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  • 1.
    Advaita, Advaita
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Gali, Mani Meghala
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier. Blekinge Inst Technol, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden..
    Outage Probability of MIMO Cognitive Cooperative Radio Networks with Multiple AF Relays Using Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes2017Ingår i: 2017 IEEE 13TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMPUTING, NETWORKING AND COMMUNICATIONS (WIMOB), IEEE , 2017, s. 84-89Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the outage probability of multiple-input multiple-output cognitive cooperative radio networks (CCRNs) with multiple opportunistic amplify-and-forward relays. The CCRN applies underlay spectrum access accounting for the interference power constraint of a primary network and utilizes orthogonal space-time block coding to transmit multiple data streams across a number of antennas over several time slots. As such, the system exploits both time and space diversity to improve the transmission reliability over Nakagami.. fading. The CCRN applies opportunistic relaying in which the relay offering the highest signal-to-noise ratio at the receiver is selected to forward the transmit signal. Furthermore, selection combining is adopted at the secondary receiver to process the signal from the direct and relaying transmissions. To evaluate system performance, we derive an expression for the outage probability which is valid for an arbitrary number of antennas at the source, relays, and receiver of the CCRN. Selected numerical results are provided using Mathematica for analysis and Matlab for simulations, to reveal the effect of network parameters on the outage probability of the system.

  • 2.
    Chu, Thi My Chin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    MIMO Incremental AF Relay Networks with TAS/MRC and Adaptive Modulation2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the use of adaptive modulation (AM) for a dual-hop multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network with transmit antenna selection (TAS) at the transmitter and maximal ratio combining (MRC) at the receiver. Our system deploys incremental amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying with AM to forward the source signal. A switching policy for selecting between the relaying and the direct communication is utilized to maximize spectrum efficiency. In particular, we derive closed-form expressions for the outage probability, spectrum efficiency, and bit error rate (BER) for the considered system over Nakagami-m fading. The considered network not only takes advantage of TAS transmission such as achieving full diversity order with low transmit complexity but also inherits the beneficial feature of AM such as spectrum efficiency improvement. Reference

  • 3.
    Chu, Thi My Chin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    On Capacity of Full-Duplex Cognitive Cooperative Radio Networks with Optimal Power Allocation2017Ingår i: 2017 IEEE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING CONFERENCE (WCNC), IEEE , 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we examine a full-duplex transmission scheme for cognitive cooperative radio networks (CCRNs) to improve capacity. In this network, the secondary transmitter and secondary relay are allowed to utilize the licensed spectrum of the primary user by using underlay spectrum access. We assume that the CCRN is subject to the interference power constraint of the primary receiver and maximum transmit power limit of the secondary transmitter and secondary relay. Under these constraints, we propose an optimal power allocation policy for the secondary transmitter and the secondary relay based on average channel state information (CSI) to optimize capacity. Then, we derive an expression for the corresponding achievable capacity of the secondary network over Nakagami-m fading. Numerical results are provided for several scenarios to study the achievable capacity that can be offered by this full-duplex underlay CCRN using the proposed optimal power allocation scheme.

  • 4.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    On the Performance Assessment of Advanced Cognitive Radio Networks2015Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the rapid development of wireless communications together with the inflexibility of the current spectrum allocation policy, radio spectrum becomes more and more exhausted. One of the critical challenges of wireless communication systems is to efficiently utilize the limited frequency resources to be able to support the growing demand of high data rate wireless services. As a promising solution, cognitive radios have been suggested to deal with the scarcity and under-utilization of radio spectrum. The basic idea behind cognitive radios is to allow unlicensed users, also called secondary users (SUs), to access the licensed spectrum of primary users (PUs) which improves spectrum utilization. In order to not degrade the performance of the primary networks, SUs have to deploy interference control, interference mitigating, or interference avoidance techniques to minimize the interference incurred at the PUs. Cognitive radio networks (CRNs) have stimulated a variety of studies on improving spectrum utilization. In this context, this thesis has two main objectives. Firstly, it investigates the performance of single hop CRNs with spectrum sharing and opportunistic spectrum access. Secondly, the thesis analyzes the performance improvements of two hop cognitive radio networks when incorporating advanced radio transmission techniques. The thesis is divided into three parts consisting of an introduction part and two research parts based on peer-reviewed publications. Fundamental background on radio propagation channels, cognitive radios, and advanced radio transmission techniques are discussed in the introduction. In the first research part, the performance of single hop CRNs is analyzed. Specifically, underlay spectrum access using M/G/1/K queueing approaches is presented in Part I-A while dynamic spectrum access with prioritized traffics is studied in Part I-B. In the second research part, the performance benefits of integrating advanced radio transmission techniques into cognitive cooperative radio networks (CCRNs) are investigated. In particular, opportunistic spectrum access for amplify-and-forward CCRNs is presented in Part II-A where collaborative spectrum sensing is deployed among the SUs to enhance the accuracy of spectrum sensing. In Part II-B, the effect of channel estimation error and feedback delay on the outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of multiple-input multiple-output CCRNs is investigated. In Part II-C, adaptive modulation and coding is employed for decode-and-forward CCRNs to improve the spectrum efficiency and to avoid buffer overflow at the relay. Finally, a hybrid interweave-underlay spectrum access scheme for a CCRN is proposed in Part II-D. In this work, the dynamic spectrum access of the PUs and SUs is modeled as a Markov chain which then is utilized to evaluate the outage probability, SER, and outage capacity of the CCRN.

  • 5. Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    MRT/MRC for Cognitive AF Relay Networks under Feedback Delay and Channel Estimation Error2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we examine the performance of multiple-input multiple-output cognitive amplify-and-forward (AF) relay systems with maximum ratio transmission (MRT). In particular, closed-form expressions in terms of a tight upper bound for outage probability (OP) and symbol error rate (SER) of the system are derived when considering channel estimation error (CEE) and feedback delay (FD) in our analysis. Through our works, one can see the impact of FD and CEE on the system as well as the benefits of deploying multiple antennas at the transceivers utilizing the spatial diversity of an MRT system.

  • 6. Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Outage Probability and Ergodic Capacity for MIMO-MRT Systems under Co-Channel Interference and Imperfect CSI2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the performance of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems deploying maximum ratio transmission (MRT). Our analysis takes into account not only imperfect channel estimation at the receiver and feedback delay at the transmitter, but also includes co-channel interference (CCI). In particular, we first derive the statistical properties of the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). Next, we obtain a closed-form expression for outage probability and an approximation for capacity. Finally, we show the consistency between analytical results and Monte-Carlo simulations. Our results indicate that the system performance is improved considerably in proportion to the number of transceiver antennas. Conversely, the outage probability increases, and the capacity decreases significantly with the severity of channel estimation error, feedback delay, and CCIs.

  • 7.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Performance analysis for multiple-input multiple output- maximum ratio transmission systems with channel estimation error, feedback delay and co-channel interference2013Ingår i: IET Communications, ISSN 1751-8628, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 279-285Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the authors analyse the impact of channel estimation error (CEE), feedback delay (FD), and co-channel interference (CCI) on the performance of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems deploying maximum ratio transmission (MRT). In particular, the authors derive closed-form expressions for the ergodic capacity and the symbol error rate (SER) as well as the outage probability (OP). In addition, to reveal the effect of CEE, FD and CCI on the MIMO-MRT system, the authors adopt more simplified and tractable formulas in terms of asymptotic expressions for the ergodic capacity, SER and OP. The analysis shows that the system performance is degraded considerably under imperfect transmission conditions such as CEE, FD and CCI. However, the authors can compensate part of this degradation by deploying MRT transmission with a large number of antennas at the transmitter and receiver. Finally, the selected examples exhibit consistency between analytical results and Monte Carlo simulations.

  • 8.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Elkashlan, Maged
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Beamforming Transmission in Cognitive AF Relay Networks with Feedback Delay2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the effect of feedback delay on outage probability (OP) and symbol error rate (SER) of cognitive amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks with beamforming transmission in Rayleigh fading environment. It is assumed that the secondary transmitter and the secondary receiver are equipped with multiple antennas, whereas the relay and the primary user comprise of a single antenna. Furthermore, in this system, the secondary users use the underlay scheme in which the secondary transmitter and the relay can coexist with the primary user as long as their interference caused to the primary receiver is below a predefined threshold. Through our analysis, numerical results are provided to show the level of degradation of cognitive AF relay systems in proportion to the degree of feedback delay. In addition, we also present the effect of the number of antennas at the secondary transceiver on the performance of the considered system.

  • 9.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Adaptive Modulation and Coding with Queue Awareness in Cognitive Incremental Decode-and-Forward Relay Networks2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the performance of adaptive modulation and coding in a cognitive incremental decode-and-forward relaying network where a secondary source can directly communicate with a secondary destination or via an intermediate relay. To maximize transmission efficiency, a policy which flexibly switches between the relaying and direct transmission is proposed. In particular, the transmission, which gives higher average transmission efficiency, will be selected for the communication. Specifically, the direct transmission will be chosen if its instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is higher than one half of that of the relaying transmission. In this case, the appropriate modulation and coding scheme (MCS) of the direct transmission is selected only based on its instantaneous SNR. In the relaying transmission, since the MCS of the transmissions from the source to the relay and from the relay to the destination are implemented independently to each other, buffering of packets at the relay is necessary. To avoid buffer overflow at the relay, the MCS for the relaying transmission is selected by considering both the queue state and the respective instantaneous SNR. Finally, a finite-state Markov chain is modeled to analyze key performance indicators such as outage probability and average transmission efficiency of the cognitive relay network.

  • 10.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Amplify-and-Forward Relay Assisting both Primary and Secondary Transmissions in Cognitive Radio Networks over Nakagami-m Fading2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the performance for the primary and secondary transmissions in cognitive radio networks where the amplify-and-forward (AF) secondary relay helps to transmit the signals for both the primary and secondary transmitters over independent Nakagami-m fading. First, we derive exact closed-form expressions for outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of the primary network. Then, we derive an exact closed-form expression for outage probability and a closed-form expression of a tight upper bound for SER of the secondary network. Furthermore, we also make a comparison for the performance of the primary system with and without the help of the secondary relay.

  • 11.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Cognitive AF Relay Assisting both Primary and Secondary Transmission with Beamforming2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the system performance of a cognitive relay network with underlay spectrum sharing wherein the relay is exploited to assist both the primary and secondary transmitters in forwarding their signals to the respective destinations. To exploit spatial diversity, beamforming transmission is implemented at the transceivers of the primary and secondary networks. Particularly, exact expressions for the outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of the primary transmission and tight bounded expressions for the outage probability and SER of the secondary transmission are derived. Furthermore, an asymptotic analysis for the primary network, which is utilized to investigate the diversity and coding gain of the network, is developed. Finally, numerical results are presented to show the benefits of the proposed system.

  • 12.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Cognitive MIMO AF Relay Network with TAS/MRC Under Peak Interference Power Constraint2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the use of transmit antenna selection (TAS) and maximal ratio combining (MRC) for a cognitive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) amplify-andforward (AF) relay network. We focus on the scenario that each of the source and relay selects only a single antenna which maximizes the instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) to transmit and forward the signal while the receiver combines the signals from all receive antennas. Utilizing TAS, the considered cognitive network not only offers advantages such as achieving full diversity order with low transmit complexity but also reduces the interference induced to the primary transmission as compared to maximum ratio transmission (MRT). This in turn becomes beneficial for the secondary network when this network operates under the interference power constraint of the primary receiver. In particular, we derive expressions for the outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of the network to evaluate the system performance. We also develop an asymptotic analysis for the outage probability and the SER to obtain diversity and coding gain. With the tractable asymptotic expressions, the effect of network parameters such as the number of antennas, the transmission distances, and the interference power constraint of the primary receiver on the system performance are readily revealed.

  • 13.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Delay Analysis for Cognitive Ad Hoc Networks Using Multi-channel Medium Access Control2014Ingår i: IET Communications, ISSN 1751-8628, E-ISSN 1751-8636, Vol. 8, nr 7, s. 1083-1093Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the authors analyse the average end-to-end packet delay for a cognitive ad hoc network where multiple secondary nodes randomly contend for accessing the licensed bands of primary users in non-slotted time mode. Before accessing the licensed bands, each node must perform spectrum sensing and collaboratively exchange the sensing results with other nodes of the corresponding communication as a means of improving the accuracy of spectrum sensing. Furthermore, the medium access control with collision avoidance mechanism based distributed coordination function specified by IEEE802.11 is applied to coordinate spectrum access for this cognitive ad hoc network. To evaluate the system performance, the authors model the considered network as an open G/G/1 queuing network and utilise the method of diffusion approximation to analyse the end-to-end packet delay. The authors’ analysis takes into account not only the number of secondary nodes, the arrival rate of primary users and the arrival rate of secondary users but also the effect of the number of licensed bands when assessing the average end-to-end packet delay of the networks.

  • 14.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Dynamic Spectrum Access for Cognitive Radio Networks with Prioritized Traffics2014Ingår i: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 18, nr 7, s. 1218-1221Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop a dynamic spectrum access (DSA) strategy for cognitive radio networks where prioritized traffic is considered. Assume that there are three classes of traffic, one traffic class of the primary user and two traffic classes of the secondary users, namely, Class 1 and Class 2. The traffic of the primary user has the highest priority, i.e., the primary users can access the spectrum at any time with the largest bandwidth demand. Furthermore, Class 1 has higher access and handoff priority as well as larger bandwidth demand as compared to Class 2. To evaluate the performance of the proposed DSA, we model the state transitions for DSA as a multi-dimensional Markov chain with three-state variables which present the number of packets in the system of the primary users, the secondary Class 1, and secondary Class 2. In particular, the blocking probability and dropping probability of the two secondary traffic classes are assessed.

  • 15.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Hybrid Interweave-Underlay Spectrum Access for Cognitive Cooperative Radio Networks2014Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Communications, ISSN 0090-6778, E-ISSN 1558-0857, Vol. 62, nr 7, s. 2183-2197Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study a hybrid interweave-underlay spectrum access system that integrates amplify-and-forward relaying. In hybrid spectrum access, the secondary users flexibly switch between interweave and underlay schemes based on the state of the primary users. A continuous-time Markov chain is proposed to model and analyze the spectrum access mechanism of this hybrid cognitive cooperative radio network (CCRN). Utilizing the proposed Markov model, steady-state probabilities of spectrum access for the hybrid CCRN are derived. Furthermore, we assess performance in terms of outage probability, symbol error rate (SER), and outage capacity of this CCRN for Nakagami-m fading with integer values of fading severity parameter m. Numerical results are provided showing the effect of network parameters on the secondary network performance such as the primary arrival rate, the distances from the secondary transmitters to the primary receiver, the interference power threshold of the primary receiver in underlay mode, and the average transmit signal-to-noise ratio of the secondary network in interweave mode. To show the performance improvement of the CCRN, comparisons for outage probability, SER, and capacity between the conventional underlay scheme and the hybrid scheme are presented. The numerical results show that the hybrid approach outperforms the conventional underlay spectrum access.

  • 16.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    MIMO Incremental AF Relay Networks with TAS/MRC and Adaptive Modulation2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the use of adaptive modulation (AM) for a dual-hop multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network with transmit antenna selection (TAS) at the transmitter and maximal ratio combining (MRC) at the receiver. Our system deploys incremental amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying with AM to forward the source signal. A switching policy for selecting between the relaying and the direct communications is utilized to maximize spectrum efficiency. In particular, we derive expressions for the outage probability, spectrum efficiency, and bit error rate (BER) for the considered system over Nakagamim fading. The considered network not only takes advantage of TAS transmission such as achieving full diversity order with low transmit complexity but also inherits the beneficial feature of AM such as spectrum efficiency improvement.

  • 17.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    On the Performance of Underlay Cognitive Radio Networks Using M/G/1/K Queuing Model2013Ingår i: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. 876-879Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by a realistic scenario for cognitive radio systems, we model the underlay cognitive radio network (CRN) under interference power constraint imposed by the primary network as an M/G/1/K queueing system. The respective embedded Markov chain is provided to analyze several key queueing performance measures. In particular, the equilibrium probabilities of all states are derived and utilized to evaluate throughput, blocking probability, mean packet transmission time, mean number of packets in the system, and mean waiting time of an underlay CRN with Nakagami-m fading channels.

  • 18.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Opportunistic Spectrum Access for Cognitive Amplify-and-Forward Relay Networks2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the performance of cognitive amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks where the secondary users opportunistically access M licensed bands of the primary users over Nakagami-m fading channels. In order to enhance the accuracy of spectrum sensing and strongly protect the primary users from being interfered by the secondary transmission, collaborative spectrum sensing is deployed among the secondary transmitter, secondary relay, and secondary receiver. In particular, an analytical expression for the capacity of the considered network is derived. Numerical results are provided to show the influence of the arrival rate of the primary users on the channel utilization of licensed bands. Finally, the impact of the number of the licensed bands, channel utilization of the primary users, false alarm probability, and transmission distances on the capacity of the considered system are investigated.

  • 19.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Performance analysis of MIMO cognitive amplify-and-forward relay networks with orthogonal space–time block codes2015Ingår i: Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing, ISSN 1530-8669, E-ISSN 1530-8677, Vol. 15, s. 1659-1679Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the performance of multiple-input multiple-output cognitive amplify-and-forward relay networks using orthogonal space–time block coding over independent Nakagami-m fading. It is assumed that both the direct transmission and the relaying transmission from the secondary transmitter to the secondary receiver are applicable. In order to process the received signals from these links, selection combining is adopted at the secondary receiver. To evaluate the system performance, an expression for the outage probability valid for an arbitrary number of transceiver antennas is presented. We also derive a tight approximation for the symbol error rate to quantify the error probability. In addition, the asymptotic performance in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime is investigated to render insights into the diversity behavior of the considered networks. To reveal the effect of network parameters on the system performance in terms of outage probability and symbol error rate, selected numerical results are presented. In particular, these results show that the performance of the system is enhanced when increasing the number of antennas at the transceivers of the secondary network. However, increasing the number of antennas at the primary receiver leads to a degradation in the secondary system performance.

  • 20.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier. Blekinge Inst Technol, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden..
    Capacity Analysis of Two-Tier Networks with MIMO Cognitive Small Cells in Nagakami-m Fading2017Ingår i: 2017 IEEE 13TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMPUTING, NETWORKING AND COMMUNICATIONS (WIMOB), IEEE , 2017, s. 457-463Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider a two-tier cellular network consisting of a primary macro cell base station (PMBS) which is overlaid by cognitive small cell base stations (CSBSs) to achieve efficient spectrum utilization. The deployment of two-tier cellular networks can provide higher capacity for the system but also causes cross-tier, intra-tier, and inter-tier interference within the cellular networks. Thus, we employ transmit and receive beamforming in the considered two-tier cellular network to mitigate interference. We first design the receive beamforming vector for a primary user (PU) such that it cancels all inter-tier interference from other PUs. Then, the transmit beamforming vectors at the secondary users (SUs) are designed to null out the cross-tier interference to the PUs. Further, the receive beamforming vectors at the SUs are designed to mitigate the crosstier interference from the PUs to the SUs. Finally, the transmit beamforming vector at the PMBS is designed to maximize the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio at the PUs. To quantify the performance of the system, we derive an expression for the channel capacity in the downlink from the CSBSs to the SUs. Numerical results are provided to reveal the effect of network parameters such as intra-tier interference distances, fading conditions, and number of antennas on the channel capacity of the SUs.

  • 21.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Downlink outage analysis for cognitive cooperative radio networks employing non-orthogonal multiple access2018Ingår i: 2018 IEEE 7th International Conference on Communications and Electronics, ICCE 2018, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018, s. 27-32Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we employ power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) to simultaneously transmit signals to both a primary user (PU) and a secondary user (SU) of a cognitive cooperative radio network (CCRN). Higher priority is given to the PU over the SU by keeping the power allocation coefficients at the base station (BS) and relay (R) above a certain threshold. In this way, similar as the interference power limit imposed by the PU in a conventional underlay CCRN, the power allocation coefficients at the BS and R of the CCRN can be controlled to maintain a given outage performance. Analytical expressions of the cumulative distribution function of the end-to-end signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratios at the PU and SU are derived and then used to assess the outage probabilities of both users. Numerical results are presented to study the impact of system parameters on outage performance of the CCRN with power-domain NOMA. In addition, it is illustrated that increased downlink performance can be obtained by combining power-domain NOMA with CCRNs. © 2018 IEEE.

  • 22.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Non-orthogonal multiple access for DF cognitive cooperative radio networks2018Ingår i: IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018, s. 1-6Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study a power domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) scheme for cognitive cooperative radio networks (CCRNs). In the proposed scheme, a secondary transmitter communicates with two secondary users (SUs) by allocating transmit powers inversely proportional to the channel power gains on the links to the respective SUs. A decode-and-forward (DF) secondary relay is deployed which decodes the superimposed signals associated with the two SUs. Then, power domain NOMA is used to forward the signals from the relay to the two SUs based on the channel power gains on the corresponding two links. Mathematical expressions for the outage probability and ergodic capacity of each SU and the overall power domain NOMA CCRN are derived. Numerical results are provided to reveal the impact of the power allocation coefficients at the secondary transmitter and secondary relay, the interference power threshold at the primary receiver, and the normalized distances of the SUs on the outage probability and ergodic capacity of each SU and the whole NOMA system. © 2018 IEEE.

  • 23.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    On Secrecy Capacity of Full-Duplex Cognitive Cooperative Radio Networks2017Ingår i: 2017 IEEE GLOBECOM WORKSHOPS (GC WKSHPS), IEEE , 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the secrecy capacity of a full-duplex underlay cognitive cooperative radio network (CCRN) in the presence of an eavesdropper and under the interference power constraint of a primary network. The full-duplex mode is used at the secondary relay to improve the spectrum efficiency which in turn leads to an improvement of the secrecy capacity of the full-duplex CCRN. We utilize an approximation-and-fitting method to convert the complicated expression of the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio into polynomial form which is then utilized to derive an expression for the secrecy capacity. Numerical results are provided to illustrate the effect of network parameters such as transmit power, interference power limit, self-interference parameters of the full-duplex mode, and distances among links on the secrecy capacity. To reveal the benefits of the full-duplex CCRN, we compare the secrecy capacity obtained when the secondary relay operates in full-duplex and half-duplex mode.

  • 24.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Optimal Power Allocation for Hybrid Cognitive Cooperative Radio Networks with Imperfect Spectrum Sensing2018Ingår i: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 6, s. 10365-10380Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, two optimal power allocation strategies for hybrid interweave-underlay cognitive cooperative radio networks (CCRNs) are proposed to maximize channel capacity and minimize outage probability. The proposed power allocation strategies are derived for the case of Rayleigh fading taking into account the impact of imperfect spectrum sensing on the performance of the hybrid CCRN. Based on the optimal power allocation strategies, the transmit powers of the secondary transmitter and secondary relay are adapted according to the fading conditions, the interference power constraint imposed by the primary network (PN), the interference from the PN to the hybrid CCRN, and the total transmit power limit of the hybrid CCRN. Numerical results are provided to illustrate the effect of the interference power constraint of the PN, arrival rate of the PN, imperfect spectrum sensing, and the transmit power constraint of the hybrid CCRN on channel capacity and outage probability. Finally, comparisons of the channel capacity and outage probability of underlay, overlay, and hybrid interweaveunderlay CCRNs are presented to show the advantages of the hybrid spectrum access. OAPA

  • 25.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier. Blekinge Inst Technol, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden..
    Outage Probability and Secrecy Capacity of a Non-orthogonal Multiple Access System2017Ingår i: 11th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems, ICSPCS, 2017 / [ed] Wysocki, TA Wysocki, BJ, IEEE , 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the outage probability and secrecy capacity of a non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) system in the presence of an eavesdropper. In order to enhance spectral efficiency, a base station communicates with two users simultaneously in the same frequency band by superpimposing the transmit signals to the users in the power domain. Specifically, the user with the worse channel conditions is allocated higher power such that it is able to directly decode its signal from the received superimposed signal. At the user with the better channel conditions, the interference due to NOMA is processed by successive interference cancelation. Given these system settings and accounting for decoding thresholds, we analyze the outage probability of the NOMA system over Rayleigh fading channels. Furthermore, based on the locations of the users and eavesdropper, the secrecy capacity is analyzed to assess the level of security provided to the legitimate users in the presence of an eavesdropper. Here, the decoding thresholds of legitimate users and eavesdropper are also included in the analysis of the secrecy capacity. Through numerical results, the effects of network parameters on system performance are assessed as well as the the superiority of NOMA in terms of secrecy capacity over traditional orthogonal multiple access.

  • 26.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier. Blekinge Inst Technol, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden..
    Outage Probability of a Hybrid AF-DF Protocol for Two-Way Underlay Cognitive Cooperative Radio Networks2017Ingår i: 11th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems, ICSPCS 2017 / [ed] Wysocki, TA Wysocki, BJ, IEEE , 2017, s. 1-6Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study a hybrid amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF) scheme for two-way cognitive cooperative radio networks (CCRNs). The proposed scheme applies the AF scheme when the signal-to-interferenceplus-noise ratio (SINR) at the relay is below a predefined threshold such that the relay cannot successfully decode the signal. On the other hand, when the SINR at the relay is greater than the predefined threshold, it decodes the signal and then forwards it to the destination, i.e. avoids noise and interference amplification at the relay. An analytical expression of the outage probability of the hybrid AF-DF two-way CCRN is derived based on the probability density function and cumulative distribution function of the SINR in AF and DF mode. Numerical results are provided to illustrate the influence of network parameters such as transmit power, interference power constraint of the primary network, fading conditions, and link distances on the outage probability. Finally, the numerical results show that the hybrid strategy is able to improve system performance significantly compared to conventional AF or DF relaying.

  • 27.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Performance of a Non-orthogonal Multiple Access System with Full-Duplex Relaying2018Ingår i: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 22, nr 10, s. 2084-2087Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study a power-domain nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) system in which a base station (BS) superimposes the transmit signals to the users. To enhance spectral efficiency and link reliability for the far-distance user, a full-duplex (FD) relay assists the BS while the neardistance user is reached over the direct link. For this setting, we analyze outage probability and sum rate of the NOMA system over Nakagami-m fading with integer fading severity parameter m. Numerical results are provided for outage probability and sum rate to show the effect of system parameters on the performance of the FD NOMA system over Nakagami-m fading. IEEE

  • 28.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Performance Optimization for Hybrid Two-Way Cognitive Cooperative Radio Networks with Imperfect Spectrum Sensing2018Ingår i: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 6, s. 70582-70596Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider a two-way cognitive cooperative radio network (TW-CCRN) with hybrid interweaveunderlay spectrum access in the presence of imperfect spectrum sensing. Power allocation strategies are proposed that maximize the sum-rate and minimize the outage probability of the hybrid TW-CCRN. Specifically, based on the state of the primary network (PN), fading conditions, and system parameters, suitable power allocation strategies subject to the interference power constraint of the PN are derived for each transmission scenario of the hybrid TW-CCRN. Given the proposed power allocation strategies, we analyze the sum-rate and outage probability of the hybrid TW-CCRN over Rayleigh fading taking imperfect spectrum sensing into account. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the effect of the arrival rate, interference power threshold, transmit power of the PN, imperfect spectrum sensing, and maximum total transmit power on the sum-rate and outage probability of the hybrid TW-CCRN. OAPA

  • 29.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Symbol error rate and achievable rate of cognitive cooperative radio networks utilizing non-orthogonal multiple access2018Ingår i: 2018 IEEE 7th International Conference on Communications and Electronics, ICCE 2018, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018, Vol. Code 141951, s. 33-38Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the employment of power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) concepts for a cooperative cognitive relay network (CCRN) downlink system in order to allow a base station (BS) to simultaneously transmit signals to a primary user (PU) and a secondary user (SU). As such, the considered system falls into the field of cognitive radio inspired power-domain NOMA. In this scheme, the interference power constraint of the PU imposed to SUs in conventional underlay CCRNs is replaced by controlling the power allocation coefficients at the BS and relay. Specifically, expressions for the symbol error rates at the PU and SU for different modulation schemes as well as expressions for the achievable rates are derived. On this basis, the effect of system parameters such as total transmit power and power allocation coefficients on the performance of the CCRN with power-domain NOMA is numerically studied. These numerical results provide insights into selecting favorable operation modes of the CCRN employing power-domain NOMA. © 2018 IEEE.

  • 30.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Phan, H.
    Duy Tan University, VNM.
    MAC Protocol for Opportunistic Spectrum Access in Multi-Channel Cognitive Relay Networks2017Ingår i: IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we propose a medium access control (MAC) protocol for multi-channel cognitive cooperative radio networks (CCRNs). In this protocol, each secondary user (SU) senses for spectrum opportunities within M licensed bands of the primary users (PUs). To enhance the accuracy of spectrum sensing, we employ cooperative sequential spectrum sensing where SUs mutually exchange their sensing results. Moreover, the information obtained from cooperative spectrum sensing at the physical layer is integrated into the channel negotiation process at the MAC layer to alleviate the hidden terminal problem. Finally, the performance of the proposed MAC protocol in terms of aggregate throughput of the CCRNs is analyzed. Numerical results are provided to assess the impact of channel utilization by PUs, number of contenting CCRNs, number of licensed bands, and false alarm probability of SUs on the aggregate throughput. © 2017 IEEE.

  • 31.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Channel Reservation for Dynamic Spectrum Access of Cognitive Radio Networks with Prioritized Traffic2015Ingår i: 2015 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATION WORKSHOP, IEEE Communications Society, 2015, s. 883-888Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we propose a strategy to coordinate the dynamic spectrum access (DSA) of different types of traffic. It is assumed that the DSA assigns spectrum bands to three kinds of prioritized traffic, the traffic of the primary network, the Class 1 traffic and Class 2 traffic of the secondary network. Possessing the licensed spectrum, the primary traffic has the highest access priority and can access the spectrum bands at anytime. The secondary Class 1 traffic has higher priority compared to secondary Class 2 traffic. In this system, a channel reservation scheme is deployed to control spectrum access of the traffic. Specifically, the optimal number of reservation channels is applied to minimize the forced termination probability of the secondary traffic while satisfying a predefined blocking probability of the primary network. To investigate the system performance, we model state transitions of the DSA as a multi-dimensional Markov chain with three-state variables representing the number of primary, Class 1, and Class 2 packets in the system. Based on this chain, important performance measures, i.e., blocking probability and forced termination probability are derived for the Class 1 and Class 2 secondary traffic.

  • 32.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Sundstedt, Veronica
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Analysis of Variance of Opinion Scores for MPEG-4 Scalable and Advanced Video Coding2018Ingår i: 2018 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGNAL PROCESSING AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (ICSPCS) / [ed] Wysocki, TA Wysocki, BJ, IEEE , 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we conduct an analysis of variance (ANOVA) on opinion scores for MPEG-4 scalable video coding (SVC) and advanced video coding (AVC) standards. This work resorts on a publicly available database providing opinion scores from subjective experiments for several scenarios such as different bit rates and resolutions. In particular, ANOVA is used for statistical hypothesis testing to compare two or more sets of opinion scores instead of being constrained to pairs of sets of opinion scores as would be the case for t-tests. As the ANOVA tests of the different scenarios are performed for mean opinion scores (MOS), box plots are also provided in order to assess the distribution of the opinion scores around the median. It is shown that the opinion scores given to the reference videos in SVC and AVC for different resolutions are statistically significantly similar regardless of the content. Further, for the opinion scores of the considered database, the ANOVA tests support the hypothesis that AVC generally outperforms SVC although the performance difference may be less pronounced for higher bit rates. This work also shows that additional insights on the results of subjective experiments can be obtained by extending the analysis of opinion scores beyond MOS to ANOVA tests and box plots.

  • 33.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Univ Reading, GBR.
    Hybrid spectrum access with relay assisting both primary and secondary networks under imperfect spectrum sensing2016Ingår i: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, ISSN 1687-1472, E-ISSN 1687-1499, artikel-id 244Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a novel hybrid interweave-underlay spectrum access for a cognitive amplify-and-forward relay network where the relay forwards the signals of both the primary and secondary networks. In particular, the secondary network (SN) opportunistically operates in interweave spectrum access mode when the primary network (PN) is sensed to be inactive and switches to underlay spectrum access mode if the SN detects that the PN is active. A continuous-time Markov chain approach is utilized to model the state transitions of the system. This enables us to obtain the probability of each state in the Markov chain. Based on these probabilities and taking into account the impact of imperfect spectrum sensing of the SN, the probability of each operation mode of the hybrid scheme is obtained. To assess the performance of the PN and SN, we derive analytical expressions for the outage probability, outage capacity, and symbol error rate over Nakagami-m fading channels. Furthermore, we present comparisons between the performance of underlay cognitive cooperative radio networks (CCRNs) and the performance of the considered hybrid interweave-underlay CCRN in order to reveal the advantages of the proposed hybrid spectrum access scheme. Eventually, with the assistance of the secondary relay, performance improvements for the PN are illustrated by means of selected numerical results.

  • 34.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Duy Tan Univ, VNM.
    Optimal Secrecy Capacity of Underlay Cognitive Radio Networks with Multiple Relays2016Ingår i: MILCOM 2016 - 2016 IEEE MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE, 2016, s. 162-167Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the secrecy capacity of an underlay cooperative cognitive radio network (CCRN) where multiple relays are deployed to assist the secondary transmission. An optimal power allocation algorithm is proposed for the secondary transmitter and secondary relays to obtain the maximum secrecy capacity while satisfy the interference power constraint at the primary receiver and the transmit power budget of the CCRN. Since the optimization problem for the secrecy capacity is non-convex, we utilize an approximation and fitting method to convert the optimization problem into a geometric programming problem which then is solved by applying the Logarithmic barrier function. Numerical results are provided to study the effect of network parameters on the secrecy capacity. Through the numerical results, the advantage of the proposed power allocation algorithm compared to equal power allocation can also be observed.

  • 35.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Phan, Hoc
    Performance Evaluation of Cognitive Multi-Relay Networks with Multi-Receiver Scheduling2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the performance of cognitive multiple decode-and-forward relay networks under the interference power constraint of the primary receiver wherein the cognitive downlink channel is shared among multiple secondary relays and secondary receivers. In particular, only one relay and one secondary receiver which offers the highest instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio is scheduled to transmit signals. Accordingly, only one transmission route that offers the best end-to-end quality is selected for communication at a particular time instant. To quantify the system performance, we derive expressions for outage probability and symbol error rate over Nakagami-m fading with integer values of fading severity parameter m. Finally, numerical examples are provided to illustrate the effect of system parameters such as fading conditions, the number of secondary relays and secondary receivers on the secondary system performance.

  • 36.
    Gharari, Farnaz
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Performance Analysis of a Piecewise-and-Forward Relay Network on Rayleigh Fading Channels2015Ingår i: 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGNAL PROCESSING AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (ICSPCS), IEEE Communications Society, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyse the performance of a cooperative communication network with multiple piecewise-and-forward (PF) relays on Rayleigh fading channels taking the random nature of the channel variations into account. In particular, the probability density function (PDF) of the received signals at the destination of the considered multiple PF relay network is derived for the case of Rayleigh fading. The PDF is then used to support the maximum likelihood detection at the destination. Simulation results are provide to compare the bit error rate (BER) performance of the PF protocol in a multiple relay network with the performance of the amplify-and-forward (AF), decode-and-forward (DF), and estimate-and-forward (EF) protocols on Rayleigh fading as well as additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels. The results indicate that the PF protocol outperforms the EF protocol in the low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regime while it is slightly inferior to the EF protocol for high SNR. This behavior is more pronounced over Rayleigh fading compared to AWGN.

  • 37.
    Kodide, Alekhya
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Outage probability of multiple relay networks over kappa-mu Shadowed fading2016Ingår i: 2016, 10th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems, ICSPCS 2016 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the outage probability of an opportunistic multiple relay communication system over κ-μ shadowed fading channels for both amplify-and-forward and decode-and-forward relaying protocols. We first provide an exact analysis of the impact of κ-μ shadowed fading on the outage probability of the system. To simplify the obtained analytical expression of the outage probability, we further approximate the κ-μ, shadowed fading channel by a Nakagami-m fading model. In order to illustrate the suitability of the approximation, numerical results are provided revealing that the exact outage probability using κ-μ, shadowed fading and the results obtained by approximating the fading by the Nakagami-m fading model match well as long as the parameters of the shadowed fading translate to integer values of the fading severity parameter m. Further, Monte-Carlo simulations have been conducted to validate the derived analytical expressions of the outage probability. Finally, the effect of network parameters such as the average transmit power at the source and the relay, the impact of the number of relays, the influence of the transmission distances and the fading parameters on the outage probability of the considered system is also illustrated through numerical examples. © 2016 IEEE.

  • 38.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jurgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Arlos, Patrik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Packet Loss Priority of Cognitive Radio Networks with Partial Buffer Sharing2015Ingår i: 2015 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATIONS (ICC), IEEE Computer Society, 2015, s. 7646-7652Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider the application of partial buffer sharing to an M/G/1/K queueing system for cognitive radio networks (CRNs). It is assumed that the CRN is subject to Nakagami-m. fading. Secondary users are allowed to utilize the licensed radio spectrum of the primary users through underlay spectrum access. A finite buffer at the secondary transmitter is partitioned into two regions, the first region serves both classes of packets while the second region serves only packets of the highest priority class. Therefore, the examined CRN can be modeled as an M/G/1/K queueing system using partial buffer sharing. An embedded Markov chain is applied to analyze the queueing behavior of the system. Utilizing the balance equations and the normalized equation, the equilibrium state distribution of the system at an arbitrary time instant can be found. This outcome is utilized to investigate the impact of queue length, arrival rates, and fading parameters on queueing performance measures such as blocking probability, throughput, mean packet transmission time, channel utilization, mean number of packets in the system, and mean packet waiting time for each class of packets.

  • 39.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Arlos, Patrik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Delay and Throughput Analysis for Opportunistic Decode-and-Forward Relay Networks2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we develop a queueing analysis for opportunistic decode-and-forward (DF) relay networks. It is assumed that the networks undergo Nakagami-m fading and that the external arrival process follows a Poisson distribution. By selecting the best relay according to the opportunistic relaying scheme, the source first transmits its signal to the best relay which then attempts to decode the reception and forwards the output to the destination. It is assumed that each relay operates in full-duplex mode, i.e., it can receive and transmit signals simultaneously. The communication process throughout the network can be modeled as a queueing network which is structured from sub-systems of M/G/1 and G/G/1 queueing stations. We invoke the approximate analysis, so-called method of decomposition, to analyze the performance behavior of the considered relay network. The whole queueing network is broken into separate queues which are then investigated individually. Based on this approach, the end-to-end packet transmission time and throughput of the considered relay network are quantified in comparison with the networks with partial relay selection (PRS).

  • 40.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Ngo, Hien Quoc
    Performance of Cognitive Radio Networks with Finite Buffer Using Multiple Vacations and Exhaustive Service2014Ingår i: 2014 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGNAL PROCESSING AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (ICSPCS), Gold Coast, Australia: IEEE , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the performance of a cognitive radio network where the secondary transmitter, besides its own transmission, occasionally relays the primary signal. It is assumed that the secondary transmitter employs the exhaustive service mode to transmit the secondary signal and multiple vacations to relay the primary signal. When assisting the primary transmitter, we assume that the secondary transmitter utilizes the decode-and-forward protocol to process the primary signal and forwards it to the primary receiver. Furthermore, the secondary transmitter has a finite buffer, the arriving packets of the secondary network are modeled as a Poisson process, and all channels are subject to Nakagami-m fading. Modeling the system as an M/G/1/K queueing system with exhaustive service and multiple vacations, using an embedded Markov chain approach to analyze the system, we obtain several key queueing performance indicators, i.e., the channel utilization, blocking probability, mean number of packets, and mean serving time of a packet in the system. The derived formulas are then utilized to evaluate the performance of the considered system.

  • 41. Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zheng, Fu-Chun
    Amplify-and-forward relay networks with underlay spectrum access over frequency selective fading channels2015Ingår i: IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference Proceedings, IEEE Communications Society, 2015, Vol. 2015-July, s. Article number 7145676-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the system performance in terms of outage probability and symbol error rate of cognitive relay networks with underlay spectrum access over Nakagami-m frequency selective fading channels. Underlay spectrum access is deployed at the secondary transmitters, i.e., the secondary source and relay, as a means of providing high spectrum utilization efficiency. It is assumed that the whole system operates in frequency selective fading channels which commonly occur in broadband communication networks. In addition, direct communication from the secondary source to destination is present together with relay communication such that the selection combining is applied at the destination. That is, either the direct or relay channel is selected for communication depending on which one provides the best signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Analytical expressions for crucial performance measures such as outage probability and symbol error rate are formulated. Based on these analytical outcomes, respective system performance is investigated through numerical results for various system parameters and scenarios. © 2015 IEEE.

  • 42.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Tran, Hung
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Cognitive amplify-and-forward relay networks with beamforming under primary user power constraint over Nakagami-m fading channels2015Ingår i: Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing, ISSN 1530-8669, E-ISSN 1530-8677, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 56-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the performance of cognitive amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks with beamforming under the peak interference power constraint of the primary user (PU). We focus on the scenario that beamforming is applied at the multi-antenna secondary transmitter and receiver. Also, the secondary relay network operates in channel state information assisted AF mode, and the signals undergo independent Nakagami-m fading. In particular, closed-form expressions for the outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of the considered network over Nakagami-m fading are presented. More importantly, asymptotic closed-form expressions for the outage probability and SER are derived. These tractable closed-form expressions for the network performance readily enable us to evaluate and examine the impact of network parameters on the system performance. Specifically, the impact of the number of antennas, the fading severity parameters, the channel mean powers, and the peak interference power is addressed. The asymptotic analysis manifests that the peak interference power constraint imposed on the secondary relay network has no effect on the diversity gain. However, the coding gain is affected by the fading parameters of the links from the primary receiver to the secondary relay network.

  • 43. Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Zheng, Fu-Chun
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kommunikationssystem.
    Physical-layer network coding with multi-antenna transceivers in interference limited environments2016Ingår i: IET Communications, ISSN 1751-8628, E-ISSN 1751-8636, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 363-371Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the authors first analyse system performance of beamforming amplify-and-forward two-way relay networks with physical-layer network coding under the impact of co-channel interference from multiple surrounding terminals and then propose the associated power allocation strategies. The performance of the two-way communications in terms of outage probability, symbol error rate (SER), and total ergodic channel capacity of the system is quantified. Asymptotic performance analysis for sufficiently high signal-to-noise ratio is also provided to obtain further valuable insights into system designs. Based on the analysis, power allocation strategies to minimise the asymptotic outage probability and SER as well as to maximise the ergodic channel capacity under the total power constraint are developed. The numerical results show that the proposed power allocation approaches outperform equal power allocation given the same total power budget and other system parameters. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology.

  • 44.
    Poreddy, Mahathi
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier. Blekinge Inst Technol, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden..
    On Outage Probability of Cooperative Cognitive Radio Networks Over k-mu Shadowed Fading2017Ingår i: 2017 IEEE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING CONFERENCE (WCNC), IEEE , 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the outage probability of a multiple relay cooperative cognitive radio network over kappa-mu shadowed fading channels where the relays use the decode and-forward (DF) protocol. The probability density function and cumulative distribution function of the total signal-to-noise ratio at the secondary receiver is derived for the case of selection combining. In particular, approximating the channels by Nakagami-m fading results in an analytical expression for the outage probability that can be expressed in terms of well- known functions. This approximation provides a good match when the parameters of the kappa-mu shadowed fading channels translate to integer values of fading severity parameter m. Numerical results are provided to illustrate the impact of system parameters on the outage probability for kappa-mu shadowed fading channels.

  • 45.
    Tran, Dang Ninh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    On Moderately Significant Bit Data Hiding Techniques for High-Definition Images2018Ingår i: International Conference on Advanced Technologies for Communications, IEEE Computer Society , 2018, s. 47-52Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study moderately significant bit data hiding techniques for high-definition (HD) images. In contrast to least significant bit data hiding, we explore the potential of HD images to engage higher order bits for increasing the capacity of hiding secret images. In particular, the number of secret images embedded in moderately significant bits of a given cover image is successively increased to study the impact of this data hiding approach on image fidelity and image quality in the context of HD images. A comprehensive performance assessment is conducted on the stego-image carrying the secret images in terms of peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity (SSIM) index. It is shown that HD images indeed offer the potential of hiding several images within certain image fidelity and objective perceptual image quality constraints of the resulting stego-HD images. © 2018 IEEE.

  • 46.
    Tran, Dang Ninh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    On the Positioning of Moderately Significant Bit Data Hiding in High-Definition Images2018Ingår i: 2018 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGNAL PROCESSING AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (ICSPCS) / [ed] Wysocki, TA Wysocki, BJ, IEEE , 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile services have seen a shift from voice services toward visual stimuli-based services ranging from mobile imaging over mobile gaming to upcoming mobile extended reality applications. In this paper, given the increased resolutions of the related mobile multimedia formats, we propose and examine positioning strategies for light-weight data hiding of secret images in moderately significant bits of high-definition (HD) cover images. Apart from linear and random positioning, visual attention mechanisms of the human visual system are addressed by separately utilizing either the background or center of the HD cover image for data hiding. A performance assessment of these positioning strategies is conducted in terms of the peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), structural similarity (SSIM) index, and visual information fidelity (VIF). It is shown that HD cover images indeed can carry more than a single secret image until noticeable quality loss is observed. Further, it is revealed that linear positioning of secret images in the whole, background, or center of HD cover images outperforms random positioning. As for the utilized performance metrics, it has been observed that PSNR cannot differentiate among the positioning strategies as it measures pixel-by-pixel differences and hence removes the impact of the position of the hidden data. As for the two quality metrics, compared to the SSIM index, VIF is found to stronger differentiate among the performance of the considered positioning strategies.

  • 47.
    Zepernick, Hans-Juergen
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för datavetenskaper, Institutionen för kreativa teknologier.
    Descriptive Statistical Analysis of Subjective Experiments in Mobile Imaging2017Ingår i: 11th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems, ICSPCS 2017 / [ed] Wysocki, TA Wysocki, BJ, IEEE , 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we provide a descriptive statistical analysis of subjective experiments in mobile imaging. Most of the statistical analyses of such experiments use condensed statistics such as mean opinion scores along with standard deviations. These statistics give only limited insights on the underlaying distribution of a data set. On the other hand, higher order statistics such as skewness and kurtosis provide additional information about a distribution but their qualitative interpretation is complicated. In order to alleviate these shortcomings, we advocate the use of box plots to efficiently visualize and compare distributions between different sets of image quality scores. Specifically, box plots serve the purposes of accounting for the diversity in image quality scores as well as supporting an intuitive qualitative interpretation of the results. It is shown by analysing two subjective experiments of the wireless imaging quality database that notched box plots are beneficial in quickly assessing the statistical significance among differences in such experiments. Further, box plots are used to identify those test material that received a wide diversity in image quality scores including outliers.

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