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  • 1.
    Akram, Muhammad Shoaib
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Asaduzzaman, Mohammad
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Sareen, Ritu Amar
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    ‘‘Reduction in working hours’’ … a motivational tool & win-win situation for Employer, Employee & Economy2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Governments and workers have put in a great effort in regularizing the working hours and working week over the course of last one and a half century. The average work week in the world stands at 40 hours. With unemployment among all the work force in Sweden almost hitting 11 percent and in youth aged 15-24 hitting almost 27 percent. It’s definitely alarming and requires measures to reduce. Different political forces in Sweden including Green Party and left party have joined forces in reducing the working week to 30 hours. The reduction in the working hours certainly presents a solution to different issues like work life balance, quality of life and work satisfaction but is it a solution to reduce unemployment at the same time source of motivation? That is the fundamental question we have tried to answer in the pages to follow. The reduction in working hours, during the economic downturn of 2008, supported financially by Government of Germany actually helped save at least half a million jobs. Volvo Power Train saved a number of jobs in Sweden by reducing the working hours of all the employees, so did Scania, and Saab in Sweden. Toyota reduced the working hours of its employees in 1990s to increase motivation, job satisfaction and quality of life. Our research has shown that if working hours are reduced then jobs can not only be saved, but can be created as well. In the following pages you will come across information obtained through number of information sources and printed material which directly aims at looking into how reduction in working hours can reduce unemployment. Our research presents different scenarios where reduction in the hours can generate employments. The debate however is open for future researchers to test these scenarios and see if they are viable proposals and can help reduce the employment.

  • 2.
    Alfredsson, Magnus
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ett alternativt sätt att bygga små aktieportföljer. En pyramidmodell jämförs med en naivmodell.2001Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt ägarstatistik har många svenska aktieportföljer en högre risk än vad de borde i förhållande till avkastningen de kan väntas ge. Avsaknaden av modeller för uppbyggnad av portföljer kanske är en orsak? Syfte: Att undersöka om uppbyggnaden av aktieportföljer gjorda med hjälp av en pyramidmodell är bättre än uppbyggnaden av en naiv portfölj.

  • 3.
    Almlöf, Emma
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hafdell, Jessica
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Fröding, Svetlana
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Reporäntan och finansiell struktur: Finns det ett samband?2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Lööf, Hans
    R&D strategies and Entrepreneurial Spawning2012Ingår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 41, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how different R&D strategies of incumbent firms affect the quantity and quality of their entrepreneurial spawning. By examining entrepreneurial ventures of ex-employees of firms with different R&D strategies three things emerge: First, firms with persistent R&D investments with a general superiority in sales, exports, productivity, profitability and wages are less likely to generate entrepreneurs than firm with temporary or no R&D investments. Second, start-ups from knowledge intensive business service (KIBS) firms with persistent R&D investments have a significantly increased probability of survival. No corresponding association between the R&D strategies of incumbents and survival of entrepreneurial spawns is found for incumbents in manufacturing sectors. Third, spin-outs from KIBS-firms are more likely to survive if they start in the same firm, indicating the importance of inherited related knowledge. The findings suggest that R&D intensive firms spur fewer entrepreneurs, but their entrepreneurial spawns tend to be of higher quality.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Larsson, Johan P
    The sources of the urban wage premium by worker skills: Spatial sorting or agglomeration economies?2014Ingår i: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 93, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the respective importance of spatial sorting and agglomeration economies in explaining the urban wage premium for workers with different sets of skills. Sorting is the main source of the wage premium. Agglomeration economies are in general small, but are larger for workers with skills associated with non-routine job tasks. They also appear to involve human capital accumulation, as evidenced by the change in the wage of workers moving away from denser regions. For workers with routine jobs, agglomeration economies are virtually non-existent. Our results provide further evidence of spatial density bringing about productivity advantages primarily in contexts when problem-solving and interaction with others are important.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Klepper, Steven
    Characteristics and performance of new firms and spinoffs in Sweden2013Ingår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 22, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the rate of formation, the characteristics, and the performance of different types of new firms in Sweden over a decade. Comparisons with Denmark, Brazil, and the United States suggest that the environment for new firm formation in Sweden is not markedly different than elsewhere. In line with previous studies, spin-offs of incumbents perform better than other types of new firms, particularly if their parent firm continues to operate. A novel finding is that the larger the size of their parent, the greater is the rate of employment growth of spin-offs. This contrasts sharply with findings for firms with a single owner.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    Does spatial employment density spur inter-firm job switching?2013Ingår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, nr 1, s. 245-272Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-firm job switching of workers is a much cited but seldom measured source of the productivity advantages of spatial employment density. It has been advanced as a conduit for localized knowledge flows as well as labor market matching efficiency. Using a matched employer–employee dataset for Sweden, we estimate the influence spatial employment density has on the probability of inter-firm job switching of private sector workers. Our estimates suggest that a doubling of employment density per square kilometer increases the probability that a random worker switches employer by 0.2 % points. The same effect is substantially higher for more skilled workers. While the effect of a doubling of density is limited, the actual differences in density across the regions in our data amount to a factor over 40, rendering differences in density an important explanation for regional variations in rates of inter-firm job switching.

  • 8. Appelquist, Joakim
    et al.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    Jila, Florian
    Hallqvist, Klas
    SMILE Revisited2003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    The mobile service "SMILE" supporting care of the elderly is evaluated from an economic as well as an work practice perspective.

  • 9.
    Appelqvist, Fredrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Nilsson, Åsa
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Aktievärdering: En empirisk undersökning med momentumstrategi under åren 2002-2011 på Stockholmsbörsen Large Cap2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Titel: Aktievärdering – En empirisk undersökning med momentumstrategi under åren 2002-2011 på Stockholmsbörsen Large Cap. Författare: Fredrik Appelqvist och Åsa Nilsson Handledare: Anders Wrenne Institution: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola Kurs: Kandidatarbete i Företagsekonomi, 15 högskolepoäng Syfte: Utifrån ett investerarperspektiv är syftet med uppsatsen att undersöka om det varit möjligt att uppnå överavkastning på Stockholmsbörsen, Large Cap under åren 2002-2011. För att uppnå syftet använder vi oss av en momentumstrategi på medel-lång sikt, som menar att aktiemarknaden tenderar att behålla samma avkastningsmönster för perioder av nästkommande 3-12 månader. Syftet är också att undersöka om marknaden är effektiv i svag form. Metod: Studien utgår från en deduktiv forskningsansats där vi utifrån befintliga teorier inom ämnet tagit fram en frågeställning. Utifrån frågeställningen har hypoteser testats och analyserats med empiri. Den undersökta empirin består av kvantitativ data i form av historiska stängningskurser från totalt sex olika aktier tillhörande Stockholmsbörsen Large Cap. För att uppnå syftet med studien har tre investeringsmodeller med olika köpvillkor tagits fram och testats med hjälp av Calc's OM- och OCH-formler, samt Data Pilot. Resultaten från de tre investeringsmodellerna har sedan jämförts och legat till grund för analys och slutsats. Slutsats: Vår slutsats är att det förekommit en så kallad momentumeffekt under undersökningsperioden och att Stockholmsbörsen Large Cap således inte visat sig vara effektiv i svag form under åren 2002-2011. Momentumstrategin genererar för perioden en överavkastning jämte den slumpmässiga referensmodellen, denna överavkastning är dock inte signifikant. Nyckelord: Momentumstrategi, investeringsmodell, aktievärdering, effektiv marknad, Stockholmsbörsen.

  • 10. Arvidsson, Åke
    et al.
    Hederstierna, Anders
    Hellmer, Stefan
    Forecasting Cellular Mobile Traffic: An Econometric Approach2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of explaining and forecasting the volume of cellular mobile traffic in a long-term perspective. To this end, we create a model of a market with both economic and non-economic variables, viz. the state of the economy, the current price level and the penetration effect on the market in question. We measure these variables by using publicly available data and by applying income theories and by combining theories of demand and technology diffusion. Applying the model to three markets, viz. China, Italy and Sweden, we show that it performs very well in explaining and predicting the volume of cellular mobile traffic. Noting the qualitative differences between these markets, we conclude that the model has some universality in that the results are comparable for all of them

  • 11. Arvidsson, Åke
    et al.
    Hederstierna, Anders
    Hellmer, Stefan
    Simple and Accurate Forecasting of the Market for Cellular Mobile Services2007Ingår i: Managing Traffic Performance in Converged Networks, Berlin: Springer , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    En ekonometrisk modell för att förklara och göra prognoser på penetrationen och trafiken i mobila nätverk. Modellen testas på data från 26 olika marknader över hela världen och uppvisar god prognosförmåga och viss generalitet. Nyckelord: mobila nätverk, marknadspenetration, ekonometrisk metod

  • 12.
    Ashraf, Muhammad Imran
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Hussain, Mudassar
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    FINANCING OF SMEs (SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISES);ALTERNATIVES, POLICY MEASURES AND FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS– THE CASE OF PAKISTAN’S COTTON GINNING INDUSTRY2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study is an attempt to identify the financial issues of SMEs of Pakistan. Pakistan’s cotton ginning industry has chosen as a case. The general objective of the study is to analyze the financing issues/problems of the small‐scale industries (cotton ginning) with appropriate alternatives and financing solutions. The extensive theoretical framework about financing of SMEs along with seven hypotheses (for testing) has been included in research work as base of study. Data collection has performed through both primary and secondary sources. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods have been employed for the research work. For this research work, sample size of 30 cotton ginning factories has selected from the population of 1400 cotton ginning factories of Pakistan. The researchers have selected the cotton ginning SMEs of Faisalabad Division by keeping in view the importance of Faisalabad division as 2nd largest industrial city and 3rd largest cotton producing division of Pakistan and the factor of easy access (for researchers) to the chosen factories. Statistical data analysis techniques are used to analyze the data which was collected through questionnaire’s survey from SMEs and the results have presented with hypothesis testing. After identifying the financial issues the alternatives, financial solutions and recommendations have been given for policy measures. The findings of research work indicates that high interest rate on loans, heavy taxes, poor government policies, owner’s education level, old technology and poor legal and accounting self‐ efficacy are the major reasons of financial problems. Soft and friendly government policies, short and long term loans at lowest interest rate for running and technology up‐gradation are recommended. Joint ventures are found to be the most suitable alternative for financial solutions.

  • 13.
    Axner, Dr Lilit
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    HOW TO MAKE ANALYSIS WORK IN BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE SOFTWARE2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Competitive Intelligence (CI) has been defined by many authors. These definitions do have certain differences but all of them have a main common feature: They put the accent on the analysis. The most precise definition is given by the Society for Competitive Intelligence Professionals (SCIP): “A systematic and ethical program for gathering, analyzing, and managing external information that can affect your company’s plans, decisions, and operations”. Business Intelligence (BI) is much broader concept than CI. It has rather technical meaning while CI is more about managerial perspective of intelligence. BI includes activities such as data mining, market analysis, sales analysis, and analysis of customer and supplier records and behavior (Bouthillier et al., 2003). However, in some European countries, such as Sweden and Denmark, BI and CI have the similar meaning (Bouthillier et al., 2003). Either way, the main feature of both concepts is the ability to analyze data and information and to deduct intelligence out of them. Currently, a large number of BI and/or CI software is available, and being developed worldwide. A simple search of the “Business Intelligence software” term in Google gives about 548.000 results. Most of these software are quite enhanced and well developed but only a few of them have a good analysis tool, and even fewer give a choice of analysis tools to their users. An extensive work has been done on BI software evaluation by Amara et al. (2009) to classify the top BI software vendors according to the extent of their analysis by using the SSAV (Solberg Söilen, Amara, Vriens) model. A number of analyses for Business Intelligence have been summed up also in Solberg Söilen (2005). The conclusion of both works was the same: BI software need robust analysis tools. In this research we pursue two goals: First we investigate what are the major obstacles for making a better analysis function in the Business Intelligence (BI) software and second we examine how those obstacles can be solved both technically and from a managerial perspective. The intention in this study is to investigate how the analysis module is functioning in the BI software and see how it could be implemented more effectively. This means that the study has two sides one Competitive Intelligence (CI) for the managerial approach and one Business Intelligence (BI) for the more technical approach. First we present a comprehensive literature review and pin point the problems and obstacles defined by many authors. Then we propose a method to solve the identified problems and finally we concentrate on advantages and disadvantages of the proposed method. The proposed technical solution is under construction in the BI software called Subsoft developed by Dr. Klaus Solberg Söilen. We investigate to what extent conclusions here can be used to develop the software further. The managerial perspective of the solutions is explored in close collaboration with two other BI companies: Sentient and Crystalloids, both based in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

  • 14.
    Ayoubi, Tarek
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Acuna, Francisco
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Sustainable Equity Fund Investments within Latin America– case of Indigenous People2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development has been a popular sentiment among those in the international development field for many years. Sustainable development refers not only to environmental conservation, but responsible social initiatives as well especially as it relates to minority groups such as indigenous peoples. The players concerned have conventionally involved local and national governments, multilateral organizations, and various NGOs. Increasingly, the private sector has become engaged in this area as well. Our study shows that now, more than ever, there is a need and opportunity for ethical funds in Latin America and other emerging markets dedicated for the indigenous people. We address the challenges and opportunities to create a new model of investment in emerging markets and concretely with indigenous peoples under a sustainable model, including clean energy production.

  • 15. Backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Determinants of self-employment among commuters and non-commuters2016Ingår i: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 95, nr 4, s. 755-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the determinants of self-employment and focus on the contextual environment. By distinguishing between commuters and non-commuters we are able to analyse the influence from the work and home environment, respectively. Our results indicate a significant difference between non-commuters and commuters in terms of the role of networks for becoming self-employed. Our results indicate that it is the business networks where people work, rather than where they live that exerts a positive influence on the probability of becoming self-employed. These effects are further robust over educational and occupational categories. © 2015 RSAI.

  • 16.
    Bibri, Mohamed
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Sustaining ICT for Sustainability: Towards Mainstreaming De–carbonization–oriented Design & Enabling the Energy–Efficient, Low Carbon Economy2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study set out to understand and demonstrate the role the ICT sector could play as a critical enabler in the transition and progress towards an energy– efficient, low carbon economy. More specifically, the study of sustaining ICT for sustainability has twofold intent: (2) to investigate the direct footprint of ICT sector and explore how it can be tackled through adopting sustainable design–based solutions; and (2) to highlight the enabling potential of ICT sector to mitigate climate change and massively improve energy efficiency across the economy, identifying and quantifying the global ICT impacts and opportunities in the context of energy and carbon emissions savings. To achieve the aim of this study, a pertinent and extensive literature review covering theoretical, empirical, and critical scholarship was performed to investigate the phenomenon. The study draws on a variety of sources to survey the unsustainability of ICT sector pertaining to energy–intensive consumption and explore potential solutions through espousing environmental design practice, and also to examine the role of ICT in delivering energy–efficient solutions through its products and services. Validity was ensured through using quality academic and industry literature as well as relevant studies carried out by a range of eminent researchers, experts, and stakeholders (i.e. NGOs, research centers). Findings highlight the unsustainability of ICT sector regarding energy– intensive consumption and concomitant GHG emissions associated with its products and services. Of the whole lifecycle, the use phase of ICT is the most critical. Data centers and telecom networks devour energy. Planned obsolescence entrenched in software design shorten upgrade cycle, which makes software utilities a planet killer as to energy consumption. Alternative sustainable design–based solutions entail using renewable energy and most efficient energy required over ICT’s life cycle – de–carbonization strategy. Also, digitization is an effective strategy for ICT sector to slash energy use per unit. To reduce the footprint of data centers and telecom networks, design solutions vary from hardware and software to technological improvements. Designing out built–in obsolescence in software technology is a key factor in the energy equation. As for the enabling role of ICT, the findings are highly illuminating. The ICT sector must step up its efforts in reducing its direct footprint in order to claim a leadership role in an energy–efficient, low carbon economy. Although the ICT sector’s own emissions will increase because of global growing demand for its products and services, the real gains will come from its enabling potential to yield substantial energy efficiency improvements and emissions reductions across the economy. The sheer scale of the climate change challenge presents smart development mitigation opportunities for ICT sector to deliver environmentally sustainable solutions. The largest identified opportunities are: dematerialization; intelligent transport and logistics; intelligent buildings; smart power supply; and efficient industrial processes and systems. This study provides a novel approach into sustainable design in ICT, underlining unsustainable design practices in ICT sector. Review of the literature makes an advance on extant reviews by highlighting the synergic relationship between ICT design, sustainability, and the economy.

  • 17.
    Blandford, Nicholas
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Nash, Timothy
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Winter, André
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Strategic Sustainable Investing: Recognizing Value in Transitional Leadership2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Institutional Investors own a large share of publicly traded companies, controlling a significant amount of the economy‟s working capital. These investors currently use little or no sustainability-related information to make their decisions, reinforcing a loop of increasingly unsustainable growth. This paper puts forward a new investment strategy that recognizes true movement towards sustainability and its link with bottom line benefits for investors: Strategic Sustainable Investing (SSI). To achieve this desired future, Institutional Investors must be able to recognize corporations that are strategically leading the transition towards sustainability. An Analysis Tool was developed to help address this need by identifying sectoral Emerging Sustainability Issues (ESI) using a consensus-based scientific definition of sustainability. Once ESIs are identified, companies‟ strategies regarding each issue are assessed. This Tool was scrutinized by a panel of experts in the financial and sustainable development industries, and was tested on three companies within the Unconventional Oil & Gas Sector in Canada. Results confirmed the usefulness of a tool that can recognize which companies are leading the sustainable development agenda, and identified the need for future research on the financial materiality of sustainability-oriented actions.

  • 18. Carbonara, Nunzia
    et al.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    The Role of Knowledge Heterogeneity on the Innovative Capability of Industrial Districts2013Ingår i: Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Technology and the Transformation of Regions / [ed] Karlsson, Charlie; Johansson, Börje; Stough, Roger, New York: Routledge , 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to contribute to the ongoing debate concerning the role of heterogeneity for the innovative capability of industrial districts. With this aim, using a knowledge-based approach, the paper focuses on different sources of industrial district knowledge heterogeneity and studies how the different level of heterogeneity affects the innovative capability of industrial districts. Four theoretical hypotheses concerning the effects of knowledge and knowledge heterogeneity on the Industrial District innovativeness are formulated. To test the hypotheses, an econometric analysis on 32 Italian District Provinces is applied. Empirical results show that knowledge heterogeneity matter for increasing the innovative capability of industrial districts.

  • 19. Dahlquist, Håkan
    et al.
    Håkansson, Sune
    En samhällsekonomisk utvärdering av Verköprojektet1998Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten omfattar en samhällsekonomisk bedömning av Karlskrona kommuns investering i en ny färjeterminal på Verkö. Bedömningen har gjorts med hjälp av en av författarna konstruerad modell för att beräkna konsumenternas betalningsvilja för en färjeförbindelse mellan Karlskrona och Gdynia. Rapporten inbegriper en samhällsekonomisk, företagsekonomisk och kommunalekonomisk kalkyl över färjeförbindelsen och investeringen, samt de fördelningseffekter som detta medför.

  • 20.
    Deva, Faton
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    A Future Wine Cluster in Kosova?2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the Kosovar agricultural economy and the introduction of new approaches. Kosova is an economy in transition with high unemployment, young population and structural problems. The privatization process promises a better future and economic growth. However, hard work and new approaches are needed. Privatization does not mean immediate growth. Hereby, clusters are considered as an appropriate approach to develop rural areas. Especially the wine sector in Kosova could be an example for cluster development as it is a promising sector. Wine has a long history in Kosova although wine consumption is not widespread. This sector is a rare example where exports are higher than imports. Climate conditions cheep working force and as stated the background make this sector attractive. Foreign agencies and investors are very interested in this sector. This thesis will show the main problems and main opportunities of this sector. It will describe the structural changes and current developments. Cluster creation is not a government function. Further, it is not a tailor-made solution. In fact, clustering involves many roles. Each participant has certain duties but the whole process needs coordination. The monitoring and supervision of the whole process, the identification of needs and permanent exchange of the participants are organized in a cluster. At the end, a win-win situation is created even if competition is raised to a high level. Competition and the functioning of free markets guarantee the success of the sector and as a results regional development. One cluster helps to create another. Starting one process means that many others could follow. By reading this thesis, the reader should recognize potentials and understand the local circumstances. This is the aim of the study.

  • 21.
    Din, Ishtiaq-Ahmad
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Sohail, Aamir
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Shahzad, Kashif
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    The role of corporate social responsibility to create positive positioning in the branding of a country and particular to Pakistan2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In this highly competitive world countries are working hard to brand them by creating positive image to attract world’s share of business, investment, tourism, students, events etc. There are many factor involved to create soft image of a country like environment, people, tourism, business, governance, politics and others. But one factor, which countries are implementing but not considering as a part of country’s branding strategy that is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). CSR is about showing social responsibility for society and environment by corporate sector/companies. Purpose: The purpose of our thesis to focus on relationship between CSR and country branding that how CSR helps to create soft image of a country and become part of country’s branding strategy. We also investigate the case of Pakistan that how CSR can play a role in branding Pakistan by the help of corporate sector in close collaboration with government. Methods: On the basis of our research area we used qualitative approach. The secondary data have been collected through literature review of research papers, magazines, websites and books. The primary data have been collected by conducting interviews and Sweden as case. Result/output: As a result of our research we will present a model of relationship between CSR and country branding in general. Then we also present a customize model for Pakistan. Conclusion and Recommendations: We have interpreted and analyzed the collected data together with the theories and thereafter drawn the conclusion that CSR is successfully adopted by many countries but nor considered as part of country branding. As it is having vital role creating soft image of a country by having positive impact on society and environment, so it must be a part of country’s branding program. To achieve this target, close collaboration of government and corporate sector is necessary. Pakistan’s corporate sector also needs to have collaboration with government to effectively implement the CSR program in the country.

  • 22.
    Do, Nanju
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    How to create cultural clusters in historical regions2006Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    How to create cultural clusters in historical regions Is there a way of attempting to stabilize economy by making a cultural cluster in a historical city? This is the central question in my thesis. The cluster theory has influenced many sectors around the world. Firenze has been chosen as study case because the city is a good representative of a historical region. Additionally, the region’s system of industrial area is closer to a cluster system. Therefore, we can look into the shape of the cultural cluster in historical regions and their characteristic by analyzing Firenze’s industrial area. This analysis will be also applied to Gyeongju’s cultural cluster. Keywords: Cultural cluster, cluster, Firenze, Gyeongju, historical regions

  • 23.
    Dzene, Aiga
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Kula, Adem
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Creative City Assessment of Riga, Tallinn and Vilnius2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the current status of the capitals of the Baltic States according to the Creative Class Theory. With increasing role of knowledge, creativity and innovation in the today’s economy, the role of the Creative Capital increases. Riga, Tallinn, and Vilnius are the capitals of the Baltic States, experiencing dynamic growth. Therefore, such a study would add to the assessment of the current status and identification of the possible improvements. The Creative Class Theory suggests that knowledge or creativity of people is the main driving force of the economic growth. Thus, for the economic development, a place needs combination of three factors, 3Ts – Talent, Technology, and Tolerance. Each of them is necessary, but not sufficient factor. In order to examine Talent, the authors use three measures of the Creative Class, the Human Capital, and the Scientific Talent. The findings indicate that all three cities have competitive level of the Creative Class in comparison with the other EU countries; however, low level of the Scientific Talent. The authors conclude that the Scientific Talent is an important part of the Creative Class; thus, the cities must find the means to develop it. By comparing the three capitals, Vilnius is the most competitive in terms of the Talent indicator; Tallinn has the second position, and Riga is the least competitive among the capitals of the Baltic States. The second component, Technology, is measured by the Innovation Activity Index and E-commerce Index. These measures indicate that the three cities are rather uncompetitive in comparison with the leading EU countries. Among the capitals of the Baltic States, Tallinn is the most developed according to Technology; Vilnius is the second, and Riga is lagging behind in the Technology measures. To summarize, all three cities need to put an important emphasis on developing Technology. Lastly, Tolerance is measured by using three different indicators of the values and attitudes. According to these measures, Tallinn is the most tolerant city among the three capitals, but the level of Tolerance is rather similar in Riga and Vilnius. From the study of literature, the authors find that the level of Tolerance is related with the economic development; thus, an increase in the income level in the three cities might increase the level of the tolerance. The authors conclude that despite the fact that the Creative Class Theory suggests the need to build people’s climate for the economic development, the three capitals of the Baltic States still need to build the business climate in order to increase the level of Technology, as it is currently the missing component of the 3Ts.

  • 24.
    Dzene, Aiga
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    Kula, Adem
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    Creative City Assessment of Riga, Tallinn, and Vilnius2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the current status of the capitals of the Baltic States according to the Creative Class Theory. With increasing role of knowledge, creativity and innovation in the today’s economy, the role of the Creative Capital increases. Riga, Tallinn, and Vilnius are the capitals of the Baltic States, experiencing dynamic growth. Therefore, such a study would add to the assessment of the current status and identification of the possible improvements. The Creative Class Theory suggests that knowledge or creativity of people is the main driving force of the economic growth. Thus, for the economic development, a place needs combination of three factors, 3Ts – Talent, Technology, and Tolerance. Each of them is necessary, but not sufficient factor. In order to examine Talent, the authors use three measures of the Creative Class, the Human Capital, and the Scientific Talent. The findings indicate that all three cities have competitive level of the Creative Class in comparison with the other EU countries; however, low level of the Scientific Talent. The authors conclude that the Scientific Talent is an important part of the Creative Class; thus, the cities must find the means to develop it. By comparing the three capitals, Vilnius is the most competitive in terms of the Talent indicator; Tallinn has the second position, and Riga is the least competitive among the capitals of the Baltic States. The second component, Technology, is measured by the Innovation Activity Index and E-commerce Index. These measures indicate that the three cities are rather uncompetitive in comparison with the leading EU countries. Among the capitals of the Baltic States, Tallinn is the most developed according to Technology; Vilnius is the second, and Riga is lagging behind in the Technology measures. To summarize, all three cities need to put an important emphasis on developing Technology. Lastly, Tolerance is measured by using three different indicators of the values and attitudes. According to these measures, Tallinn is the most tolerant city among the three capitals, but the level of Tolerance is rather similar in Riga and Vilnius. From the study of literature, the authors find that the level of Tolerance is related with the economic development; thus, an increase in the income level in the three cities might increase the level of the tolerance. The authors conclude that despite the fact that the Creative Class Theory suggests the need to build people’s climate for the economic development, the three capitals of the Baltic States still need to build the business climate in order to increase the level of Technology, as it is currently the missing component of the 3Ts.

  • 25.
    Edfeldt, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Petersson Edfeldt, Linn
    Should Sweden impose excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in order to improve public health?2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent time, several reports have been published about a more and more unhealthy population world wide, with increasing Body Mass Index (BMI) in welfare countries, such as Sweden. Diseases, such as obesity and diabetes, which is strongly connected to a high BMI, have increased and together with them also the medical expenses for society/state. Several initiatives have been started, in different countries, to tackle these problems and some have introduced a “sugar tax” on unhealthy products, like candy and soda, which has become a well- debated subject also in Sweden today.

    In this MBA master thesis, a literature study has been conducted with the goal of evaluating if an excise tax should be introduced in an efficient way on unhealthy sugar-sweetened beverages in Sweden. This case study is built on secondary data where reports and official statistics, from governments and health authorities/organizations, have been studied both for Sweden as well as from other countries. There has been a particular focus on Sweden's neighbouring countries Denmark and Finland, who has both experiences in the implementation of a “sugar tax”. Our theory is that introducing an excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages will reduce the demand and consumption of these products, which will reduce welfare disease such as obesity and diabetes and yield a tax income for the state. However it is important to have in mind that the reduced consumption also will result in less tax income from the no longer sold goods, fewer personnel employed in the producing industries etc.

    The results showed that the overall sugar consumption actually has decreased in Sweden, as well as the overall consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. However during the same time period the average calorie consumption and BMI has continued to increase resulting in a more unhealthy population that results in increased medical expenses.

    In conclusion an excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages will not solve the welfare disease problems but may positively influence health. However it comes with a price also for the state from both gains and loss in tax incomes and increased administrations costs for managing the new tax. Finally it should be noted that since sugar-sweetened beverages are unhealthy products, which do not contribute to any positive health effects, sugar taxation might still be considered. 

  • 26.
    Eklund, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Lars, Pettersson
    Jönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Högskola i otakt2017 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har aldrig haft så många högutbildade i arbetskraften som idag, men arbetsmarknaden fungerar allt sämre. Frågan är vilka ekonomiska utfall högskoleexpansionen har bidragit till.

    Slutsatser är att högre utbildning i Sverige inte främjar ekonomisk utveckling och välfärd. Det som bestämmer studenternas val och lärosätenas utformning av utbildningar anpassas inte efter behoven på arbetsmarknaden.

    Utbildning är kostnadsfri för studerande och finansieras via skatteuttag, samtidigt som utbildningspremien och den privatekonomiska avkastningen, tillhör världens lägsta.

    Detta bidrar inte till att lösa matchningsproblem på arbetsmarknaden. Istället finns en risk att utbildning ses som konsumtion snarare än investering i kunskap.

    Resultatet riskerar bli en högskola som går i otakt med det omgivande samhället och framförallt näringslivet.

  • 27.
    Emmanuel, Ogu Chikaodi
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Djre, Pavis Geoffrey Kwabla
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    The Impact of Monetary Policy on Stock Market Returns in Developing Markets, A Comparative Investigation of Nigeria and Ghana Stock Markets (1990: 2010)2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den globala ekonomiska härdsmälta som påverkade börserna över hela världen hade också en negativ effekt på mindre utvecklingsländernas aktiemarknaderna. Som ett resultat av den härdsmälta, förlorade investerarna förtroende börsen. Monetära myndigheter i både Nigeria och Ghana hade försökt på flera sätt att återställa investerarnas förtroende och därmed ett av de viktigaste verktyg som regeringen använder för att uppnå makroekonomisk mål är penningpolitiken. Det blev ett behov av att undersöka hur penningpolitiska förändringar påverkar avkastningen på aktiemarknaden i nigerianska och ghananska börserna utbyte. Detta dokument bygger på jämförande studie av Nigerianska och Ghanas aktiemarknaderna i andra för att ta reda hur penningpolitiken inriktas nämligen räntan och penningmängden (m2) påverkar avkastning på aktiemarknaden. Genomförde vi ett enkelt test regressionsanalys baserat på årliga 20 års data (1990-2010). Resultatet visar att penningpolitiken har mer inverkan på avkastningen på aktiemarknaden i Ghanas ekonomin än den nigerianska ekonomin, och som sådan skulle kunna fungera som en marknad signal för investerare i Ghanas börsen marknaden. Medan den nigerianska börsen marknaden är okänslig för förändringar i penningpolitiken som sådan, skulle en förändring av penningpolitiken fungerar inte som en marknad signal för investerare i den nigerianska börsen marknaden.

  • 28.
    Encalada, Raul
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Mumtaz, Naveed
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Potential Success Indicators in Early Stages of Energy Liberalization Processes: The Mexican Energy Reform Case.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy Industry liberalization processes have brought different results around the world depending on the context of the country or region where they take place. The Mexican energy reform opened the market for private companies to participate in the electricity generation. Currently, this reform has been in place for almost four years.

    Several approaches have been used to measure the success of the electric market liberalization in different regions. Different authors have used indicators such as the grassroots initiatives or the reduction of subsidies; still, its applicability is limited to mature stages of the liberalization process.

    The Mexican energy reform opens the opportunity to study the liberalization process in its early stages. The present study considers by the approach presented by Tulloch, Diaz-Rainey & Premachandra (2017) proposing four restructuring streams, to overcome to difficulty off evaluating the early results of the reform in an industry still evolving actual company details are studies to assess the success or failure of the liberalization of the Mexican energy sector.

    This paper will follow a single case study structure based on the whole Mexican Energy Market and focused on the Electric Market. The case study addresses the following research question: “How implementation indicators reflect the potential success of an energy liberalization processes? This research question aims to find out potential early indicators which can be deemed as determining the success or failure of the energy market liberalization process. By using the Mexican case, we aim to contrast the existing research and experiences in other countries to further understand the dynamics of energy liberalization processes.

    The energy market in Mexico has experienced growing competition from players in the energy sectors and forms of energy exploited both producing positive effects on the utility companies’ profitability. The market has also seen an increasing share in renewables, increased power generation and an increasingly greater focus on innovation in the energy sector. The results point to the complexity of the energy market and the role that specific market characteristics play in the success or failure of the regularization process.

    Considering the empiric results, we identify early success indicators such as the introduction of new competitors and the boost of renewable energy, pointing towards a successful energy liberalization process in Mexico.

    Three early indicators are proposed to be used to identify a successful energy liberalization process: i) the introduction of new competitors, ii) reforms on subsidies and iii) the growth of renewables. The co-existence of all of these indicators during the implementation of an energy liberalization process suggests that it was performed successfully, at least at its early phase.

    The Mexican experience gives us first-hand experience in the early phases of an energy liberalization process. It is clear according to the empirical results that without the successful implementation of the energy reform, the Mexican market would not be able to incorporate such technologies at the current pace.

    Further research is required to confirm the current findings in later stages and through different industries. Considering that the market conditions are continually evolving and that the current conditions might be undeveloped, the profit levels of these company might suffer drastic changes during the following years. Other aspects such as the subsidy levels and the electricity price performance represent additional research paths.

  • 29.
    Exner, Jan-Philipp
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    Yücel, Ergin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    Structural change in European border zone agglomerations: A comparative analysis between Copenhagen and Saarbrücken2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we made an investigation on the transformation of economic structure of two border city regions, Saarbrücken and Copenhagen. The motivation for a comparative analysis is that they have similar industrial background. Both city regions were dynamic in the first half of the 20th century however in the second half they slowed down and gradually lost some of their industrial base. This decline of industry also brought some transformation of the economic structure. To some extent they followed similar trends such as decline of industry and rise of service sector. However there are differences as well, like the diversification of economy, dependence on industry, potential for attracting the creative class and so on. Another reason for comparison is that they are both border regions and have a potential to integrate with the other side of the border. Saarbrücken has increased its interaction with the French region Lorraine and the opening of the High Speed Railway East to Paris is likely to contribute to this interaction and may lead to integration. Copenhagen, too, has been increasing its interaction with Malmo and Lund on the Swedish side. Especially after the opening of the Öresund Bridge in 2000 this interaction even got accelerated and seems to evolve towards integration. We have discussed this cross-border interaction and tried to identify to what extend these regions integrated with the other side of the border. Furthermore we tried to reveal the similarities and the differences in this integration processes in both border regions. As theoretical approach we have chosen Kondratieff Wave Theory, Porter’s Cluster Theory and Florida’s Creative Class Theory as these theories seem to explain the developments in the two regions quite well. The Wave theory makes up the theoretical framework as it reflects a global shift in the western economies especially in the old industrial zones. The two other theories points out to more specific developments in two regions such as emergence of high tech sectors as a result of creative class. Our overall conclusion is that the two regions have similarities in their transformation but also differences. Every region has its own transformation story as some local elements are involved in the process. It is not possible to have identical developments; however regions can induce similar development with the more dynamic regions in case they create similar conditions for new sectors. And it is increasingly easier to do so as the globalisation makes the production factors more mobile.

  • 30.
    Fredin, Sabrina
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Miörner, Johan
    Lund University, SWE.
    Jogmark, Marina
    Linnéuniversitetet, SWE.
    Developing and sustaining new regional industrial paths: investigating the role of ‘outsiders’ and factors shaping long-term trajectories2019Ingår i: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 26, nr 7, s. 795-819Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article casts light on the development of new regional industrial paths. We explore factors explaining why regional industries with similar early path development trajectories may exhibit diverging outcomes in the longer run and pay particular attention to the role of ‘outsiders’ in the initiation and further development of regional industrial paths. Drawing on a comparative case study of IT industries in Linköping and Karlskrona, two medium-sized Swedish city regions, we find that the inflow of outsiders was an important driver of early path development processes. However, we find that the interplay between regional preconditions and arriving outsiders, and between outsiders and existing actors, substantially shaped the long-term sustainability of the industrial paths in our study. In particular, the role of agency in fostering positive self-reinforcing mechanisms and structure–agency dynamics are highlighted as key factors for understanding how new industrial development paths are unfolding in the longer term. © 2018, © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 31.
    Fredlund, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Hattenbach, Daniel
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Olsson, John
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Hur har EU-utvidgningen den 1 Maj 2004 påverkat logistikföretagens strategi i Sydöstra Sverige?2004Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva hur företag i logistikkedjan, rederi – hamn – åkeri, förberett sig inför de nya länderna, Lettland, Litauen och Polens inträde i den Europeiska Unionen den 1 maj 2004. Vi har även valt att undersöka vilka omvärldsanalysmetoder företagen använder sig utav, hur de i så fall tillämpar dessa och ge eventuella förslag på omvärldsanalysmetoder.

  • 32. Genet, N
    et al.
    Boerma, W
    Hutchinson, A
    ,
    Garms-Homolova, V
    Naiditch, M
    Lamura, G
    Chablicz, S
    Ersek, K
    Gulacsi, L
    Governance on home care in Europe2010Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Wiley-Blackwell , 2010, Vol. 19, nr suppl. 1Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Demand for health and social care services in the community will grow as a result of the ageing of populations across Europe. At present, however, very little is known about the preparedness of national home care systems for changing demand, which is not just quantitative but also qualitative in kind. There is a need for insight into the state of home care, including policy and regulation and aspects of financing, organisation and provision of services. Methods & materials On the basis of results of a literature review and from consultations with experts across Europe, the EURHOMAP study has developed an extensive set of indicators to map home care systems. The indicators focus on: policy and regulation; financing; organisation & service delivery; and clients & informal carers. EURHOMAP partners collected the data in 2009 and early 2010, in collaboration with experts in 31 European countries. Results were described in uniformly structured country reports and fed back to national experts for validation. An additional source of information was the answers on questions related to four ‘vignettes’ (hypothetical case descriptions of home living people in need of care). These questions were answered by a panel of key informants in each country. Results The presentation will address the following topics: the availability of a policy vision on home care in the countries; how clients can access home care; how the quality of home care is maintained; which governmental levels are responsible for various aspects of home care; public versus private models of provision, including competition; the way care is monitored. It turns out that home care systems widely Symposium Abstracts 4th Eur Nursing Congress, 4-7 Oct 2010 vary in their degree of development and that the structures of governance, regulation and models of provision are very heterogeneous. An aspect of home care that creates challenges at all levels is the mix of social, nursing and health services, which are supposed to be delivered in an integrated way to clients and patients. Cost control in community care is a common issue of most countries, but budgetary and efficiency measures taken and mechanisms developed are very different. Maintaining and improving home care services is a priority in many countries which does not always match with needs to increase efficiency. In different ways countries try to accommodate these contrasting aims. Conclusion Although home care is a major point of policy in many countries, it is not heavily regulated. In many countries home care governance is split between different types of care and, consequently, not well integrated. Despite the dominance of public provision, tendencies towards more privatisation, contracting and competition can be identified.

  • 33. Genet, N
    et al.
    Ersek, K
    Boerma, W
    Hutchinson, A
    Garms-Homolova, V
    Naiditch, M
    Lamura, G
    Chablicz, S
    Gulacsi, L
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    Integrating home care services in Europe.2010Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Wiley-Blackwell , 2010, Vol. 19, nr Suppl. 1Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 34. Genet, N
    et al.
    Gulacsi, L
    Boerma, W
    Hutchinson, A
    Garms-Homolova, V
    Naiditch, M
    Lamura, G
    Chablicz, S
    Ersek, K
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    Financing home care in Europe2010Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Rotterdam, the Netherlands: Wiley-Blackwell , 2010, Vol. 19, nr Suppl. 1Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the assumption that care delivered at home is more cost-effective than care provided in institutions, such as nursing homes, the pressure on expenditures for home care will remain. Financial incentives are widely used to get better value for money. Incentives can be applied to authorities responsible for home care, or to agencies that provide services or to clients who receive care. Details of the financing system of home care services very much determine the possibilities for financial incentives. At present, there is a need for comparative information on financing mechanisms for home care. This presentation is based on the results of the EC-financed EURHOMAP project. Indicators have been developed in this project to map the home care systems in Europe, including details of financing. In 2009 and early 2010, EURHOMAP partners have collected data on these indicators in 31 countries in collaboration with experts in these countries. Results were described in uniformly structured country reports and fed back to national experts for validation. Prevailing models of financing for home care will be presented as well as information of the extent to which home care across Europe is pressured by financial restraints. Especially in Eastern European countries, where home care is not well developed yet, funding is a major problem. Co-payments are applicable in most countries to reduce expenditures and to prevent over-utilisation of services. Usually, financing mechanisms for social community based services differ from the mechanisms in place for home health care services. Consequently, modes of reimbursement for providers of different sorts of home care services and the financial implications for clients differ. Co-payments are more prevalent with social services than with health care. Another financial allocation mechanism is means testing, which is frequently used with publicly financed home care services. There is a large diversity in the type of financing mechanism, both between and within countries in Europe. Budgetary restraints are one of the main problems with regard to home care in almost all countries. Usually, access to home care services is restricted in some way by financial restrictions.

  • 35.
    Haroon-Ur-Rashid, Haroon
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Shah, Muhammad-Anwar-Jamal
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Ullah, Hussain
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Ahmed, Sheraz
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Impact of Privatization: "Managing the Process of Privatization and its impacts on Performance and Development: A case Study of Pakistan Telecommunication Limited"2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The purpose of the thesis is to evaluate the impacts of privatization on Growth, profitability and employment of Pakistan Telecommunication Limited, So that the organization may be able to get the fruitful impacts of this globally recognized phenomenon. In such a situation where privatization is still a matter of suspicion, it will make some positive contribution. Methods: In our dissertation we have followed the Qualitative method, while our main sources of information are reports, and other published materials i.e. our main dependency during this study remains on Secondary data. Results: We have compared the privatization of PTCL with the Privatization of Telia. Comparison with the Telia has extracted very useful steps for PTCL. The main result during comparison was adoption of different strategies which Telia has adopted after privatization. Conclusions: The main conclusions of our study for Pakistan Telecommunication is to enhance its poor quality service, adopt the latest Technology, and focus on Publicity and media campaign in order to coup with the diverse environment of Telecom Sector.

  • 36.
    Harrysson, Sigvald
    et al.
    Innoventum AB.
    Ulmefors, Marcus
    Innoventum AB.
    Kazlova, Ala
    Innoventum AB.
    OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE INCENTIVES APPLIED ACROSS EIGHT SELECTED COUNTRY MARKETS2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37.
    Hattenbach, Daniel
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Wahlström, Johan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Innovative ways to finance telecommunication in developing countries2004Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To investigate what kind of innovative ways developing countries can finance telecommunication and on the basis of that also investigate if there is a connection between financing telecommunication and poverty reduction. Method: A qualitative study by using interview, questionnaire survey and a theoretical background. We have investigated what innovative ways of financing telecommunication that exist, but also to see if financing telecommunication could reduce poverty, which suits our purpose. Result: The most innovative way a country or company can finance telecommunication is finding the right combination of financing ways and strategies, to have the knowledge of which ways to choose from is a key in finding the optimal combination for a country or company. The main advantage by using a combination of strategies and financing ways is that the risks will be reduced, which is an innovative way of financing telecommunication. This will attract more investors, because they will get better security on their investments. By the result of the questionnaire survey we see that there is a lack of knowledge among ways to finance telecommunication, therefore it is important to inform companies and countries of both traditional ways and what makes a specific financing way innovative, which will give them a fair chance to find ways that suits their basic conditions. We found a link between telecommunication and poverty reduction hence by financing telecommunication projects in developing countries will result in some form of poverty reduction.

  • 38.
    Hederstierna, Anders
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Förstudie Priselasticitet2004Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten visar att det finns två faktorer som begränsar konkurrensen för den operation som krävs för att ta betalt för mobila tjänster. Den ena faktorn är att betaloperationen kräver information om vem som ska betala och hur mycket. Rådata till denna information kommer från mobiloperatörens nät och är alltså en unik och samtidigt nödvändig resurs för att hantera betalningen, med undantag för de fall när betalningen görs i förväg. Den andra faktorn är att den som först lyckas uppnå stordriftsfördelar i betaloperationen kan ef-fektivt hindra andra aktörer från att träda in på marknaden. Stordriftsförde-larna är extra viktiga när de mobila tjänsterna är så enkla och köps så sällan att priserna bir låga och betalningarna extremt små, s.k. mikrobetalningar. Det är möjligt att morgondagens mobila tjänster inte kommer att kräva mik-robetalningar och då minskar effekten av den faktor som har att göra med stordriftsfördelar. Samtidigt visar mobiloperatörer och banker ett stort intres-se av att skaffa sig ännu större konkurrensfördelar på marknaden för mikro-betalningar med nya system för att använda mobiltelefonen som betalnings-terminal.

  • 39. Helgeson, Bo
    et al.
    Hardemo, Isa
    Olofsson, Sarah
    Pettersson, Mårten
    Hederstierna, Anders
    Wrenne, Anders
    Hallqvist, Klas
    Innovation for future mobile services2003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten beskriver en "prototypmetod" för att identifiera nya, efterfrågade mobila tjänster. Metoden bygger på en kombination av etnografiska och ekonomiska metoder. Rapporten innehåller också en lista över identifierade nya tjänster för den kommunala sektorn.

  • 40. Hellmer, Stefan
    Un-cashed switching benefits: Loyalty or lock-ins? The case of district heating in Sweden2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln belyser frågan kring användandet av byteskostnader eller bytesintäkter för att beskriva en eventuell inlåsningseffekt för fjärrvärmekunder.

  • 41. Hellmer, Stefan
    et al.
    Wårell, Linda
    On the Evaluation of Market Power and Market Dominance: The Nordic Electricity Market2009Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215 , Vol. 37, nr 8, s. 3235-3241Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies different concentration and dominance measures using structural indexes used to initially screen the competitive situation in a market. The Nordic and Swedish electricity markets are used as the empirical cases. Market concentration issues in the Nordic electricity market in general and in Sweden in particular have been, at least in initial screenings, approached by the Herfindahl-Hirschman-Index (HHI). This article uses an alternative measure to HHI, which is based on market shares of the two largest firms in the market. The results shows that only the Swedish wholesale market has a firm that can be regarded as dominant, but only during very short periods. The results from a hypothetical merger between the second and third largest company in the Swedish wholesale market shows that when the dominant position of the largest firm is reduced, by increasing the size of the second largest firm, the threshold value indicates that competition actually will increase (contradicting to the HHI).

  • 42. Holgersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Norman, Therese
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    In the quest for economic significance: Assessing variable importance through mean value decomposition2014Ingår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 21, nr 8, s. 545-549Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic significance is frequently assessed through statistical hypothesis testing, which however, does not always correspond to the implicit economical questions being addressed. In this article we propose using mean value decomposition to assess economic significance. Unlike most previously suggested methods the proposed one is intuitive and simple to conduct. The technique is demonstrated and contrasted with hypothesis tests by an empirical example involving the income of Mexican children, which shows that the two inference approaches provide different and supplementary pieces of information.

  • 43.
    Jagtap, Santosh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Key guidelines for designing integrated solutions to support development of marginalised societies2019Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 219, s. 148-165Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Marginalised societies face a wide range of deprivations and constraints at individual, institutional, economic, and technological levels. To satisfy unmet or underserved needs of poor people living in these societies, it is essential to address all the relevant constraints in the target context through the design of integrated solutions. Many studies have explored the design of integrated solutions for these societies using approaches and concepts such as holistic design for low-resource settings, Base of the Pyramid, product service systems, subsistence marketplaces, etc. We perform a systematic review of a broad range of literature on integrated design solutions for marginalised societies, gleaning ten guidelines to support design practice in this field. The derived guidelines cover different phases of the design process and life cycle stages of the solution. Each guideline is supported by findings of several studies. We have also included a detailed, illustrative example for each guideline. Additionally, the review allowed us to offer recommendations for how to use each of the ten guidelines. Finally, we discuss the guidelines relating them to constraints in marginalised societies and unfamiliarity of practitioners about these societies. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2020-03-07 08:52
  • 44. Johansson, Conny
    et al.
    Molin, Peter
    Maturity, motivation and effective learning in projects: benefits from using industrial clients1996Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Software Engineering Education is often associated with teaching computer concepts, programming languages, database technology, etc. This approach of teaching traditional Computer Science courses leads to some difficult problems, both when training the students, and for the students their first years working in industry. In the Software Engineering programme at the University of Karlskrona/Ronneby, we have taken a more practical, problem-related approach by complementing the Computer Science courses with project courses at undergraduate level. In these project courses, we train the students to handle client contacts, contracts, negotiations, and most important: to keep their promises concerning time, quality and cost. After such projects the students are more able to handle and solve problems independently in a responsible way. By simulating the real world, and emphasizing the problems rather than the solutions, the students gain experience very similar to the professional situation. The experience gained inc reases the student’s maturity within the subject, and facilitates the understanding and application of more advanced concepts such as ISO 9000, Capability Maturity Model (CMM), function point analysis, etc.

  • 45.
    Johansson, Gorana
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Transition in Crisis: The Impact of Interaction between Informal Institutions and Political and Economic Elite on Transition- The Case of Dalmatia and Croatia2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Croatia is among countries that are still in process of institutional restructuring. Recent global economic crisis in Croatia is still very much present. Many country reports on Croatia are witnessing of the slow reform process in the country. Major reforms have been omitted. Research, in the area of transition is recognizing importance of informal institutions (behavioral norms) over transition process whose importance, according to researchers (Acemoglu, Helmke, Rodrik, etc), has been ignored. North (1993) states that informal institutions are rooted in culture and as such imbued to slow change. In line with that, the thesis work is to analyse features of Croatian transition in regard to informal institutions and thereafter investigate the impact of interaction between informal institutions and political power over reform process. Case- study is divided into two parts: institutional and structural analysis of Croatian transition based on country and cross-country analyses; and historic economic development of the Dalmatia region. The result have shown existence of two informal modes of behaviour, distinguished as town respective hinterland culture, enforced primarily by the colonial nature of political administration, frequency of change in political powers and impact of dominant religious organisation. It is evident that informal institutions in the Croatian transition process have a dominant role. These conflicting modes of behavior are infiltrated into the mindset of the power structures in the society (one inclined to divergent-, and the other inclined to convergent outcome in relation to post-industrial types of formal institutions). The challenge for Croatia is how to reach political equilibrium that is supportive of faster reforms towards institutions present in the developed countries. It is to assume that de jure power of the hinterland culture is declining while de facto could be traced in the cases of corruption, which makes difficult to identify the current power position of the de facto power on national level. On the regional level, de facto power has infiltrated de jure power. The sensitiveness of the current political instability is due to the unstable political consensus on national level (conflict between two cultures within de jure power). Instability´s persistency have slowed reforms down and underrated credibility of the formal institutions. The additional reinforcement mechanism, such as Haag Tribunal’s proclamation of the homeland war as being a product of the criminal organisation has created a new space for competing modes of behavior to persist despite de jure affords to combat corruption. Thesis came to conclusion that, addressing reforms from top-down might not create an effect as local political powers are inclined to the competing modes of behavior, enforcing it over majority, majority that lacks trust in the state´s de jure power. Future research is needed to understand how these two levels can be coordinated towards the same political equilibrium that is in favor of convergence type of informal institution.

  • 46.
    Jungbeck, Jacob
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och samhällsvetenskap.
    Meland, Catrin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och samhällsvetenskap.
    Tillgänglig kapacitet på mobila telenät2001Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen skall belysa ett teoretiskt och praktiskt perspektiv av begreppet tillgänglig kapacitet på mobila telenät.

  • 47.
    KARAOULANIS, ANDREAS
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    MONFORT, FREDERIC
    A comparative study of women in top managerial positions in Greece and the United Kingdom(UK)2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Problem formulation: The main research questions of this comparative study are as follow: How does the Maculinity Index (MAS), which is similar in both UK and Greece, express itself inside organisations, in terms of culture (norms, values)? How can this help to understand the differences found in the representations of women in both countries?

    Purpose: The purpose of why this study was contacted is to describe several MAS expressions in the organisational culture in order to find out how these expressions can help us understand the differences in female representation in both countries (UK and Greece).

    Literature: The main literature, upon which the whole study s was based upon, is the Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory as described in:

     

    1. Hofstede, G. 2014. Cultural Tools: Country Comparison. [Online]. Available at: <http://geert-hofstede.com/countries.html> [Accessed: 13th January 2015], and

     

    1. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J. & Minkov, M. 2010. Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

     

    Numerous literature sources were used throughout this thesis, which can be found in references.

     

    Method: The authors used the case study approach for this research as described in Yin’s “Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 5th Ed.” (2014). The main methods used for the collection of the empirical findings were documentation, interviews, informal discussions and archival records.

     

    Key findings: The major findings of this research indicated that at Alpha Bank, the male dominated powerful “in- groups”, by framing the recruitment and the selection process, by recruiting mainly male friends and relatives,  reproducing the male dominated culture inside the company. At Tata Steel, the masculine organisational culture was mainly the results of gender role norms associating STEM disciplines and leadership with masculinity. Some women were perceived to violate their femininity when being assertive or holding traditionally male positions. In addition, the “double burden syndrome” was considered to be an important barrier to women’s career advancement in Britain whereas it was not affecting Greek women as much due to the collectivistic characteristics of the Greek societal culture with parents usually helping their daughters and daughters-in-law with baby-sitting and in-house “obligations”.

  • 48.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Rouchy, Philippe
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Media clusters and metropolitan knowledge economy2015Ingår i: Handbook on the Economics of the Media / [ed] Robert G. Picard and Steve S. Wildman, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, s. 80-106Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the mid-1990s, the interrelationship between ICT, the location of media consortia and their innovation processes have been essential features of agglomeration renewals. In many arenas, academic research as well as policy-orientated projects have focused on understanding the factors operating the re-organization of new media and their development in particular major cities and their agglomerations. Increasing numbers of case studies have investigated particularly remarkable media clusters (Achtenhagen and Picard, 2011; Davis et al., 2009; Picard, 2008 and 2010; Von Streit et al., 2010) which are used as either exemplary models of developments or starting to question traditional industrial and economic growth policies (Backlund and Sandberg, 2002; Bathelt and Boggs, 2003). In this chapter, we will not address the policy implications of media clusters. We rather want to bring some preliminary reflection on media clusters, the dynamic of knowledge and agglomeration. We think it is premature to develop planning policies on clusters when the main issue remains to identify properly the role of knowledge dynamics and its economic implication in both the constitution of media clusters and agglomeration economies (Cheshire and Malecki, 2004; Oinas, 2002). At this moment, it seems unclear to what extent we are able to draw the right lesson of the accumulations of cases on the innovative performance of media clusters. In other words, we think that there are still spaces to investigate conceptually and/or empirically appropriate analytical tools and knowledge bases on media clusters.

  • 49.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi. CIRCLE.
    Innovation Strategies and Firm Performance: Simple or Complex Strategies?2016Ingår i: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 25, nr 7, s. 631-650Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effect of various innovation strategies (ISs) of firms on their future performance, captured by labor productivity. Using five waves of the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced the innovative behavior of firms over a decade, that is, from 2002 to 2012. We defined ISs to be either simple or complex (in various degrees). We call an IS a simple IS when firms engage in only one of the four types of Schumpeterian innovations, that is, product, process, marketing, or organizational, while a complex IS is when firms simultaneously engage in more than one type. The main findings indicate that those firms that choose and afford to have complex ISs are better off in terms of their future productivity in comparison with those firms that choose not to innovative (base group) and also in comparison with those firms that choose simple ISs. The results are mostly robust for those complex innovators that have a higher degree of complexity and also keep the balance between technological (product and process) and non-technological (organizational and marketing) innovations.

  • 50.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Innovation Strategies of Firms: What Strategies and Why?2016Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 41, nr 6, s. 1483-1506Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes various innovation strategies of firms. Using five waves of the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced the innovative behavior of firms over a 10-year period, i.e. between 2002 and 2012. We distinguish between sixteen innovation strategies, which compose of Schumpeterian four types of innovations (process, product, marketing, and organizational) plus various combinations of these four types. First, we find that firms are not homogenous in choosing innovation strategies, instead, they have a wide range of preferences when it comes to innovation strategy and some of the innovation strategies are “commonly” used among firms. Second, using Transition Probability Matrix, we found that firms also persist to have such a diverse innovation strategy preferences. Finally, using Multinomial Logit model, we explained the determinant of each and every innovation strategies, while we gave special attention to the commonly used innovation strategies among firms.

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