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  • 1.
    Anderson, Timothy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Fractured Space: Race, Power, and the Policy Narrative of Segregation in Stockholm, Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban segregation and spatial expressions of inequality are increasingly pressing issues for European planners and public authorities. Within Stockholm, Sweden, these concerns have become inescapable, and the city’s social divisions and ‘immigrant issues’ have triggered fierce public debate throughout the country. Stockholm has, over the past few decades,become a showcase for a process of ‘splintering urbanism’ that has placed immense pressure on the city’s housing market and prompted a variety of political responses. Many suburbs built on the city’s edge in the 1960s and 70s (including Husby, Tensta, North Botkyrka, and Södertälje) have become islands of high unemployment, low social mobility, and stigmatization as the city centre has grown increasingly expensive and gentrified. In this paper, a qualitative case study on the relatively deprived, largely non-white neighbourhood of Alby is used to illustrate the discursive processes driving Stockholm’s racial segregation. By applying a critical discourse analysis to interview material with key planners from Alby, I articulate the link between structural racism, neoliberal housing policy, and Swedish planning norms to argue that segregation must be seen as a deeply political, historically rooted process. Drawing from post-structuralism and critical race theory, I contend that a needs-based policy approach within Stockholm’s housing and labour markets is critical for combating residential segregation and creating a more just urban environment.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Introduction2017In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2017, p. 1-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap ur ett planerings- och användarperspektiv: Studier av Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hav och kust har alltid varit viktiga för oss människor. I svenska kustlandskap har boende, infrastruktur och fiskenäring existerat sedan lång tid tillbaka samtidigt som områdena också varit viktiga för nöje och rekreation. Men mellan olika intressen, samt mellan och inom olika användargrupper samt förvaltning, kan det uppstå målkonflikter. Utgångspunkten för den här avhandlingen är att beskriva och analysera eventuella målkonflikter kopplat till friluftsliv utifrån både ett planerings- och ett användarperspektiv genom två fallstudier i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Friluftslivet är en del av samhället och dess relevans för fysisk och mental återhämtning ger planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv ett ökat politiskt stöd, samtidigt som tidigare forskning visat att friluftsliv är stark i retoriken - men svag i planeringspraktiken. Därför behövs kunskap som kan utveckla planering och förvaltning av friluftsliv i svenska kustlandskap.

    Resultaten från den här avhandlingen visar att användarnas perspektiv på målkonflikter i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar ännu inte till stora delar har inkluderats i den kommunala planeringen. En slutsats är alltså att det finns skillnader i hur konflikter i samband med friluftsliv beskrivs och identifieras i den fysiska planeringen jämfört med användarnas upplevelser. Det har betydelse för förståelsen av friluftlivskonflikter och hanteringen av dessa. Förutom analys och diskussion av konflikter kopplat till friluftsliv, ingår en fördjupande studie av buller och tystnad som konflikt. Upplevelserna av lugn och ro samt tystnad är centrala för användarna i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. Ett problem som avslöjas är att metoder med decibelnivåer inte avgör skillnader i buller som upplevelse i sig. Upplevelsen av buller och tystnad är nämligen subjektiv. Även zonering undersöks som ett planerings- och förvaltningsverktyg för att hantera friluftslivkonflikter i svenska kustlandskap. Som denna avhandling visar, finns det flertalet exempel på olika sorters zonering i Luleå och Blekinge skärgårdar. När man i planering och förvaltning utgår från ett perspektiv där naturvård och bevarande är utgångspunkterna, så måste ytterligare värderingar och verktyg inbegripas som att inkludera användare med deras olika behov, upplevelser och aktiviteter som äger rum i skärgårdarnas landskap. Att landskapet i sig är av betydelse syns också i resultaten. I fallstudiernas översiktsplaner markeras det värdefulla, attraktiva och unika med skärgårdslandskapet, medan användarna betonar det äkta, naturliga och opåverkade landskapet som grund för deras friluftsupplevelser.

    Den här avhandlingen tillför kunskap om spänningen mellan olika attityder och synsätt i den fysiska planeringens processer, förvaltning samt friluftslivets användare i svenska kustlandskap. Avhandlingen är också ett tillägg till tidigare kunskap om zonering som ett sätt att hantera konflikter i svenska kustlandskap, där särskilt användarperspektivet är en viktig del. Avhandlingen bidrar även till en grundläggande översikt av fysisk planering i relation till friluftsliv.

  • 4. Ankre, Rosemarie
    Understanding the visitor – a prerequisite for coastal zone planning2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning for tourism and outdoor recreation in Swedish coastal areas could be improved with knowledge of visitors’ attitudes, experiences, activities and geographical dispersion. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the knowledge of visitors in planning for tourism and outdoor recreation. The Luleå archipelago in Northern Sweden is used as a case study. Supervisors: Professor Lars Emmelin, Blekinge Institute of Technology/ETOUR Dr Peter Fredman, ETOUR. The Department of Spatial Planning, BTH deals with research on planning processes, environmental impact assessment, social issues, gender issues and applied information technology in spatial planning. The European Tourism Research Institute, ETOUR, Mid Sweden University, develops knowledge and expertise within issues related to travel and tourism. There are three main objectives: to conduct research on tourism-related issues, to analyse statistics on tourism and to make the research results accessible to the tourism industry. The research aims to develop the tourism industry and the institute is a resource for businesses, organisations and authorities. This project has been financed by the AGORA Interreg III-project Network Sustainable Tourism Development in the Baltic Sea Region, the Blekinge County Administration Board, the Mid Sweden University in Östersund, the European Tourism Research Institute (ETOUR), and The Swedish Tourist Authority.

  • 5.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Emmelin, Lars
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Silence – an article of short supply in outdoor recreation? Handling noise conflicts in Swedish planning2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor recreation areas are exposed to several causes of conflict. Many interests, along with different types of recreation activities, are competing in the same area. In these areas, conflicts are handled by spatial planning and by the separation in space of different functions. One source of conflict is noise. The lack of noise-free areas in the Swedish coastal areas has become an amenity problem. Does this make noise an important problem to consider in planning? An assumption is that the sound environment is relevant for the visitors’ experience; spending time in nature is associated with peace and quiet, where one should not be disturbed. In this study, it will be investigated how silence and noise actually are considered in the Swedish municipal planning. “Silence” is one of the amenity categories reported in the Swedish tourism data base. Is there a discrepancy between the existing municipal planning and the visitors’ opinions, attitudes and experiences? Furthermore, there will be an analysis of how silence and noise could be handled in spatial planning. One possible method is zoning. By excluding certain outdoor recreation activities from some areas, zoning may handle, or at least reduce, the problem of conflicts. The biosphere reserve concept (where zoning is an important part) will for that reason be discussed as a potential tool. A case study of the Blekinge archipelago, Sweden is the foundation of the study, which data consist of planning documents and questionnaire surveys considering outdoor recreation and nature tourism.

  • 6. Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Emmelin, Lars
    Silence: an article of short supply in outdoor recreation? Handling noise conflicts in Swedish planning2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bergman, Gösta
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Planering för trygghet: En undersökning om narrativs betydelse för den fysiska planeringen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Att planera för mer trygga och jämställda miljöer där både män och kvinnor, barn och gamla känner en större känsla av trygghet är väldigt aktuellt inom den fysiska planeringen. Uppsatsen tar avstamp i problematiken om att det finns en vilja att planera för trygghet men att det saknas riktlinjer i hur trygghet och jämställdhet kan uppnås.

    Uppsatsen syftar till att bidra med en ökad kunskap och förståelse kring möjligheten och förmågan att planera för trygghet genom att se till olika gömda narrativ om trygghet. Problemformuleringen har operationaliserats i tre frågor som senare ska diskuteras.

    —   Hur genereras kunskap om trygghet inom planeringen?               

    —   Vilka antaganden om trygghet finns inom planeringen?

    —   Vilka åtgärder föreslås för att åstadkomma tryggare miljöer? 

    Uppsatsen teoretiska perspektiv bygger på postrukturalism och intersektionalitet som både är två teoretiska ansatser som ämnar att se bortom det hegemoniska narrativet för att hitta de historier och berättelser som gömmer sig bakom den. Intersektionella perspektivet hävdar att det finns maktstrukturer i samhället baserade på genus, klass och etnicitet som hindrar vissa berättelser från att berättas. Den tidigare forskningen fokuserar på maktrelationer och speciellt den mellan män och kvinnor och den otrygghet kvinnor känner för vissa offentliga platser.

    Undersökningen av trygghetsvandringarna visar på att det är snarare ålder än genus som påverkar en aktörs upplevda känsla av otrygghet. Vidare ses ungdomar som de aktörer som orsakar otrygghet medan barn och äldre ses som de aktörer som upplever otrygghet. Resultatet visar också på att narrativen är väldigt skilda och att det finns många scener som uppfattas otrygga.

    Diskussion lyfter problematiken med tanken om kunskap som något objektivt, något som kan legitimera en viss typ av fysisk åtgärd i planeringen. Den kunskap som trygghetsvandringar genererar argumenteras för att vara en reproducering av en redan berättade historia om trygghet. En berättelse baserad på en hegemonisk föreställning om vad trygghet innebär. Vidare diskuteras att de antaganden som finns om trygghet i planeringen inte nödvändigtvis behöver vara sanna. Idén om att genus är en de viktig faktor om man ser till maktrelationer och vilka berättelser om trygghet som har möjlighet att berättas kan ifrågasättas då enligt undersökningen är snarare ålder som avgör aktörers möjlighet att berätta sina historier. Vidare diskuteras hur fysiska åtgärder för att skapa en tryggare miljö kan verkligen leda till tryggare miljöer, huruvida detta är en placeboeffekt kan diskuteras.

    Utifrån undersökningen samt diskussion har följande slutsatser dragits. Kunskap är en viktig faktor inom planeringen för att legitimera vissa typer av åtgärder. De narrativ som har identifierats visar på att den kunskap som generas är en reproducering av en redan etablerad berättelse över vad trygghet är och vad det innebär att vara otrygg. Vidare visar undersökningen att de antaganden som finns över trygghet inte nödvändigtvis behöver vara sanna. De identifierade narrativen visar att det är snarare ålder som maktfaktor än genus som förklarar vilka berättelser som blir hörda. Vidare visar undersökningen att otrygghet kan planeras bort med hjälp av fysiska åtgärder men då skapandet av en placeboeffekt. För att skapa riktig trygghet behöver det sociala och maktrelationerna mellan olika aktörer tas med in i ekvationen. Mångfalden av personer och berättelser visar på en svårighet att planera för en trygg miljö där alla känner sig inkluderade. Till sist dras slutsatsen att trygghetsvandringarna som medel sätter själva ramarna för vilka berättelser som blir berättade. 

  • 8.
    Dam, Ewout
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. Radboud University.
    European Innovation Policy through the European Regional Development Fund: A case study of East-Netherlands2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study is analysed how the ERDF (European Regional Development Funding) in East-Netherlands approaches innovation and how this approach is shaped and complemented byEuropean, national and regional policy. This is done by analysing how the targeted interventionapproach and the institutional approach are used in the ERDF and adjacent policies. The twoapproaches are both based on a different argument on how innovation policy makes an impact.By doing this the study contributes to the analysis of European policy and it empirically appliesconcepts used in theory on innovation and regional economic development. This gives policy makersinput for the development of innovation policy and especially for the development of Europeanpolicy post 2020. For academia this study shows theoretical gaps in the concepts applied andprovides suggestions for further research on these concepts. The study concludes that ERDF fundingin East-Netherlands is strongly based on the targeted intervention approach. The use of thisapproach results from the governance structure under which ERDF is implemented. The EU 2020strategy has been influential in the final shape of the policy, while the national level has a lessimportant role. Innovation policy at the regional level complements the ERDF policy because it is alsobased on concepts from the targeted intervention approach. The institutional policy implemented atthe European and national level has weaker links with the ERDF programme.

  • 9.
    Edinger, Paul
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    The metropolitan region Rhine-Neckar: A case study of cooperative federalism in the field of railroad infrastructur2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master Thesis gives an insight of railroad infrastructure at a regional level of European importance through a case-study within the Rhine-Neckar region in Germany. Administrative competences are hard to overcome from the planning point of view, consequently regions rely on informal planning tools to achieve a broader transnational and integrated transport strategy in Europe. Beside that metropolitan regions have in a scientific sense four different functions. One of them is the gateway function in a polycentric European development. Therefore this thesis analyze the new high-speed railway track between Frankfurt am Main and Mannheim. Furthermore the thesis draws an outlook of the further development of the new high-speed railway and their expected problems out of a regional planning point of view. The conclusion give an insight, if all four scientific metropolitan functions can be found within the region and what their approach of a cooperative federalism is about. All four metropolitan functions can be found within the region in terms of the new high-speed railway. The innovation function is given through the INTERREG IVB-NWE project CODE24, which was elected as a strategic initiative and was of European importance. The decision-making and control function is given through the established European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation, as it gives the whole initiative an European legal form. The symbol function can be found particularly in a footnote of the German Federal Train Track Expansion Act back in 2004, as the region achieved a legal boundary at the federal level. The last function, the gateway function, is given as the corridor between those two agglomerations has the highest traffic volume in Germany.

  • 10. Emmelin, Lars
    et al.
    Ankre, Rosemarie
    Planning for a Mosaic of Values in a Discontinuous Landscape: Planning for Recreation in the Luleå Archipelago2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The coastal areas’ physical environment and their activities have a great power of attraction on visitors which encourage further development of tourism and recreation. At the same time, these areas consist of vulnerable nature and culture which cause conflicts of land and water use. Zoning is generally used as a planning instrument to handle land use conflicts where a gradient from the urban to wilderness allows the planner to provide a spectrum of recreation opportunities. In recreation planning in Sweden, zoning systems such as the recreation opportunity spectrum model are being applied in wilderness areas. However, the archipelagos consist of discontinuous landscapes which challenge a zoning logic. This paper explores the potential of geographical zoning in coastal areas where the continuum of spectrum is replaced by mosaic. In 2003, a questionnaire survey to visitors was conducted in the Luleå archipelago, Sweden. Based on the results, this paper will identify conflicts in coastal areas in relation to place attachment and the spatialization of the visitor characteristics. The application of zoning as a mosaic instead of spectrum is explored by investigating the correlation of place attachment and the visitors’ geographical dispersion and location in the archipelago. The adoption of the ROS-concept Water Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (WROS) is examined.

  • 11. Emmelin, Lars
    et al.
    Fredman, Peter
    Sandell, Klas
    Planering och förvaltning för friluftsliv: en forskningsöversikt2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppdraget var att göra en översikt över svensk och internationell forskning inom området "planering och förvaltning av natur för friluftsliv och naturturism". Uppdragsbeskrivningen från Naturvårdsverket innehöll två huvudmoment: redovisning av kunskapsläge och en analys av behov av forskning och metodutveckling för planering och förvaltning.

  • 12.
    Fikken, Thijs
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. Radboud University Nijmegen.
    Language as facilitator: The role of barrier effects in cross-border cooperation along the Dutch border2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Friluftsliv och naturturism i kommunal fysisk planering2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Denna avhandling syftar till att belysa hur friluftsliv och naturturism hanteras i den kommunala fysiska planeringen. Detta diskuteras i relation till myndigheters uttalade policys där vikten av friluftsliv framhålls och allmänhetens attityder till friluftsliv. Syftet är också att föra en diskussion om hur kommunal fysisk planering kan fungera som verktyg för att främja friluftslivets intresse i markanvändningsfrågor. Undersökningen har skett genom enkäter, intervjuer, studier av lagstiftning och myndighetsdokument samt studier av planeringsdokument, främst översiktliga planer, i 11 kommuner som ingår i de tre fallstudieområdena Järvafältet utanför Stockholm, Blekinge skärgård och kustzon och Söderåsen i Skåne. Vid första anblicken kan det framstå som om friluftsliv har ett starkt skydd i den kommunala fysiska planeringen. Det omnämns i Plan- och bygglagen (PBL) som allmänt intresse och i Miljöbalken (MB) som riksintressen och som ett av strandskyddets två syften. Planeringslagstiftningens process- och ramlagskaraktär ger dock flertalet tolkningsbara formuleringar i lagtexten samtidigt som begreppet allmänt intresse är mångtydigt. Både PBL och strandskyddet har också nyligen ändrats så att det i flera frågor ännu inte hunnit etableras någon rättspraxis för tolkning och tillämpning. En av den kommunala fysiska planeringens viktigaste uppgifter är att i markanvändningsfrågor avväga mellan olika allmänna och enskilda intressen. Resultat visar att friluftslivets och naturturismens ställning i kommunal planering varierar mellan kommuner men också mellan planeringsnivåer. En betydande majoritet av kommunerna använder friluftsliv och naturturism i sin marknadsföring. Avvägningsbeslut i markanvändningsfrågor som utfaller till friluftslivets nackdel kan dock ofta motiveras av att ”det finns så mycket grönt” och att friluftsliv därmed bedöms kunna ske någon annanstans än där man vill exploatera. Här kan allemansrätten vara en viktig faktor för denna tolkning. I planeringsdokument förekommer också ofta den rådande planeringsdoktrinen om den täta staden i kombination med hållbarhetsargument. Detta kan ytterligare verka för exploatering av urbana grönytor. Det finns ett behov av fysisk planering som säkerställer mark för friluftsliv. Resultat från den nationella enkätundersökningen Friluftsliv 07 visar att människor värderar rekreationsnatur högt, många till och med så högt att det påverkar deras val av bostadsort. Cirka en sjättedel uppger dock att de saknar lämpliga områden för friluftsliv. Respondenterna anser även att kommunerna behöver bli bättre på att skydda tysta områden. Planeringen behöver också visa en bättre beredskap inför klimatförändringarnas konsekvenser för friluftsliv eftersom många respondenter uttrycker en oro över negativa konsekvenser av ett förändrat klimat men endast cirka var fjärde kommun uppmärksammar detta i den översiktliga planeringen. Huvudhandledare har varit professor Lars Emmelin, Fysisk planering, Blekinge Tekniska Högskola och biträdande handledare professor Klas Sandell, Geografi och turism, Karlstad Universitet. Doktorsavhandlingen togs fram inom ramen för forskningsprojektet Planering för friluftsliv vid Fysisk Planering, Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Karlskrona. Projektet utgjorde ett av sju delprojekt i det nationella och mångdisciplinära forskningsprogrammet Friluftsliv i Förändring som letts av professor Peter Fredman, Mittuniversitetet och som finansierats av Naturvårdsverket.

  • 14. Forsberg, Lena Petersson
    Friluftsliv och naturturism i kommunal planering: delresultat från en webbaserad enkätundersökning våren 20082009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om, hur och i vilken grad friluftslivets och naturturismens intressen beaktas i den kommunala fysiska planeringen har varit huvudfokus för denna undersökning. Resultaten visar att en övervägande majoritet av kommunerna använder möjligheterna att utöva friluftsliv och naturturism som argument i sin marknadsföring men i avvägningen mot andra samhällsintressen är det inte alltid självklart att friluftslivet blir vinnare. Resultatet från enkäten visar att friluftslivets och naturturismens intressen synliggörs i mycket olika grad i kommunernas fysiska planering. Att friluftslivet och naturturismen är mindre synligt i den fysiska planeringen behöver inte med automatik betyda att det faktiska utfallet för medborgarnas möjligheter att utöva friluftsliv är dåligt. Många kommuner jobbar aktivt med projekt som syftar till att säkerställa och förvalta naturområden intressanta för friluftslivet. I kommuner där det råder eller kommer att råda exploateringstryck eller andra hot mot naturområden är det dock önskvärt att friluftslivet får en hög status redan i planeringsskedena. Detta för att om möjligt stå starkare i avvägningen mot andra samhällsintressen.

  • 15.
    Fredin, Sabrina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    History and geography matter: The cultural dimension of entrepreneurship2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with the rise of new industries through entrepreneurial activities. The aim is to investigate how differences in contexts might encourage or discourage entrepreneurial activities. This contextualization of entrepreneurship enhanced our understanding of when, how and why entrepreneurial activities happen.

    Entrepreneurship is recognized to be a spatially uneven process and, in addition to previous research that has examined the actions of individual entrepreneurs, we also need to understand the context in which entrepreneurship occurs. We have a good understanding of how structural conditions like industry structure, organization structure and agglomeration effects influence the context, but we know little about how the social dimension of the context is the transmitting medium between structural conditions for entrepreneurship and the decision to act upon identified entrepreneurial opportunities. Following this line of argument, this dissertation is built on the assumption that entrepreneurship is a social phenomenon which gives strong arguments for including local culture in entrepreneurship research.

    The temporal persistence and the pronounced differences of culture and structural conditions between places reflect path-dependent processes. I therefore use regional path dependence as an interpretative lens to study the contextualization of entrepreneurship in two Swedish cities.

    Although each context is unique, some generalizations can be drawn from the four individual papers in this dissertation. The first is that industrial legacy leads to the formation of a distinct local culture and that the persistency of this culture influences the subsequent entrepreneurial activities in new local industries. The second is that this persistency of culture suggests that entrepreneurs who are outsiders, geographically or socially, are the driving forces for the emergence of new local industries. Finally, new industry emergence is a result of a combination of exogenous forces and initial local conditions, but it is the entrepreneurial individuals who translate these forces and conditions into entrepreneurial activities.

  • 16.
    Fredin, Sabrina
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Jogmark, Marina
    Kristianstad Universitet, SWE.
    A local perspective on entrepreneurship and informal institutions2017In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson, Lina Bjerke, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2017, p. 135-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17. Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Friberg, Lisa Hörnsten
    Emmelin, Lars
    Friluftsliv och turism i Fulufjället. Före: efter nationalparksbildningen.2005Book (Other academic)
  • 18. Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Romild, Ulla
    Emmelin, Lars
    Yuan, Michael
    Non-Compliance with On-Site Data Collection in Outdoor Recreation Monitoring2009In: Visitor Studies, ISSN 1064-5578, E-ISSN 1934-7715, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 164-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A wide range of methods exists for on-site visitor monitoring in parks and recreation areas. Self-registration methods have proven to be popular because of their low cost and relative ease of administration, but little is known about the extent to which the data collected from self-registration boxes are representative of the population of visitors, and the degree that bias exists as a result of non-compliance. This article examines these concerns based on research at Fulufjaumlllet National Park in Sweden. On-site registration card and follow-up mail survey data from a sample of visitors who did not voluntarily register were compared with the same kind of data for visitors who did register voluntarily. In total, 10 registration card items and 284 mail survey items were tested for variations between compliant and non-compliant visitors. Of these, one third of the card items, 12% and 3% of the survey items for Swedish and German visitors, respectively, yielded statistically significant differences. Implications for management and suggestions for further research are discussed.

  • 19.
    Hellblom, Niklas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Från Öresundsregionen till Köpenhamnsregionen: En kritisk diskursanalys om den gränsregionala samordningen i Öresund2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the reformation of the cross-border political coalition in the Scandinavian region of Öresund, specifically the re-organization of Öresundskommitteen to Greater Copenhagen & Skåne Committee. Through the lens of Critical Discourse Analysis, the study critically examines the newly advocated regional strategy focusing on international place marketing of the collective brand Greater Copenhagen, underlying power structures and incentives of the reformation as well as the subsequent consequences for the regional development. The result highlights a political shift of focus, from the region in general to Copenhagen in particular, justified by the conviction of growing international competition and the regional core as undisputable ‘growth-machine’ for the whole region. Consequently, local projects can be legitimized as regional concerns, potentially supporting misallocation of regional funds, political and core-periphery polarization.

  • 20.
    Högström, Ebba
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    "It used to be here but moved somewhere else": post-asylum spatialisations – a new urban frontier? "C’était là mais ils ont déménagé ailleurs": les spatialisations de l’après-asile – une nouvelle frontière? "Solía estar aquí, pero se trasladó a otro lugar": espacializaciones post-asilo — ¿una nueva frontera urbana?2018In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 314-335, article id SIArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a number of spatialisations of mental health care in Sweden, exemplifying these spatialities in three vignettes drawn from the Swedish post-asylum landscape. Working with the notion of a new urban frontier', I examine: (1) how these landscapes have been transformed by processes of decentralisation and austerity measures; (2) how this transformation plays out within and through physical space; and (3) the new spatial relations that are produced through such transformations. The idea of landscapes of care' and the concept of multiscalarity' are used to understand the changing spatialisations evident in mental health care, and the shift we are presently witnessing which replaces the tangible spaces of bricks and mortar' of the past with, rather, a diversity of settings, localisations and administrations. The empirical material that forms the basis of the analysis derives from a larger study of spatial discourses in Swedish mental health care, which I carried out between 2008 and 2011. The paper concludes with some thoughts on the kinds of spatial relations evident within the post-asylum landscape of formal mental health care in times of austerity and decentralisation, wherein I consider whether these spatialisations can be regarded as a new urban frontier of care'.

  • 21.
    Jogmark, Marina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Den regionala transformationsprocessens sociala dimension: Karlskrona1989-20022015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How can we understand places and their development processes from a social perspective? The aim of this case study is to understand the emergence of an IT-industry in Karlskrona between 1989-2002 from a social capital perspective. Historically, the production and the form of life of the population in Karlskrona, has been characterized by the fact that Karlskrona is a naval city, which for several centuries has had a naval base and a naval ship yard. Karlskrona is also an interesting case to study because of the stagnation in the economy and the insignificant prospects for industrial renewal in the late 1980s. Despite these conditions, something happens that for a short period of time changes the local structure both in terms of production and population. How can we understand the social dimension of such a change?

    In a narrated form this case study highlights how the transformation of Karlskrona contain both bridging and bonding forms of social relations. The main purpose of this dissertation is accordingly to understand which networks of relations the key participants of the study are a part of and get resources from. The study also aim to highlight structures for action around the development of the IT-industry in relation to the ties that bind in the already established industrial specialization in Karlskrona, in other words the lasting relationships tied to the naval base, the navy and the naval yard. From this viewpoint questions are asked regarding what kind of social relations appear, both in the new and the old Karlskrona, and what it is in particular that characterizes the new social capital that makes up the key participants room to manoeuvre in the process of transformation for Karlskrona.

     

    The phenomenon where the place Karlskrona appears as socially divided between exchanges within the context of the new and the already established industry, is illustrated as two pillars of social capital. The pillars are assumed to be separated at the beginning of the transformation, and then they change as people live their lives and are included in new types of exchanges with each other. From the case specific study of the transformation of Karlskrona between 1989-2002, other, more general analytical connections are made in the discussion about how the dynamics of the transformation could be made possible, and why it stopped. From the theoretical viewpoint of social capital the dissertation follows a discussion about the lessons which can be learnt regarding the question how we can view places and their transformation processes. The conclusions particularly emphasize the importance of how newcomers can contribute as well as the crucial role held by border crossers when it comes to

    create linking social capital of the place.

  • 22.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Andersson, MartinBlekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.Bjerke, LinaJönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Geographies of growth: Innovations, networks and collaborations2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today we can observe an increasing spatial divide as some large urban regions and many more medium-sized and small regions face growing problems such as decreasing labour demand, increasing unemployment and an ageing population. In view of these trends, this book offers a better understanding of the general characteristics and specific drivers of the geographies of growth. It shows how these may vary in different spatial contexts, how hurdles and barriers to growth in different types of regions can be dealt with, how and to what extent resources in different areas can develop and how the potential of these resources to stimulate growth can be realized. This book presents a collection of chapters, divided into four main parts, that together deal with these issues. The expert contributions provide numerous different perspectives on a new regional divide as well as exploring the inter-regional accessibility to human capital and its effects on productivity on both sides of the border. The book also investigates the speed of convergence and the fact that, when incorporating structural change, it is often quicker at the regional level compared to both the country and industry level. Other topics covered include institutional foundations and their influence on local social acceptance of entrepreneurship, the role of global value chains on bilateral trade and the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation focusing on partner selection and location. Students, researchers and scholars will find this an important resource that fills numerous knowledge gaps and opens new avenues for research. It will also appeal to consultants, practitioners and planners at the international, regional and local level. © Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson and Lina Bjerke 2017. All rights reserved.

  • 23.
    Kesar, Purushottam
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Interpretations and applications of the EU objective of Territorial Cohesion: An analysis of EU Cohesion Policy Programmes 2014-20202015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “Territorial Cohesion” has been a topic of intense debate within the EU Policy lexicon. This has been partly because it’s still in cycles of interpretations and is in a quest for an acceptable and a discreet operational framework. However, parallel to ongoing discourses, Cohesion Policy for the period 2014-20 has been rolled out. The thesis is an attempt to examine and suggest, as to what extent, the current architecture of Cohesion Policy is contributing to achieve “Territorial Cohesion”, a Treaty objective, in its programmes, particularly the transnational programmes under the European Territorial Co-operation objective. “Territorial Cohesion” has been analyzed in specific Cohesion Policy regulations, programmes and validated by stakeholder inputs. A suitable theoretical outline, i.e. “conformance” and “performance” framework and a qualitative research approach have been employed to arrive at the conclusions. Cohesion Policy in its current cycle is focused on delivering Europe 2020 strategy’s priorities of “smart, sustainable and inclusive growth”. The articulation of “Territorial Cohesion” objectives therefore is inadequately done in the scope and theme as well as in “programming” of Cohesion Policy. Interventions are proposed in its architecture to finesse Cohesion Policy-Territorial Cohesion interface, key to meeting Cohesion Policy goals.

  • 24.
    Kurakina, Svetlana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Translating Sustainability Rhetoric into Urban Planning Practice: interpreting ideas, finding solutions and dealing with conflicts, cases of Saskatoon and Uppsala.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines two urban renewal projects in Saskatoon (Canada) and Uppsala (Sweden). The central subject of inquiry is urban planning process and complex dilemmas of sustainable development. What is seen as “a sustainable city”? What are the concerns and conflicts, which planners have to face with? Which arguments are used to justify the planning decisions and how are these arguments constructed?

    The study proposes a three-step framework to compare sustainability interpretation processes in urban planning of the two cities: through identification of the ideas, which are associated with the concept of sustainability; through analysis of local objectives of sustainable development;  and, finally, through examination of actions, which are perceived as appropriate to achieve stated goals. Furthermore, the research examines conflicts of interests, values and scale occurring throughout planning process; and analyses arguments, which are used to justify need “to be sustainable” and choices of solutions for urban renewal projects. The arguments are categorised as rational or normative depending on the type of reference planners use to construct them.

    The study reveals obvious differences in the interpretation of the sustainability concept in Uppsala and Saskatoon: with reliance on normative considerations in one case and rational ones in another. It also shows, that arguments working well for one type of conflict, do not help in resolving conflict of another type; and that Swedish and Canadian planners, facing pretty close challenges, choose different strategies to respond to them.

  • 25.
    Nikulina, Varvara
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development. Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Lindal, Johan
    Mistra Urban Futures, SWE.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    Chalmers, SWE.
    Simon, David
    Mistra Urban Futures, SWE.
    Ny, Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Lost in translation: a framework for analysing complexity of co-production settings in relation to epistemic communities, language and culture.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning in modern urban environments requires skills to address complexity in order to move towards sustainability. Co-production of knowledge in transdisciplinary groups was found to be a useful tool in such contexts. Using the concepts of multilingualism, epistemic communities and culture, the article proposed a conceptual framework for analysing complexity of co-production settings, as an indispensable means of managing complex challenges. The framework was evaluated based on inclusiveness, cross-sectoral understanding, applicability in different contexts and time perspectives. Moreover, it was compared to other studies. Based on the framework, several suggestions to maintain were put forth for a process leader (facilitator) when preparing for a co-production process: linguistic equality between participants, disciplinary integrity, a working culture of mutual respect, simultaneous mitigation and informed facilitation. Finally, the article suggested possible future research questions, related to development of the framework: identification of levels of complexity and mapping specific tools to address complexity at each level; integration of other factors of diversity, such as gender, age, as well as political and institutional contexts.

  • 26.
    Persson, Ingrid
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Advertising Stories of Second Homes in the Swedish Welfare State2014In: Tourism Review International, ISSN 1943-4421, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 193-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discuss the greatest expansion of vacation housing in Sweden for the period of 1960-1980. In focus are product advertisements related to new vacation houses for sale by producers of prefabricated wooden vacation houses. The empirical exploration is based on a content analysis of all issues of a widespread Swedish lifestyle magazine, published monthly between 1960 and 1980. A limited selection of advertisements is further analyzed from a perspective of discourse analysis. The selected advertisements are telling stories, a basic approach in advertising. As a result of the analysis a number of recurring stories can be constructed; the story of freedom of choice and of modern life, the story of multiple dwelling and of the good life, and of family unity. The stories could be stated to be closely connected to crucial values of the “people’s home”, the core principle of the Swedish welfare state.

  • 27.
    Persson, Ingrid
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Second homes, legal framework and planning practice according to environmental sustainability in coastal areas. the Swedish setting2015In: Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, ISSN 1940-7963, E-ISSN 1940-7971, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 48-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discuss second homes according to legislation, planning practice and effects on environmental sustainability in a Swedish context. The legislation contains special provisions concerning land and water management in certain areas of national interest in their entirety in view of the natural and cultural assets that exist there. Subject to resource conservation regulations, new vacation housing will be limited to infill, with no new land development. There is no such restriction for permanent housing. Spatial theory according to Lefebvre is used to discuss ideas in legislation and spatial planning versus actual development of vacation housing in coastal areas over time. Documents have been analysed from a discourse analytic perspective inspired by Laclau and Mouffe. The legal ambition to separate dwelling forms seems to be unstable and ambiguous. An alternative pragmatic attitude within planning practice has developed and seems to increase according to the study.

  • 28.
    Popova, Anna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Addressing retail vacancy in city centers of Gelderland: what can be learned from the Province of Antwerpen?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, downtown shopping areas have faced a number of challenges, which have undermined their vitality and viability. Some scholars argue that the coincidence of long-term shifts in policies, demographic recomposition and mobility increase and medium- and short-term impacts of changes in business and consumers’ behavior has had negative impact on the economic performance of city center shopping areas. There is an increasing interest in retail vacancy in city centers as it reflects the declining performance of the shopping areas.Retail vacancy is a complex and extensive problem. It is associated with numerous issues such as neglect and under-utilization of space, and is often considered undesirable. Vacancy can lead to decay and dilapidation of the area, but also attracts crime and can thereby result in disadvantaged neighborhoods. In addition, vacancy is also undesirable in the context of a sustainable and efficient use of space. Due to the fact that retail vacancy affects not only economic performance of retailers, but also the area itself, the public space, and, therefore has a spatial characteristics, local and regional authorities are involved in the process of addressing the issue.The thesis aims at identifying different policy arrangements for addressing retail vacancy in Antwerpen province (Belgium) and analyzing their transferability to the institutional settings of the Gelderland province (the Netherlands). This research contributes to the existing academic literature on the retail vacancy by filling the existing gap and giving insights in policy arrangements and institutional environment of the issue in international comparative perspective.

  • 29.
    SARACENO, PIER PAOLO
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    THE INTEGRATED TERRITORIAL INVESTMENT (ITI) AS A TOOL FOR GOVERNING THE RURALURBAN LINKAGES: EVIDENCE FROM POLAND2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growing awareness of functional linkages between rural and urban territories has led to a re-thinking of the rural-urban dichotomy. This was flanked by a more general reconceptualization of space, directly coming from the rise of spatial planning and the shifting process from government to governance. Thus, the concept of “soft space” came to the fore, defined as the space of governance and integrated approach. The EU Commission has launched a new instrument aimed at fostering the territorial approach of the new Cohesion Policy, namely the Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI). This research wants to investigate the added value of the ITI instrument in governing and institutionalizing the rural-urban linkages at the metropolitan level. In doing so, the author has created a conceptual framework based on three main concepts directly coming from the concept of soft space, namely institutionalization, governance capacity, and integrated approach. The empirical study is focused on Poland, in particular, dealing with the case of Warsaw, Krakow, and Wroclaw. As a result, this research argues that the ITI in Poland has represented an attempt to improve the cooperation between capital cities and their surrounding areas, even though its outcomes can be questionable.

  • 30.
    Stone, Trudy-Ann
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    International outsourcing and the global value chain: Evidence for Sweden2017In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2017, p. 265-296Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Svensson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    When being wrong might be right: on overconfidence as an evolutionary mechanism of nascent entrepreneurs2015In: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy: Knowledge, Technology and Internationalization / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Urban Gråsjö and Sofia Wixe, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 237-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical regularities regarding start-ups that do not show prolonged longevity have been known for some time. In this chapter, the regularity is argued to originate from an interaction between cognition-laden characteristics of entrepreneurs and contextual conditions. Overconfidence is argued to cause miscalibration of objective probabilities of success, which in turn causes excess entry, but also to negatively affect survival rates. Moreover, overconfidence is argued to be an evolutionary mechanism that helps explain the distribution of entrepreneurs at the local level. It does so by advocating overconfident entrepreneurs to be more likely to beacon personal, but miscalibrated, beliefs to others and thereby set off spillover effects. The bias is therefore argued to be detrimental to actors at an individual level (as it negatively affects survival rates), but favorable at the system level (as it facilitates spillover effects). The concluding discussion of these matters is extended by a discussion of policy issues.

  • 32.
    Tiemda, Lii
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Föreställningar om det offentliga rummet: En studie om vilka föreställningar om det offentliga rummet synliggörs i svensk stadsplanering och arkitekttävlingar och vad dessa kan ge oss för fysiska miljöer2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is possible to discern different political values and social norms in the physical structure of the city. Normative ideas about what is proper and improper behaviour in public spaces influences how the city's streets, squares and parks are portrayed through spatial planning. The public space is constantly shaped and reshaped by transformations that are simultaneously subtle and obvious – symbolic and physical. This makes the public space such an interesting topic to study, hence the essay examines the prevailing notions of public space in Swedish urban planning, by critically discussing how public space is mediated at national, regional and local planning levels and in architectural competitions. The intention is to highlight assumptions that help shape contemporary public spaces within a Swedish context and what spatial constructions (public places) these could give us. The essay conducts the study with content analysis of the Planning and Building Act, national, regional and local planning documents as well as material produced in architectural competitions conducted in the City of Stockholm between 2005 and 2014. The analysis is delimited to these types of documents because they can be considered to influence and, to some extent, to control the spatial configurations being built in the city. The essay reveals that although public space is still regarded as an essential urban space to maintain open, accessible and as a public good, the underlying assumptions mainly affected by economic perspectives tend to control the configuration of the space. The essay highlights that these notions treat public space as a container of a certain mix of activities that are considered to contribute to a desirable urban life in the public space. The essay also highlights some general implications that may occur when the configuration of the public space is partly shaped at the expense of an unmediated and varied public life.

  • 33.
    Van de Vijver, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Contributions from the European Union to the development of Brainport Eindhoven: A case study on the contribution of the projects from development programmes and initiatives to the development of the innovation system of Brainport.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Brainport region, many different projects take place in the framework of EU co-financed programmes and initiatives. Between the different programmes and initiatives, these projects all have a different way to contribute to this development. Firstly, all projects contribute to the activities of organisations in the region. The subsidy that is linked to the projects gives the organisations in the region extra financial capacity, which allows organisations to do something extra besides their regular activities. The relations within Brainport are also very much developed with contributions of the projects of the EU programmes and initiatives. The projects in all programmes had an emphasis on connecting different organisations with each other and the development of new ecosystems. Therefore, especially the network dimension is developed thanks to the EU co-financed projects. The institutions in the region are almost undeveloped by the projects, because the projects have a duration period that is too small to contribute to this. Although some projects instigate the development of knowledge, this is to a far smaller degree than the instigation of entrepreneurial activities, because knowledge is used in the project as a means to do entrepreneurial activities. 

  • 34.
    van den Boogaard, Lucas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    I amSMARTerdam: Revaluating the Smart City concept through the world's most bottom-up Smart City2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Smart Cities are, while hot-and-happening, in the field of urban planning, also a source of confusionand debate. While many argue against the technology-driven and top-down nature of the Smart Citymodel, the bottom-up component is often appointed as the deciding factor in the determinationwhether a Smart City can be successful and contributing to its set goals, or rather resulting in an effortharming the city and its citizens in the long run. This thesis set out to explore the bottom-upcomponent in one of the most revered and most bottom-up Smart Cities of the world, Amsterdam.Remarkably, the research has proven that Amsterdam Smart City, even though it is often seen as oneof the good examples, suffers from the same issues. Its initiatives are an amalgamation of subjectsthat hardly seem to fit under the smart narrative as propagated by Amsterdam Smart City and hardlyany initiatives can be considered truly bottom-up. If one of the prime examples fails to adhere to itsown standards, what does this mean for the concept of smart cities?

  • 35.
    Wilk, Julie
    et al.
    Linkopings universitet, SWE.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, SWE.
    Rydhagen, Birgitta
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Technology and Aesthetics.
    Rani, Ashu
    University of Kota, IND.
    Kumar, Arun
    Alternate Hydro Energy Centre, IND.
    The perspectives of the urban poor in climate vulnerability assessments: The case of Kota, India2018In: Urban Climate, ISSN 2212-0955, E-ISSN 2212-0955, Vol. 24, p. 633-642Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Kota with a high proportion of slum dwellers and extremely high temperatures is under great demand to assess the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of different groups of its inhabitants to the impacts of climatic variability and change. Participatory workshops with key stakeholders in urban administration undertook a short vulnerability assessment to gauge current climate adaptation awareness and measures and discuss and decide on a numbered of proposed actions. The city has many policies and disaster management plans in place although implementation and enforcement was often found lacking. The actions were mainly about infrastructure and ecosystems with few related to boosting and transforming agent capabilities and institutions. The action plans outlining the frequency and responsible institutions for tree planting and cleaning streams also lacked detail or identification of lead institutions, departments, or people. Although stakeholders highlighted that local knowledge was not sufficiently used to inform good planning and policies, the action plans did not include community representatives in decision-making rather only in the implementation of the proposed actions. Although when the group identified slum populations as especially vulnerable the focus of the assessment shifted but in action plans representatives of this group were not included in any decision making or planning processes. © 2017.

  • 36.
    Álvarez, Guillermo
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    UNDERSTANDING DEVELOPMENT FROM TWO DIFFERENT INNOVATION PERSPECTIVES: The Life Sciences cluster in Lund2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master Thesis hinges on the concept of Innovation and its association with regional development as a phenomenon that has attracted both researchers and policy makers’ attention.  The thesis presents two different innovation perspectives on regional development – Innovation Systems and Complex Systems of Innovation, and applies them into the case-study of the Life Sciences Cluster in Lund.

    In order to do so, the key aspects of each of the perspectives are highlighted within the part devoted to the Framework of this thesis. Within these, the networks between organizations in the Innovation Systems and the actors and their interrelations in the Complex Systems perspective have been analyzed.

    The analysis of these aspects brings up similar outcomes in both perspectives applied, i.e. the creation of various organizations within the Cluster. Both of the perspectives account for the importance of Lund University for the creation of these organizations and subsequent development of the Life Sciences cluster.

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