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  • 1.
    Ahlin, Lina
    et al.
    Lund Univ, SWE.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE.
    Human capital sorting: The "when" and "who" of the sorting of educated workers to urban regions2018Ingår i: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 58, nr 3, s. 581-610Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The sorting of high-ability workers is often advanced as one source of spatial disparities in economic outcomes. There are still few papers that analyze when human capital sorting occurs and whom it involves. Using data on 16 cohorts of university graduates in Sweden, we demonstrate significant sorting to urban regions on high school grades and education levels of parents, i.e., two attributes typically associated with latent abilities that are valued in the labor market. A large part of this sorting has already occurred in deciding where to study, because the top universities in Sweden are predominantly located in urban regions. The largest part of directed sorting on ability indicators occurs in the decision of where to study. Even after controlling for sorting prior to labor market entry, the best and brightest are still more likely to start working in urban regions. However, this effect appears to be driven by Sweden's main metropolitan region, Stockholm. We find no influence of our ability indicators on the probability of starting to work in urban regions after graduation when Stockholm is excluded. Studies of human capital sorting need to account for selection processes to and from universities, because neglecting mobility prior to labor market entry is likely to lead to an underestimation of the extent of the sorting to urban regions.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Lööf, Hans
    R&D strategies and Entrepreneurial Spawning2012Ingår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 41, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how different R&D strategies of incumbent firms affect the quantity and quality of their entrepreneurial spawning. By examining entrepreneurial ventures of ex-employees of firms with different R&D strategies three things emerge: First, firms with persistent R&D investments with a general superiority in sales, exports, productivity, profitability and wages are less likely to generate entrepreneurs than firm with temporary or no R&D investments. Second, start-ups from knowledge intensive business service (KIBS) firms with persistent R&D investments have a significantly increased probability of survival. No corresponding association between the R&D strategies of incumbents and survival of entrepreneurial spawns is found for incumbents in manufacturing sectors. Third, spin-outs from KIBS-firms are more likely to survive if they start in the same firm, indicating the importance of inherited related knowledge. The findings suggest that R&D intensive firms spur fewer entrepreneurs, but their entrepreneurial spawns tend to be of higher quality.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Import flows: extraregional linkages stimulating renewal of regional sectors?2013Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 45, nr 12, s. 2999-3017Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the role of regional import flows for renewal of regional industries. The hypothesis is that imports stimulate renewal of local industries by being vehicles for technology diffusion and means by which local firms can exploit advantages of global specialisation. We find robust and positive relationships between high-quality imports and renewal of regional exports, where the latter are measured by the introduction of novel export products of local firms. Connectedness to international markets via import networks appears to be a stimulus for the renewal of regional exports.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Introduction2017Ingår i: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2017, s. 1-27Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    Larsson, Johan
    Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    How Local are Spatial Density Externalities? Neighbourhood Effects in Agglomeration Economies2016Ingår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, nr 6, s. 1082-1095Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The geographic scale at which density externalities operate is analysed in this paper. Using geocoded high-resolution data, the analysis is focused on exogenously determined within-city squares (‘neighbourhoods’) of 1 km2. The analysis confirms a city-wide employment density–wage elasticity and an economically significant density–wage elasticity at the neighbourhood level that attenuate sharply with distance. Panel estimates over 20 years suggest a neighbourhood density–wage elasticity of about 3%, while the city-wide elasticity is about 1%. It is argued that the neighbourhood level is more prone to capture learning, e.g. through knowledge and information spillovers. This interpretation is supported by (1) significantly larger neighbourhood elasticities for university educated workers and (2) sharper attenuation with distance of the effect for such workers.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Larsson, Johan P
    The sources of the urban wage premium by worker skills: Spatial sorting or agglomeration economies?2014Ingår i: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 93, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the respective importance of spatial sorting and agglomeration economies in explaining the urban wage premium for workers with different sets of skills. Sorting is the main source of the wage premium. Agglomeration economies are in general small, but are larger for workers with skills associated with non-routine job tasks. They also appear to involve human capital accumulation, as evidenced by the change in the wage of workers moving away from denser regions. For workers with routine jobs, agglomeration economies are virtually non-existent. Our results provide further evidence of spatial density bringing about productivity advantages primarily in contexts when problem-solving and interaction with others are important.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Klepper, Steven
    Characteristics and performance of new firms and spinoffs in Sweden2013Ingår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 22, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the rate of formation, the characteristics, and the performance of different types of new firms in Sweden over a decade. Comparisons with Denmark, Brazil, and the United States suggest that the environment for new firm formation in Sweden is not markedly different than elsewhere. In line with previous studies, spin-offs of incumbents perform better than other types of new firms, particularly if their parent firm continues to operate. A novel finding is that the larger the size of their parent, the greater is the rate of employment growth of spin-offs. This contrasts sharply with findings for firms with a single owner.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Box 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.;JIBS, Dept Econ Finance & Stat, Ctr Entrepreneurship & Spatial Econ CEnSE, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Local entrepreneurship clusters in cities2016Ingår i: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 39-66Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that entrepreneurs are co-located within cities. One plausible source of such spatial clustering is local social interactions, where individuals' decisions to become entrepreneurs are influenced by entrepreneurial neighbors. Using geo-coded matched employer-employee data for Sweden, we find that sharing residential neighborhood with established entrepreneurs has a statistically significant and robust influence on the probability that an individual leaves employment for entrepreneurship. An otherwise average neighborhood with a 5% point higher entrepreneurial intensity, all else equal, produces between six and seven additional entrepreneurs per square kilometer, each year. Our estimates suggest a local feedback-effect in which the presence of established entrepreneurs in a neighborhood influences the emergence of new local entrepreneurs. Our analysis supports the conjecture that social interaction effects constitute a mechanism by which local entrepreneurship clusters in cities develop and persist over time.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    The economic microgeography of diversity and specialization externalities: firm-level evidence from Swedish cities2019Ingår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We employ finely geo-coded firm-level panel data to assess the long-standing question whether agglomeration economies derive from specialization (within-industry), diversity (between-industry) or overall density. Rather than treating the city as a single unit, we focus our analysis on how the inner industry structures of cities influence firm-level productivity. Our results illustrate the co-existence of several externalities that differ in their spatial distribution and attenuation within cities. First, we find robust positive effects of neighborhood-level specialization on TFP as well as a small effect of diversity at the same fine spatial level. These effects are highly localized and dissipate beyond the immediate within-city neighborhood level. Second, we also find that firms benefit from the overall density of the wider city. The results emphasize the relevance of “opening up” cities to study the workings of their inner organization and support the idea that location in a within-city industry cluster in a diversified and dense city boosts productivity. © 2019

  • 10.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Larsson, Johan
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Urban preferences, amenities and age: Exploring the spatial distribution of age in Stockholm from 1991 to 20112018Ingår i: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 367-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities exhibit a rich and complex heterogeneity in people and activities. This poses a sizable challenge for planners when planning new neighbourhoods or the reconstruction of old ones as well as when considering the allocation of supply of and demand for amenities, e.g. kindergartens or health facilities. However, individual preferences may also exhibit common denominators that may provide structure to this heterogeneity. One such denominator is age. In this paper we introduce the concept of neighbourhood age, defined as the mean age of people living in exogenously defined squares of 1km2 in a city. We use highly disaggregated geocoded data to map how the spatial distribution of neighbourhood age changes over a 20-year period from 1991 to 2011 in the city of Stockholm, Sweden. We then test the correlation between neighbourhood age and two categories of urban amenities: supply of local consumption amenities and distance to the city's central business district (CBD). The paper presents three main findings: First, neighbourhood age changes and polarizes significantly over the observed period, suggesting that different age groups are concentrating in different parts of the city. Second, there is a rejuvenation in the central parts of the city but also in more distant clusters of amenities. Third, over a long-term perspective, the results suggest that local clusters of consumption amenities outside the inner city may become increasingly attractive to younger people. Our conclusion is that neighbourhood age and age-related patterns over time provides a tool for planners to better understand the spatial distribution of age-related demand. © 2018 The Author(s). Regional Science Policy and Practice © 2018 RSAI

  • 11.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Lavesson, Niclas
    Lunds Universitet, Centre for Innovation Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), SWE.
    Niedomysl, Thomas
    Lunds Universitet, SWE.
    Rural to urban long-distance commuting in Sweden: Trends, characteristics and pathways2018Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 59, s. 67-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of ICT and the shift toward jobs with more flexibility in working hours and places of work sparked popular debates about potential for a ‘rural renaissance’. A key argument was that there are increasing possibilities to live in the countryside while being employed in large cities. This paper uses data spanning two decades to examine trends in and characteristics of employee–employer ties between rural and urban areas in Sweden. Our main results suggest that rural-to-urban long-distance commuting is rapidly increasing, but not as fast as commuting flows elsewhere. Compared to the rural population at large, rural residents working in large cities constitute a strongly selected group of workers who are well paid, have long educations, are young and also have advanced knowledge-intensive occupations. Only about 30 percent of those who become rural-to-urban long-distance commuters have moved from urban areas; the vast majority constitute those who already lived in rural areas before starting to commute to urban areas. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

  • 12.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Lööf, Hans
    Small business innovation: firm level evidence from Sweden2012Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 37, nr 5, s. 732-754Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines innovation among very small firms and provides new insights into both internal and external determinants of patenting. Applying a non-linear panel data approach to about 160,000 observations on manufacturing firms in Sweden for the period 2000-2006, the following facts emerge: (i) in contrast to larger firms, innovation in micro firms with 1-10 employees is not sensitive to variation in internal financial resources, (ii) skilled labour is even more important for innovation among micro firms compared to other firms, (iii) affiliation to a domestically owned multinational enterprise group increases the innovation capacity of small businesses, (iv) small firms' innovation is closely linked to participation in international trade and exports to the G7-countries, and (v) there is no statistically significant evidence that proximity to metropolitan areas, or presence in a specialized cluster, increases the innovativeness of the smallest firm

  • 13.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    Does spatial employment density spur inter-firm job switching?2013Ingår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, nr 1, s. 245-272Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-firm job switching of workers is a much cited but seldom measured source of the productivity advantages of spatial employment density. It has been advanced as a conduit for localized knowledge flows as well as labor market matching efficiency. Using a matched employer–employee dataset for Sweden, we estimate the influence spatial employment density has on the probability of inter-firm job switching of private sector workers. Our estimates suggest that a doubling of employment density per square kilometer increases the probability that a random worker switches employer by 0.2 % points. The same effect is substantially higher for more skilled workers. While the effect of a doubling of density is limited, the actual differences in density across the regions in our data amount to a factor over 40, rendering differences in density an important explanation for regional variations in rates of inter-firm job switching.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Ecole d'Economie de Paris, FRA.
    Hernando de Soto: recipient of the 2017 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research2017Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2017 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research is given to Hernando de Soto, president of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy (ILD) in Lima, Peru. Over the last 30 years, Hernando de Soto has been a world-leading intellectual engaged in academic and public policy discussions on global development. He has made substantial contributions to our understanding of the informal economy and of the importance of property rights to unleash entrepreneurship and alleviate poverty and underdevelopment. His contributions have led to a new and better understanding of the role played by institutions in supporting entrepreneurship, especially in the Third World. Hernando de Soto’s work has also had major influences on policy worldwide, both in terms of conceptual understanding and practical policy measures. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 15.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Weiss, Jan Frederic
    External Trade and Internal Geography: Local Export Spillovers by Industry Characteristics and Firm Size2012Ingår i: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 420-445Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Exporting firms in a region may reduce export entry costs for other local firms either through market or non-market interactions. This paper tests this proposition by analyzing whether the probability of exporting among Swedish firms is positively associated with the local presence of exporters in their region and industry. Our results support this conjecture, while also providing some support for such export spillovers being more important in contract-intensive industries and small firms. The results for different industries and size-classes of firms are also sensitive to whether we focus on firms' export status or restrict the sample to export starters.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Xiao, Jing
    Acquisitions of start-ups by incumbent businesses A market selection process of "high-quality" entrants?2016Ingår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 272-290Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze the frequency and nature by which new firms are acquired by established businesses. Acquisitions are often considered to reflect a technology transfer process and to also constitute one way in which a "symbiosis" between new technology-based firms (NTBFs) and established businesses is realized. Using a micro-level dataset for Sweden in which we follow new entrants up to 18 years after entry, we show that acquisitions of recent start-ups are rare and restricted to a small group of entrants with defining characteristics. Estimates from competing risks models show that acquired start-ups, in particular by multinational enterprises (MNEs), stand out from entrants that either remain independent or exit by being much more likely to be spin-offs operating in high-tech sectors, having strong technological competence, and having weak internal financial resources. Our overall findings support the argument that acquisitions primarily concern NTBFs in market contexts where entry costs are large, access to finance is important and incumbents have valuable complementary capabilities and resources. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 17.
    Ghani, Zartashia
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för hälsa.
    Jarl, Johan
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Sanmartin Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för hälsa.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för hälsa.
    The Cost Effectiveness of M-health Interventions for Older Adults: Protocol for a Systematic Review2018Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many studies reported effectiveness of mhealth interventions targeting middle aged and older adults to improve healthcare delivery process, efficacy and management of chronic diseases. However, the knowledge about their cost-effectiveness is important to implement mhealth interventions at large scale for proper allocation of scarce resources. This systematic review will summarize the results from identified studies for the cost effectiveness of mhealth interventions aimed for middle aged and older adults.

    Method: mhealth interventions aimed to improve healthcare delivery process, efficacy and delivering training will be included in this systematic review. A comprehensive electronic search strategy will be used to identify health economic evaluations, published since 2007, and indexed in Pubmed, Scopus and CINAHL. The search strategy will include terms (and synonyms) for the following mhealth devices: mobile phone, smartphone, mhealth. Middle aged and older adults will be used to identify all mhealth interventions introduced to middle aged and older adults. Terms such as economic evaluation, cost effectiveness, cost utility etc will be used to identify economic evaluations of all mhealth interventions.

    Discussion: This systematic review will report evidence on cost effectiveness of mhealth interventions targeting middle aged and older adults.

  • 18.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Andersson, MartinBlekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.Bjerke, LinaJönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Geographies of growth: Innovations, networks and collaborations2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Today we can observe an increasing spatial divide as some large urban regions and many more medium-sized and small regions face growing problems such as decreasing labour demand, increasing unemployment and an ageing population. In view of these trends, this book offers a better understanding of the general characteristics and specific drivers of the geographies of growth. It shows how these may vary in different spatial contexts, how hurdles and barriers to growth in different types of regions can be dealt with, how and to what extent resources in different areas can develop and how the potential of these resources to stimulate growth can be realized. This book presents a collection of chapters, divided into four main parts, that together deal with these issues. The expert contributions provide numerous different perspectives on a new regional divide as well as exploring the inter-regional accessibility to human capital and its effects on productivity on both sides of the border. The book also investigates the speed of convergence and the fact that, when incorporating structural change, it is often quicker at the regional level compared to both the country and industry level. Other topics covered include institutional foundations and their influence on local social acceptance of entrepreneurship, the role of global value chains on bilateral trade and the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation focusing on partner selection and location. Students, researchers and scholars will find this an important resource that fills numerous knowledge gaps and opens new avenues for research. It will also appeal to consultants, practitioners and planners at the international, regional and local level. © Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson and Lina Bjerke 2017. All rights reserved.

  • 19.
    Koster, Sierdjan
    et al.
    University of Groningen, NLD.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    When is your experience valuable?: Occupation-industry transitions and self-employment success2018Ingår i: Journal of evolutionary economics, ISSN 0936-9937, E-ISSN 1432-1386, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 265-286Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on employee spinoffs has, for a long time, stressed the importance of industry-specific skills and experiences in explaining the success of new firms. We argue that employees also develop skills that are associated with their occupation within an industry, and that success as an entrepreneur, therefore, is also contingent on the relation between the entrepreneurs’ previous occupation and the industry in which they operate as self-employed. Using matched employer-employee data, we develop a measure, occupational spin-offs, that accounts for this relation. An occupational spin-off is defined as a start-up in the most common industry, given the previous occupation of the founder. We then show that entrepreneurs starting occupational spinoffs enjoy above average income from self-employment and have longer spells as business owners. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 20.
    Lindholm-Dahlstrand, Åsa
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland.
    Entrepreneurial experimentation: a key function in systems of innovation2019Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 53, nr 3, s. 591-610Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on innovation systems focuses on the supply side (the creation of technology) rather than on how innovations are converted into economic activity and growth via the market (the demand side, and the interface between supply and demand). One implication of this is that there is a dearth of research on the links between innovation systems and economic growth. The purpose of this paper is to begin to fill this gap in the literature. We articulate the function of entrepreneurial experimentation as an essential mechanism for translating new knowledge into economic activity and growth created in innovation systems. We argue that entrepreneurial experimentation comprises both “technical” and “market” experimentation. Spinoffs and acquisitions are proposed as micro-mechanisms that give rise to system-wide entrepreneurial experimentation. Our framework suggests that entrepreneurial experimentation is central in driving both the supply- and the demand-side dynamics of innovation systems, hence linking both innovation systems and entrepreneurship to economic growth. © 2018 The Author(s)

  • 21.
    Minniti, Maria
    et al.
    Martin J. Whitman School of Management, USA.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, SWE.
    Delmar, Frederic
    EMLYON Business School, FRA.
    Rickne, Annika
    Linköping University, SWE.
    Thorburn, Karin
    Wharton School at University of Pennsylvania, USA.
    Wennberg, Karl
    Linköping University, SWE.
    Stenkula, Mikael
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), SWE.
    Boyan Jovanovic: recipient of the 2019 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research2019Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 53, nr 3, s. 547-553Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2019 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research has been awarded to Professor Boyan Jovanovic at New York University in the USA. Boyan Jovanovic has developed pioneering research that advances our understanding of the competitive dynamics between incumbent firms and new entrants, entrepreneurial learning and selection processes, and the importance of entrepreneurship for the economy. Key perspectives in his research are that the entrepreneur makes employment choices based on the comparative advantage of his or her skills and that entrepreneurial firms are vehicles of technological change and knowledge diffusion that influence industry dynamics and, in turn, economic growth. © 2019, The Author(s).

  • 22. Schubert, T.
    et al.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Old is gold?: The effects of employee age on innovation and the moderating effects of employment turnover2015Ingår i: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 24, s. 95-113Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is consistent evidence in the literature that an average employee’s age is negatively related to firm-level innovativeness. This observation has been explained by older employees working with outdated technological knowledge and being characterized by reduced cognitive flexibility. We argue that firms can mitigate this effect through employee turnover. In particular, turnover of R&D workers is deemed a vehicle for transfer of external knowledge to the firm, which can compensate for lower cognitive flexibility and up-to-date knowledge among older workers. We use a matched employer–employee data set based on three consecutive Community Innovation Survey surveys for Sweden to test our predictions. Our results suggest (a) that overall employee age impacts negatively on product innovation activities (both in terms of propensity and success), (b) that the effect of employee staying rate (measured by the share of employees who remain in the firm from one year to the next) on innovation follows an inverted U-shape implying an ‘optimal’ level of employment turnover and (c) that this ‘optimal’ value is lower for firms with older employees. The latter suggests that firms with older employees can at least partially compensate an aged workforce by increased employment turnover. © 2014, Taylor & Francis.

  • 23.
    Stone, Trudy-Ann
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Global Sourcing and Technical Efficiency -  a firm-level study on the ICT industry in Sweden2017Ingår i: Journal of Business Economics and Management, ISSN 1611-1699, E-ISSN 2029-4433, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 32s. 877-896Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the relationship between international sourcing, measured as imports of intermediate inputs, and the technical efficiency of firms in the information and communications technologies (ICT) manufacturing industry in Sweden. Using stochastic frontier analysis, we provide evidence that global sourcing improves firms’ capabilities to combine and re-combine inputs in productive ways, thereby increasing technical efficiency. We find a robust relationship between technical efficiency and international outsourcing. First, we find that firms that are deeply integrated into global sourcing networks are closer to their own production frontier. Second, firms that are engaged in international sourcing are also closer to the industry efficiency frontier. These findings are consistent with the argument that international sourcing stimulates firms’ capabilities by enabling them to identify and adopt higher quality inputs or more efficient production and management practices. These findings also suggest that the variety and extent of firms’ global sourcing networks constitute an important source of differences in efficiency levels among firms the ICT manufacturing industry.

  • 24.
    Wixe, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Which Types of Relatedness Matter in Regional Growth?: Industry, Occupation and Education2017Ingår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, nr 4, s. 523-536Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     This paper provides a conceptual discussion of relatedness, which suggests a focus on individuals as a complement to firms and industries. The empirical relevance of the main arguments is tested by estimating the effects of related and unrelated variety in education and occupation among employees, as well as in industries, on regional growth. The results show that occupational and educational related variety are positively correlated with productivity growth, which supports the conceptual discussion put forth in the paper. In addition, related variety in industries is found to be negative for productivity growth, but positive for employment growth. © 2016 Regional Studies Association

  • 25.
    Xiao, Jing
    et al.
    Lund Univ, SWE.
    Boschma, Ron
    Univ Utrecht, NLD.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Industrial Diversification in Europe: The Differentiated Role of Relatedness2018Ingår i: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 94, nr 5, s. 514-549Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is increasing interest in the drivers of industrial diversification, and how these depend on economic and industry structures. This article contributes to this line of inquiry by analyzing the role of industry relatedness in explaining variations in industry diversification, measured as the entry of new industry specializations, across 173 European regions during the period 2004-2012. First, we show that there are significant differences across regions in Europe in terms of industrial diversification. Second, we provide robust evidence showing that the probability that a new industry specialization develops in a region is positively associated with the new industry's relatedness to the region's current industries. Third, a novel finding is that the influence of relatedness on the probability of new industrial specializations depends on innovation capacity of a region. We find that relatedness is a more important driver of diversification in regions with a weaker innovation capacity. The effect of relatedness appears to decrease monotonically as the innovation capacity of a regional economy increases. This is consistent with the argument that high innovation capacity allows an economy to break from its past and to develop, for the economy, truly new industry specializations. We infer from this that innovation capacity is a critical factor for economic resilience and diversification capacity.

  • 26.
    Xiao, Jing
    et al.
    Lund Univ, SWE.
    Boschma, Ron
    Univ Utrecht, NLD.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Resilience in the European Union: the effect of the 2008 crisis on the ability of regions in Europe to develop new industrial specializations2018Ingår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 15-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article adopts an evolutionary framework to the study of industrial resilience. We present a study on European regions and assess the extent to which the capacity of their economies to develop new industrial specializations is affected by the global economic crisis of 2008. We compare levels of industry entry in European regions in the period 2004-2008 and 2008-2012, i.e. before and after a major economic disturbance. Resilient regions are defined as regions that show high entry levels or even increase their entry levels after the shock. Related and unrelated variety exhibit a positive effect on regional resilience, especially on the entry of knowledge-intensive industries after the shock.

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