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  • 1.
    Anderson, Timothy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Fractured Space: Race, Power, and the Policy Narrative of Segregation in Stockholm, Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban segregation and spatial expressions of inequality are increasingly pressing issues for European planners and public authorities. Within Stockholm, Sweden, these concerns have become inescapable, and the city’s social divisions and ‘immigrant issues’ have triggered fierce public debate throughout the country. Stockholm has, over the past few decades,become a showcase for a process of ‘splintering urbanism’ that has placed immense pressure on the city’s housing market and prompted a variety of political responses. Many suburbs built on the city’s edge in the 1960s and 70s (including Husby, Tensta, North Botkyrka, and Södertälje) have become islands of high unemployment, low social mobility, and stigmatization as the city centre has grown increasingly expensive and gentrified. In this paper, a qualitative case study on the relatively deprived, largely non-white neighbourhood of Alby is used to illustrate the discursive processes driving Stockholm’s racial segregation. By applying a critical discourse analysis to interview material with key planners from Alby, I articulate the link between structural racism, neoliberal housing policy, and Swedish planning norms to argue that segregation must be seen as a deeply political, historically rooted process. Drawing from post-structuralism and critical race theory, I contend that a needs-based policy approach within Stockholm’s housing and labour markets is critical for combating residential segregation and creating a more just urban environment.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Introduction2017In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2017, p. 1-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Eklund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Tsvetkova, Alexandra
    OECD Trento Centre for Local Development, Spatial Productivity Lab (SPL),ITA.
    Spatial variations in financial constraints of SMEs-evidence from firm-level estimates of investment-cash flow sensitivities in Sweden2023In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 1683-1698Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Plain English Summary We show that small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) located outside the main city regions are more dependent on internal cash flow in their investments compared to SME urban city regions. Our findings clearly show that, as access to agglomerated economies decreases, financial constraints faced by the SMEs increase. The investment ability of SMEs in rural regions depends on own cash flow more but revenues in smaller regions tend to be smaller too-implying that the cash flow is likely to be lower. As a result, SMEs in smaller and more remote places would find it harder to invest and, therefore, to grow or increase productivity. The fact that such a consistent pattern of increasing investment-cash flow sensitivity is clearly observable in Sweden, one of the least regionally unequal countries, only reinforces the importance of considering the spatial dimension in policies targeted at closing SME financing gap. It is well established that there is uneven availability of credit across space, in particular for SMEs. The evidence on whether this translates into differences in actual business investments remains scarce. We assess this question by using firm-level data for Swedish firms and estimate the extent to which the average investment-cash flow sensitivities of firms vary across the urban-rural hierarchy. We find that the world of financing is not yet flat for the majority of Swedish SMEs. Companies located in non-metro regions are most dependent on own cash flow in their investments. The results hold for all firms, firms of different sizes, firms operating in low-end services, unaffiliated firms and those belonging to domestic corporations. In contrast, investment-cash flow sensitivity of firms operating in high-tech services and those belonging to a multinational enterprise does not differ geographically. On average, regional investment-cash flow sensitivity is lower in bigger, denser and more educated local labour market regions; it is higher in regions with greater concentration of SMEs.

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  • 4.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Kim, Hong Sok
    Seoul National University, PRK.
    Kohlhase, Janet
    University of Houston, USA.
    Editorial Annals of Regional Science2020In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is no tradition in Annals of Regional Science that the editors write editorials. However, as of 2020, the editors will each year write an editorial in which we report as well as reflect on recent developments of the journal. We hope that this will be of interest for our readers. This editorial is the first one and marks the start of the strategy to write a yearly editorial.We, i.e., Martin Andersson (Sweden), Hong Sok Kim (South Korea) and Janet Kohlhase (USA), are by some standards a rather new constellation of editors-in-chief (EICs). Janet Kohlhase became an editor in 2011, replacing professor Roger Stough.1 Martin Andersson joined as editor in 2014 and replaced professor Börje Johansson. Hong Sok (Brian) Kim became an editor in 2019 by replacing profes-sor Euijune Kim. The former EICs continue to be part of the journal in the capacity as members of the advisory board of former editors. We are all delighted to serve as EICs and are committed to maintain as well as to further develop the journal’s tradition of publishing high-quality and influential research that pushes the field of regional science forward.

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    Editorial Annals of Regional Science
  • 5.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Kusetogullari, Anna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lund University, SWE.
    Coding for intangible competitive advantage - mapping the distribution and characteristics of software-developing firms in the Swedish economy2023In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 17-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Software is at the core of digitalisation and is often claimed to play a central role in innovation and in shaping competition across industries and firms. There are yet few studies of the extent and nature of software development across firms. We employ a unique firm-level survey comprising 3,929 firms across Sweden to analyse the distribution and characteristics of firms that invest in software development and the orientation of their investments. The results confirm that software development activities are present in most industries, but heterogeneously distributed across firms. Internal software development is associated with innovation-oriented large firms in high-tech and knowledge-intensive industries, and is often affiliated with MNEs. The results suggest that software development is comparable to R&D investments and constitutes an example of digital innovation. This strengthens the value of studying software development activities to understand how firms invest in and build competitive advantage in the digitalised economy. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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  • 6.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Att lära av staden: ekonomi och fysisk planering i urbaniseringens tidevarv2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Författarna går igenom modern forskning kring förtätningens ekonomiska drivkrafter och tydliggör vad forskningen säger; dels om generella konsekvenser av förtätning, dels om hur förtätningens effekter sprids i geografin. Vad förklarar de senaste årtiondenas starka urbanisering? Rapporten avslutas med en diskussion om framtida utmaningar för såväl forskning som fysisk planering.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Univ Cambridge, GBR.
    Historical local industry structure, voting patterns and the long-run entrepreneurial character of regions: Swedish examples2022In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 69, no 3, p. 611-631Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial variations in rates of new firm formation are large and spatially persistent over long periods of time. A common explanation of this empirical regularity is so-called local entrepreneurship cultures, which refer to spatially embedded social characteristics that change in slow processes. This paper discusses perspectives on the development of such cultures and focuses on the role of historical industry structures in forming the long-run entrepreneurial character of regions. To illustrate the empirical relevance of arguments and findings in the literature, we use historical data on voting patterns in municipalities in Sweden, as well as indications of their early industrial concentrations, and assess their correlations with present-day entrepreneurial activity. We show that places with a high share of left-wing votes in the period 1917-1948 and early historical presence of heavy industry have lower rates of new firm formation, less positive public attitudes toward entrepreneurship as well as larger average establishment sizes in the twenty-first century. The empirical patterns are consistent with the argument that regions' historical industry structure is one factor that influences the development of local entrepreneurship cultures.

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  • 8.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds Universitet.
    Närhet och nätverk: Urbaniseringens roll utanför storstäderna2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Urbaniseringen är inte bara begränsad till storstäderna och är inte ett nollsummespel där stad ställs mot landsbygd. Tvärtom kan både små och stora städer vara avgörande för den regionala utvecklingen och landsbygdens framtid. Urbanisering handlar nämligen inte om storstäder, utan om förtätning.

  • 9.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. Mittuniversitetet.
    Friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap ur ett planerings- och användarperspektiv: Studier av Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hav och kust har alltid varit viktiga för oss människor. I svenska kustlandskap har boende, infrastruktur och fiskenäring existerat sedan lång tid tillbaka samtidigt som områdena också varit viktiga för nöje och rekreation. Men mellan olika intressen, samt mellan och inom olika användargrupper samt förvaltning, kan det uppstå målkonflikter. Utgångspunkten för den här avhandlingen är att beskriva och analysera eventuella målkonflikter kopplat till friluftsliv utifrån både ett planerings- och ett användarperspektiv genom två fallstudier i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Friluftslivet är en del av samhället och dess relevans för fysisk och mental återhämtning ger planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv ett ökat politiskt stöd, samtidigt som tidigare forskning visat att friluftsliv är stark i retoriken - men svag i planeringspraktiken. Därför behövs kunskap som kan utveckla planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv i svenska kustlandskap.

    Resultaten från den här avhandlingen visar att användarnas perspektiv på målkonflikter i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar ännu inte till stora delar har inkluderats i den kommunala planeringen. En slutsats är alltså att det finns skillnader i hur konflikter i samband med friluftsliv beskrivs och identifieras i den fysiska planeringen jämfört med användarnas upplevelser. Det har betydelse för förståelsen av friluftlivskonflikter och hanteringen av dessa. Förutom analys och diskussion av konflikter kopplat till friluftsliv, ingår en fördjupande studie av buller och tystnad som konflikt. Upplevelserna av lugn och ro samt tystnad är centrala för användarna i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Ett problem som avslöjas är att metoder med decibelnivåer inte avgör skillnader i buller som upplevelse i sig. Upplevelsen av buller och tystnad är nämligen subjektiv. Även zonering undersöks som ett planerings- och förvaltningsverktyg för att hantera friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap. Som denna avhandling visar, finns det flertalet exempel på olika sorters zonering i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. När man i planering och förvaltning utgår från ett perspektiv där naturvård och bevarande är utgångspunkterna, så måste ytterligare värderingar och verktyg inbegripas som att inkludera användare med deras olika behov, upplevelser och aktiviteter som äger rum i skärgårdarnas landskap. Att landskapet i sig är av betydelse syns också i resultaten. I fallstudiernas översiktsplaner markeras det värdefulla, attraktiva och unika med skärgårdslandskapet, medan användarna betonar det äkta, naturliga och opåverkade landskapet som grund för deras friluftsupplevelser.

    Den här avhandlingen tillför kunskap om spänningen mellan olika attityder och synsätt i den fysiska planeringens processer, förvaltning samt friluftslivets användare i svenska kustlandskap. Avhandlingen är också ett tillägg till tidigare kunskap om zonering som ett sätt att hantera konflikter i svenska kustlandskap, där särskilt användarperspektivet är en viktig del. Avhandlingen bidrar även till en grundläggande översikt av fysisk planering i relation till friluftsliv.

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  • 10. Ankre, Rosemarie
    Understanding the visitor – a prerequisite for coastal zone planning2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning for tourism and outdoor recreation in Swedish coastal areas could be improved with knowledge of visitors’ attitudes, experiences, activities and geographical dispersion. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the knowledge of visitors in planning for tourism and outdoor recreation. The Luleå archipelago in Northern Sweden is used as a case study. Supervisors: Professor Lars Emmelin, Blekinge Institute of Technology/ETOUR Dr Peter Fredman, ETOUR. The Department of Spatial Planning, BTH deals with research on planning processes, environmental impact assessment, social issues, gender issues and applied information technology in spatial planning. The European Tourism Research Institute, ETOUR, Mid Sweden University, develops knowledge and expertise within issues related to travel and tourism. There are three main objectives: to conduct research on tourism-related issues, to analyse statistics on tourism and to make the research results accessible to the tourism industry. The research aims to develop the tourism industry and the institute is a resource for businesses, organisations and authorities. This project has been financed by the AGORA Interreg III-project Network Sustainable Tourism Development in the Baltic Sea Region, the Blekinge County Administration Board, the Mid Sweden University in Östersund, the European Tourism Research Institute (ETOUR), and The Swedish Tourist Authority.

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  • 11.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Emmelin, Lars
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Silence – an article of short supply in outdoor recreation? Handling noise conflicts in Swedish planning2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor recreation areas are exposed to several causes of conflict. Many interests, along with different types of recreation activities, are competing in the same area. In these areas, conflicts are handled by spatial planning and by the separation in space of different functions. One source of conflict is noise. The lack of noise-free areas in the Swedish coastal areas has become an amenity problem. Does this make noise an important problem to consider in planning? An assumption is that the sound environment is relevant for the visitors’ experience; spending time in nature is associated with peace and quiet, where one should not be disturbed. In this study, it will be investigated how silence and noise actually are considered in the Swedish municipal planning. “Silence” is one of the amenity categories reported in the Swedish tourism data base. Is there a discrepancy between the existing municipal planning and the visitors’ opinions, attitudes and experiences? Furthermore, there will be an analysis of how silence and noise could be handled in spatial planning. One possible method is zoning. By excluding certain outdoor recreation activities from some areas, zoning may handle, or at least reduce, the problem of conflicts. The biosphere reserve concept (where zoning is an important part) will for that reason be discussed as a potential tool. A case study of the Blekinge archipelago, Sweden is the foundation of the study, which data consist of planning documents and questionnaire surveys considering outdoor recreation and nature tourism.

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  • 12. Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Emmelin, Lars
    Silence: an article of short supply in outdoor recreation? Handling noise conflicts in Swedish planning2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Backman, Michaela
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Opportunity- and necessity- driven entrepreneurship in urban versus rural locations2021In: The Rural Enterprise Economy / [ed] Birgit Leick, Susanne Gretzinger, and Teemu Makkonen, Taylor and Francis , 2021, p. 147-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Most rural areas face a range of challenges stemming from the loss of their traditional comparative advantages due to mechanisation, automation, and structural change. In comparison to urban regions, these areas face systemic structural problems, such as lower levels of formal education, ageing populations, and a low and shrinking market potential. Rural areas therefore tend to offer a less fertile environment for entrepreneurship than urban areas provide. In this chapter, we will explore various aspects of rural entrepreneurship by analysing how the volume of entrepreneurship varies in rural areas in Sweden depending upon the size of the local market potential and the development level of the local economic milieu. We will further share insights into rural entrepreneurship by analysing the relative shares of distinct types of entrepreneurship by separating unincorporated and incorporated firms and distinguishing new firms with multiple employees from one-employee firms. © 2022 selection and editorial matter, Birgit Leick, Susanne Gretzinger, and Teemu Makkonen.

  • 14.
    Backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School,.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Ageing places: convergence and the role of the foreign population2023In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using data for over four decades, we examine the ageing of Swedish municipalities and if there has been convergence or divergence across time and space, where we differentiate across the urban–rural hierarchy. As migration is claimed to be a moderating factor in the ageing of places, we assess how the share of immigrants relates to ageing patterns. Our findings show that the share of older individuals increases in more peripheral localities and that there has been convergence across municipalities. However, the share of foreign population is negatively related to the ageing profile of a place. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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  • 15.
    Berglund Snodgrass, Lina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. K2, Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport, Lund, SWE.
    Risk and Approaches to Risk-Taking in Testbed Planning2022In: Planning practice + research, ISSN 0269-7459, E-ISSN 1360-0583, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 79-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban experimentation and testbed planning have emerged as a response for developing solutions to contemporary urban chal- lenges and constitute designated spaces of risk-taking. They repre- sent strategic attempts at reimagining, influencing and even altering urban futures through the specific focus of being open to surprises and the unexpected. The aim of this article is to concep- tualize risk in testbed planning and analyze risk and urban planning approaches to risk-taking. By using mobility experiments in five Nordic municipalities, it is shown that three approaches to risk prevail with regard to different loci of risk in testbed planning. These three approaches are minimizing and shifting responsibilities for individual risk, minimizing and shifting organizational risks and refusing political risks.

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  • 16.
    Berglund‐snodgrass, Lina
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Fjellfeldt, Maria
    Dalarna University.
    Högström, Ebba
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University.
    A Healthy City for All? Social Services’ Roles in Collaborative Urban Development2022In: Urban Planning, E-ISSN 2183-7635, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 113-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is broad consensus among policymakers about the urgency of developing healthy, inclusive, and socially sustainable cities. In the Swedish context, social services are considered to have knowledge that needs to be integrated into the broader urban development processes in order to accomplish such ends. This article aims to better understand the ways in which social service officials collaborate in urban development processes for developing the social dimensions of healthy cities. We draw from neo‐institutional theories, which set out actors (e.g., social service officials) as acting according to a logic of appropriateness, which means that actors do what they see as appropriate for themselves in a specific type of situation. Based on semi‐structured interviews with social services officials in 10 Swedish municipalities on their experiences of collaboration in the development of housing and living environments for people with psychiatric disabilities, we identified that they act based on (a) a pragmatic rule of conduct through the role of the problem solver, (b) a bureaucratic rule of conduct through the role of the knowledge provider, and (c) activist rule of conduct through the role of the advo-cator. In these roles, they have little authority in the development processes, and are unable to set the agenda for the social dimensions of healthy cities but act as the moral consciousness by looking out for everyone’s right to equal living conditions in urban development. © 2022 by the author(s); licensee Cogitatio (Lisbon, Portugal).

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  • 17.
    Bergman, Gösta
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Planering för trygghet: En undersökning om narrativs betydelse för den fysiska planeringen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Att planera för mer trygga och jämställda miljöer där både män och kvinnor, barn och gamla känner en större känsla av trygghet är väldigt aktuellt inom den fysiska planeringen. Uppsatsen tar avstamp i problematiken om att det finns en vilja att planera för trygghet men att det saknas riktlinjer i hur trygghet och jämställdhet kan uppnås.

    Uppsatsen syftar till att bidra med en ökad kunskap och förståelse kring möjligheten och förmågan att planera för trygghet genom att se till olika gömda narrativ om trygghet. Problemformuleringen har operationaliserats i tre frågor som senare ska diskuteras.

    —   Hur genereras kunskap om trygghet inom planeringen?               

    —   Vilka antaganden om trygghet finns inom planeringen?

    —   Vilka åtgärder föreslås för att åstadkomma tryggare miljöer? 

    Uppsatsen teoretiska perspektiv bygger på postrukturalism och intersektionalitet som både är två teoretiska ansatser som ämnar att se bortom det hegemoniska narrativet för att hitta de historier och berättelser som gömmer sig bakom den. Intersektionella perspektivet hävdar att det finns maktstrukturer i samhället baserade på genus, klass och etnicitet som hindrar vissa berättelser från att berättas. Den tidigare forskningen fokuserar på maktrelationer och speciellt den mellan män och kvinnor och den otrygghet kvinnor känner för vissa offentliga platser.

    Undersökningen av trygghetsvandringarna visar på att det är snarare ålder än genus som påverkar en aktörs upplevda känsla av otrygghet. Vidare ses ungdomar som de aktörer som orsakar otrygghet medan barn och äldre ses som de aktörer som upplever otrygghet. Resultatet visar också på att narrativen är väldigt skilda och att det finns många scener som uppfattas otrygga.

    Diskussion lyfter problematiken med tanken om kunskap som något objektivt, något som kan legitimera en viss typ av fysisk åtgärd i planeringen. Den kunskap som trygghetsvandringar genererar argumenteras för att vara en reproducering av en redan berättade historia om trygghet. En berättelse baserad på en hegemonisk föreställning om vad trygghet innebär. Vidare diskuteras att de antaganden som finns om trygghet i planeringen inte nödvändigtvis behöver vara sanna. Idén om att genus är en de viktig faktor om man ser till maktrelationer och vilka berättelser om trygghet som har möjlighet att berättas kan ifrågasättas då enligt undersökningen är snarare ålder som avgör aktörers möjlighet att berätta sina historier. Vidare diskuteras hur fysiska åtgärder för att skapa en tryggare miljö kan verkligen leda till tryggare miljöer, huruvida detta är en placeboeffekt kan diskuteras.

    Utifrån undersökningen samt diskussion har följande slutsatser dragits. Kunskap är en viktig faktor inom planeringen för att legitimera vissa typer av åtgärder. De narrativ som har identifierats visar på att den kunskap som generas är en reproducering av en redan etablerad berättelse över vad trygghet är och vad det innebär att vara otrygg. Vidare visar undersökningen att de antaganden som finns över trygghet inte nödvändigtvis behöver vara sanna. De identifierade narrativen visar att det är snarare ålder som maktfaktor än genus som förklarar vilka berättelser som blir hörda. Vidare visar undersökningen att otrygghet kan planeras bort med hjälp av fysiska åtgärder men då skapandet av en placeboeffekt. För att skapa riktig trygghet behöver det sociala och maktrelationerna mellan olika aktörer tas med in i ekvationen. Mångfalden av personer och berättelser visar på en svårighet att planera för en trygg miljö där alla känner sig inkluderade. Till sist dras slutsatsen att trygghetsvandringarna som medel sätter själva ramarna för vilka berättelser som blir berättade. 

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    BTH2018Bergman
  • 18.
    Bihlmaier, Helene
    et al.
    Bauhaus Univ Weimar, DEU.
    Weddige, Susanna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    LOOKING AT THE WORLD HISTORY OF PLANNING: 18TH INTERNATIONAL PLANNING HISTORY SOCIETY CONFERENCE2019In: MESTO A DEJINY, ISSN 1339-0163, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 112-114Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning in modem urban environments requires skills to address complexity in order to move towards sustainability. Co-production of knowledge in transdisciplinary groups represents a useful tool in such contexts. Using the concepts of epistemic communities, linguistic diversity and culture, the article proposes a conceptual framework for analysing complexity of co-production settings, as an indispensable means of managing complex challenges, thus making these complexities visible for the project leader (facilitator) and the participants of the co-production process. We evaluate the framework on the basis of inclusivity, cross-sectoral understanding, applicability in different contexts and time perspectives. Based on the framework, we identify several aspects that a process leader (facilitator) would need to address when preparing for a coproduction process: linguistic equality between participants, disciplinary integrity, a working culture of mutual respect, simultaneous mitigation and informed facilitation. Finally, the article suggests possible future research areas related to development of the framework, including (i) identification of levels of complexity and mapping specific tools to address complexity at each level; (ii) integration of other factors of complexity, such as political and institutional contexts, as well as diversity of gender and age in the facilitated group.

  • 19.
    Dam, Ewout
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. Radboud University.
    European Innovation Policy through the European Regional Development Fund: A case study of East-Netherlands2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study is analysed how the ERDF (European Regional Development Funding) in East-Netherlands approaches innovation and how this approach is shaped and complemented byEuropean, national and regional policy. This is done by analysing how the targeted interventionapproach and the institutional approach are used in the ERDF and adjacent policies. The twoapproaches are both based on a different argument on how innovation policy makes an impact.By doing this the study contributes to the analysis of European policy and it empirically appliesconcepts used in theory on innovation and regional economic development. This gives policy makersinput for the development of innovation policy and especially for the development of Europeanpolicy post 2020. For academia this study shows theoretical gaps in the concepts applied andprovides suggestions for further research on these concepts. The study concludes that ERDF fundingin East-Netherlands is strongly based on the targeted intervention approach. The use of thisapproach results from the governance structure under which ERDF is implemented. The EU 2020strategy has been influential in the final shape of the policy, while the national level has a lessimportant role. Innovation policy at the regional level complements the ERDF policy because it is alsobased on concepts from the targeted intervention approach. The institutional policy implemented atthe European and national level has weaker links with the ERDF programme.

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    BTH2017Dam
  • 20.
    Edinger, Paul
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    The metropolitan region Rhine-Neckar: A case study of cooperative federalism in the field of railroad infrastructur2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master Thesis gives an insight of railroad infrastructure at a regional level of European importance through a case-study within the Rhine-Neckar region in Germany. Administrative competences are hard to overcome from the planning point of view, consequently regions rely on informal planning tools to achieve a broader transnational and integrated transport strategy in Europe. Beside that metropolitan regions have in a scientific sense four different functions. One of them is the gateway function in a polycentric European development. Therefore this thesis analyze the new high-speed railway track between Frankfurt am Main and Mannheim. Furthermore the thesis draws an outlook of the further development of the new high-speed railway and their expected problems out of a regional planning point of view. The conclusion give an insight, if all four scientific metropolitan functions can be found within the region and what their approach of a cooperative federalism is about. All four metropolitan functions can be found within the region in terms of the new high-speed railway. The innovation function is given through the INTERREG IVB-NWE project CODE24, which was elected as a strategic initiative and was of European importance. The decision-making and control function is given through the established European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation, as it gives the whole initiative an European legal form. The symbol function can be found particularly in a footnote of the German Federal Train Track Expansion Act back in 2004, as the region achieved a legal boundary at the federal level. The last function, the gateway function, is given as the corridor between those two agglomerations has the highest traffic volume in Germany.

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    BTH2017Edinger
  • 21. Emmelin, Lars
    et al.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Planning for a Mosaic of Values in a Discontinuous Landscape: Planning for Recreation in the Luleå Archipelago2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The coastal areas’ physical environment and their activities have a great power of attraction on visitors which encourage further development of tourism and recreation. At the same time, these areas consist of vulnerable nature and culture which cause conflicts of land and water use. Zoning is generally used as a planning instrument to handle land use conflicts where a gradient from the urban to wilderness allows the planner to provide a spectrum of recreation opportunities. In recreation planning in Sweden, zoning systems such as the recreation opportunity spectrum model are being applied in wilderness areas. However, the archipelagos consist of discontinuous landscapes which challenge a zoning logic. This paper explores the potential of geographical zoning in coastal areas where the continuum of spectrum is replaced by mosaic. In 2003, a questionnaire survey to visitors was conducted in the Luleå archipelago, Sweden. Based on the results, this paper will identify conflicts in coastal areas in relation to place attachment and the spatialization of the visitor characteristics. The application of zoning as a mosaic instead of spectrum is explored by investigating the correlation of place attachment and the visitors’ geographical dispersion and location in the archipelago. The adoption of the ROS-concept Water Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (WROS) is examined.

  • 22. Emmelin, Lars
    et al.
    Fredman, Peter
    Sandell, Klas
    Planering och förvaltning för friluftsliv: en forskningsöversikt2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppdraget var att göra en översikt över svensk och internationell forskning inom området "planering och förvaltning av natur för friluftsliv och naturturism". Uppdragsbeskrivningen från Naturvårdsverket innehöll två huvudmoment: redovisning av kunskapsläge och en analys av behov av forskning och metodutveckling för planering och förvaltning.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 23.
    Eriksson, Cecilia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Att bygga bort mörka hörn: En fallstudie om åtgärder vid förändringsarbetet i Gårdsten, Göteborg.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns Gårdsten, a neighbourhood in Gothenburg, Sweden, that was reclassified from an especially vulnerable area to a vulnerable area by the police in 2019. Since then, the area has become a symbol for the possibility of improvement. In 2020, actors in Gothenburg municipality announced an investment of 11 billion SEK for strategies and acts enabling the same type of development in the remaining six areas in Gothenburg that shared the classification. This has led to a debate concerning the basis of the classifications and what type of strategies that could prevent this sort of segregation in the first place. This study aims to contribute to the understanding of such strategies in urban renewal and to study the collaboration process between actors in Gårdsten. The study was conducted through interviews and written material concerning the area and was analysed through the framework of governance network theory. Results suggest a complex network of actors involved in the renewal process in the area, and whilst the strategies mainly are developed through a collaboration process there are critical elements and views of planning missing. Results also suggest that the physical strategies has been prioritized in the renewal process, but that these changes are in regard to housing options in the area. Which in turn suggests that physical renewal is a question prioritized over identifying underlying structures of segregation in the area. However, it remains unclear whether these physical changes in the area, that has been accentuated by the respondents, has resulted in any social change for the inhabitants in Gårdsten. The last main finding in this study is that what type of resources an actor can contribute with also determines their involvement in the network, which might be a leading cause to what perspectives are shown in strategies regarding segregation. In Gårdsten, a public housing company has been dominating the planning process, but it is still the police who has the power to define neighbourhoods as problematic which suggest that the change is determined by aspects of power. Conclusions are that the social perspectives in planning have been neglected and that the focus in developing Gårdsten are trying to find solutions to social problems by focusing on spatial planning.

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    Att bygga bort mörka hörn: En fallstudie om åtgärder vid förändringsarbetet i Gårdsten, Göteborg.
  • 24.
    Fikken, Thijs
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. Radboud University Nijmegen.
    Language as facilitator: The role of barrier effects in cross-border cooperation along the Dutch border2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    BTH2017Fikken
  • 25.
    Flemström, Ulrica
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    En kartläggning av otrygga offentliga rum: en kvalitativ fallstudie i del av Bro, Upplands-Bro kommun (Stockholms län)2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bro is an urban area located in Upplands-Bro municipality, Stockholm County. In 2020, the Stockholm Police conducted a security survey for all municipalities included in the Stockholm police region. The results of the survey for Upplands-Bro municipality show that many residents feel insecure about the risk of being exposed to crime. The residents experience that the feeling of insecurity is at its highest in Bro. The thesis is limited to investigating this in nine public spaces in central Bro. The purpose is to investigate whether previously crime-prone public spaces in built-up environments can evoke experiences of insecurity in people, despite their unawareness that they are old crime scenes. If people experience insecurity, the thesis aims to investigate which crime prevention measures can be applied in the design of public spaces to increase their security experiences there. In the essay, the student is named as the "investigator".

    The approach to the thesis applies several different methods. A safety survey is the thesis' main method, while a safety walk (method combination) is the secondary one. Initially, site analyzes are used as feasibility studies to carry out several site visits in the nine public spaces. (1) The first site visit is made to get to know the existing conditions of the sites and to create an overall picture. At the same time, the places are photographed in daylight. (2) Site visit no. 2 is made to photograph the sites in the evening darkness. (3) During the third site visit, the investigator conducts a safety walk, where a focus group of eight members (excluding the investigator) consisting of residents in Bro, is invited for interviews in the field. The intention with this is to take part in their experiences if the places feel unsafe and if there is a need for crime prevention measures to achieve increased security. (4) Site visit no. 4 is made to study in detail the spatial properties of the sites on the basis that the focus group has identified “insecurity problems” that are most in need of crime prevention measures for increased security. The crime prevention measures in the thesis include: (1) increased care of the outdoor environment, cutting shrubs and trees, (2) repairing broken materials, repainting, (3) removal of damage, graffiti and debris, (4) increased lighting, (5) to open up the site, remove dark spaces/hiding places, (6) increase the view of the site from buildings or through direct human supervision, (7) to add electrical safety systems such as camera surveillance/alarm/gate code or fences around the site. A safety survey is conducted with the intention of reaching out to all residents in the urban area of Bro. The survey mainly asks questions about: (1) how they experience security at the nine sites and (2) whether the sites need to be changed for increased security there, which creates a need for crime prevention measures. The questionnaire is sent out in collaboration with Upplands-Bro municipality's Street / Park / Traffic department and 247 locals answer the questionnaire. However, the response rate does not correspond to all of Bros' urban residents, which the investigator is aware of. To include all residents, the investigator has not requested biological sex or age in all methods. Thus, the investigator has disregarded what a possible distribution of answers between women and men or different age groups can look like.

    The answers from the safety walk and the survey are analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The method results are made visible in the form of photographs and diagrams with accompanying descriptive text about the results with the highest percentage that are perceived to be most prominent. The results are then visualized in an insecurity map, a form of heat map. The insecurity map is compared with the crime scene map to see if there is a connection between “unsafe places” and “previous crime scenes” in a combined map. In the analysis, the survey results are interpreted through the thesis' theoretical perspective and validated against the outcome of the safety walk. Based on the analysis, the investigator reads out what crime prevention measures residents point out to achieve increased security in the "unsafe places". Then the results are discussed and how they fulfill the purpose of the essay and answer the problem formulation and the questions. Finally, conclusions and recommendations for future studies are presented.

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    En kartläggning av otrygga offentliga rum: en kvalitativ fallstudie i del av Bro, Upplands-Bro kommun (Stockholms län)
  • 26.
    Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Friluftsliv och naturturism i kommunal fysisk planering2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Denna avhandling syftar till att belysa hur friluftsliv och naturturism hanteras i den kommunala fysiska planeringen. Detta diskuteras i relation till myndigheters uttalade policys där vikten av friluftsliv framhålls och allmänhetens attityder till friluftsliv. Syftet är också att föra en diskussion om hur kommunal fysisk planering kan fungera som verktyg för att främja friluftslivets intresse i markanvändningsfrågor. Undersökningen har skett genom enkäter, intervjuer, studier av lagstiftning och myndighetsdokument samt studier av planeringsdokument, främst översiktliga planer, i 11 kommuner som ingår i de tre fallstudieområdena Järvafältet utanför Stockholm, Blekinge skärgård och kustzon och Söderåsen i Skåne. Vid första anblicken kan det framstå som om friluftsliv har ett starkt skydd i den kommunala fysiska planeringen. Det omnämns i Plan- och bygglagen (PBL) som allmänt intresse och i Miljöbalken (MB) som riksintressen och som ett av strandskyddets två syften. Planeringslagstiftningens process- och ramlagskaraktär ger dock flertalet tolkningsbara formuleringar i lagtexten samtidigt som begreppet allmänt intresse är mångtydigt. Både PBL och strandskyddet har också nyligen ändrats så att det i flera frågor ännu inte hunnit etableras någon rättspraxis för tolkning och tillämpning. En av den kommunala fysiska planeringens viktigaste uppgifter är att i markanvändningsfrågor avväga mellan olika allmänna och enskilda intressen. Resultat visar att friluftslivets och naturturismens ställning i kommunal planering varierar mellan kommuner men också mellan planeringsnivåer. En betydande majoritet av kommunerna använder friluftsliv och naturturism i sin marknadsföring. Avvägningsbeslut i markanvändningsfrågor som utfaller till friluftslivets nackdel kan dock ofta motiveras av att ”det finns så mycket grönt” och att friluftsliv därmed bedöms kunna ske någon annanstans än där man vill exploatera. Här kan allemansrätten vara en viktig faktor för denna tolkning. I planeringsdokument förekommer också ofta den rådande planeringsdoktrinen om den täta staden i kombination med hållbarhetsargument. Detta kan ytterligare verka för exploatering av urbana grönytor. Det finns ett behov av fysisk planering som säkerställer mark för friluftsliv. Resultat från den nationella enkätundersökningen Friluftsliv 07 visar att människor värderar rekreationsnatur högt, många till och med så högt att det påverkar deras val av bostadsort. Cirka en sjättedel uppger dock att de saknar lämpliga områden för friluftsliv. Respondenterna anser även att kommunerna behöver bli bättre på att skydda tysta områden. Planeringen behöver också visa en bättre beredskap inför klimatförändringarnas konsekvenser för friluftsliv eftersom många respondenter uttrycker en oro över negativa konsekvenser av ett förändrat klimat men endast cirka var fjärde kommun uppmärksammar detta i den översiktliga planeringen. Huvudhandledare har varit professor Lars Emmelin, Fysisk planering, Blekinge Tekniska Högskola och biträdande handledare professor Klas Sandell, Geografi och turism, Karlstad Universitet. Doktorsavhandlingen togs fram inom ramen för forskningsprojektet Planering för friluftsliv vid Fysisk Planering, Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Karlskrona. Projektet utgjorde ett av sju delprojekt i det nationella och mångdisciplinära forskningsprogrammet Friluftsliv i Förändring som letts av professor Peter Fredman, Mittuniversitetet och som finansierats av Naturvårdsverket.

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  • 27. Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Friluftsliv och naturturism i kommunal planering: delresultat från en webbaserad enkätundersökning våren 20082009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om, hur och i vilken grad friluftslivets och naturturismens intressen beaktas i den kommunala fysiska planeringen har varit huvudfokus för denna undersökning. Resultaten visar att en övervägande majoritet av kommunerna använder möjligheterna att utöva friluftsliv och naturturism som argument i sin marknadsföring men i avvägningen mot andra samhällsintressen är det inte alltid självklart att friluftslivet blir vinnare. Resultatet från enkäten visar att friluftslivets och naturturismens intressen synliggörs i mycket olika grad i kommunernas fysiska planering. Att friluftslivet och naturturismen är mindre synligt i den fysiska planeringen behöver inte med automatik betyda att det faktiska utfallet för medborgarnas möjligheter att utöva friluftsliv är dåligt. Många kommuner jobbar aktivt med projekt som syftar till att säkerställa och förvalta naturområden intressanta för friluftslivet. I kommuner där det råder eller kommer att råda exploateringstryck eller andra hot mot naturområden är det dock önskvärt att friluftslivet får en hög status redan i planeringsskedena. Detta för att om möjligt stå starkare i avvägningen mot andra samhällsintressen.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 28.
    Fredin, Sabrina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    History and geography matter: The cultural dimension of entrepreneurship2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with the rise of new industries through entrepreneurial activities. The aim is to investigate how differences in contexts might encourage or discourage entrepreneurial activities. This contextualization of entrepreneurship enhanced our understanding of when, how and why entrepreneurial activities happen.

    Entrepreneurship is recognized to be a spatially uneven process and, in addition to previous research that has examined the actions of individual entrepreneurs, we also need to understand the context in which entrepreneurship occurs. We have a good understanding of how structural conditions like industry structure, organization structure and agglomeration effects influence the context, but we know little about how the social dimension of the context is the transmitting medium between structural conditions for entrepreneurship and the decision to act upon identified entrepreneurial opportunities. Following this line of argument, this dissertation is built on the assumption that entrepreneurship is a social phenomenon which gives strong arguments for including local culture in entrepreneurship research.

    The temporal persistence and the pronounced differences of culture and structural conditions between places reflect path-dependent processes. I therefore use regional path dependence as an interpretative lens to study the contextualization of entrepreneurship in two Swedish cities.

    Although each context is unique, some generalizations can be drawn from the four individual papers in this dissertation. The first is that industrial legacy leads to the formation of a distinct local culture and that the persistency of this culture influences the subsequent entrepreneurial activities in new local industries. The second is that this persistency of culture suggests that entrepreneurs who are outsiders, geographically or socially, are the driving forces for the emergence of new local industries. Finally, new industry emergence is a result of a combination of exogenous forces and initial local conditions, but it is the entrepreneurial individuals who translate these forces and conditions into entrepreneurial activities.

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  • 29.
    Fredin, Sabrina
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Jogmark, Marina
    Kristianstad Universitet, SWE.
    A local perspective on entrepreneurship and informal institutions2017In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson, Lina Bjerke, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2017, p. 135-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30. Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Friberg, Lisa Hörnsten
    Emmelin, Lars
    Friluftsliv och turism i Fulufjället. Före: efter nationalparksbildningen.2005Book (Other academic)
  • 31. Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Romild, Ulla
    Emmelin, Lars
    Yuan, Michael
    Non-Compliance with On-Site Data Collection in Outdoor Recreation Monitoring2009In: Visitor Studies, ISSN 1064-5578, E-ISSN 1934-7715, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 164-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A wide range of methods exists for on-site visitor monitoring in parks and recreation areas. Self-registration methods have proven to be popular because of their low cost and relative ease of administration, but little is known about the extent to which the data collected from self-registration boxes are representative of the population of visitors, and the degree that bias exists as a result of non-compliance. This article examines these concerns based on research at Fulufjaumlllet National Park in Sweden. On-site registration card and follow-up mail survey data from a sample of visitors who did not voluntarily register were compared with the same kind of data for visitors who did register voluntarily. In total, 10 registration card items and 284 mail survey items were tested for variations between compliant and non-compliant visitors. Of these, one third of the card items, 12% and 3% of the survey items for Swedish and German visitors, respectively, yielded statistically significant differences. Implications for management and suggestions for further research are discussed.

  • 32.
    Gimeno Sánchez, Andrea
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    A look to transgressive planning practices: Calling for alternative sources and actors2022In: European Planning History in the 20th Century: A Continent of Urban Planning / [ed] Max Welch Guerra, Abdellah Abarkan, María A. Castrillo Romón, Martin Pekár, Taylor & Francis, 2022, p. 235-245Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 33.
    Gorka, Adam
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Kušnírová, Dana
    Pavol jozef šafárik university in košice, SVK.
    Socialist industrialization as a factor of urban development and a difficult legacy in Košice, Slovakia2021In: Architektura a Urbanizmus, ISSN 0044-8680, Vol. 55, no 1-2, p. 32-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The postwar decades were significant for urban development in Central and Eastern Europe since many cities grew rapidly and were industrialized. The Slovak city of Košice illustrates how industrial entities’ localization catalyzes urban development. The development in the years after 1945 changed the city character from middle size provincial town into a large industrial city. Later, the post-socialist transformation redirected this trend and left postindustrial areas within the city structure. From a path dependency perspective, the first phases of socialist and post-socialist periods show similar dynamics as a time of significant changes that set the guidelines for city development.

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    fulltext
  • 34.
    Guerra, Max Welch
    et al.
    Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, DEU.
    Abarkan, AbdellahBlekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.Castrillo Romón, María A.University of Valladolid, ESP.Pekár, MartinŠafárik University, SVK.
    European planning history in the 20th century: A continent of urban planning2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The history of Europe in the 20th century is closely tied to the history of urban planning. Social and economic progress but also the brute treatment of people and nature throughout Europe were possible due to the use of urban planning and the other levels of spatial planning. Thereby, planning has constituted itself in Europe as an international subject. Since its emergence, through intense exchange but also competition, despite country differences, planning has developed as a European field of practice and scientific discipline. Planning is here much more than the addition of individual histories; however, historiography has treated this history very selective regarding geography and content. This book searches for an understanding of the historiography of planning in a European dimension. Scholars from Eastern and Western, Southern and Northern Europe address the issues of the public led production of city and the social functions of urban planning in capitalist and state-socialist countries. The examined examples include Poland and USSR, Czech Republic and Slovakia, UK, Netherlands, Germany, France, Portugal and Spain, Italy, and Sweden. The book will be of interest to students and scholars for Urbanism, Urban/Town Planning, Spatial Planning, Spatial Politics, Urban Development, Urban Policies, Planning History and European History of the 20th Century. The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license. © 2023 selection and editorial matter, Max Welch Guerra, Abdellah Abarkan, María Castrillo Romón and Martin Pekár; individual chapters, the contributors.

  • 35.
    Gutierrez, Victoria
    et al.
    Commonland, Netherlands.
    Ploeg, Pieter
    Commonland, Netherlands.
    Bajraktari, Florentina
    Presencing Institute, USA.
    Thomson, Giles
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Visseren-Hamakers, Ingrid
    Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Roth, Dietmar
    Asociacion AlVelAl, Spain.
    Building bridges for inspired action: On landscape restoration and social alliances2023In: Ecological Solutions and Evidence, E-ISSN 2688-8319, Vol. 4, no 1, article id e12205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1.Participatory approaches are linked to landscape restoration (LR) success, but not all participatory approaches are created equal. Engagement approaches that invest in transformative stakeholder and governance processes can create the right conditions for long-term LR commitment.2.A large-scale LR initiative in Spain, namely AlVelAl, illustrates how collective action can be activated through inspiration, trust and hope, which, in turn, can be cultivated through the application of social schemes designed to support inclusive stakeholder engagement processes and programmes.3.Collective agency and inspiration matter for activating and sustaining LR actions and outcomes. Multi-stakeholder partnerships that speak to human agency, inclusivity and trust between actors can help create a deeper shared meaning, a place-based sense of belonging that encourages cohesive landscape stewardship.

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    fulltext
  • 36.
    Hellblom, Niklas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Från Öresundsregionen till Köpenhamnsregionen: En kritisk diskursanalys om den gränsregionala samordningen i Öresund2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the reformation of the cross-border political coalition in the Scandinavian region of Öresund, specifically the re-organization of Öresundskommitteen to Greater Copenhagen & Skåne Committee. Through the lens of Critical Discourse Analysis, the study critically examines the newly advocated regional strategy focusing on international place marketing of the collective brand Greater Copenhagen, underlying power structures and incentives of the reformation as well as the subsequent consequences for the regional development. The result highlights a political shift of focus, from the region in general to Copenhagen in particular, justified by the conviction of growing international competition and the regional core as undisputable ‘growth-machine’ for the whole region. Consequently, local projects can be legitimized as regional concerns, potentially supporting misallocation of regional funds, political and core-periphery polarization.

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    BTH2018Hellblom
  • 37.
    Hussain, Sally
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Carolina, Obara
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Seefeld, Leon
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Tjoelker, Tijn
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Socio-Ecological Resilience: ‘Weaving’ to scale Nature-based Solutions2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The sustainability challenge is a complex interplay of interconnected challenges that requires an integrated and systemic approach. Nature-based Solutions (NbS) are seen as a key tool for addressing such challenges but are currently not mainstreaming and scaling to the landscape level. The emerging leadership practice of Weaving is believed to help cohere fragmented change-making efforts and increase the adaptive capacity and resilience of socio-ecological systems. However, scientific research on NbS and Weaving is scarce and studies on their intersection are non-existent. 

    To investigate how Weaving practices could foster the conditions for scaling NbS to the landscape level, rapid literature reviews and semi-structured interviews were conducted with academic experts, Weaving practitioners, and grass-root entrepreneurs. On this basis, two conceptual frameworks were iteratively developed that serve as a basis for two practical toolkits. They comprise (1) seven barriers and nine enablers for scaling NbS to the landscape level and (2) a Weaving working definition and five core Weaving practices. 

    There are indications that Weaving practices have the potential to address several of the barriers and enablers for scaling NbS if approached with a systematic lens. Ultimately, interconnected challenges, such as barriers and enablers to scaling NbS, require interwoven approaches as provided by Weaving

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    Socio-Ecological Resilience: ‘Weaving’ to scale Nature-based Solutions
  • 38.
    Högström, Ebba
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Cold and unpersonal or transparent and open to society?: Unfolding future, present and past in the House of Psychiatry in Uppsala, Sweden.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Högström, Ebba
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Going local, coming home.: Decentralising and institutionalising processes in the Swedish mental Health care 1974-19952013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Högström, Ebba
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    "It used to be here but moved somewhere else": post-asylum spatialisations – a new urban frontier? "C’était là mais ils ont déménagé ailleurs": les spatialisations de l’après-asile – une nouvelle frontière? "Solía estar aquí, pero se trasladó a otro lugar": espacializaciones post-asilo — ¿una nueva frontera urbana?2018In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 314-335, article id SIArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a number of spatialisations of mental health care in Sweden, exemplifying these spatialities in three vignettes drawn from the Swedish post-asylum landscape. Working with the notion of a new urban frontier', I examine: (1) how these landscapes have been transformed by processes of decentralisation and austerity measures; (2) how this transformation plays out within and through physical space; and (3) the new spatial relations that are produced through such transformations. The idea of landscapes of care' and the concept of multiscalarity' are used to understand the changing spatialisations evident in mental health care, and the shift we are presently witnessing which replaces the tangible spaces of bricks and mortar' of the past with, rather, a diversity of settings, localisations and administrations. The empirical material that forms the basis of the analysis derives from a larger study of spatial discourses in Swedish mental health care, which I carried out between 2008 and 2011. The paper concludes with some thoughts on the kinds of spatial relations evident within the post-asylum landscape of formal mental health care in times of austerity and decentralisation, wherein I consider whether these spatialisations can be regarded as a new urban frontier of care'.

  • 41.
    Högström, Ebba
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, Institutionen för Samhällsplanering och miljö, avd. för urbana och regionala studier.
    Kaleidoscopic spaces.: Discursive and material spatial practices in Swedish decentralised mental health care2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Högström, Ebba
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Philo, Chris
    University of Glasgow, United Kingdom.
    ‘Let there be light’ or life in the dark? Vital geographies of mental healthcare2023In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 333, article id 116137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relations between light and dark/white and black disclosed in a study of Gartnavel Royal Hospital in Glasgow, Scotland, where an old Victorian lunatic asylum remains, if becoming ruined, on the same site as a modern mental healthcare campus. In-depth interview work recovering the ‘spatial stories’ of patients and staff, past and present, reveals a complex mixture of positive and negative memories and interpretations prompted by both the ‘darkened spaces’ of Old Gartnavel and the liveliness associated with both sets of spaces. These findings are framed by (a) a reading of Badiou's short monograph on Black (Badiou, 2017) and (b) an engagement with light and dark studies, both of which suggest a rebalancing of the normal valuations whereby dark/black is cast as the realm of death, everything that deadens and threatens life, whereas light/white is cast as that of life, liveliness and vitality. The scholarship here speaks to work on vitalist health geographies, agreeing that vital health-worlds can surface almost anywhere, but reminding that the fragility of such worlds can always be threatened by too much over-ordering. © 2023 The Authors

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    fulltext
  • 43.
    Högström, Ebba
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. University of Glasgow, GBR.
    Philo, Chris
    University of Glasgow, GBR.
    Ontological Boundaries or Contextual Borders: The Urban Ethics of the Asylum2020In: Urban Planning, E-ISSN 2183-7635, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 106-120, article id 3554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What and where is ‘the asylum’ today? To what extent do mental healthcare facilities stand out as clearly bounded entities in the modern urban landscape, perhaps reflecting their history as deliberately set-apart and then often stigmatised places? To what extent have they maybe become less obtrusive, more sunk into and interacting with their urban surroundings? What issues of urban ethics are at stake: concerning who/what is starkly demarcated in the city, perhaps subjected to exclusionary logics and pressures, or more sensitively integrated into the city, planned for inclusion and co-dwelling? These questions underscore our article, rooted in an in-depth case study of Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, opened as a ‘lunatic asylum’ on its present, originally greenfield, site in the 1840s and remaining open today surrounded by dense urban expansion. Building from the ‘voices’ of patients, staff and others familiar with the site, we discuss the sense of this asylum as ‘other’ to, as ‘outside’ of, or merely ’beside’ the urban fabric. Drawing from concepts of ‘orientations’ (Ahmed, 2006), sites as spatial constructions (Burns & Kahn, 2005), the power of borders and boundaries (Haselsberger, 2014; Sennett, 2018), issues of site, stigma and related urban ethical matters will be foregrounded. Where are the boundaries that divide the hospital campus from the urban context? What are the material signifiers, the cultural associations or the emotional attachments that continue to set the boundaries? Or, in practice, do boundaries melt into messier, overlapping, intersecting border zones, textured by diverse, sometimes contradictory, bordering practices? And, if so, what are the implications?

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    Ontological Boundaries and Contextual Border: The Urban Ethics of the Asylum
  • 44.
    Högström, Ebba
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. School of Geogrpahy and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
    Philo, Chris
    School of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
    Space out of time, spaces full of times and shaking the kaleidoscope of memory: Investigating the temporalities of an urban mental health campus2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    AHRA 2019 Book of abstracts
  • 45.
    Högström, Ebba
    et al.
    University of Glagow, Glasgow, UK.
    Philo, Chris
    University og Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
    The Asylum’s ontological boundaries2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Högström, Ebba
    et al.
    School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
    Philo, Chris
    School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
    Smith, Iain
    School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
    Vital light,vital dark: Spatial stories from a mental institution2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Jogmark, Marina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Den regionala transformationsprocessens sociala dimension: Karlskrona1989-20022015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How can we understand places and their development processes from a social perspective? The aim of this case study is to understand the emergence of an IT-industry in Karlskrona between 1989-2002 from a social capital perspective. Historically, the production and the form of life of the population in Karlskrona, has been characterized by the fact that Karlskrona is a naval city, which for several centuries has had a naval base and a naval ship yard. Karlskrona is also an interesting case to study because of the stagnation in the economy and the insignificant prospects for industrial renewal in the late 1980s. Despite these conditions, something happens that for a short period of time changes the local structure both in terms of production and population. How can we understand the social dimension of such a change?

    In a narrated form this case study highlights how the transformation of Karlskrona contain both bridging and bonding forms of social relations. The main purpose of this dissertation is accordingly to understand which networks of relations the key participants of the study are a part of and get resources from. The study also aim to highlight structures for action around the development of the IT-industry in relation to the ties that bind in the already established industrial specialization in Karlskrona, in other words the lasting relationships tied to the naval base, the navy and the naval yard. From this viewpoint questions are asked regarding what kind of social relations appear, both in the new and the old Karlskrona, and what it is in particular that characterizes the new social capital that makes up the key participants room to manoeuvre in the process of transformation for Karlskrona.

     

    The phenomenon where the place Karlskrona appears as socially divided between exchanges within the context of the new and the already established industry, is illustrated as two pillars of social capital. The pillars are assumed to be separated at the beginning of the transformation, and then they change as people live their lives and are included in new types of exchanges with each other. From the case specific study of the transformation of Karlskrona between 1989-2002, other, more general analytical connections are made in the discussion about how the dynamics of the transformation could be made possible, and why it stopped. From the theoretical viewpoint of social capital the dissertation follows a discussion about the lessons which can be learnt regarding the question how we can view places and their transformation processes. The conclusions particularly emphasize the importance of how newcomers can contribute as well as the crucial role held by border crossers when it comes to

    create linking social capital of the place.

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    fulltext
  • 48.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School (JIBS), SWE.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Regional development and knowledge2019In: Handbook of Regional Growth and Development Theories: Revised and Extended Second Edition, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2019, p. 308-325Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Andersson, MartinBlekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.Bjerke, LinaJönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Geographies of growth: Innovations, networks and collaborations2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today we can observe an increasing spatial divide as some large urban regions and many more medium-sized and small regions face growing problems such as decreasing labour demand, increasing unemployment and an ageing population. In view of these trends, this book offers a better understanding of the general characteristics and specific drivers of the geographies of growth. It shows how these may vary in different spatial contexts, how hurdles and barriers to growth in different types of regions can be dealt with, how and to what extent resources in different areas can develop and how the potential of these resources to stimulate growth can be realized. This book presents a collection of chapters, divided into four main parts, that together deal with these issues. The expert contributions provide numerous different perspectives on a new regional divide as well as exploring the inter-regional accessibility to human capital and its effects on productivity on both sides of the border. The book also investigates the speed of convergence and the fact that, when incorporating structural change, it is often quicker at the regional level compared to both the country and industry level. Other topics covered include institutional foundations and their influence on local social acceptance of entrepreneurship, the role of global value chains on bilateral trade and the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation focusing on partner selection and location. Students, researchers and scholars will find this an important resource that fills numerous knowledge gaps and opens new avenues for research. It will also appeal to consultants, practitioners and planners at the international, regional and local level. © Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson and Lina Bjerke 2017. All rights reserved.

  • 50.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics. University of Bergmo, ITA, University of Gothenburg, SWE, Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWE.
    Haas, Tigran
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWE.
    Innovative transformations of global city regions in the post-urban world2020In: Urban Empires: Cities as Global Rulers in the New Urban Worl, Taylor and Francis , 2020, p. 257-274Chapter in book (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 74
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