds
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-11924DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12525ISI: 000374990100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-11924DiVA: diva2:931743
Available from: 2016-05-30 Created: 2016-05-30 Last updated: 2016-06-02Bibliographically approved

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