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  • 1.
    Aandahl, Hanna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Tryggare Park: Åtgärdsförslag för Kroksbäcksparken ur ett trygghetsperspektiv2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan trygghet skapas? Trygghetsfrågorna har fått ett allt större utrymme i debatten om staden. Forskningen och debatten är långt ifrån entydig och recepten på trygghet varierar kraftigt mellan olika länder. Grovt kan de förespråkade åtgärderna delas in i två läger: säkerhet och trygghet. ”Säkerhet” med framför allt situationell brottsprevention med den filosofin att skadegörelse, våld och stölder leder till otrygghet, vilket i sin tur leder till att människor inte vågar ta plats i det offentliga rummet. Konsekvensen blir att de offentliga platserna mister sin sociala kontroll, och kriminalitet och otryggheten får ytterligare spelrum. ”Trygghet” förespråkar istället skapandet av en levande stad där folk vågar ta plats och på så sätt utöva en social och informell övervakning. I detta arbete undersöker jag hur tryggheten fungerar och hur den kan ökas i en otrygg park i södra Malmö -Kroksbäcksparken,

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  • 2.
    Aarthun, Tobias
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Sokolovic, Marko
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Adaptiv musik i digitala spel: dess funktion och inverkan på spelaren2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adaptive music allows game developers to implement music that responds to other game parameters. Thus, the music can follow the game's narrative in real time, thereby contributing to an immersive experience. In a game with adaptive music, the player has agency and influence on the music, while at the same time the music also has agency and influence on the player. In this bachelor thesis, we have investigated how adaptive music could affect player performance by looking at elements that may influence this issue, such as music features and stress. We have conducted tests as well as combined quantitative with qualitative methods which enabled us to dive deeper in this question and get into the details, while at the same time obtaining broader and more comprehensive knowledge about the role of adaptive music in games. In the text, we describe the practical work with all of  it’s technical ingredients that we performed to create and implement adaptive music in a game. Finally, we also provide an account of the collected data, a methodically conducted analysis, and an in-depth discussion that reflects on the work and suggests how to continue researching this subject.

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    BTH2018AarthunSokolovic
  • 3.
    Aav, Cornelia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Stadens mikroklimat: Hur värmeöeffekten och värmeböljor påverkar det urbana livet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en mängd miljöproblem på global, regional och lokal nivå, kunskap om de lokala miljöproblemen kan bli avgörande för förståelsen av vilka åtgärder som är lämpliga i vilka miljöer. Lokala miljöproblem är också mindre komplicerade och lättare att åtgärda relaterat till de regionala och globala problemen. Sedan urbaniseringens början har landskapen förändrats och ytor av öppen landsbygd har bildat stadsmiljöer för att ge utrymme till bland annat boende och arbetsplatser för människorna i staden. Urbaniseringen har lett till att urbana värmeöar har uppstått på grund av föroreningar från industrier, trafik, bostäder, värmesystem, luftpartiklars återstrålningseffekt, bebyggelsens utformning samt materialval, minskad avdunstningsavkylning, effektiv dränering och mycket mer.

    Flerfallstudien av några av Sveriges kommuners översiktsplaner och andra ledande dokument leder till en inblick i vad som anses vara hållbar stadsutveckling. Förtätning är en återkommande strategi för hållbar stadsutveckling inom ett flertal av Sveriges kommuner, ofta utifrån positiva sociala effekter, såsom ökad säkerhet, närhet mellan målpunkter, ökat underlag för kollektivtrafik etcetera. Det finns en mängd olika åtgärder för att minska stadens klimatpåverkan ur värmesynpunkt, en del är mer kostsamma än andra, samtidigt är en del mer experimentella än andra. En stad som förtätas innebär att outnyttjade eller redan bebyggda områden i staden exploateras, detta innebär att staden växer inåt. Då staden blir tätare och växer uppstår flera lokala miljöproblem, bland annat så ökar den urbana värmeöeffekten. Det talas sällan om de negativa miljöeffekter som uppstår vid olika planeringsprojekt, men att använda konkreta och enkla lösningar för att få fram genomförbara alternativ, kan leda till att värmeöeffekten samt miljöpåverkan minskar i städerna.

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    Stadens mikroklimat
  • 4.
    Abari, Farzad Foroughi
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Signal Processing.
    Optimization of Audio Processing algorithms (Reverb) on ARMv6 family of processors2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Audio processing algorithms are increasingly used in cell phones and today’s customers are placing more demands on cell phones. Feature phones, once the advent of mobile phone technology, nowadays do more than just providing the user with MP3 play back or advanced audio effects. These features have become an integral part of medium as well as low-end phones. On the other hand, there is also an endeavor to include as improved quality as possible into products to compete in market and satisfy users’ needs. Tackling the above requirements has been partly satisfied by the advance in hardware design and manufacturing technology. However, as new hardware emerges into market the need for competence to write efficient software and exploit the new features thoroughly and effectively arises. Even though compilers are also keeping up with the new tide space for hand optimized code still exist. Wrapped in the above goal, an effort was made in this thesis to partly cover the competence requirement at Multimedia Section (part of Ericsson Mobile Platforms) to develope optimized code for new processors. Forging persistently ahead with new products, EMP has always incorporated the latest technology into its products among which ARMv6 family of processors has the main central processing role in a number of upcoming products. To fully exploit latest features provided by ARMv6, it was required to probe its new instruction set among which new media processing instructions are of outmost importance. In order to execute DSP-intensive algorithms (e.g. Audio Processing algorithms) efficiently, the implementation should be done in low-level code applying available instruction set. Meanwhile, ARMv6 comes with a number of new features in comparison with its predecessors. SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) and VFP (Vector Floating Point) are the most prominent media processing improvements in ARMv6. Aligned with thesis goals and guidelines, Reverb algorithm which is among one of the most complicated audio features on a hand-held devices was probed. Consequently, its kernel parts were identified and implementation was done both in fixed-point and floating-point using the available resources on hardware. Besides execution time and amount of code memory for each part were measured and provided in tables and charts for comparison purposes. Conclusions were finally drawn based on developed code’s efficiency over ARM compiler’s as well as existing code already developed and tailored to ARMv5 processors. The main criteria for optimization was the execution time. Moreover, quantization effect due to limited precision fixed-point arithmetic was formulated and its effect on quality was elaborated. The outcomes, clearly indicate that hand optimization of kernel parts are superior to Compiler optimized alternative both from the point of code memory as well as execution time. The results also confirmed the presumption that hand optimized code using new instruction set can improve efficiency by an average 25%-50% depending on the algorithm structure and its interaction with other parts of audio effect. Despite its many draw backs, fixed-point implementation remains yet to be the dominant implementation for majority of DSP algorithms on low-power devices.

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  • 5. Abarkan, Abdellah
    The study of urban form in Sweden2009In: Urban Morphology, ISSN 1027-4278 , Vol. 13, no 2, p. 121-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early research on urban form in Sweden was undertaken before the First World War. After the Second World War research was influenced by the major criticisms levelled at comprehensive urban renewal and suburban mass housing. These criticisms were particularly on the ground that values embodied in the traditional built environment were being ignored. Increased interest in the study of historical urban fabrics was associated with the development of methodologies reliant on the concepts of typology and morphology. These development were dependent on the activities of individual researchers until the very recent development of wider co-ordinating research organizations.

  • 6.
    ABBASIAN, ARMIN
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Importance of Urban Squares as Public Space in Social Life: A New Design of Fisktorget in Karlskrona City2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, the impact of technological growth‏ ‏on people’s life and our society is remarkable, ‎inevitable and also worrying. The excessive influence of technology in ‎individuals’ lives has caused our community to change towards more privatisation and ‎secluded life. At this point, the role of urban public spaces in social life has become more ‎prominent and significant. Issues of social life in public spaces and the relations with creating a ‎vibrant and dynamic city has not been given too much attention in urban planning and design. ‎This thesis raises the question of considering public spaces and how urban public spaces ‎‎(especially squares) can encourage/persuade citizens ‎to increase social interaction‎. Initially, it describes a clear definition of public spaces and urban squares. Thereafter, the study addresses ‎effectual factors from the human perspective which can help to achieve the successful design of an ‎urban public square. The aim of the work is to comprehend how it might be possible to improve ‎social life and behaviour in public spaces (squares) and consequently to attain a framework in ‎order to design. Ultimately, a design is proposed for Fisktorget (Fish Square), which is one of most important public places in the Karlskrona city in Sweden. The proposed design is based on studies and analyses that have been done throughout this thesis. 

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  • 7.
    Abdalameir, Hussein
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Daher, Maher
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Standardization of interfaces for electrical cabinets: How to optimize time saving and cost efficiency for electrical cabinets in submarines2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In general, it is very complicated to build submarines. There are many parts and equipment that must be in place, and there are tight spaces on the boat. As submarine development progresses and new modern concepts take shape, the installation of new equipment on board becomes more complex, placing higher demands on well-defined interfaces, both geometrically and logically. The approach to electrical cabinets today is to run the cables from the bottom or top through a cable transit system, and only after the cabinet is installed on the submarine can the cables be installed in the proper terminals. This means that the installation takes a lot of time and combined with the fact that there are so many cables sticking out of the cable grommet, the work becomes even more superficial as installers are also constrained by the tight space. Sometimes workers also must move around to make room for others to pass through other parts of the submarine. This means that workers must leave their jobs and move before resuming their work. The following can happen several times a day, which means more time is needed to install electrical cabinets on the submarine.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this work is to develop and design a solution that is a standardized interface for equipment in the form of electrical cabinets that are present and used in submarines. In this way, the solution must be able to satisfy the different interfaces of the devices that the different subcontractors provide to the company. The created proposals must be illustrated with a CAD software to visualize the concept.

     

    Methodology: The research methodology used in this project is a combination of Participatory Action Research (PAR) and Design Thinking (DT).

     

    Result: The result presents a solution (ISO-box) that shows that it is possible to reduce and optimize the time to install the cabinet once the cabinet is permanently mounted on the submarine. The solution is presented in the form of a CAD model. The model is set up so that all the cables coming from the cable transit system have an adapter at the end, which has a counterpart in a box to the cabinet that is installed on the submarine. Then when the cabinet is assembled, all that must be done is to plug the right connector into the right place in this box. The box has colors for the connectors and numbering that makes it easier for the installer to know which adapter to use.

     

    Conclusions: The work shows that it is quite possible to change the current solution so that less time is needed in the final assembly of the cabinets. It will be easier to just connect the contacts and then leave room for others to pass in the confined spaces. It will also be easier to maintain, as the installer can replace broken contacts as the solution is modular, and there is the possibility of installing new equipment with ISO-box if necessary.

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  • 8.
    Abdallah, Lana
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Persson, Mattias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    The effects of environmental uncertainty conditions on organisational innovativeness and performance of SMEs.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovativeness is considered to be an important factor for firm’s survival and their ability to compete in today’s market. Therefore, researchers have become more interested in studying innovativeness and its drivers. Studies have also showed that there’s a positive relationship between environmental uncertainty and innovativeness. Organisations are responsive to turbulent environments through innovativeness in order to stay competitive and improve performance. The purpose of this thesis is to rank critical environmental factor’s effect on organisational innovativeness of small and medium enterprises in Sweden, through investigating the impact of market/demand turbulence and technological turbulence on innovativeness. Additionally, we want to examine the relationship between innovativeness and business performance, as well as the indirect relationship between environmental uncertainty and performance. Based on previous literature, we have developed hypotheses and proposed a research model to study the formulated problems. Data for the study were collected from 50 SMEs in Sweden, through a survey with well-known scales and were analysed using regression analysis. The results of the study, reveal that environmental uncertainty has a positive effect on the innovativeness of SMEs. In addition, technological turbulence showed to have a positive significant effect on an SME’s innovativeness; however, contrary to general belief, market/demand turbulence did not have any prominent effect. Our findings also proved that innovativeness have a strong positive impact on business performance, and that only technological turbulence have an indirect influence on performance through innovativeness. This study aimed to contribute to the management a better understanding, of which conditions of environmental turbulences SMEs should adapt to, in order to increase their level of innovativeness. Keywords: environmental uncertainty, organizational innovativeness, performance, market/demand turbulence, technological turbulence, SMEs.

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  • 9.
    Abdeen, Waleed
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Software Engineering.
    Chen, Xingru
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Software Engineering.
    Unterkalmsteiner, Michael
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Software Engineering.
    An approach for performance requirements verification and test environments generation2023In: Requirements Engineering, ISSN 0947-3602, E-ISSN 1432-010X, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 117-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Model-based testing (MBT) is a method that supports the design and execution of test cases by models that specify theintended behaviors of a system under test. While systematic literature reviews on MBT in general exist, the state of the arton modeling and testing performance requirements has seen much less attention. Therefore, we conducted a systematic map-ping study on model-based performance testing. Then, we studied natural language software requirements specificationsin order to understand which and how performance requirements are typically specified. Since none of the identified MBTtechniques supported a major benefit of modeling, namely identifying faults in requirements specifications, we developed thePerformance Requirements verificatiOn and Test EnvironmentS generaTion approach (PRO-TEST). Finally, we evaluatedPRO-TEST on 149 requirements specifications. We found and analyzed 57 primary studies from the systematic mappingstudy and extracted 50 performance requirements models. However, those models don’t achieve the goals of MBT, whichare validating requirements, ensuring their testability, and generating the minimum required test cases. We analyzed 77 Soft-ware Requirements Specification (SRS) documents, extracted 149 performance requirements from those SRS, and illustratethat with PRO-TEST we can model performance requirements, find issues in those requirements and detect missing ones.We detected three not-quantifiable requirements, 43 not-quantified requirements, and 180 underspecified parameters in the149 modeled performance requirements. Furthermore, we generated 96 test environments from those models. By modelingperformance requirements with PRO-TEST, we can identify issues in the requirements related to their ambiguity, measur-ability, and completeness. Additionally, it allows to generate parameters for test environments

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  • 10.
    Abdelsamad, Deena
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Video Transmission Jerkiness Measure2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital video transmission is widely used nowadays in multimedia. Frame dropping, freeze and reduced number of frames in the transmitted video are common symptoms of bad transmission quality. In order to assess the quality of transmission, a criterion is introduced in a model for a no reference video jerkiness measure [3]. This model is dierent from the former models presented as it depends on viewing conditions and video resolutions, so it is applicable for any frame size from QCIF to HD. The model uses simple mathematical equations of jerkiness and can be used for any video sequence [3]. A model of reduced reference method (Qtransmission) which depends on a pre-measured Jerkiness is introduced as a suggestion of future work.

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  • 11.
    Abdsharifi, Mohammad Hossein
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.
    Dhar, Ripan Kumar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.
    Service Management for P2P Energy Sharing Using Blockchain – Functional Architecture2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Blockchain has become the most revolutionary technology in the 21st century. In recent years, one of the concerns of world energy isn't just sustainability yet, in addition, being secure and reliable also. Since information and energy security are the main concern for the present and future services, this thesis is focused on the challenge of how to trade energy securely on the background of using distributed marketplaces that can be applied. The core technology used in this thesis is distributed ledger, specifically blockchain. Since this technology has recently gained much attention because of its functionalities such as transparency, immutability, irreversibility, security, etc, we tried to convey a solution for the implementation of a secure peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading network over a suitable blockchain platform. Furthermore, blockchain enables traceability of the origin of data which is called data provenience.

    In this work, we applied a secure blockchain technology in peer-to-peer energy sharing or trading system where the prosumer and consumer can trade their energies through a secure channel or network. Furthermore, the service management functionalities such as security, reliability, flexibility, and scalability are achieved through the implementation. \\

    This thesis is focused on the current proposals for p2p energy trading using blockchain and how to select a suitable blockchain technique to implement such a p2p energy trading network. In addition, we provide an implementation of such a secure network under blockchain and proper management functions. The choices of the system models, blockchain technology, and the consensus algorithm are based on literature review, and it carried to an experimental implementation where the feasibility of that system model has been validated through the output results. 

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    Service Management for P2P Energy Sharing Using Blockchain – Functional Architecture
  • 12.
    Abdulkarim, Abrahim
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Al Outa, Nima Nova
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Conceptualizing an automated sorting system for the recycling of plastic-floors2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Tarkett AB Ronneby (Sweden) is a flooring solutions company, recognized for the manufacturing and recycling of homogeneous plastic flooring. Tarkett AB recycles mainly installation spill and manufacturing defects. However, Tarkett AB is considering widening its recycling capabilities to include old and torn plastic floors which may contain impurities and banned substances or plastic floors of competing brands. To accomplish this, Tarkett is considering a completely new recycling line with an automated sorting process instead of the current manual process. Thus, Tarkett proposes a dissertation to conceptualize a new automated sorting system with added capacity and increased functionality.

    Purpose

    This work aims to investigate the current sorting process and introduce conceptual solutions for a new automated sorting process capable of identifying and separating plastic floors according to the manufacturer, type, condition, and external waste by using existing technology.

    Method

    The methods and tools used in this work are mainly based on a modified product development process. Starting with data collection of the current sorting process, performing a need-finding, and extracting requirements for an automated sorting process, investigating relevant technology, evaluating technology based on scientific literature and tests. The testing was conducted in collaboration with two companies. Near-infrared scanners were tested with Holger AB, while pattern recognition systems were tested with Vision-Geek. Finally, three concepts for the automated sorting process were developed and shown through flow charts and 2D-3D illustrations.

    Results

    The results of this work showed that it was possible to use near-infrared and pattern recognition for the separation of plastic floors. Besides, three conceptual solutions for an automated sorting process were generated and showcased with schematic graphs and 2D-3D illustrations. The concepts describe how the sorting process functions and what technology is used for each step of the process. Concept 1 and Concept 2 used both pattern recognition and spectroscopy methods. While Concept 3 only used spectroscopy methods. Moreover, spectroscopy methods were used to sort plastic floors by content while pattern recognition by appearance.

    Conclusions

    Recycling of torn and old plastic flooring can be beneficial for both the environment and the recycling industry. Yet, it presents some challenges relating to reliable, fast, and nondestructive identification for sorting and separation purposes. New and proven technology such as near-infrared hyperspectral imaging and pattern recognition can be used. However, high-quality pattern and spectrum libraries of multiple plastic floors have to be created for optimal and reliable reference models. Furthermore, pattern recognition and near-infrared methods need to be tested further at an industrial scale. 

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  • 13.
    Abdulla, Akar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Estimating Erosion in Oil and Gas Pipe Line Due to Sand Presence2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transporting solid particles in oil and gas flow cause erosion damage to the pipeline and fittings. The aim of this thesis is to study the effect of impact velocity on the erosion damage in 90 degree long elbow by using two different erosion models namely, Oka model and E/CRC model. Those correlation applied at air-borne sand eroding, methane-borne sand eroding, mixed gas-borne sand eroding, and multiphase (gas- oil) borne sand eroding Inconel 625. The commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code STAR-CCM+ is used to obtain the average and maximum erosion rate by using the above mentioned models and compared them with the previous results.

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  • 14. Abdullahi, Malleel
    Klimatanpassning i översiktsplaner: En fallstudie av tre kommuners klimatanpassningsarbete genom den fysiska planeringen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet har varit att titta på hur kommunerna genom sin översiktliga planering arbetar med klimatanpassning utifrån översvämningar, höga havsnivåer, skyfall, erosion, ras och skred, biologisk mångfald, restriktioner för nybyggnation samt skydd av befintlig bebyggelse. Avgränsningarna inom arbetet, både gällande material och analys av översiktsplanerna, baseras på teorin ekologisk hållbarhet. Teorin syftar till att öka medvetenheten kring att klimatförändringar har en negativ påverkan på samhällets ekonomi, det vill säga den ekonomiska hållbarheten vilket i sin tur har en påverkan på människors hälsa och välmående, den så kallade sociala hållbarheten. Materialet som granskats i arbetet är avgränsat till internationella lagar och riktlinjer, svenska lagar, två förordningar, relevanta publikationer från SMHI, Boverket, Naturvårdsverket samt tre kommunala översiktliga plandokument. Detta gör att arbetet är tydligt avgränsat och analyserat utifrån den information som har framkommit från materialet, dock har relevanta delar varit tvungna att väljas ut från dokumenten för att arbetet har varit tidsbegränsat. Fallstudien har även den avgränsats och baseras på tre specifika fall. Valet av fallstudier har baserats på det geografiska läget samt kommunernas storlek. Fallstudien avslutas i en analys för att se hur de förhåller sig till varandra. Vidare kommer diskussionen där materialet diskuteras gentemot varandra och mynnar ut i en slutsats där forskningsfrågorna besvaras

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    Klimatanpassning i översiktsplaner - en fallstudie av tre kommuners klimatanpassningsarbete g enom den fysiska planeringen
  • 15.
    Abedini, Margareta Mark och Marcel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Spatial Planning and Civil Engineering.
    Att upptäcka Mellanstaden: En studie av stadens ytterområden med Kristiansta som exempel2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är många faktorer som påverkar stadsutvecklingen och som skapar stadens identitet. Medverkande krafter är de offentliga och privata aktörernas intressen, den nationella bostadspolitiken, den befintliga fysiska strukturen samt stadens historiska bakgrund. I en tid då globalisering och kulturella förhållanden skapar en konkurrens mellan städerna kan stadens identitet och ekonomisk utveckling ses som viktiga faktorer i strävan efter att göra staden attraktiv. Avregleringen av bostadsmarknaden har bidragit till att privata aktörer får allt större inflytande över stadsutvecklingen. Olika grupper som till exempel företagarföreningar satsar på stadskärnans förnyelse. Centrumförnyelse och tilltalande bostäder i centrala lägen är aktuella projekt med inriktning på att göra staden tilltalande. Handel, nöjen, kultur, och attraktivt boende är viktiga för staden i kampen om företag, befolkning, turister och andra besökare. I de medelstora och stora städerna finns en form av stadsstruktur som vi här kallar mellanstad. Med mellanstaden menar vi de områden som är belägna mellan den täta stadskärnan och landsbygden. I mellanstaden finns många typer av bebyggelse. Småskalig äldre bebyggelse ?samsas? med storskalig miljonprogramsbebyggelse, villamattor, arbetsplatsområden, bilvårdsanläggningar, externhandel, trafikleder, tomma ytor med mera. Trenden när det gäller attraktivt boende går mot två håll. Det ena är att man väljer att bosätta sig i stadskärnan och det andra är att man väljer ett boende utanför staden, gärna i ?sjönära? läge. De mindre tätorterna kan i många fall erbjuda mycket goda boendemiljöer. Att bo utanför staden har blivit en möjlighet i vårt moderna IT-samhälle. I staden har de olika bostadsområdena fått olika attraktionskraft. Det finns stadsdelar med långa bostadsköer samtidigt som andra områden har tomma lägenheter. En stor del av stadens befolkning bor i mellanstadens bostadsområden. En del av dessa områden besväras av dåligt rykte. Den publicitet dessa får är oftast i negativ form. Den uppmärksamhet, som riktar sig mot staden, berör främst staden centrala delar. Därför vill vi sätta fokus på mellanstaden. Mellanstaden har många resurser, kvaliteter och möjligheter samtidigt som det finns brister och problem. Till resurserna hör närheten till naturen, låga markkostnader och att det ofta finns markreserver. Till nackdelarna och svagheterna hör bilberoende, segregation, storskalighet och minskad närservice. Otrygghet och dålig tillgänglighet kan även höra till mellanstadens problem. Trivsel och livskvalitet i vardagsmiljön är viktig för hela stadens utveckling. En god miljö kan stärka ortens konkurrenskraft och bidra till en positiv stadsutveckling. Vid framtida lokaliseringar av nya arbetstillfällen inom ?high-tech? ses livskvalitet i vardagsmiljön som en viktig utvecklingsfaktor. Även servicenäringarna anses vara beroende av god stadsmiljö. (Sverige 2009) Det finns många olika sätt att verka för en god livsmiljö. Att stadens centrum går mot en renässans är ganska tydlig. Vi frågar oss om stadsutvecklingen stannar i centrum, eller om den berör stadens alla delar. För att få en uppfattning om vilka förutsättningar mellanstaden har gör vi ett nedslag i en medelstor svensk stad, Kristianstad. Vi kommer att söka efter kvaliteter utifrån de boendes perspektiv och deras syn på en god livsmiljö. Det sker främst utifrån barn och ungdomars synvinkel och ur ett ekologiskt perspektiv. Vi funderar även på vad som kan förbättras. Viktiga faktorer att ta hänsyn till i stadsplaneringen är det historiska arvet, infrastrukturen, byggd miljö, landsbygd, välfärd, människors livsformer och vardagsliv. (Sverige 2009) Problemformulering Det finns många åsikter om stadens olika delar och vem som bor var. Centrum är till för ?innefolk? och ungdomar med god ekonomi. I miljonprogramsområdena bor invandrare och människor med olika problem. Villamattor för ?medelsvensson? med Volvo, husvagn och hund. Nyproducerade bostäder i attraktiva lägen för IT-folket och så vidare. Det går att räkna upp åtskilliga fördomar om staden och vem som bor var. Eftersom vi i det här arbetet främst kommer att inrikta oss på mellanstaden kanske vi upptäcker att fördomarna besannas eller att områden som anses som utsatta problemområden kanske inte alls upplevs som sådana av de boende. I dagens svenska städer ligger oftast stadsdelarna som öar runt en centrumkärna som även den är en ö. Centrum har specifika funktioner som ett tätare utbud av handel, kultur och nöjen än vad den övriga staden har. Bostadsområdena knyts till centrum genom trafikleder. Det finns ofta mellanrum mellan själva stadskärnan och övriga områden. Många öar ligger relativt isolerade mellan olika trafikleder. Där blir ofta bilberoendet ett faktum i en tid med förändrad närservice. Utvecklingen har gått mot ett boende där homogena grupper bor i olika stadsdelar. De frågor man kan ställa sig är: · Går det att stärka stadens olika delar så att en helhet uppstår · Kan mellanstaden bli hållbar ur social, ekologisk och ekonomisk synvinkel. · Finns det någon möjlighet att genom planering och politik motverka segregation Syfte Utifrån dessa frågor är syftet med detta examensarbete: - att identifiera stadens olika delar för att se vad mellanstaden har för möjligheter och brister. - att söka idéer till hur man genom planering kan öka trygghet, trivsel och tillhörighet för de som bor i mellanstaden. - att studera om det finns olika möjligheter att knyta ihop stadens öar och stärka mellanstaden och dess samhörighet med centrum Tillvägagångssätt För att identifiera stadens olika delar gör vi först en allmän historisk tillbakablick på Sveriges stadsutveckling. Vi kommer även att beskriva olika drivkrafter som påverkat stadsbyggandet under 1900-talet. Vi kommer även att precisera vilka områden som vi anser ingår i mellanstaden. Därefter kommer en diskussion om nuläget, trender och framtid. Senare i arbetet tar vi upp staden Kristianstad som exempel. För att få en förståelse för hur just den staden kommit till och hur den har växt fram gör vi en kort beskrivning av Kristianstads utveckling och en analys av staden. Efter det visar vi vad vi har bedömt vara Kristianstads mellanstad. I mellanstaden väljer vi sedan ut ett område som vi kommer att arbeta vidare med i en grundligare studie utifrån två synvinklar en ekologisk och en social. Den sista delen av arbetet omfattar förslag som framkommit genom studier av stadsdelen. Förslaget redovisas i form av en ?idékatalog? tillsammans med inspirationsbilder. Arbetet avslutas med en diskussion om mellanstaden och hur man i framtiden bör arbeta för att stärka de kvaliteter som finns där.

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  • 16.
    Abel, Kathleen A.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Integrating Economics with a Strategic Sustainable Planning Method; To enhance decision making processes.2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The complexity of environmental, social, economical, and technological objectives creates a challenge for decision makers when prioritizing the right measures that will move a project or organization toward sustainability at least cost. Currently there are methods or tools available to assist in this decision making and through a strategic approach potentially enhance the process. The focus of this thesis is to evaluate how the quantitative nature of economic detail as a tool which has been informed by a strategic sustainable framework can contribute to the complex decision making process for sustainable development when prioritizing measures. A two- step matrix format is used to represent the proposed approach. The complexity of sustainable development issues for decision makers within Sweden’s energy sector provides a suitable case study to explain this approach. Karlskrona, Sweden district heat was chosen. The results revealed an enhanced decision making process utilizing the proposed approach in district heat thus ensuring organizational and social profitability as defined by, static and dynamic efficiency and equitable allocation. The thesis concludes that the suggested approach has the potential to enhance the decision making process for strategic sustainable development when prioritizing measures in district heat and may be universal in its application in many other sectors. However, further validation of the approach through testing in real life situations is recommended.

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  • 17.
    Abelsson, Sara
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Signal Processing.
    Propagation Measurements at 3.5 GHz for WiMAX2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Propagation measurements at the frequency 3.5 GHz for the WiMAX technology have been conducted. The purpose of these measurements is that a coverage analysis should be accomplished. The mathematical software package MATLAB has been used to analyze the collected data from the measurement campaign. Path loss models have also been used and a comparison between these models and the collected data has been performed. An analysis prediction tool from an application called WRAP has also been used in the comparison with the collected data. In this thesis, diff

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  • 18.
    Abghari, Shahrooz
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.
    Brage, Jens
    NODA Intelligent Systems AB, SWE.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.
    A Higher Order Mining Approach for the Analysis of Real-World Datasets2020In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 13, no 21, article id 5781Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we propose a higher order mining approach that can be used for the analysis of real-world datasets. The approach can be used to monitor and identify the deviating operational behaviour of the studied phenomenon in the absence of prior knowledge about the data. The proposed approach consists of several different data analysis techniques, such as sequential pattern mining, clustering analysis, consensus clustering and the minimum spanning tree (MST). Initially, a clustering analysis is performed on the extracted patterns to model the behavioural modes of the studied phenomenon for a given time interval. The generated clustering models, which correspond to every two consecutive time intervals, can further be assessed to determine changes in the monitored behaviour. In cases in which significant differences are observed, further analysis is performed by integrating the generated models into a consensus clustering and applying an MST to identify deviating behaviours. The validity and potential of the proposed approach is demonstrated on a real-world dataset originating from a network of district heating (DH) substations. The obtained results show that our approach is capable of detecting deviating and sub-optimal behaviours of DH substations.

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  • 19.
    Abghari, Shahrooz
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.
    Boeva, Veselka
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.
    Brage, Jens
    NODA Intelligent Systems AB, SWE.
    Johansson, Christian
    NODA Intelligent Systems AB, SWE.
    District Heating Substation Behaviour Modelling for Annotating the Performance2020In: Communications in Computer and Information Science / [ed] Cellier, P, Driessens, K, Springer , 2020, Vol. 1168, p. 3-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this ongoing study, we propose a higher order data mining approach for modelling district heating (DH) substations’ behaviour and linking operational behaviour representative profiles with different performance indicators. We initially create substation’s operational behaviour models by extracting weekly patterns and clustering them into groups of similar patterns. The built models are further analyzed and integrated into an overall substation model by applying consensus clustering. The different operational behaviour profiles represented by the exemplars of the consensus clustering model are then linked to performance indicators. The labelled behaviour profiles are deployed over the whole heating season to derive diverse insights about the substation’s performance. The results show that the proposed method can be used for modelling, analyzing and understanding the deviating and sub-optimal DH substation’s behaviours. © 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

  • 20.
    Abghari, Shahrooz
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    García Martín, Eva
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Johansson, Christian
    NODA Intelligent Systems AB, SWE.
    Lavesson, Niklas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Grahn, Håkan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Trend analysis to automatically identify heat program changes2017In: Energy Procedia, Elsevier, 2017, Vol. 116, p. 407-415Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to improve the monitoring and controlling of heating systems located at customer buildings through the use of a decision support system. To achieve this, the proposed system applies a two-step classifier to detect manual changes of the temperature of the heating system. We apply data from the Swedish company NODA, active in energy optimization and services for energy efficiency, to train and test the suggested system. The decision support system is evaluated through an experiment and the results are validated by experts at NODA. The results show that the decision support system can detect changes within three days after their occurrence and only by considering daily average measurements.

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  • 21.
    Abid, Usman
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Mustafa, Ghadir
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Effektivisering av arbetsmetod vid framtagning av detaljritningar för produktion och montage inom byggbranschen2021Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    STARKA Betongelement AB is a privately owned company with a focus on manufacturing prefabricated concrete elements. STARKA works with everything from design, manufacturing to the assembly of concrete elements. The process that is mainly studied is their design process, here the different elements are planned to be manufactured and assembled. For the manufacture and assembly, drawings are produced as a basis for this work, these drawings consist of detailed drawings. The creation of these details is currently a time-consuming process; hence, this study aims to develop a more efficient working method that can both make it easier for designers and reduce demanding working hours.

    During the work, the design thinking process is followed as a method when developing the solution. The method consists of four primary phases, starting with understanding the problem that has been given. Furthermore, the area of the problem is studied, through various literature studies, observations, interviews and various tests. After forming a good foundation, different ideas are created to solve the problem. Finally, the final solution is implemented at the company and the implementation was evaluated.

    Results consist of an AutoLISP-program that consists of all the necessary functions under one program, to create the detailed drawings for production. The functions that appear in the program are as follows: measurement of details, in-cast goods measurement, cut line, reinforcement text and “hitsymbol”. Features and their specifications used in the program have been identified through interviews and observations with the engineers at STARKA.

    For assembly drawings, two different solutions have been developed, the first of which tackles engineers' problems in creating complicated details. This is achieved by utilizing the construction’s 3D-model to create the desired detailed drawings. The second solution focuses on generalizing different standard parts and eliminating excess information, such as external dimensions. This in turn creates a better prerequisite for more general details that can be reused in new drawings to save working time.

    s a conclusion for production drawings, the work is facilitated by the program consist of all the necessary functions. Since the features have their pre-inserted specifications, there is no need to configure them afterwards and the insertion becomes correct from the first step. The designers have found the solution helpful and have simplified their work by making “handpåläggning” more efficient and reducing working hours. “Handpåläggning” consist of the functions and methods that the engineers at STARKA use to finalize the drawings. Regarding assembly drawings, the use of 3D-models is considered to be very demanding on computers, but good assistance in complicated details. The standard details make it easier to use standard generalized details to avoid creating and editing new ones for each project. 

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  • 22.
    Abou El Alamien, Karim
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Standard vs. revolutionary sealing:: An investigative thesis on two methods of conceptual designing with regards to the root causes of failure mode in raw mill 7.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The grinding rollers of raw mill 7 operate in very harsh conditions and, because of this, suffer from excessive failure mode due to lip seal deterioration. Foreign material penetrates the deteriorated lip seal and enters the bearings resulting in bearing failure. Failure mode brings about high maintenance costs for the cement-producing company Cementa AB. This thesis aims to accomplish two things. 1- Hypothesize a set of root causes for failure mode and link them to existing literature studies to determine what actions should be taken to prevent or at least postpone failure mode. 2- Generate several new conceptual designs for the sealing mechanism by either creating a revolutionary sealing design or taking inspiration from standard seals currently on the market. The generated concepts aim to provide Cementa AB with a new perspective as well as mitigate some or all the root causes for failure mode if implemented.

    The hypothesized root causes for failure mode are categorized through the creation of a problem tree and are defined as lip seal failure, lubricative pressure and contamination, tribologically improper friction, vibration, and finally very harsh conditions that are indigenous to raw mills in general and that are seemingly incompatible with the current sealing mechanism. Revolutionary concepts are brainstormed entirely from an experimental perspective, while standard concepts are inspired by established sealing technology on the market. Both alternatives are then conceptually adapted to the grinding roller of raw mill 7 and, with inaccurate scaling, 3D modelled with the aid of Autodesk Inventor.

    7 concepts, revolutionary and standard combined, are generated as a result. The revolutionary concepts have been deemed non-viable due to the limited timeframe and scope of the thesis. Instead, the selected seal for the upgrade is a labyrinth seal, which is a non-contact standard seal that has the potential to mitigate many of the root causes for failure mode. The literature studies on the hypothesized root causes also indicate that there are actions that could postpone failure mode should Cementa AB chose to retain the original sealing mechanism for a longer period.

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  • 23.
    Abrahamsson, Evelina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Översvämningsrisker i kustnära städer: Sölvesborg, Karlshamn, Ronneby, Karlskrona2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 24.
    Abrahamsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Magnusson, Christian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Svensson, Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Evrat, Xavier
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Driving Module For Existing Flight Carts2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We needed to design an electric-driven module to place underneath a serving-cart, to facilitate the work made by the cabin personal and thereby prevent work injuries.

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  • 25.
    Abrari, Soraya
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Implementation of an Algorithm For Estimating Lead-Acid Battery State of Charge2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, an algorithm for estimating lead-acid battery state of charge (SOC) is implemented. The algorithm, named “Improved Coulomb Counting Algorithm”, was developed within a master thesis project (M. M. Samolyk & J. Sobczak, “Development of an algorithm for estimating Lead-acid Battery State of Charge and State of Health”, M.S. thesis, Dept. Signal Processing, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden, 2013) with cooperation of a Swedish company – Micropower – Research and Development department. 

    Currently used method at Micropower is Coulomb Counting; implemented algorithm compares coulomb counting method with open circuit voltage method and uses current, terminal voltage and temperature measurements to finally produce improvement for the very same coulomb counting method and get a better estimation of SOC. 

    The algorithm was implemented on Micropower Access Battery Monitoring Unit (BMU) using C programming language, so that it can be tested in real time application of the regular battery operation. In the end specific gravity measurements were also presented to comparing the methods.

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    Implementation of an Algorithm For Estimating Lead-Acid Battery State of Charge
  • 26.
    Abualhana, Munther
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Tariq, Ubaid
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Improving QoE over IPTV using FEC and Retransmission2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IPTV (Internet Protocol Television), a new and modern concept of emerging technologies with focus on providing cutting edge high-resolution television, broadcast, and other fascinating services, is now easily available with only requirement of high-speed internet. Everytime a new technology is made local, it faces tremendous problems whether from technological point of view to enhance the performance or when it comes down to satisfy the customers. This cutting edge technology has provided researchers to embark and play with different tools to provide better quality while focusing on existing tools. Our target in dissertation is to provide a few interesting facets of IPTV and come up with a concept of introducing an imaginary cache that can re-collect the packets travelling from streaming server to the end user. In the access node this cache would be fixed and then on the basis of certain pre-assumed research work we can conclude how quick retransmission can take place when the end user responds back using RTCP protocol and asks for the retransmission of corrupted/lost packets. In the last section, we plot our scenario of streaming server on one side and client, end user on the other end and make assumption on the basis of throughput, response time and traffic.

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  • 27.
    Acevedo, Carlos
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Technology and Aesthetics.
    Developing Inclusive Innovation Processes and Co-Evolutionary University-Society Approaches in Bolivia2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of a worldwide debate on inclusive innovation systems in developing

    countries and particularly on the co-evolutionary processes taking place, seen from the

    perspective of a public university. The increasing literature that discusses how innovation

    systems and development can foster more inclusive and sustainable societies has

    inspired this thesis work. Thus, the main problem handled in the research concerns the

    question how socially sensitive research practices and policies at a public university in

    Bolivia can be stimulated within emerging innovation system dynamics. In that vein,

    empirical knowledge is developed at the Universidad Mayor de San SimoÅLn (UMSS),

    Cochabamba as a contribution to experience-based learning in the field. Analysis are

    nourished by a dialogue with the work of prominent Latin American scholars and

    practitioners around the idea of a developmental university and the democratization

    of knowledge. The reader will be able to recognize a recursive transit between theory

    and practice, where a number of relevant concepts are contextualized and connected

    in order to enable keys of critical interpretation and paths of practices amplification

    for social inclusion purposes established. The study shows how, based on a previous

    experience, new competences and capacities for the Technology Transfer Unit (UTT)

    at UMSS were produced, in this case transforming itself into a University Innovation

    Centre. Main lessons gained in that experience came from two pilot cluster development

    (food and leather sectors) and a multidisciplinary researchers network (UMSS

    Innovation Team) where insights found can improve future collaborative relations between

    university and society for inclusive innovation processes within the Bolivian

    context.

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  • 28. Acevedo Peña, Carlos Gonzalo
    Developing Inclusive Innovation Processes and Co-Evolutionary Approaches in Bolivia2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of National Innovation Systems (NIS) has been widely adopted in developing countries, particularly in Latin American countries, for the last two decades. The concept is used mainly as an ex-ante framework to organize and increase the dynamics of those institutions linked to science, technology and innovation, for catching-up processes of development. In the particular case of Bolivia, and after several decades of social and economic crisis, the promise of a national innovation system reconciles a framework for collaboration between the university, the government and the socio-productive sectors. Dynamics of collaboration generated within NIS can be a useful tool for the pursuit of inclusive development ambitions.

     

    This thesis is focused on inclusive innovation processes and the generation of co-evolutionary processes between university, government and socio-productive sectors. This is the result of 8 years of participatory action research influenced by Mode 2 knowledge-production and Technoscientific approaches.

     

    The study explores the policy paths the Bolivian government has followed in the last three decades in order to organize science, technology and innovation. It reveals that Bolivia has an emerging national innovation system, where its demand-pulled innovation model presents an inclusive approach. Innovation policy efforts in Bolivia are led by the Vice-Ministry of Science and Technology (VCyT). Moreover, NIS involves relational and collaborative approaches between institutions, which imply structural and organizational challenges, particularly for public universities, as they concentrate most of the research capabilities in the country. These universities are challenged to participate in NIS within contexts of weak demanding sectors. 

     

    This research focuses on the early empirical approaches and transformations at Universidad Mayor de San Simón (UMSS) in Cochabamba. The aim to strengthen internal innovation capabilities of the university and enhance the relevance of research activities in society by supporting socio-economic development in the framework of innovation systems is led by the Technology Transfer Unit (UTT) at UMSS. UTT has become a recognized innovation facilitator unit, inside and outside the university, by proposing pro-active initiatives to support emerging innovation systems. Because of its complexity, the study focuses particularly on cluster development promoted by UTT. Open clusters are based on linking mechanisms between the university research capabilities, the socio-productive actors and government. Cluster development has shown to be a practical mechanism for the university to meet the demanding sector (government and socio-productive actors) and to develop trust-based inclusive innovation processes. The experiences from cluster activities have inspired the development of new research policies at UMSS, with a strong orientation to foster research activities towards an increased focus on socio-economic development. The experiences gained at UMSS are discussed and presented as a “developmental university” approach.

     

    Inclusive innovation processes with co-evolutionary approaches seem to constitute an alternative path supporting achievement of inclusive development ambitions in Bolivia. 

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  • 29.
    Aco, Dekan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Tillverkningsekonomisk utvärdering av återvinning och återanvändning av blyfri mässing2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is part of a larger project (Evochip), conducted at Lund University, faculty of engineering, Industrial Production Department (iProd). The project is in collaboration with AB Markaryds metallarmatur and Mistra innovation. In this work, a dynamic cost model has been developed to calculate the manufacturing costs of components made from recycled chips of lead-free brass from the manufacturing processes of AB Markaryds metallarmatur (MMA).

    In the current situation, all rejected details and waste materials are sent to the material supplier in southern Europe for recycling. The transport takes place by trucks and the recycling process is based on an energy-intensive melting step. Development projects are currently underway to reuse the chips without melting at sight at MMA´s facilities, but the cost per detail has been unknown for the company. With the help of this thesis, the manufacturing price will be presented. The manufacturing process is divided into a total of 11 different processing stations. To estimate the costs, Jan-Eric Ståhl's dynamic cost model is used. Necessary data and information have been collected using interviews with the employees of the company and through the company's own documentation regarding the production lines. In order to reduce the error margin in the results, suitable Monte Carlo simulations have been performed.

    The work is also based on a sustainability perspective. In addition to eliminating transportations by trucks and energy-intensive melting processes for the products, the work also promotes the use and reuse of lead-free brass by pressing metal chips to form new bars. All this in order to avoid leaded brass components due to the negative health effects caused by the lead.

    The component investigated in this work is a radiator valve called EVO 10. The valve is found in the company's lead-free standard range. The cost model in this project is dynamic to the extent that it could be applied in the future to other lead-free brass components at MMA.

    A comparison of two different concepts is presented in the results section. Concept one represents the current manufacturing system, and concept two, the future compacting technology. Since many of the processing steps are the same for both systems, a comparison was made between the productions of the pellet through the two different concepts. The results show that pellets made according to today's manufacturing system cost 12.75 SEK / detail, and pellets manufactured according to concept two costs 9.61 SEK / detail.

    As concept two is dependent on chips from today's manufacturing system, MMA cannot completely switch to compacting chips to new pellets. More work must be done to find a balanced model between the two different manufacturing systems for the best possible results.The results from the Monte Carlo-simulations shows that the manufacturing cost with the chosen parameters and variables is 12.96 SEK/detail.

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  • 30.
    Ada, Ketchie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Meret, Nehe
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Hila, Shapira
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    For the Creative Problem-Solver: An Integrated Process of Design Thinking and Strategic Sustainable Development2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the dawn of humanity design has influenced human life. Today, facing the depletion of the socio-ecological system, increasing complex problems threaten humanity’s existence. Design has been a contributor to creating such problems, yet with appropriate tools can become a source for solutions. Design Thinking (DT) was identified as a possible approach that could contribute to Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD). The purpose of this thesis is to examine potential contributors and hindrances of the DT process with regards to SSD, and create a prototype for an integrated process that could help achieve more strategic and sustainable outcomes. With the use of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) as a lens to examine the above, along with interviews, Action Research and expert feedback, an integrated process was created. Results of the interviews and FSSD analysis helped shape two prototypes that were examined through the mentioned methods. It was indicated by participants of the Action Research and by experts that the prototype could help reach a strategic and sustainable outcome, and further refinement should be pursued. The final prototype is presented as part of the discussion, suggesting additional tools and actions that if included could create a possible Sustainable DT (SDT) process.

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  • 31.
    Adamov, Alexander
    et al.
    Harkivskij Nacionalnij Universitet Radioelectroniki, UKR.
    Carlsson, Anders
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Cloud incident response model2016In: Proceedings of 2016 IEEE East-West Design and Test Symposium, EWDTS 2016, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the problem of incident response in clouds. A conventional incident response model is formulated to be used as a basement for the cloud incident response model. Minimization of incident handling time is considered as a key criterion of the proposed cloud incident response model that can be done at the expense of embedding infrastructure redundancy into the cloud infrastructure represented by Network and Security Controllers and introducing Security Domain for threat analysis and cloud forensics. These architectural changes are discussed and applied within the cloud incident response model. © 2016 IEEE.

  • 32.
    Adamov, Alexander
    et al.
    Kharkiv National University of Radioelectronics, UKR.
    Carlsson, Anders
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    The state of ransomware: Trends and mitigation techniques2017In: Proceedings of 2017 IEEE East-West Design and Test Symposium, EWDTS 2017, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2017, article id 8110056Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contains an analysis of the payload of the popular ransomware for Windows, Android, Linux, and MacOSX platforms. Namely, VaultCrypt (CrypVault), TeslaCrypt, NanoLocker, Trojan-Ransom.Linux.Cryptor, Android Simplelocker, OSX/KeRanger-A, WannaCry, Petya, NotPetya, Cerber, Spora, Serpent ransomware were put under the microscope. A set of characteristics was proposed to be used for the analysis. The purpose of the analysis is generalization of the collected data that describes behavior and design trends of modern ransomware. The objective is to suggest ransomware threat mitigation techniques based on the obtained information. The novelty of the paper is the analysis methodology based on the chosen set of 13 key characteristics that helps to determine similarities and differences thorough the list of ransomware put under analysis. Most of the ransomware samples presented were manually analyzed by the authors eliminating contradictions in descriptions of ransomware behavior published by different malware research laboratories through verification of the payload of the latest versions of ransomware. © 2017 IEEE.

  • 33.
    Adapa, Nagaswaroopa
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Bollu, Sravya
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Performance analysis of different adapative algorithms based on acoustic echo cancellation2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In modern telecommunication systems like hands-free and teleconferencing systems, the problem arise during conversation is the creation of an acoustic echo. This problem degrades the quality of the information signal. All speech processing equipments like noise cancelling headphones and hearing aids should be able to filter different kinds of interfering signals and produce a clear sound to the listener. Currently, echo cancellation is a most interesting and challenging task in any communication system. Echo is the delayed and degraded version of original signal which travels back to its source after several reflections. Eliminating this effect without affecting the original quality of the speech is a challenge of research in present days. Echo cancellation in voice communication is a process of removing the echo to improve the clarity and quality of the voice signals. In our thesis we mainly focused on the acoustic echo cancellation in a closed room using adaptive filters. The Acoustic echo cancellation with adaptive filtering technique will more accurately enhance the speech quality in hands free communication systems. The main aim of using adaptive algorithms for echo cancellation is to achieve higher ERLE at higher rate of convergence with low complexity. The adaptive algorithms NLMS, APA and RLS are implemented using MATLAB. These algorithms are tested with the simulation of echo occurring environment by using constant room dimensions , microphone and source positions. The performance of the NLMS, APA and RLS are evaluated in terms ERLE and misalignment. The results show that RLS algorithm achieve good performance with more computational complexity comparing with the NLMS and APA algorithms. The NLMS algorithm has very low computational complexity comparing to RLS and APA algorithms. The results are taken for both input signal as speech signal and noise separately and plotted in the results section.

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  • 34.
    Adapa, Sasank Sai Sujan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    APPLYING LEAN PRINCIPLES FOR PERFORMANCE ORIENTED SERVICE DESIGN OF VIRTUAL NETWORK FUNCTIONS FOR NFV INFRASTRUCTURE: Concepts of Lean2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Context. Network Function Virtualization was recently proposed by European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to improve the network service flexibility by virtualization of network services and applications that run on hardware. To virtualize network functions, the software is decoupled from underlying physical hardware. NFV aims to transform industries by reducing capital investments on hardware by using commercial-of-the-shelf (COTS) hardware. NFV makes rapid innovative growth in telecom services through software based service deployment.

    Objectives. This thesis work aims to investigate how business organizations function and the roles in defining a service relationship model. The work also aims to define a service relationship model and to validate it via proof of concept using network function virtualization as a service. For this thesis, we finally apply lean principles for the defined service relationship model to reduce waste and investigate how lean benefits the model to be proven as performance service oriented.

    Methods. The essence of this work is to make a business organization lean by investigating its actions and applying lean principles. To elaborate, this thesis work involves in a research of papers from IEEE, TMF, IETF and Ericsson. It results in modelling of a PoC by following requirement analysis methodology and by applying lean principles to eliminate unnecessary processes which doesn’t add any value.

    Results. The results of the work include a full-fledged service relationship model that include three service levels with roles that can fit in to requirement specifications of NFV infrastructure. The results also show the service levels functionalities and their relationships between the roles. It has also been observed that the services that are needed to be standardized are defined with syntax for ways to describe network functions. It is observed that lean principles benefit the service relationship model from reducing waste factors and hereby providing a PoC which is performance service oriented.

    Conclusions. We conclude that roles defined are fit for the service relationship model designed. Moreover, we conclude that the model can hence contain the flow of service by standardizing the subservices and reducing waste interpreted with lean principles and there is a need for further use case proof of the model in full scale industry trials. It also concludes the ways to describe network functions syntax which follows lean principles that are essential to have them for the sub-services standardization. However, PoC defined can be an assurance to the NFV infrastructure.

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  • 35.
    Addu, Raj Kiran
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Potuvardanam, Vinod Kumar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Effect of Codec Performance on Video QoE for videos encoded with Xvid, H.264 and WebM/VP82014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, there has been a significant growth in multimedia services such as mobile video streaming, Video-on-Demand and video conferencing. This has led to the development of various video coding techniques, aiming to deliver high quality video while using available bandwidth efficiently. This upsurge in the usage of video applications has also resulted in making endusers more quality-conscious. In order to meet the users’ expectations, the Quality of Experience (QoE) studies has gained utmost importance from both researchers and service providers. This thesis aims to compare the performance of H.264/AVC, Xvid and WebM/VP8 video codecs in wired and wireless networks. The codec performance is evaluated for different packet loss and delay variation values. The evaluation of codec performance is done using both subjective and objective assessment methods. In subjective assessment method, the evaluation of video codec performance is done using ITU-T recommended Absolute Category Rating (ACR) method. Using this method the perceptual video quality ratings are taken from the users, which are then averaged to obtain Mean Opinion Score. These obtained scores are used to analyze the performance of encoded videos with respect to users’ perception. In addition to subjective assessment method, the quality of encoded video is also measured using objective assessment method. The objective metric SSIM (Structural Similarity) is used to evaluate the performance of encoded videos. Based on the results, it was found that for lower packet loss and delay variation values H.264 showed better results when compared to Xvid and WebM/VP8 whereas, WebM/VP8 outperformed Xvid and H.264 for higher packet loss and delay variation values. On the whole, H.264 and WebM/VP8 performed better than Xvid. It was also found that all three video codecs performed better in wired network when compared to the wireless network.

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  • 36.
    Adebayo, Emmanuel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Performance Assessment of Networked Immersive Media in Mobile Health Applications with Emphasis on Latency2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cloud VR/AR/MR (Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, and Mixed Reality) services representa high-level architecture that combines large scale computer resources in a data-center structurestyle set up to render VR/AR/MR services using a combination of very high bandwidth, ultralow latency, high throughput, latest 5G (5th Generation) mobile networks to the end users. 

    VR refers to a three-dimensional computer-generated virtual environment made up ofcomputers, which can be explored by people for real time interaction. AR amplifies humanperception of the real world through overlapping of computer-generated graphics or interactivedata on a real-world image for enhanced experience. 

    According to the Virtual Reality Society’s account of the history of VR, it started from the360-degree murals from the nineteenth century [18]. Historically, live application of AR wasdisplayed when Myron Kruger used a combination of video cameras and projector in aninteractive environment in 1974. In 1998, AR was put into live display with the casting of avirtual yellow line marker during an NFL game. However, personal, and commercial use ofVR/AR was made possible starting with release of a DIY (Do it Yourself) headset calledGoogle Cardboard in 2014 by Google, which made use of a smartphone for the VR experience.In 2014, Samsung also introduced Gear VR which officially started the competition for VRdevices. Subsequently In 2014, Facebook acquired Oculus VR with the major aim ofdominating the high-end spectrum of VR headset [18]. Furthermore, wider adoption of ARbecame enhanced with the introduction of Apple’s ARKit (Augmented Reality Kit) whichserves as a development framework for AR applications for iPhones and iPads [18]. 

    The first application of VR devices in the health industry was made possible due to healthworkers’ need to visualize complex medical data during surgery and planning of surgery in1994. Since then, commercial production of VR devices and availability of advanced networkand faster broadband have increased the adoption of VR services in the healthcare industryespecially in planning of surgery and during surgery itself [16]. Overall, the wide availabilityof VR/AR terminals, displays, controllers, development kits, advanced network, and robustbandwidth have contributed to making VR and AR services to be of valuable and importanttechnologies in the area of digital entertainment, information, games, health, military and soon. However, the solutions or services needed for the technology required an advancedprocessing platform which in most cases is not cost efficient in single-use scenarios. 

    The kind of devices, hardware, software required for the processing and presentation ofimmersive experiences is often expensive and dedicated to the current application itself.Technological improvement in realism and immersion means increase in cost of ownershipwhich often affected cost-benefit consideration, leading to slower adoption of the VR services[14] [15]. This is what has led to development of cloud VR services, a form of data-centerbased system, which serves as a means of providing VR services to end users from the cloudanywhere in the world, using its fast and stable transport networks. The content of the VR isstored in the cloud, after which the output in form of audio-visuals is coded and compressedusing suitable encoding technology, and thereafter transmitted to the terminals. The industrywide acceptance of the cloud VR services, and technology has made available access to payper-use-basis and hence access to high processing capability offered, which is used in iipresenting a more immersive, imaginative, and interactive experience to end users [11] [12].However, cloud VR services has a major challenge in form of network latency introduced fromcloud rendering down to the display terminal itself. This is most often caused by otherperformance indicators such as network bandwidth, coding technology, RTT (Return TripTime) and so on [19]. This is the major problem which this thesis is set to find out. 

    The research methodology used was a combination of empirical and experimental method,using quantitative approach as it entails the generation of data in quantitative form availablefor quantitative analysis. The research questions are:

    Research Question 1 (RQ1): What are the latency related performance indicators ofnetworked immersive media in mobile health applications?

    Research Question 2 (RQ2): What are the suitable network structures to achieve an efficientlow latency VR health application? 

    The answers gotten from the result analysis at the end of the simulation, show thatbandwidth, frame rate, and resolution are very crucial performance indicator to achieve theoptimal latency required for hitch-free cloud VR user experience, while the importance of otherindicators such as resolution and coding standard cannot be overemphasized. Combination ofedge and cloud architecture also proved to more efficient and effective for the achievement ofa low-latency cloud VR application functionality. 

    Conclusively, the answer to research question one was that, the latency relatedperformance indicators of networked immersive media in mobile health applications arebandwidth, frame rate, resolution, coding technology. For research question two, suitablenetwork structures includes edge network, cloud network and combination of cloud and edgenetwork, but in order to achieve an optimally low-latency network for cloud VR mobile healthapplication in education, combination of edge and cloud network architecture is recommended

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  • 37.
    Adebomi, OYEKANLU Emmanuel
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Mwela, JOHN Samson
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Impact of Packet Losses on the Quality of Video Streaming2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the impact of packet losses on the quality of received videos sent across a network that exhibit normal network perturbations such as jitters, delays, packet drops etc has been examined. Dynamic behavior of a normal network has been simulated using Linux and the Network Emulator (NetEm). Peoples’ perceptions on the quality of the received video were used in rating the qualities of several videos with differing speeds. In accordance with ITU’s guideline of using Mean Opinion Scores (MOS), the effects of packet drops were analyzed. Excel and Matlab were used as tools in analyzing the peoples’ opinions which indicates the impacts that different loss rates has on the transmitted videos. Statistical methods used for evaluation of data are mean and variance. We conclude that people have convergence of opinions when losses become extremely high on videos with highly variable scene changes

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  • 38.
    Adediran, Oluseun A.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Analytical and Experimental Vibration Analysis of Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composite Beam2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to investigate analytical and experimental vibration of composite beam. The composite beam is used as composite footbridge model prototype which is assumed. For the dynamic test, hammer excitation is used to excite the beam at fixed locations. The modal parameters are extracted from the time response using a time domain analysis, i.e. the stochastic subspace identification technique. Finite element models for different boundary conditions are constructed using the commercial finite element software package ANSYS for natural frequencies of the beam to support and verify the dynamic measurements. The result obtained from analytical solution, dynamic tests and the FEM are presented and analysed.

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  • 39.
    Adeleke, Adesina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    How External Forces are influencing the Ebusiness strategy of MTN-Nigeria2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet and e-business has had enormous impact on many companies in Nigeria and there has been much research on how e-business influences the environment, but little can be found on how the environment of a developing country like Nigeria influences e-business. In e-business, technology tells the business what can be done in smarter ways. Technology not only can make business more efficient but also can make business more effective in targeting and reaching markets, however technology cannot enhance business in isolation as there are other vital factors that equally impact business. This thesis presents an adapted version of the PESTEL (Political, Economic, Socio cultural, Technology, Environment, and Legal) framework so called e-business PESTEL framework, as a method for structural analysis of macro environment forces in the future. In addition to this PESTEL framework, the Porter’s five forces model was employed to analyse the industrial forces that also influence MTNN e-business strategy. The main goal of this research is to give an overview of industry and macro-environment forces influencing the e-business strategy MTN-Nigeria and the impact of future developments. The research methodology was explorative and descriptive. A further method for future analysis of the macro-environments influences and a suggestion on how to incorporate it in this research work is given. The e-business strategy of MTNN consists of four areas: E-procurement, E-collaboration (CRM), Supply chain management and E-commerce. The influences found on macro-environments level are political and sociocultural forces and in the industry levels are bargaining power of customers and suppliers of its products and services .The most recommendations are that MTN-Nigeria should add e-business PESTEL framework described in this thesis to its e-business strategy check. Furthermore MTNN should include environment analysis more extensively in their e-business strategy approach as the factors in this research work shape the environment in which it carries out its business.

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  • 40.
    Adhagen, Gustav
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Platser för avskildhet: Att få vara ifred i offentliga rum2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete undersöker utifrån ett teoretiskt perspektiv offentliga rum och vilka funktioner dessa platser anses fylla. Det övergripande syftet har varit att studera hur aspekterna mötesplats och avskildhet behandlas i samband med begreppet offentliga rum. Detta genom att först identifiera flertalet relevanta nyckelord utifrån uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkter. Nyckelorden har sedan applicerats på ett empiriskt material, i detta fall Västerås Översiktsplan, för att undersöka vad som framställs som betydelsefullt i och med användningen av offentliga rum. Det som framkommit genom innehållsanalysen är att offentliga rum anses fylla framförallt en viktig funktion i staden. Funktionen som mötesplats. Där människor med olika bakgrund både spontant och planerat ska kunna mötas och umgås. Möten som inte visar sig problematiseras utan enbart ses som något positivt. Undersökningen visar vidare att begreppet avskildhet inte alls lyfts. Liknande begrepp så som rekreation, avkoppling, vila, lugn och ro framhålls dock som viktiga aktiviteter som offentliga rum ska skapa förutsättningar för. Emellertid påvisas att dessa aktiviteter kan komma att hamna i konflikt med andra funktioner, så som mötesplatser, skjutbanor och motorsportanläggningar. Det framkommer slutligen att funktionen av offentliga rum anses bygga på föreställningen om att dessa rum ska utgå från en social grund och att de ska utsätta individer för varandra. Avskildhet och att få vara ifred visar sig istället vara en aktivitet som får utövas i det egna hemmet.

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  • 41.
    ADHIKARLA, VAMSI KIRAN
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    3D VIDEO FORMAT CONVERSION2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this thesis work is to find/implement various methods that convert Conventional Stereoscopic 3D Video (CSV) to Multiview video (MVV). The work investigates different methods that can produce multiple views given a stereoscopic pair from a frame of a particular video sequence and continues with the process of selecting the best among investigated methods that has optimum quality and speed. In contrast to the existing algorithms, this work disregards the physical depth but instead focus on pixel value correspondence. The intermediate view generation in this work is not considered as a geometrical problem, but a morphing problem. Different morphing algorithms (mesh, field and thin plate spline morphing techniques) are considered for conversion. Performance of each morphing algorithm is in turn compared using different correspondence matching techniqes. The investigated methods aim to produce arbitrary number of novel synthesized camera views from a sparse view set. Mesh morphing algorithm is found to be a better candidate in terms of signal to noise ratio, but requires accurate correspondences at edges of an object in a particular scene and also needs more execution time to generate more number of views. A new approach to field morphing has been introduced in this thesis work, which performs better in terms of execution time and also found to produce intermediate views with reasonable signal to noise ratio. This approach is observed to bring good trade off between speed and accuracy. This conversion has an advantage it can be used as a decompression mechanism that can produce multiple views required for an Autostereoscopic 3D display from a stereoscopic left and right pair. This approach also brings the benefit of backward compatibility as present standards for CSV may be used to provide multiview 3D video to high fidelity Autostereoscopic 3D displays of the future. This work has applications in free view point television, video conferencing systems etc.,

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  • 42.
    Adidamu, Naga Shruti
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Bheemisetty, Shanmukha Sai
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Assessment of Ixia BreakingPoint Virtual Edition: Evolved Packet Gateway2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 43.
    Adnan, Md Asif
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Shehata, Ahmed
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Stress Analysis Validation for Gear Design2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gear stress analysis and understanding the effect of misalignment and microgeometry is important for gear designers and for those who work in gear maintenance. The misalignment can lead to the higher stress acting in one side of the gear tooth and the micro-geometry modification can improve the stress distribution in the gear teeth. In this research, a helical gear pair was modeled using three different software and tools; LDP, KISSsoft and Abaqus. Three different cases were modeled to study the effect of misalignment and microgeometry. Finally, the results from different tools were presented and discussed. It was observed that the tooth contact analysis software resulted in significantly higher stresses than the FE software. The results have been discussed to understand the differences in the cases obtained from the used tools. The results showed how bad is the effect of the misalignment on the gear mesh and the stress distribution and how the microgeometry modifications are used to compensate that effect.

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    BTH2018Adnan
  • 44.
    Adolfsen, Linus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Parameterstyrd tillverkning av rör för marina fartyg2012Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehållet i denna rapport är ett resultat av ett moment i utbildningen till Utvecklingsingenjör i Maskinteknik. Arbetet har skett genom ett samarbete mellan Linus Adolfsen, Kockums AB och Blekinge Tekniska Högskola. Rapporten behandlar i stort två moment, ett praktiskt och ett teoretiskt. Den första delen, den praktiska, gick ut på att finna en metod för att överbrygga steget från modell till verklighet på ett effektivt sätt. Detta resulterade i en egenutvecklad programvara som kan läsa in utdatafilen från Tribon (CAD programvara) och översätta detta till en programfil för Herber CNC 90 bockningsmaskin. Den andra delen är teoretisk och är en analys av verksamheten utifrån perspektivet att medge förtillverkning. Resultatet blev en analys av den berörda verksamheten med förslag på hur man ska åtgärda de problem och hinder som finns idag. Det gav även stort upphov till förslag på vidare studier.

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  • 45.
    Adolfsson, Alice
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Forsberg, Axel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Utvärderingskruxet - Synen på utvärdering inom stadsbyggnadsprojekt2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Adolfsson, Erik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Vindkraften och landskapet: en fallstudie av vindkraftsplaneringen i Motala kommun2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete vill beskriva de nya förutsättningar för att behandla vindkraftsetablering i tematiska tillägg till översiktsplaner, som uppstått i och med att prövningen av vindkraftsverk 2009 till stor del förts över från plan- och bygglagen till miljöbalken. Examensarbetet omfattar också ett förslag till tema-tiskt tillägg till Motala kommuns översiktsplan. Där prövas en analys av hur estetiska och landskapsrelaterade bedömningar kan göras. Fokus har lagts vid hur bedömningar kommer att hanteras när vindkraftverk som bygglovbefrias enbart genomgår en tillståndsprövning. Reflektioner och slutsatser bygger på egna tankar från utarbetandet av det tematiska tillägget och erfarenheter av efterföljande arbete inom Motala kommun med att omvandla planförslaget till en kommunal produkt Dessutom har intervjuer gjorts med representanter från kommunens stadsbyggnadsenhet, bygglovenhet och från länsstyrelsen. Utifrån redovisade förutsättningar och analys av hur vindkraftens omgivningspåverkan kan komma att bedömas har riktlinjer har utarbetats. Dessa är utformade så att de ska underlätta prövningar enligt plan- och bygglagen och miljöbalken. I examensarbetet redovisas ett förslag till tematiskt tillägg till översiktsplanen. Detta inleds med övergripande information om planprocessen och en beskrivning av prövningsprocesser av vindkraft. Vindkraftens omgivningspåverkan beskrivs generellt ur flera aspekter men med tyngdpunkt på konsekvenser för landskaps-bilden och hur denna påverkan kan bedömas. Både positiva och försvårande förutsättningar för vindkraft i kommunen redovisas i förslaget till tematiskt tillägg till översiktsplanen. Vissa områden är förenade med starka bevarandevärden och redovisas som olämpliga för vindkraft. Detta gäller främst områden med stora natur-, kultur- och friluftsintressen.

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  • 47.
    Adolfsson, Erika
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Automatiseringskonstruktion till mätfixtur2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    BTH2019Adolfsson
  • 48.
    Adolfsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Telecommunication Systems.
    Svensson, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Telecommunication Systems.
    Design and implementation of the MMS portal2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    MMS-enabled terminals on the market today are very complicated to use. It takes several steps to create a multi-slide MMS-message with images and text. This discourages users from using it. To increase usage of MMS, several companies provide web-based or stand-alone programs that allow users to create and send MMS-messages from a regular computer. However these editors have many limitations and are not user-friendly. This thesis describes the design and implementation of a user-friendly web-based MMS-portal where users can create, edit and send MMS-messages. The portal is integrated into Densitet’s system for development of mobile services. Conclusions that can be draw from this work are that problems with MMS interoperability have mostly the poor standardization to blame. Different terminals support different types of images and sound formats, and to make the MMS-portal user-friendly, format conversions of uploaded content had to be implemented. Also the MMS-portal only supports basic MMS-functionality. If the MMS-specification includes more audio and image formats and if the MMS-terminals are upgraded to handle these formats, sending MMS-messages will be easier and mobile messaging will continue to grow.

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  • 49. Adolfsson, Stefan
    On Automatic Detection of Burn-through Using a Parametric Model1995Report (Other academic)
  • 50. Adolfsson, Stefan
    Quality Monitoring in Pulsed GMA Welding Using Modern Signal Processing Methods1995Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
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