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  • 1.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Lindberg, Anne
    OLIN studies, Sunderby Hospital.
    Skär, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Fatigue in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a qualitative study of peoples experiences2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 130-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundFatigue is reported to be one of the most common symptoms among people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD. However, there is hardly any qualitative research describing how fatigue affects people living with this illness.AimTo describe people's experience of fatigue in daily life when living with moderate to very severe COPD.MethodsA purposive sample of 20 people with COPD stages II–IV was recruited from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden COPD study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with participants regarding their experience of fatigue. The interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis.ResultsOne theme was identified: Reconcile with the dimensions of fatigue, and four categories were identified: To understand the reasons of fatigue, To preserve fatigue unexpressed, When fatigue takes control and How to manage fatigue. Fatigue seems to be an always-present feeling, involving the whole body, raising feelings of hopelessness and controlling one's life. It seems to be accepted as a natural consequence of COPD and may therefore remain unexpressed. Further, when experienced with dyspnoea, fatigue becomes even heavier and more difficult to manage. To gain control of fatigue, people plan daily life and continue with physical activities.ConclusionFatigue affects the daily lives of people with COPD. Perceived with dyspnoea, fatigue was described as overwhelming. Most importantly, fatigue seems to be unexpressed to healthcare professionals and relatives.

  • 2.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Mullerova, Hana
    WorldWide Epidemiology, GlaxoSmithKline R&D.
    Skär, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Lindberg, Anne
    OLIN studies, Norrbotten County Council.
    Fatigue in COPD and the impact of heart disease comorbidity: a population-based study2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fatigue is a common symptom among people with COPD. However, there are few studies describing fatigue in COPD and the impact of comorbidity, none of them population based.Aim: To describe fatigue in COPD by disease severity according to GOLD, and the impact of self-reported heart disease.Methods: The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)- Fatigue scale was used to assess fatigue; lower scores represent worse fatigue (0-52). Data were collected in 2007 from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) COPD cohort; 564 subjects with COPD, with a distribution of disease severity representative for the general population, and 786 non-COPD subjects.Results: Median FACIT-F score was 44.0 in COPD subjects, significantly lower compared to 46.0 in non-COPD (p=0.006). Score decreased by disease severity: 46.0, 43.7, and 37.5 in GOLD stage I, II, and III-IV (I vs II p=0.020, II vs III-IV p=0.035). There was no significant difference between stage I and non-COPD. In subjects without heart disease, there were lower scores in stage II, 45.0 and III-IV, 38.5 compared to non-COPD, 47.0 (p=0.005 and p=0.205). In subjects with heart disease, only stage III-IV had significantly lower scores than non-COPD, 30.5 vs 42.0 (p=0.030). Subjects with heart disease reported lower scores than those without heart disease at all severities of COPD (non-COPD: 42.0 vs 47.0, p<0.001, stage I: 40.5 vs 48.0, p<0.001, stage II: 40.0 vs 45.0, p=0.008 and stage III-IV: 30.5 vs 38.5, p=0.051).Conclusion: Fatigue increases with GOLD-defined disease severity, but the score is not significantly different from non-COPD until stage II. Heart disease increases fatigue in both COPD and non-COPD.

  • 3.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Mullerova, Hana
    WorldWide Epidemiology, GlaxoSmithKline R&D.
    Skär, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Lindberg, Anne
    OLIN studies, Sunderby Hospital.
    Fatigue in COPD and the impact of respiratory symptoms and heart disease: a population-based study2013In: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, ISSN 1541-2555, E-ISSN 1541-2563, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 125-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fatigue is reported in COPD and in heart disease; however, there are hardly any population based data on the relationship between these conditions. Aim: To describe fatigue in relation to COPD by disease severity and to evaluate the impact of respiratory symptoms and heart disease. Methods: Data were collected in 2007 from the OLIN COPD study; 564 subjects with COPD (FEV1/FVC < 0.70) and a distribution of disease severity representative for the general population, and 786 subjects without COPD. The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)—Fatigue scale was used to assess fatigue (0–52); lower scores represent worse fatigue. Results: Median FACIT-F score was 44.0 in COPD defined by merely spirometric criteria and 42.0 in COPD also reporting respiratory symptoms, significantly lower compared to 46.0 in non-COPD (p = 0.006 and p < 0.001), and decreased by disease severity. The score was lower in COPD stage ≥ II and in COPD with respiratory symptoms already from stage I when compared to non-COPD. Subjects with heart disease reported lower scores than those without heart disease in COPD by all stages and in non-COPD. COPD with respiratory symptoms stage ≥II remained a significant risk factor for clinically significant fatigue also when adjusted for gender, age, heart disease and smoking habits (stage II OR 1.65, CI 1.17-2.31 and stage III-IV OR 2.66, CI 1.11-6.36). Conclusion: Fatigue is common in COPD, and is affected by respiratory symptoms and concomitant heart disease. In COPD with respiratory symptoms stage ≥ II, there is an increased risk for clinically significant fatigue.Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/15412555.2012.728642?ai=1rzjm&ui=oxk4&af=T&

  • 4.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Skär, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Hedman, Linnea
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Lindberg, Anne
    Fatigue and decreased health can predict mortality in COPD2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Skär, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Hedman, Linnea
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Rönmark, Eva
    Norrbottens Läns Landsting.
    Lindberg, Anne
    OLIN studies, Norrbotten County Council.
    Fatigue affects health status and predicts mortality among subjects with COPD-report from the population-based OLIN COPD study2015In: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, ISSN 1541-2555, E-ISSN 1541-2563, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 199-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: COPD is associated to increased fatigue, decreased health status and mortality. However, these relationships are rarely evaluated in population-based studies. Aims: To describe the relationship between health status, respiratory symptoms and fatigue among subjects with and without COPD. Further, to evaluate whether fatigue and/or health status predicts mortality in these groups. Methods: Data were collected in 2007 from the population-based OLIN COPD study. Subjects participated in lung function tests and structured interviews, and 434 subjects with and 655 subjects without COPD were identified. Fatigue was assessed by FACIT-Fatigue and health status by the generic SF-36 questionnaire including physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) components. Mortality data until February 2012 were collected. Results: Fatigue greatly impacts the physical and mental dimensions of health status, both among subjects with and without COPD. Among subjects with clinically significant fatigue, COPD subjects had significantly lower PCS-scores compared to non-COPD subjects. Fairly strong correlations were found between FACIT-F, SF-36 PCS and MCS, respectively. In multivariate models adjusting for covariates, increased fatigue, decreased physical and mental dimensions of health status were all associated to mortality in subjects with COPD (OR 1.06, CI 1.02-1.10, OR 1.04, CI 1.01-1.08 and OR 1.06, CI 1.02-1.10), but not in non-COPD. Conclusions: Fatigue and decreased health status were closely related among subjects with and without COPD. Not only physical health status, but also fatigue and mental health predicted mortality among subjects with COPD. Fatigue assessed by FACIT-F, can be a useful instrument of prognostic value in the care of subjects with COPD.

  • 6. Stridsman, Caroline
    et al.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Lindberg, Anne
    Norrbottens Läns Landsting.
    Skär, Lisa
    The experience of fatigue in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Besides respiratory symptoms, fatigue is reported as one of the most common among people with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD. Fatigue can be described as anything from tiredness to exhaustion and the most typical is that fatigue does not disappears after rest or sleep. The experience of how fatigue affects the daily life in patients with COPD is hardly described.

  • 7.
    Stridsman, Caroline
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Zingmark, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Lindberg, Anne
    NLL.
    Skär, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Omvårdnad.
    Creating a balance between breathing and viability: Experiences of well-being when living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease2015In: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 42-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To describe experiences of well-being among people with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). BACKGROUND: Living with COPD is related to a complex life situation, and quality of life (QOL) is shown to decrease because of respiratory symptoms and fatigue. However, studies describing well-being in COPD as a subjective description of QOL are rare. METHODS: Ten participants with moderate to very severe COPD from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) COPD study were interviewed about their experiences of well-being. A latent qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. Findings To achieve well-being despite breathlessness, the participants had to adapt to their limitations and live towards the future. They created a balance between breathing and viability by adjusting to a lifelong limitation, handling variations in illness, relying on self-capacity and accessibility to a trustful care. The participants adjusted to lifelong limitations through acceptance and replacement of former activities. They handled variations in illness by taking advantage of the good days and using emotional adaptation strategies. The participants relied on their own self-capacity, feeling that smoking cessation, physical activity and breathing fresh air increased their well-being. They requested accessibility to a trustful care and highlighted the need for continuous care relationships and access to medications. These findings can enhance health-care professionals' understanding of the possibilities for increased well-being for people living with COPD.

1 - 7 of 7
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