Change search
Refine search result
123 1 - 50 of 129
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Akram, Muhammad Shoaib
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Asaduzzaman, Mohammad
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Sareen, Ritu Amar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    ‘‘Reduction in working hours’’ … a motivational tool & win-win situation for Employer, Employee & Economy2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Governments and workers have put in a great effort in regularizing the working hours and working week over the course of last one and a half century. The average work week in the world stands at 40 hours. With unemployment among all the work force in Sweden almost hitting 11 percent and in youth aged 15-24 hitting almost 27 percent. It’s definitely alarming and requires measures to reduce. Different political forces in Sweden including Green Party and left party have joined forces in reducing the working week to 30 hours. The reduction in the working hours certainly presents a solution to different issues like work life balance, quality of life and work satisfaction but is it a solution to reduce unemployment at the same time source of motivation? That is the fundamental question we have tried to answer in the pages to follow. The reduction in working hours, during the economic downturn of 2008, supported financially by Government of Germany actually helped save at least half a million jobs. Volvo Power Train saved a number of jobs in Sweden by reducing the working hours of all the employees, so did Scania, and Saab in Sweden. Toyota reduced the working hours of its employees in 1990s to increase motivation, job satisfaction and quality of life. Our research has shown that if working hours are reduced then jobs can not only be saved, but can be created as well. In the following pages you will come across information obtained through number of information sources and printed material which directly aims at looking into how reduction in working hours can reduce unemployment. Our research presents different scenarios where reduction in the hours can generate employments. The debate however is open for future researchers to test these scenarios and see if they are viable proposals and can help reduce the employment.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 2.
    Alchare, Naim
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    El-Sayed, Ramy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Industry 4.0: An empirical study to identify the critical challenges of implementing Industry 4.0 for manufacturing firms across Germany, Nordic, and Gulf region2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Alfredsson, Magnus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Business Administration and Social Science.
    Ett alternativt sätt att bygga små aktieportföljer. En pyramidmodell jämförs med en naivmodell.2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt ägarstatistik har många svenska aktieportföljer en högre risk än vad de borde i förhållande till avkastningen de kan väntas ge. Avsaknaden av modeller för uppbyggnad av portföljer kanske är en orsak? Syfte: Att undersöka om uppbyggnaden av aktieportföljer gjorda med hjälp av en pyramidmodell är bättre än uppbyggnaden av en naiv portfölj.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 4.
    Almlöf, Emma
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Hafdell, Jessica
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Fröding, Svetlana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Reporäntan och finansiell struktur: Finns det ett samband?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Andersson, Jonathan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Coliving - Transition towards sustainability: A comparable case study of coliving and single-living2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Modern capitalist societies have consumption at the core of their social and economic activities. This is one of the underlying problems that sustainability is facing. In need of solutions and avenues for limiting our footprint and consumption, we turn towards alternative solutions such as coliving as a potential for facilitating sustainable lifestyles in their residents.

     

    Objectives

    The overall purpose of this thesis is to investigate coliving impacts on the sustainability practices of residents within the Swedish urban environment. To do this effectively, the theoretical framework of this thesis will primarily utilize practice theory, as well as institutional theory and clan control theory to a secondary degree, to explore their interactions between coliving social structures and residential agents in terms of following sustainable activities and compare those with a single living household. Through conducting interviews with the residents of the Coliving and single living in line with these frameworks, this thesis aims to explore to a greater degree how the coliving housing model can contribute to more sustainable lifestyles.

     

    Methods

    A qualitative research strategy was chosen for the study with a two-case comparative study design. To further explore the complexity of the interactions between agents and properties of social structures, data collection methods were utilized, such as semi-structured interviews with residents of coliving and single-living. The analytical approach was conducted through a thematic data analysis method.

     

    Results

    The Coliving initiative stimulates sustainable lifestyles by creating a set of social structures and cultural rules that promotes interaction, diversity, and sustainable lifestyles. The design of the Coliving initiative activated the most evident and impactful change mechanisms. Specifically, the built environment that is diverse and flexible and facilitates variations of facilities and immense recourses accessible for the residents to interact and use for different moods and behaviors. The recruitment process facilitates a foundation of balance between diversity and like-minded individuals for learning potentials and collaboration. The governance structure of the community-based organization is nonhierarchical participatory, and consensus-based, and the community is self-organized. These features have shown to promote collaboration and interaction between individuals and stimulate sustainable practices. Last, the cultural rules of the community also promote interactions and collaboration, as well as many of the social sustainability principles and anti-consumption practices.

     

    Conclusions

    The coliving, compared to the single-living, has much more quantitive, qualitative, and diverse set of structures with sustainable properties that brings the residents more or less into the situation where a greening of their corresponding lifestyles becomes a very convenient option.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Globala värdekedjor, konkurrenskraft och löner2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Malmö: en stad, två berättelser2023Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Lööf, Hans
    R&D strategies and Entrepreneurial Spawning2012In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 41, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how different R&D strategies of incumbent firms affect the quantity and quality of their entrepreneurial spawning. By examining entrepreneurial ventures of ex-employees of firms with different R&D strategies three things emerge: First, firms with persistent R&D investments with a general superiority in sales, exports, productivity, profitability and wages are less likely to generate entrepreneurs than firm with temporary or no R&D investments. Second, start-ups from knowledge intensive business service (KIBS) firms with persistent R&D investments have a significantly increased probability of survival. No corresponding association between the R&D strategies of incumbents and survival of entrepreneurial spawns is found for incumbents in manufacturing sectors. Third, spin-outs from KIBS-firms are more likely to survive if they start in the same firm, indicating the importance of inherited related knowledge. The findings suggest that R&D intensive firms spur fewer entrepreneurs, but their entrepreneurial spawns tend to be of higher quality.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Debatt: En inkluderande tillväxt i Malmö av betydelse för hela Sveriges tillväxt2023In: Dagens industri, no 1 juniArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Castellani, Davide
    Lund University, SWE.
    Fassio, Claudio
    Lund University, SWE.
    Jienwatcharamongkhol, Viroj
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Leaving the multinational: The likelihood and nature of employee mobility from MNEs2022In: Journal of International Business Studies, ISSN 0047-2506, E-ISSN 1478-6990Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mobility of workers from multinational enterprises (MNEs) to other local firms is increasingly recognized as an important externality mechanism. However, MNEs have strong incentives to curb this mobility to prevent leakage of firm-specific assets. This research note investigates the likelihood and nature of such mobility patterns. Using longitudinal, matched employer–employee data for Sweden with detailed information on individuals, establishments, and firms, we find that workers employed in MNEs are more likely to leave their employers compared to similar workers employed in non-MNEs with similar characteristics. This effect is particularly strong for high-wage workers and managers. While we find that workers who leave MNEs are more likely to move to other MNEs, our results identify significant mobility toward start-ups, thus leading to important industrial dynamics in the host country. We discuss the implications of these results for research on the externalities from MNEs, and international business theory. © 2022, Academy of International Business.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Larsson, Johan P
    The sources of the urban wage premium by worker skills: Spatial sorting or agglomeration economies?2014In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 93, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the respective importance of spatial sorting and agglomeration economies in explaining the urban wage premium for workers with different sets of skills. Sorting is the main source of the wage premium. Agglomeration economies are in general small, but are larger for workers with skills associated with non-routine job tasks. They also appear to involve human capital accumulation, as evidenced by the change in the wage of workers moving away from denser regions. For workers with routine jobs, agglomeration economies are virtually non-existent. Our results provide further evidence of spatial density bringing about productivity advantages primarily in contexts when problem-solving and interaction with others are important.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Klepper, Steven
    Characteristics and performance of new firms and spinoffs in Sweden2013In: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the rate of formation, the characteristics, and the performance of different types of new firms in Sweden over a decade. Comparisons with Denmark, Brazil, and the United States suggest that the environment for new firm formation in Sweden is not markedly different than elsewhere. In line with previous studies, spin-offs of incumbents perform better than other types of new firms, particularly if their parent firm continues to operate. A novel finding is that the larger the size of their parent, the greater is the rate of employment growth of spin-offs. This contrasts sharply with findings for firms with a single owner.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P
    Geography and Entrepreneurship2020In: Handbook of Regional Science: Live, Springer , 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We take selective stock of the literature on the geography of entrepreneurship. This literature has been focused on rates of new firm formation, whereas studies of the geography of “high-impact” entrepreneurship are still scant. Entrepreneurship may be described as a “regional event” by the fact that entrepreneurs derive necessary resources from local markets, but also from regional spillovers, social networks, and engrained factors of the local industrial geography. We point to a few fields of analysis where causal or more detailed analyses are warranted.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Mysteries of the trade? Skill-specific local agglomeration economies: Skill-specific local agglomeration economies2022In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 56, no 9, p. 1538-1553Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do workers benefit from proximity to other workers with similar skill sets? This question dates back at least to Alfred Marshall. We use occupation groups to proxy skill sets and show that the answer likely depends on geographical levels, as well on regional hierarchy. Using longitudinal Swedish data, we document robust evidence consistent with highly localized spillovers at the level of sub-city districts between individuals in similar occupations. We further demonstrate less distance-sensitive benefits of working in districts and regions, characterized by high overall density (of employees in other occupations). We find no evidence of benefits from overall density outside Sweden’s three main metropolitan areas. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Näringslivsdynamik, städer och agglomerationsekonomier – forskningsöversikt och agenda2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport sammanfattar forskning kring sambanden mellan städer, agglomerationsekonomier, det vill säga ekonomiska fördelar av täta miljöer, och näringslivsdynamik. Ett särskilt fokus riktas mot hur värdet av agglomerationsekonomier skiljer sig åt mellan olika grupper av aktörer.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), SWE.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Öner, Özge
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Ethnic enclaves and self-employment among Middle Eastern immigrants in Sweden: ethnic capital or enclave size?2021In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 590-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We employ geocoded data to explore the effects of ethnic enclaves in Swedish cities on the propensity of Middle Eastern immigrants to transcend from having no employment to self-employment. We demonstrate a robust tendency for immigrants to leave non-employment for self-employment if many co-ethnic peers in the enclave are business owners, while we observe weak effects emanating from business owners in other groups. Net of these effects, overall enclave size, measured by the local concentration of co-ethnic peers, has a negative influence on the propensity for a non-employed immigrant to become self-employed. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Entreprenörskapsforum, SWE.
    Stora kunskapsintensiva investeringar: orsaker, verkan och den offentliga sektorns roll2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a definition of large knowledge-intensive investments (LKI). It then surveys research on the drivers as well as effects of LKI, and provides conclusions with regards to the conditions for, and role of, public policy in promoting such investments. The purpose is to provide the Swedish government with evidence and knowledge to support and develop the government’s work on supporting innovation and structural change of businesses in Sweden.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Tillväxtpolitiska insatsers logik, effekt och utvärderingsbarhet2023Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Thulin, Per
    Does spatial employment density spur inter-firm job switching?2013In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 245-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-firm job switching of workers is a much cited but seldom measured source of the productivity advantages of spatial employment density. It has been advanced as a conduit for localized knowledge flows as well as labor market matching efficiency. Using a matched employer–employee dataset for Sweden, we estimate the influence spatial employment density has on the probability of inter-firm job switching of private sector workers. Our estimates suggest that a doubling of employment density per square kilometer increases the probability that a random worker switches employer by 0.2 % points. The same effect is substantially higher for more skilled workers. While the effect of a doubling of density is limited, the actual differences in density across the regions in our data amount to a factor over 40, rendering differences in density an important explanation for regional variations in rates of inter-firm job switching.

  • 20.
    Andreasson, Axel
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Bergman, Gustav
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    The effect of corporate donations on a company’s market value in a short-term perspective: An event study approach2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Societies around the world have seen an increased willingness to contribute to social responsibilities activities. One way for corporations to commit to corporate social responsibility (CSR) have been to donate corporate assets. However, donating company assets has been questioned if justifiable. Arguments ranging from the missuses of assets to increased competitive advantage as a part of corporate strategy have been mentioned in connection to corporate donations. These different opinions have created an uncertainty of how corporate donations ultimately will affect a company’s market value.

    Objective: The objective of this thesis is to distinguish if corporate donations have a significant effect on a company’s market value. It is further examined if different amounts or recipient area of a donation significantly impacts the response to the donation. The aim is to understand if the donation amount is lost or if donating can create value for a company, possibly helping to motivate managers to donate and thus create value for our society.

    Method: An event-study methodology approach was used to examine abnormal returns associated with corporate donation announcements. Linear regressions were applied to distinguish if different donation amounts or if the recipient area played a significant role regarding how realised donation announcements is interpreted by the market.

    Result: No market significance regarding abnormal returns was found connected to donation announcements during any of the three studied event windows. The linear regressions performed revealed that the donation amounts significantly affect market reactions during a two day-period before an announcement as well as a seven day-period after the announcement day. Indicating information leakage and lagging reactions to the announcement. Recipient area was identified to not affect abnormal returns with the regressions for any of the investigated event windows. However, through an analysis of means, some specific cases where the donation amount and the recipient area resulted in a significant difference between groups were distinguished.

    Conclusion: No significant punishment to donating companies was found; hence no lost firm value was identified, indicating that the act of donating is not viewed as inappropriate by the market. Therefore, managers do not need to fear the market’s reactions when planning a corporate donation. Internal value can emerge from the act of donating, in the form of goodwill, brand image, reputation, company image, positioning or awareness. Further, it was determined that neither the donation amount nor the recipient area have a significant relation to the effect for any of the whole event windows tested.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21. Appelquist, Joakim
    et al.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    Jila, Florian
    Hallqvist, Klas
    SMILE Revisited2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    SMILE Revisited beskriver utvecklingen, införandet och avvecklingen av ett system för mobilt stöd för hemtjänsten. Systemet analyseras dels ur ett ekonomiskt perspektiv, dels ur ett arbetsvetenskapligt perspektiv.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 22.
    Appelqvist, Fredrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Nilsson, Åsa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Aktievärdering: En empirisk undersökning med momentumstrategi under åren 2002-2011 på Stockholmsbörsen Large Cap2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Titel: Aktievärdering – En empirisk undersökning med momentumstrategi under åren 2002-2011 på Stockholmsbörsen Large Cap. Författare: Fredrik Appelqvist och Åsa Nilsson Handledare: Anders Wrenne Institution: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola Kurs: Kandidatarbete i Företagsekonomi, 15 högskolepoäng Syfte: Utifrån ett investerarperspektiv är syftet med uppsatsen att undersöka om det varit möjligt att uppnå överavkastning på Stockholmsbörsen, Large Cap under åren 2002-2011. För att uppnå syftet använder vi oss av en momentumstrategi på medel-lång sikt, som menar att aktiemarknaden tenderar att behålla samma avkastningsmönster för perioder av nästkommande 3-12 månader. Syftet är också att undersöka om marknaden är effektiv i svag form. Metod: Studien utgår från en deduktiv forskningsansats där vi utifrån befintliga teorier inom ämnet tagit fram en frågeställning. Utifrån frågeställningen har hypoteser testats och analyserats med empiri. Den undersökta empirin består av kvantitativ data i form av historiska stängningskurser från totalt sex olika aktier tillhörande Stockholmsbörsen Large Cap. För att uppnå syftet med studien har tre investeringsmodeller med olika köpvillkor tagits fram och testats med hjälp av Calc's OM- och OCH-formler, samt Data Pilot. Resultaten från de tre investeringsmodellerna har sedan jämförts och legat till grund för analys och slutsats. Slutsats: Vår slutsats är att det förekommit en så kallad momentumeffekt under undersökningsperioden och att Stockholmsbörsen Large Cap således inte visat sig vara effektiv i svag form under åren 2002-2011. Momentumstrategin genererar för perioden en överavkastning jämte den slumpmässiga referensmodellen, denna överavkastning är dock inte signifikant. Nyckelord: Momentumstrategi, investeringsmodell, aktievärdering, effektiv marknad, Stockholmsbörsen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 23. Arvidsson, Åke
    et al.
    Hederstierna, Anders
    Hellmer, Stefan
    Forecasting Cellular Mobile Traffic: An Econometric Approach2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of explaining and forecasting the volume of cellular mobile traffic in a long-term perspective. To this end, we create a model of a market with both economic and non-economic variables, viz. the state of the economy, the current price level and the penetration effect on the market in question. We measure these variables by using publicly available data and by applying income theories and by combining theories of demand and technology diffusion. Applying the model to three markets, viz. China, Italy and Sweden, we show that it performs very well in explaining and predicting the volume of cellular mobile traffic. Noting the qualitative differences between these markets, we conclude that the model has some universality in that the results are comparable for all of them

  • 24. Arvidsson, Åke
    et al.
    Hederstierna, Anders
    Hellmer, Stefan
    Simple and Accurate Forecasting of the Market for Cellular Mobile Services2007In: Managing Traffic Performance in Converged Networks, Berlin: Springer , 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problems of explaining and forecasting the penetration and the traffic in cellular mobile networks. To this end, we create two regression models, viz. one to predict the penetration from service charges and network effects and another one to predict the traffic from service charges and diffusion and adoption effects. The results of the models can also be combined to compute the likely evolutions of essential characteristics such as Minutes of Use (MoU), Average Revenue per User (ARPU) and total revenue. Applying the models to 26 markets throughout the world we show that they perform very well. Noting the significant qualitative differences between these markets, we conclude that the model has some universality in that the results are comparable for all of them.

  • 25.
    Ashraf, Muhammad Imran
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Hussain, Mudassar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    FINANCING OF SMEs (SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISES);ALTERNATIVES, POLICY MEASURES AND FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS– THE CASE OF PAKISTAN’S COTTON GINNING INDUSTRY2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study is an attempt to identify the financial issues of SMEs of Pakistan. Pakistan’s cotton ginning industry has chosen as a case. The general objective of the study is to analyze the financing issues/problems of the small‐scale industries (cotton ginning) with appropriate alternatives and financing solutions. The extensive theoretical framework about financing of SMEs along with seven hypotheses (for testing) has been included in research work as base of study. Data collection has performed through both primary and secondary sources. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods have been employed for the research work. For this research work, sample size of 30 cotton ginning factories has selected from the population of 1400 cotton ginning factories of Pakistan. The researchers have selected the cotton ginning SMEs of Faisalabad Division by keeping in view the importance of Faisalabad division as 2nd largest industrial city and 3rd largest cotton producing division of Pakistan and the factor of easy access (for researchers) to the chosen factories. Statistical data analysis techniques are used to analyze the data which was collected through questionnaire’s survey from SMEs and the results have presented with hypothesis testing. After identifying the financial issues the alternatives, financial solutions and recommendations have been given for policy measures. The findings of research work indicates that high interest rate on loans, heavy taxes, poor government policies, owner’s education level, old technology and poor legal and accounting self‐ efficacy are the major reasons of financial problems. Soft and friendly government policies, short and long term loans at lowest interest rate for running and technology up‐gradation are recommended. Joint ventures are found to be the most suitable alternative for financial solutions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 26.
    Axner, Dr Lilit
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    HOW TO MAKE ANALYSIS WORK IN BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE SOFTWARE2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Competitive Intelligence (CI) has been defined by many authors. These definitions do have certain differences but all of them have a main common feature: They put the accent on the analysis. The most precise definition is given by the Society for Competitive Intelligence Professionals (SCIP): “A systematic and ethical program for gathering, analyzing, and managing external information that can affect your company’s plans, decisions, and operations”. Business Intelligence (BI) is much broader concept than CI. It has rather technical meaning while CI is more about managerial perspective of intelligence. BI includes activities such as data mining, market analysis, sales analysis, and analysis of customer and supplier records and behavior (Bouthillier et al., 2003). However, in some European countries, such as Sweden and Denmark, BI and CI have the similar meaning (Bouthillier et al., 2003). Either way, the main feature of both concepts is the ability to analyze data and information and to deduct intelligence out of them. Currently, a large number of BI and/or CI software is available, and being developed worldwide. A simple search of the “Business Intelligence software” term in Google gives about 548.000 results. Most of these software are quite enhanced and well developed but only a few of them have a good analysis tool, and even fewer give a choice of analysis tools to their users. An extensive work has been done on BI software evaluation by Amara et al. (2009) to classify the top BI software vendors according to the extent of their analysis by using the SSAV (Solberg Söilen, Amara, Vriens) model. A number of analyses for Business Intelligence have been summed up also in Solberg Söilen (2005). The conclusion of both works was the same: BI software need robust analysis tools. In this research we pursue two goals: First we investigate what are the major obstacles for making a better analysis function in the Business Intelligence (BI) software and second we examine how those obstacles can be solved both technically and from a managerial perspective. The intention in this study is to investigate how the analysis module is functioning in the BI software and see how it could be implemented more effectively. This means that the study has two sides one Competitive Intelligence (CI) for the managerial approach and one Business Intelligence (BI) for the more technical approach. First we present a comprehensive literature review and pin point the problems and obstacles defined by many authors. Then we propose a method to solve the identified problems and finally we concentrate on advantages and disadvantages of the proposed method. The proposed technical solution is under construction in the BI software called Subsoft developed by Dr. Klaus Solberg Söilen. We investigate to what extent conclusions here can be used to develop the software further. The managerial perspective of the solutions is explored in close collaboration with two other BI companies: Sentient and Crystalloids, both based in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 27.
    Ayoubi, Tarek
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Acuna, Francisco
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Sustainable Equity Fund Investments within Latin America– case of Indigenous People2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development has been a popular sentiment among those in the international development field for many years. Sustainable development refers not only to environmental conservation, but responsible social initiatives as well especially as it relates to minority groups such as indigenous peoples. The players concerned have conventionally involved local and national governments, multilateral organizations, and various NGOs. Increasingly, the private sector has become engaged in this area as well. Our study shows that now, more than ever, there is a need and opportunity for ethical funds in Latin America and other emerging markets dedicated for the indigenous people. We address the challenges and opportunities to create a new model of investment in emerging markets and concretely with indigenous peoples under a sustainable model, including clean energy production.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 28.
    Backman, Michaela
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Opportunity- and necessity- driven entrepreneurship in urban versus rural locations2021In: The Rural Enterprise Economy / [ed] Birgit Leick, Susanne Gretzinger, and Teemu Makkonen, Taylor and Francis , 2021, p. 147-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Most rural areas face a range of challenges stemming from the loss of their traditional comparative advantages due to mechanisation, automation, and structural change. In comparison to urban regions, these areas face systemic structural problems, such as lower levels of formal education, ageing populations, and a low and shrinking market potential. Rural areas therefore tend to offer a less fertile environment for entrepreneurship than urban areas provide. In this chapter, we will explore various aspects of rural entrepreneurship by analysing how the volume of entrepreneurship varies in rural areas in Sweden depending upon the size of the local market potential and the development level of the local economic milieu. We will further share insights into rural entrepreneurship by analysing the relative shares of distinct types of entrepreneurship by separating unincorporated and incorporated firms and distinguishing new firms with multiple employees from one-employee firms. © 2022 selection and editorial matter, Birgit Leick, Susanne Gretzinger, and Teemu Makkonen.

  • 29. Backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Determinants of self-employment among commuters and non-commuters2016In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 755-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the determinants of self-employment and focus on the contextual environment. By distinguishing between commuters and non-commuters we are able to analyse the influence from the work and home environment, respectively. Our results indicate a significant difference between non-commuters and commuters in terms of the role of networks for becoming self-employed. Our results indicate that it is the business networks where people work, rather than where they live that exerts a positive influence on the probability of becoming self-employed. These effects are further robust over educational and occupational categories. © 2015 RSAI.

  • 30.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, SWE.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Why don’t employers hire long-term unemployed entitled to a wage subsidy? The employer’s perspective on subsidised employment2023In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 161-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a generous system with high wage subsidies for the long-term unemployed and newly arrived immigrants, many Swedish employers do not make use of this opportunity. This study seeks to increase knowledge of why some employers use the opportunity and others do not. Both register and survey data and combined register and survey data are used. One finding is that employers lack information about the subsidy programmes, although employers that had previously employed subsidised workers were much more likely to employ them in the future. Thus, a key policy question is how to present these subsidies to employers to reduce this barrier. The study also found that some employers hired people from these groups from altruistic motives. However, some employers responded that they would not employ a person entitled to a subsidy, regardless of the content of the subsidy scheme. © The Author(s) 2021.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Bibri, Mohamed
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Sustaining ICT for Sustainability: Towards Mainstreaming De–carbonization–oriented Design & Enabling the Energy–Efficient, Low Carbon Economy2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study set out to understand and demonstrate the role the ICT sector could play as a critical enabler in the transition and progress towards an energy– efficient, low carbon economy. More specifically, the study of sustaining ICT for sustainability has twofold intent: (2) to investigate the direct footprint of ICT sector and explore how it can be tackled through adopting sustainable design–based solutions; and (2) to highlight the enabling potential of ICT sector to mitigate climate change and massively improve energy efficiency across the economy, identifying and quantifying the global ICT impacts and opportunities in the context of energy and carbon emissions savings. To achieve the aim of this study, a pertinent and extensive literature review covering theoretical, empirical, and critical scholarship was performed to investigate the phenomenon. The study draws on a variety of sources to survey the unsustainability of ICT sector pertaining to energy–intensive consumption and explore potential solutions through espousing environmental design practice, and also to examine the role of ICT in delivering energy–efficient solutions through its products and services. Validity was ensured through using quality academic and industry literature as well as relevant studies carried out by a range of eminent researchers, experts, and stakeholders (i.e. NGOs, research centers). Findings highlight the unsustainability of ICT sector regarding energy– intensive consumption and concomitant GHG emissions associated with its products and services. Of the whole lifecycle, the use phase of ICT is the most critical. Data centers and telecom networks devour energy. Planned obsolescence entrenched in software design shorten upgrade cycle, which makes software utilities a planet killer as to energy consumption. Alternative sustainable design–based solutions entail using renewable energy and most efficient energy required over ICT’s life cycle – de–carbonization strategy. Also, digitization is an effective strategy for ICT sector to slash energy use per unit. To reduce the footprint of data centers and telecom networks, design solutions vary from hardware and software to technological improvements. Designing out built–in obsolescence in software technology is a key factor in the energy equation. As for the enabling role of ICT, the findings are highly illuminating. The ICT sector must step up its efforts in reducing its direct footprint in order to claim a leadership role in an energy–efficient, low carbon economy. Although the ICT sector’s own emissions will increase because of global growing demand for its products and services, the real gains will come from its enabling potential to yield substantial energy efficiency improvements and emissions reductions across the economy. The sheer scale of the climate change challenge presents smart development mitigation opportunities for ICT sector to deliver environmentally sustainable solutions. The largest identified opportunities are: dematerialization; intelligent transport and logistics; intelligent buildings; smart power supply; and efficient industrial processes and systems. This study provides a novel approach into sustainable design in ICT, underlining unsustainable design practices in ICT sector. Review of the literature makes an advance on extant reviews by highlighting the synergic relationship between ICT design, sustainability, and the economy.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 32.
    Blandford, Nicholas
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Nash, Timothy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Winter, André
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Strategic Sustainable Investing: Recognizing Value in Transitional Leadership2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Institutional Investors own a large share of publicly traded companies, controlling a significant amount of the economy‟s working capital. These investors currently use little or no sustainability-related information to make their decisions, reinforcing a loop of increasingly unsustainable growth. This paper puts forward a new investment strategy that recognizes true movement towards sustainability and its link with bottom line benefits for investors: Strategic Sustainable Investing (SSI). To achieve this desired future, Institutional Investors must be able to recognize corporations that are strategically leading the transition towards sustainability. An Analysis Tool was developed to help address this need by identifying sectoral Emerging Sustainability Issues (ESI) using a consensus-based scientific definition of sustainability. Once ESIs are identified, companies‟ strategies regarding each issue are assessed. This Tool was scrutinized by a panel of experts in the financial and sustainable development industries, and was tested on three companies within the Unconventional Oil & Gas Sector in Canada. Results confirmed the usefulness of a tool that can recognize which companies are leading the sustainable development agenda, and identified the need for future research on the financial materiality of sustainability-oriented actions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 33.
    Borg, Marcus
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, SWE.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE.
    Olsson, Thomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, SWE.
    Franke, Ulrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, SWE.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Illuminating a Blind Spot in Digitalization - Software Development in Sweden's Private and Public Sector2020In: Proceedings - 2020 IEEE/ACM 42nd International Conference on Software Engineering Workshops, ICSEW 2020, Association for Computing Machinery, Inc , 2020, p. 299-302Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As Netscape co-founder Marc Andreessen famously remarked in 2011, software is eating the world - becoming a pervasive invisible critical infrastructure. Data on the distribution of software use and development in society is scarce, but we compile results from two novel surveys to provide a fuller picture of the role software plays in the public and private sectors in Sweden, respectively. Three out of ten Swedish firms, across industry sectors, develop software in-house. The corresponding figure for Sweden's government agencies is four out of ten, i.e., the public sector should not be underestimated. The digitalization of society will continue, thus the demand for software developers will further increase. Many private firms report that the limited supply of software developers in Sweden is directly affecting their expansion plans. Based on our findings, we outline directions that need additional research to allow evidence-informed policy-making. We argue that such work should ideally be conducted by academic researchers and national statistics agencies in collaboration. © 2020 ACM.

  • 34. Carbonara, Nunzia
    et al.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    The Role of Knowledge Heterogeneity on the Innovative Capability of Industrial Districts2013In: Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Technology and the Transformation of Regions / [ed] Karlsson, Charlie; Johansson, Börje; Stough, Roger, New York: Routledge , 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to contribute to the ongoing debate concerning the role of heterogeneity for the innovative capability of industrial districts. With this aim, using a knowledge-based approach, the paper focuses on different sources of industrial district knowledge heterogeneity and studies how the different level of heterogeneity affects the innovative capability of industrial districts. Four theoretical hypotheses concerning the effects of knowledge and knowledge heterogeneity on the Industrial District innovativeness are formulated. To test the hypotheses, an econometric analysis on 32 Italian District Provinces is applied. Empirical results show that knowledge heterogeneity matter for increasing the innovative capability of industrial districts.

  • 35. Dahlquist, Håkan
    et al.
    Håkansson, Sune
    En samhällsekonomisk utvärdering av Verköprojektet1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten omfattar en samhällsekonomisk bedömning av Karlskrona kommuns investering i en ny färjeterminal på Verkö. Bedömningen har gjorts med hjälp av en av författarna konstruerad modell för att beräkna konsumenternas betalningsvilja för en färjeförbindelse mellan Karlskrona och Gdynia. Rapporten inbegriper en samhällsekonomisk, företagsekonomisk och kommunalekonomisk kalkyl över färjeförbindelsen och investeringen, samt de fördelningseffekter som detta medför.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 36.
    Deva, Faton
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    A Future Wine Cluster in Kosova?2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the Kosovar agricultural economy and the introduction of new approaches. Kosova is an economy in transition with high unemployment, young population and structural problems. The privatization process promises a better future and economic growth. However, hard work and new approaches are needed. Privatization does not mean immediate growth. Hereby, clusters are considered as an appropriate approach to develop rural areas. Especially the wine sector in Kosova could be an example for cluster development as it is a promising sector. Wine has a long history in Kosova although wine consumption is not widespread. This sector is a rare example where exports are higher than imports. Climate conditions cheep working force and as stated the background make this sector attractive. Foreign agencies and investors are very interested in this sector. This thesis will show the main problems and main opportunities of this sector. It will describe the structural changes and current developments. Cluster creation is not a government function. Further, it is not a tailor-made solution. In fact, clustering involves many roles. Each participant has certain duties but the whole process needs coordination. The monitoring and supervision of the whole process, the identification of needs and permanent exchange of the participants are organized in a cluster. At the end, a win-win situation is created even if competition is raised to a high level. Competition and the functioning of free markets guarantee the success of the sector and as a results regional development. One cluster helps to create another. Starting one process means that many others could follow. By reading this thesis, the reader should recognize potentials and understand the local circumstances. This is the aim of the study.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 37.
    Din, Ishtiaq-Ahmad
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Sohail, Aamir
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Shahzad, Kashif
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    The role of corporate social responsibility to create positive positioning in the branding of a country and particular to Pakistan2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In this highly competitive world countries are working hard to brand them by creating positive image to attract world’s share of business, investment, tourism, students, events etc. There are many factor involved to create soft image of a country like environment, people, tourism, business, governance, politics and others. But one factor, which countries are implementing but not considering as a part of country’s branding strategy that is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). CSR is about showing social responsibility for society and environment by corporate sector/companies. Purpose: The purpose of our thesis to focus on relationship between CSR and country branding that how CSR helps to create soft image of a country and become part of country’s branding strategy. We also investigate the case of Pakistan that how CSR can play a role in branding Pakistan by the help of corporate sector in close collaboration with government. Methods: On the basis of our research area we used qualitative approach. The secondary data have been collected through literature review of research papers, magazines, websites and books. The primary data have been collected by conducting interviews and Sweden as case. Result/output: As a result of our research we will present a model of relationship between CSR and country branding in general. Then we also present a customize model for Pakistan. Conclusion and Recommendations: We have interpreted and analyzed the collected data together with the theories and thereafter drawn the conclusion that CSR is successfully adopted by many countries but nor considered as part of country branding. As it is having vital role creating soft image of a country by having positive impact on society and environment, so it must be a part of country’s branding program. To achieve this target, close collaboration of government and corporate sector is necessary. Pakistan’s corporate sector also needs to have collaboration with government to effectively implement the CSR program in the country.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 38.
    Do, Nanju
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    How to create cultural clusters in historical regions2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How to create cultural clusters in historical regions Is there a way of attempting to stabilize economy by making a cultural cluster in a historical city? This is the central question in my thesis. The cluster theory has influenced many sectors around the world. Firenze has been chosen as study case because the city is a good representative of a historical region. Additionally, the region’s system of industrial area is closer to a cluster system. Therefore, we can look into the shape of the cultural cluster in historical regions and their characteristic by analyzing Firenze’s industrial area. This analysis will be also applied to Gyeongju’s cultural cluster. Keywords: Cultural cluster, cluster, Firenze, Gyeongju, historical regions

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 39.
    Dzene, Aiga
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Kula, Adem
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Creative City Assessment of Riga, Tallinn and Vilnius2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the current status of the capitals of the Baltic States according to the Creative Class Theory. With increasing role of knowledge, creativity and innovation in the today’s economy, the role of the Creative Capital increases. Riga, Tallinn, and Vilnius are the capitals of the Baltic States, experiencing dynamic growth. Therefore, such a study would add to the assessment of the current status and identification of the possible improvements. The Creative Class Theory suggests that knowledge or creativity of people is the main driving force of the economic growth. Thus, for the economic development, a place needs combination of three factors, 3Ts – Talent, Technology, and Tolerance. Each of them is necessary, but not sufficient factor. In order to examine Talent, the authors use three measures of the Creative Class, the Human Capital, and the Scientific Talent. The findings indicate that all three cities have competitive level of the Creative Class in comparison with the other EU countries; however, low level of the Scientific Talent. The authors conclude that the Scientific Talent is an important part of the Creative Class; thus, the cities must find the means to develop it. By comparing the three capitals, Vilnius is the most competitive in terms of the Talent indicator; Tallinn has the second position, and Riga is the least competitive among the capitals of the Baltic States. The second component, Technology, is measured by the Innovation Activity Index and E-commerce Index. These measures indicate that the three cities are rather uncompetitive in comparison with the leading EU countries. Among the capitals of the Baltic States, Tallinn is the most developed according to Technology; Vilnius is the second, and Riga is lagging behind in the Technology measures. To summarize, all three cities need to put an important emphasis on developing Technology. Lastly, Tolerance is measured by using three different indicators of the values and attitudes. According to these measures, Tallinn is the most tolerant city among the three capitals, but the level of Tolerance is rather similar in Riga and Vilnius. From the study of literature, the authors find that the level of Tolerance is related with the economic development; thus, an increase in the income level in the three cities might increase the level of the tolerance. The authors conclude that despite the fact that the Creative Class Theory suggests the need to build people’s climate for the economic development, the three capitals of the Baltic States still need to build the business climate in order to increase the level of Technology, as it is currently the missing component of the 3Ts.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 40.
    Dzene, Aiga
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Kula, Adem
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Creative City Assessment of Riga, Tallinn, and Vilnius2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the current status of the capitals of the Baltic States according to the Creative Class Theory. With increasing role of knowledge, creativity and innovation in the today’s economy, the role of the Creative Capital increases. Riga, Tallinn, and Vilnius are the capitals of the Baltic States, experiencing dynamic growth. Therefore, such a study would add to the assessment of the current status and identification of the possible improvements. The Creative Class Theory suggests that knowledge or creativity of people is the main driving force of the economic growth. Thus, for the economic development, a place needs combination of three factors, 3Ts – Talent, Technology, and Tolerance. Each of them is necessary, but not sufficient factor. In order to examine Talent, the authors use three measures of the Creative Class, the Human Capital, and the Scientific Talent. The findings indicate that all three cities have competitive level of the Creative Class in comparison with the other EU countries; however, low level of the Scientific Talent. The authors conclude that the Scientific Talent is an important part of the Creative Class; thus, the cities must find the means to develop it. By comparing the three capitals, Vilnius is the most competitive in terms of the Talent indicator; Tallinn has the second position, and Riga is the least competitive among the capitals of the Baltic States. The second component, Technology, is measured by the Innovation Activity Index and E-commerce Index. These measures indicate that the three cities are rather uncompetitive in comparison with the leading EU countries. Among the capitals of the Baltic States, Tallinn is the most developed according to Technology; Vilnius is the second, and Riga is lagging behind in the Technology measures. To summarize, all three cities need to put an important emphasis on developing Technology. Lastly, Tolerance is measured by using three different indicators of the values and attitudes. According to these measures, Tallinn is the most tolerant city among the three capitals, but the level of Tolerance is rather similar in Riga and Vilnius. From the study of literature, the authors find that the level of Tolerance is related with the economic development; thus, an increase in the income level in the three cities might increase the level of the tolerance. The authors conclude that despite the fact that the Creative Class Theory suggests the need to build people’s climate for the economic development, the three capitals of the Baltic States still need to build the business climate in order to increase the level of Technology, as it is currently the missing component of the 3Ts.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 41.
    Edfeldt, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Petersson Edfeldt, Linn
    Should Sweden impose excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in order to improve public health?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent time, several reports have been published about a more and more unhealthy population world wide, with increasing Body Mass Index (BMI) in welfare countries, such as Sweden. Diseases, such as obesity and diabetes, which is strongly connected to a high BMI, have increased and together with them also the medical expenses for society/state. Several initiatives have been started, in different countries, to tackle these problems and some have introduced a “sugar tax” on unhealthy products, like candy and soda, which has become a well- debated subject also in Sweden today.

    In this MBA master thesis, a literature study has been conducted with the goal of evaluating if an excise tax should be introduced in an efficient way on unhealthy sugar-sweetened beverages in Sweden. This case study is built on secondary data where reports and official statistics, from governments and health authorities/organizations, have been studied both for Sweden as well as from other countries. There has been a particular focus on Sweden's neighbouring countries Denmark and Finland, who has both experiences in the implementation of a “sugar tax”. Our theory is that introducing an excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages will reduce the demand and consumption of these products, which will reduce welfare disease such as obesity and diabetes and yield a tax income for the state. However it is important to have in mind that the reduced consumption also will result in less tax income from the no longer sold goods, fewer personnel employed in the producing industries etc.

    The results showed that the overall sugar consumption actually has decreased in Sweden, as well as the overall consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. However during the same time period the average calorie consumption and BMI has continued to increase resulting in a more unhealthy population that results in increased medical expenses.

    In conclusion an excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages will not solve the welfare disease problems but may positively influence health. However it comes with a price also for the state from both gains and loss in tax incomes and increased administrations costs for managing the new tax. Finally it should be noted that since sugar-sweetened beverages are unhealthy products, which do not contribute to any positive health effects, sugar taxation might still be considered. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    BTH2017Edfeldt
  • 42.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum.
    Migration and the European Welfare State in a Changing World Order2019In: The European Union in a Changing World Order / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Niklas Bremberg, Anna Michalski, Lars Oxelheim, Springer, 2019, p. 167-191Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter asks how migration might affect the economies of European welfare states. The welfare state is put in the perspective of the refugee crisis that Europe has experienced since 2015. The chapter explores the economic costs and benefits that migration can generate against the background of comprehensive welfare ambitions and economic redistribution in many European countries. Large-scale asylum-based immigration often entails economic costs for the recipient country, at least initially, but the authors also show that immigrants often contribute to economic development through innovation and new networks. Here, the authors emphasize that an effective integration policy is critical to national economic performance, as well as the future scope and design of welfare policies. One of the main issues brought up in the chapter is whether the most expansive welfare states in Europe will be able to maintain their universal nature or whether welfare entitlements must somehow be differentiated. Consequently, there is substantial policy scope to shape the ultimate outcome of higher immigration. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.

  • 43.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Lars, Pettersson
    Jönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Högskola i otakt2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har aldrig haft så många högutbildade i arbetskraften som idag, men arbetsmarknaden fungerar allt sämre. Frågan är vilka ekonomiska utfall högskoleexpansionen har bidragit till.

    Slutsatser är att högre utbildning i Sverige inte främjar ekonomisk utveckling och välfärd. Det som bestämmer studenternas val och lärosätenas utformning av utbildningar anpassas inte efter behoven på arbetsmarknaden.

    Utbildning är kostnadsfri för studerande och finansieras via skatteuttag, samtidigt som utbildningspremien och den privatekonomiska avkastningen, tillhör världens lägsta.

    Detta bidrar inte till att lösa matchningsproblem på arbetsmarknaden. Istället finns en risk att utbildning ses som konsumtion snarare än investering i kunskap.

    Resultatet riskerar bli en högskola som går i otakt med det omgivande samhället och framförallt näringslivet.

  • 44.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University.
    När blir utrikes födda självförsörjande?2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sysselsättningsgapet mellan inrikes och utrikes födda i Sverige är ett av de största i Europa. Under 2018 var arbetslösheten 3,8 procent bland inrikesfödda och 15,4 procent för utrikes födda (15-74 år). Men sysselsättningsstatistiken ger ingen heltäckande bild av graden av ekonomisk integration. I När blir utrikes födda självförsörjande? analyseras därför självförsörjningsgraden. I rapporten ges svar på vilka grupper och när utrikes födda uppnår självförsörjning motsvarande OECD:s definition av den relativa fattigdomsgränsen, dvs en inkomst på 12 600 kr i månaden netto.

    I rapporten framkommer att för hälften av alla utrikes födda tog det i genomsnitt fyra till fem år för att uppnå sysselsättning under den undersökta perioden (1990–2016). Samtidigt tog det i genomsnitt 12–13 år att uppnå självförsörjning. En majoritet av utrikes födda i arbetsför ålder har under perioden 1990 till 2016 inte uppnått självförsörjning. År 2016 var drygt 600 000 utrikes födda i arbetsför ålder inte självförsörjande. Högt räknat var 38 respektive 36 procentav individer med härkomst i Afrika respektive Mellanöstern självförsörjande 2016. Motsvarande uppskattningar för inrikes födda och individer från våra nordiska grannländer låg på 73 procent. Självförsörjningsgraden är betydligt lägre än sysselsättningsgraden. 

  • 45.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Pettersson, Lars
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Education, human capital spillovers and productivity: evidence from swedish firm level production functions2019In: From industrial organization to entrepreneurship: a tribute to David B. Audretsch / [ed] Lehmann Erik. E, Keilbach, Max, Springer International Publishing , 2019, p. 203-223Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    David Audretsch has made significant contributions to our understanding of the role of knowledge spillovers for innovations and growth. This paper follows this line of research in examining the link between education, human capital spillovers and productivity. Human capital spillovers arise when the presence of individuals with high levels of human capital makes other workers more productive. If higher education is associated with human capital spillovers, a social return to education is generated. We use firm-level production functions to estimate the social returns to higher education in Sweden. The data include more than 50,000 Swedish firms and cover the period from 2001 to 2010. This was a period when Sweden experienced a rapid regional expansion of higher education, and the share of Swedish workforce with higher education has increased dramatically over the past decades. We find economically significant spillover effects from highly educated workers and that a 1 % increase in the share of educated workers is associated with a 0.4-1.0% increase in productivity. When controlling for university-based R&D and business services, the spillover effect is significantly reduced. We also find an economically significant decline in the spillover effect over the 10 year period. According to our estimations, the spillover is positive at the beginning of the period and gradually diminishes by the end of the period, such that we no longer find any significant spillover effect. We interpret this as marginally diminishing social returns to education. The results have policy implications for higher education (We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg foundation and the Kamprad family foundation. We also grateful for the valuable comments provided by Pontus Braunerhjelm, Gunnar Eliasson and Hulya Ulku. Peter S. Karlsson has provided valuable statistical assistance). © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.

  • 46.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Thulin, Per
    Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    250 miljarder fattigare! Svensk produktivitetsutveckling 1950–20272018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige uppvisar en synnerligen låg produktivitetsutveckling och tillväxten av BNP per capita har under 2017, och sannolikt även 2018, legat lägst inom EU. Dessutom befinner vi oss just nu i en högkonjunktur som tycks vara på väg mot sitt slut. Ökad produktivitet kan vara nyckeln till att lyckas möta många av de samhällsutmaningar Sverige står inför, allt från miljöproblem till en åldrande befolkning. Dessvärre har reformförmågan på senare år varit alltför svag och politiken har saknat tillräckligt fokus på effektivitet.

    I policysammanfattningen pekar författarna på att Sverige presterar under sin ekonomiska potential med negativa välståndseffekter som följd. Enligt beräkningar motsvarar effektivitetsförlusterna p.g.a. tilltagande matchningsproblem mer än 250 miljarder kronor! Sverige är med andra ord minst 250 miljarder fattigare – eller har rättare sagt 250 miljarder lägre inkomster per år – än vad som vore möjligt. De föreslår vägar till förbättring vad gäller de strukturella problemen och vilka reformer som krävs för en ekonomisk politik som gynnar innovationer och entreprenörskap.

  • 47.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Thulin, Per
    Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Swedish Competitiveness Scorecard 20212022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I denna rapport, den första inom ramen för ett mångårigt konkurrenskraftsprojekt, presenteras en omfattande genomgång av ekonomiska indikatorer för samtliga OECD länder och en jämförande analys av Sveriges konkurrenskraft i relation till OECD. Swedish Competitiveness Scorecard 2021 omfattar 81 olika indikatorer vilka mäter olika dimensioner av ekonomiska utfall och mer fundamentala konkurrenskraftsförutsättningar – allt ifrån social och miljömässig hållbarhet till forskning och utveckling, arbetsmarknad och infrastruktur.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Emmanuel, Ogu Chikaodi
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Djre, Pavis Geoffrey Kwabla
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    The Impact of Monetary Policy on Stock Market Returns in Developing Markets, A Comparative Investigation of Nigeria and Ghana Stock Markets (1990: 2010)2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The global economic meltdown which affected the stock markets all over the world also had an adverse effect on less developing countries stock markets. As a result of the meltdown, investors lost confidence in the stock market. Monetary authorities in both Nigeria and Ghana had tried in several ways to restore investor confidence and hence one of the major tools that government uses to achieve macroeconomic objective is monetary policy. There became a need to investigate how monetary policy changes affect stock market returns in the Nigerian and Ghanaian stock exchange markets. This paper is based on comparative study of Nigerian and Ghanaian stock markets in other to ascertain how monetary policy targets namely interest rate and money supply (m2) affect stock market returns. We conducted a simple regression analysis test based on annual 20 year data (1990-2010). The result shows that monetary policy has more impact on stock market returns in the Ghanaian economy than the Nigerian economy, and as such could act as a market signal for investors in the Ghanaian stock exchange market. While the Nigerian stock exchange market is insensitive to change in monetary policy as such, a change in monetary policy would not act as a market signal for investors in the Nigerian stock exchange market.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 49.
    Encalada, Raul
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Mumtaz, Naveed
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Potential Success Indicators in Early Stages of Energy Liberalization Processes: The Mexican Energy Reform Case.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy Industry liberalization processes have brought different results around the world depending on the context of the country or region where they take place. The Mexican energy reform opened the market for private companies to participate in the electricity generation. Currently, this reform has been in place for almost four years.

    Several approaches have been used to measure the success of the electric market liberalization in different regions. Different authors have used indicators such as the grassroots initiatives or the reduction of subsidies; still, its applicability is limited to mature stages of the liberalization process.

    The Mexican energy reform opens the opportunity to study the liberalization process in its early stages. The present study considers by the approach presented by Tulloch, Diaz-Rainey & Premachandra (2017) proposing four restructuring streams, to overcome to difficulty off evaluating the early results of the reform in an industry still evolving actual company details are studies to assess the success or failure of the liberalization of the Mexican energy sector.

    This paper will follow a single case study structure based on the whole Mexican Energy Market and focused on the Electric Market. The case study addresses the following research question: “How implementation indicators reflect the potential success of an energy liberalization processes? This research question aims to find out potential early indicators which can be deemed as determining the success or failure of the energy market liberalization process. By using the Mexican case, we aim to contrast the existing research and experiences in other countries to further understand the dynamics of energy liberalization processes.

    The energy market in Mexico has experienced growing competition from players in the energy sectors and forms of energy exploited both producing positive effects on the utility companies’ profitability. The market has also seen an increasing share in renewables, increased power generation and an increasingly greater focus on innovation in the energy sector. The results point to the complexity of the energy market and the role that specific market characteristics play in the success or failure of the regularization process.

    Considering the empiric results, we identify early success indicators such as the introduction of new competitors and the boost of renewable energy, pointing towards a successful energy liberalization process in Mexico.

    Three early indicators are proposed to be used to identify a successful energy liberalization process: i) the introduction of new competitors, ii) reforms on subsidies and iii) the growth of renewables. The co-existence of all of these indicators during the implementation of an energy liberalization process suggests that it was performed successfully, at least at its early phase.

    The Mexican experience gives us first-hand experience in the early phases of an energy liberalization process. It is clear according to the empirical results that without the successful implementation of the energy reform, the Mexican market would not be able to incorporate such technologies at the current pace.

    Further research is required to confirm the current findings in later stages and through different industries. Considering that the market conditions are continually evolving and that the current conditions might be undeveloped, the profit levels of these company might suffer drastic changes during the following years. Other aspects such as the subsidy levels and the electricity price performance represent additional research paths.

  • 50.
    Exner, Jan-Philipp
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Yücel, Ergin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Structural change in European border zone agglomerations: A comparative analysis between Copenhagen and Saarbrücken2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we made an investigation on the transformation of economic structure of two border city regions, Saarbrücken and Copenhagen. The motivation for a comparative analysis is that they have similar industrial background. Both city regions were dynamic in the first half of the 20th century however in the second half they slowed down and gradually lost some of their industrial base. This decline of industry also brought some transformation of the economic structure. To some extent they followed similar trends such as decline of industry and rise of service sector. However there are differences as well, like the diversification of economy, dependence on industry, potential for attracting the creative class and so on. Another reason for comparison is that they are both border regions and have a potential to integrate with the other side of the border. Saarbrücken has increased its interaction with the French region Lorraine and the opening of the High Speed Railway East to Paris is likely to contribute to this interaction and may lead to integration. Copenhagen, too, has been increasing its interaction with Malmo and Lund on the Swedish side. Especially after the opening of the Öresund Bridge in 2000 this interaction even got accelerated and seems to evolve towards integration. We have discussed this cross-border interaction and tried to identify to what extend these regions integrated with the other side of the border. Furthermore we tried to reveal the similarities and the differences in this integration processes in both border regions. As theoretical approach we have chosen Kondratieff Wave Theory, Porter’s Cluster Theory and Florida’s Creative Class Theory as these theories seem to explain the developments in the two regions quite well. The Wave theory makes up the theoretical framework as it reflects a global shift in the western economies especially in the old industrial zones. The two other theories points out to more specific developments in two regions such as emergence of high tech sectors as a result of creative class. Our overall conclusion is that the two regions have similarities in their transformation but also differences. Every region has its own transformation story as some local elements are involved in the process. It is not possible to have identical developments; however regions can induce similar development with the more dynamic regions in case they create similar conditions for new sectors. And it is increasingly easier to do so as the globalisation makes the production factors more mobile.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
123 1 - 50 of 129
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf