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  • 1. Arman, Maria
    et al.
    Rehnsfeldt, Arne
    Lindholm, L
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    The face of suffering among women with breast cancer: Being in a field of forces2002In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 96-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through qualitative interviews, the suffering experiences of women with breast cancer and their significant others were disclosed. Seventeen women with different stages of breast cancer and 16 significant others from 4 different care cultures in Sweden and Finland participated. Five of the women had advanced metastatic breast cancer, and 12 had a localized disease. Mean age was 48 years. As a methodology, a team approach, inspired by the Vancouver School of Doing Phenomenology, was used. The findings elucidate how the suffering experience touched the women's inner existence and values. This can metaphorically be described as a "field of force" and affected everything in the women's lives, including their views of themselves and their relationships. Existential questions were raised about life and death and the meaning of life. In their suffering, the women's dependency upon significant others, as well as healthcare personnel, was prominent. Suffering related to healthcare was a strong theme. Different faces of suffering related to breast cancer may still be unknown by healthcare professionals working in cancer care.

  • 2. Carlsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Arman, Maria
    Backman, Marie
    Hamrin, Elisabeth
    Perceived quality of life and coping for Swedish women with breast cancer who choose complementary medicine2001In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, p. 395-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study, which is part of a major clinical controlled study of the life situation of women with breast cancer, was to compare two groups of women concerning perceived quality of life and coping. The women were treated in two different cancer treatment programs: complementary treatment, which included anthroposophic therapy, and conventional cancer treatment. A total of 120 women were included, 60 women treated with anthroposophic medicine, and 60 individually matched women treated with conventional medicine only. Quality of life was measured by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Quality of Life Questionnaire, Core 30, and the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire. Coping was measured by the Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale. The results showed that the women who chose anthroposophic therapy perceived their quality of life to be lower on admission to the hospital and showed more anxious preoccupation than the women in conventional medicine. It can be concluded that, due to the careful matching procedure, the women in the two groups are comparable in a medical sense but not from the perspective of quality of life and coping.

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